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*  Mucositis
Fractionated radiation dosage increases the risk of mucositis to > 70% of patients in most trials. Oral mucositis is ... undergoing radiation therapy, episil clinically demonstrated fast-acting relief that lasted up to 8 hours. Episil oral liquid ... Caphosol is a mouth rinse which has been shown to prevent and treat oral mucositis caused by radiation and high-dose ... "Validation of a new scoring system for the assessment of clinical trial research of oral mucositis induced by radiation or ...
*  Radium Hot Springs
The radiation dosage from bathing in the pools is inconsequential; approximately 0.13 millirems (1.3 μSv) from the water for a ...
*  Cincinnati Radiation Experiments (1960-1971)
There were also plans to increase the radiation dosage to 600 rad. In addition, bone marrow was occasionally extracted prior to ... "Chronology of radiation study". enquirer.com. Retrieved 2017-06-07. United States. Advisory Committee on Human Radiation ... Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (1996). The Human Radiation Experiments. USA: Oxford University Press. pp. ... Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (1996). The Human Radiation Experiments. USA: Oxford University Press. pp. ...
*  Miriam Posner Finkel
Finkel, M. P., Jinkins, P. B., & Biskis, B. O. (1964). Parameters of radiation dosage that influence production of osteogenic ... Radiation Research Supplement. 265-279. Finkel, M. P., & Biskis, B. O. (1959). The induction of malignant bone tumors in mice ... Radiation Biol. and Cancer." (1959): 322. Marshall, John H., & Finkel, M. P. (1959). Autoradiographic dosimetry of mouse bones ... Radiation-Induced Cancer. 369-391. Finkel, M. P., Biskis, B. O., & Farrell, Corinne. (1969). Nonmalignant and Malignant Changes ...
*  Beam spoiler
The purpose of the spoiler is to reduce the depth of the maximum radiation dosage. The beam spoiler is composed of a sheet of ... Bentel, G.C. (1996) Radiation therapy planning p.103. McGraw-Hill Professional ISBN 0-07-005115-1 Retrieved September 2011. ... the thickness of which is varied according to the beam energy and the distance by which the radiation dose must be shifted. As ...
*  Background radiation equivalent time
... , or BRET, is a unit of measurement of ionizing radiation dosage. One BRET is the ... BRET units are used as a measure of low level radiation exposure. The health hazards of low doses of ionizing radiation are ... The BRET value corresponding to a dose of radiation is the number of days of average background dose it is equivalent to. It is ... Background radiation level is widely used in radiological health fields as a standard for setting exposure limits. Presumably, ...
*  Isotopes of sodium
By measuring the concentration of this isotope, the neutron radiation dosage to the victim can be computed. 22 Na is a positron ... Acute neutron radiation exposure (e.g., from a nuclear criticality accident) converts some of the stable 23 Na in human blood ... Measurements of its quantity are used to determine the absorbed radiation dose of the patient. This is used to determine the ...
*  William Freer Bale
BALE, W. F. and SHAPIRO, J. V. Radiation dosage to lungs from radon and its daughter products. Proc. UN International ... Müller Counter Radiation dosage to lungs from radon and its daughter products, Bale and Shapiro. William F. Bale, X-RAY ... Radiation dosage to lungs from radon and its daughter products. Proc. UN International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic ... Med., 139(4), 1185-8 (1972). M. D. Contreras, W. F. Bale, Endotoxin, epinephrine, and ellagic acid effects on the radiation- ...
*  Preclinical imaging
Weaknesses: One of the major drawbacks of micro-CT is the radiation dosage placed on test animals. Although this is generally ... However, the radiation dose needed to achieve this resolution is lethal to small animals, and a 50 µm spatial resolution is a ... Also, radiation may affect tumor size in cancer models as it mimics radiotherapy, and thus extra control groups might be needed ... Also, radiation may affect tumor size in cancer models as it mimics radiotherapy, and thus extra control groups might be needed ...
*  Sodium
... the neutron radiation dosage of a victim can be calculated by measuring the concentration of 24Na relative to 23Na. Sodium ... Acute neutron radiation, as from a nuclear criticality accident, converts some of the stable 23Na in human blood to 24Na; ... Radioactive sodium-24 may be produced by neutron bombardment during operation, posing a slight radiation hazard; the ...
*  Radiation-induced cognitive decline
In the study, rats were subjected to 10 Gy dosage of radiation. The 10 Gy radiation dosage is comparable to that used in ... Studies showed that radiation of ionizing radiation caused cognitive problems. Radiation of 60-310 mGy at the 8 to 15 weeks of ... Radiation therapy is used mainly in the treatment of cancer. Radiation therapy can be used to cure care or shrink tumors that ... Radiation of 100 mGy to the head at infancy caused cognitive deficits. Radiation of 1300-1500mGy to the head at childhood ...
*  Shunichi Yamashita
Yamashita showed his concern about the radiation dosage to which young people were exposed. In The Journal of Japan Physicians ... As a radiation risk management adviser, Yamashita lectured on radiation mainly in Fukushima Prefecture. He claims that ... and said of the radiation dose that "It is equivalent to the radiation dose of receiving 10 times of CT scan one time. But CT ... However, in the affected areas like Iitate, Soma and Minami-Soma, high radiation doses required people to take iodine pills for ...
*  Louis Harold Gray
Amongst many other achievements, he defined a unit of radiation dosage which was later named after him as an SI unit, the gray ... Louis Harold Gray (10 November 1905 - 9 July 1965) was an English physicist who worked mainly on the effects of radiation on ... initiated a new direction of research that is still very active today and is vital for understanding the effects of radiation ... RBE The LH Gray Memorial Trust founded in 1967 Cancer Research UK and Medical Research Council Oxford Institute for Radiation ...
*  Bigelow Aerospace
The spaceflight is intended to test the BEAM module's structural integrity, leak rate, radiation dosage and temperature changes ... NASA considered connecting a Bigelow expandable craft to the ISS for safety, life support, radiation shielding, thermal control ... extensive observation of the craft's performance including testing packing/deployment procedures and resistance to radiation ...
*  Cerebral arteriovenous malformation
The Gamma Knife is an apparatus used to precisely apply a controlled radiation dosage to the volume of the brain occupied by ... Embolization is frequently used as an adjunct to either surgery or radiation treatment. Embolization reduces the size of the ...
*  Bigelow Commercial Space Station
... radiation dosage and temperature changes will be monitored. Potential launch options are in the mid-heavy lift launch system ...
*  Astronaut training
However, it is theorized that astronauts on a trip to Mars will likely receive more than 1000x the radiation dosage of a ... As such, present and future training must incorporate systems and processes for protecting astronauts against radiation. ... This includes adaptation to microgravity (or weightlessness), isolation, confinement, and radiation. The difficulty associated ... The long-term effects of radiation on crews is still largely unknown. ...
*  Medical imaging
... lower radiation dosages. This imaging modality utilizes a wide beam of x rays for image acquisition and is the first imaging ... Radiation exposure from medical imaging in 2006 made up about 50% of total ionizing radiation exposure in the United States. ... At higher dosages, effects can include miscarriage, birth defects and intellectual disability. The amount of data obtained in a ... In CT, a beam of X-rays spins around an object being examined and is picked up by sensitive radiation detectors after having ...
*  Dose
... a measure of radiation dosage to tissue Maximum tolerated dose, the highest dose of a radiological or pharmacological treatment ... taken by a radiation detector in order to characterise the radiation beams from medical linear accelerators Dosing, the process ... Dosage is the rate of application of a dose, although in common and imprecise usage, the words are sometimes used synonymously ... Absorbed dose, an amount of radiation received Defined daily dose, a World Health Organization statistical measure of drug ...
*  Carl Simon Fried
These early attempts have influenced modern radiation biology. The effect of small X-ray dosages and also the side effects are ... stiff thick-walled cavities and empyema Bacteriological and experimental analysis of the reaction of small radiation dosage ... Radiation therapy in very small doses was at that time considered the strongest measure for the reduction of inflammation. Even ... A number of medical writers refer to this as the standard set in Worms: "Radiation Therapy according to Heidenhain and Fried". ...
*  Arteritis
Like angiography, CTA exposes patients to high dosages of radiation. Magnetic resonance angiography is used to diagnose ... However, angiography is a relatively invasive investigation, exposing patients to large doses of radiation, so is not ... and does not expose patients to radiation. It is also used for long-term monitoring of disease progression in Takayasu ... making MRA a useful tool for monitoring disease progression without exposing patients to the radiation of direct angiography or ...
*  Positron emission tomography
... radiation dosage for other medical procedures range from 0.02 mSv for a chest x-ray and 6.5-8 mSv for a CT scan of the chest. ... For scale, see Orders of magnitude (radiation). For PET-CT scanning, the radiation exposure may be substantial-around 23-26 mSv ... Chapter 9 Occupational Exposure to Radiation, IAEA Archived July 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Information for Radiation ... has an effective radiation dose of 14 mSv. The amount of radiation in 18F-FDG is similar to the effective dose of spending one ...
*  Auger therapy
Radiation and chemotherapy dosages could be reduced. Since the human genome DNA has nine billion base pairs, several breakages ... rather than the high-energy radiation used in traditional radiation therapy. Similar to other forms of radiation therapy, Auger ... Persson, L. The Auger Electron Effect in Radiation Dosimetry-A Review. Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, S-17116 ... Auger therapy (AT) is a form of radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer which relies on a large number of low-energy ...
*  Proton therapy
The total radiation dosage of the protons is called the spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP), shown as a heavy dashed blue line in ... Van Dyk, Jacob (1999). The modern technology of radiation oncology: A Compendium for Medical Physicists and Radiation ... April 18, 2012). "Intensity-modulated radiation therapy, proton therapy, or conformal radiation therapy and morbidity and ... the tumor receive radiation dosage based on the SOBP. Most installed proton therapy systems utilise isochronous cyclotrons. ...
*  Langerhans cell histiocytosis
Solitary bone lesion may be amenable through excision or limited radiation, dosage of 5-10 Gy for children, 24-30 Gy for adults ...
*  Sodium hypochlorite
Mice with radiation dermatitis given daily 30-minute baths in bleach solution experienced less severe skin damage and better ... Daniele S. Lantagne (2008). "Sodium hypochlorite dosage for household and emergency water treatment". E-Journal AWWA. 100 (8). ... and response to radiation. The researchers found that if NF-κB activity was blocked in elderly mice by bathing them in bleach ... of sodium hypochlorite in water was successful in treating skin damage with an inflammatory component caused by radiation ...