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*  Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus
A few viruses known to infect humans include Marburg virus, Ebola, measles, mumps, rabies, and influenza. Lassa virus ( ... parainfluenza viruses, influenza viruses, Ebola virus, Marburg virus are included within the NSV. The life cycle of NSV has a ... includes Measles virus, Mumps virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and NDV Family Pneumoviridae - includes RSV and Metapneumovirus ... A negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus (or (-)ssRNA virus) is a virus that uses negative sense, single-stranded RNA as its ...
*  Rabies virus
... is a neurotropic virus that causes rabies in humans and animals. Rabies transmission can occur through the saliva ... Cryptic bat rabies Rabies vaccine Duck embryo vaccine Arctic rabies virus Bat-borne virus Carter, John; Saunders, Venetia (2007 ... All extant rabies viruses appear to have evolved within the last 1500 years. There are seven genotypes of rabies virus. In ... Bat rabies in North America appears to have been present since 1281 CE (95% confidence interval: 906-1577 CE). Rabies virus is ...
*  Arctic rabies virus
... is a strain of rabies virus that circulates throughout the arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, ... Rabies virus belongs to the family Rhabdoviridae and the genus Lyssavirus. Arctic rabies virus represents one of four genotypes ... Arctic rabies viruses circulating in Arctic countries are phylogenetically related to rabies viruses in India. The Indian ... Recent Emergence of the Arctic Rabies Virus Lineage. Virus Research. Volume 163, Issue 1, January 2012, pages 352-362. Virus ...
*  Viral envelope
VIRUSES". Retrieved 2008-11-07. "The Rabies Virus". CDC. Retrieved 2008-11-07. "Virus Structure". Molecular Expressions: Images ... Some viruses (e.g. influenza and many animal viruses) have viral envelopes covering their protective protein capsids. The ... Enveloped viruses can cause persistent infections. Classes of enveloped viruses that contain human pathogens: Herpesviruses ... therefore these viruses are easier to sterilize than non-enveloped viruses, have limited survival outside host environments, ...
*  Arctic fox
Arctic rabies virus Angerbjörn, A.; Hersteinsson, P.; Tannerfeldt, M. (2008). "Alopex lagopus". IUCN Red List of Threatened ...
*  Tissue tropism
Other viruses may infect primarily a single tissue. For example, rabies virus affects primarily neuronal tissue. Factors ... Some bacteria and viruses have a broad tissue tropism and can infect many types of cells and tissues. ... Tissue tropism develops in the following stages: Virus with GPX enters body (where GP - glycoprotein and X is the numeric value ... Tissue tropism is the cells and tissues of a host that support growth of a particular virus or bacterium. ...
*  Nucleoprotein
"Crystal Structure of the Rabies Virus Nucleoprotein-RNA Complex". Science. 313 (5785): 360-363. doi:10.1126/science.1125280. ... Some viruses are simple ribonucleoproteins, containing only one molecule of RNA and a number of identical protein molecules. ... In the same way, the genomes of negative-strand RNA viruses never exist as free RNA molecule. The ribonucleoproteins protect ... Nucleoproteins are often the major antigens for viruses because they have strain-specific and group-specific antigenic ...
*  Rabies in animals
Rabies, caused by the rabies virus, primarily infects mammals. In the laboratory it has been found that birds can be infected, ... Any bites by such wild animals must be considered a possible exposure to the rabies virus. Most cases of rabies in rodents ... Monkeys, like humans, can get rabies, however they do not tend to be a common source of rabies. Monkeys with rabies tend to die ... In every year since 1990, reported cases of rabies in cats have outnumbered cases of rabies in dogs. Rabies is endemic to many ...
*  Developmental plasticity
Ugolini, G (2011). "Rabies virus as a transneuronal tracer of neuronal connections". Adv Virus Res. 79: 165-202. doi:10.1016/ ... Another assay recently developed to assess depth of neuronal connections is through the use of trans-neuronal spread of rabies ... This method of tracing employs the migration of a neurotropic virus through tightly interconnected neurons and specific site ...
*  Cryptic bat rabies
In 1967, rabies virus was isolated from the air in Frio Cave. Air-borne transmission of rabies virus between bats has been ... Cryptic bat rabies refers to infection from unrecognized exposure to rabies virus that can be phylogenetically traced to bats. ... Mexican free-tailed bat Rabies Rabies virus Virulence Sharon L. Messenger, Jean S. Smith, Lillian A. Orciari, Pamela Yager, and ... Rabies virus in nasal mucosa of naturally infected bats. Science 175, 1255-1256. Gibbons RV. Cryptogenic rabies, bats, and the ...
*  Tony Minson
"Characterization of a Single-Cycle Rabies Virus-Based Vaccine Vector". Journal of Virology. 84 (6): 2820-2831. doi:10.1128/JVI. ... His research in the early 1970s was in the field of plant viruses, including tobacco rattle virus and tobacco necrosis virus, ... Minson's group called the resulting virus a "disabled infectious single cycle" (DISC) virus; similarly disabled viruses are ... Such replication-impaired viruses unite many of the advantages of both live and killed virus vaccines, and are much less likely ...
*  Little pied bat
ABVL is closely, but not identical, to the rabies virus. The virus is transmitted via bites, scratches or any other body fluids ... The natural hosts for Hendra Virus are fruit bats. However Hendra virus has been found in dogs, so there is a possibility of ... Whilst many humans have been exposed to Hendra virus infected horses and not contracted the virus, several have, most of them ... evidence shows any bat in Australia can carry the virus. Since the virus was discovered, three people have dies from ...
*  Prevalence of rabies
Rabies is a zoonotic disease, caused by the rabies virus. The rabies virus, a member of the Lyssavirus genus of the ... "Woman with rabies dies at London hospital". BBC News. 2012-05-28. "Rabies(virus) (Infectieziektebestrijding)". Rivm.nl. 2011-01 ... All other cases of rabies caused by rabies virus acquired the infection while abroad. Sixteen cases (62%) involved infections ... Rabies virus antibody tests were performed on serum samples and yielded negative results, which allowed the body to be used for ...
*  Neuroanatomy
"Revealing the secrets of neuronal circuits with recombinant rabies virus technology". Front. Neural Circuits. 7. doi:10.3389/ ... Certain viruses can replicate in brain cells and cross synapses. So, viruses modified to express markers (such as fluorescent ... Two tracer viruses which replicate and spread transneuronal/transsynaptic are the Herpes simplex virus type1 (HSV) and the ... An example of a tracer virus which replicates from the synapse to the soma is the pseudorabies virus. By using pseudorabies ...
*  Wound licking
The rabies virus may be transmitted between kudu antelopes by wound licking. There are many legends involving healing wounds by ... Licking of open wounds by dogs could transmit rabies if the dog is infected with rabies, although this is said by the CDC to be ... Phanuphak P, Ubolyam S, Sirivichayakul S (1994). "Should travellers in rabies endemic areas receive pre-exposure rabies ... The practice of metzitzah during circumcision is controversial as it can transmit the herpes virus to the infant. Dog saliva ...
*  Intrastructural help
"Induction of protective immunity against rabies by immunization with rabies virus ribonucleoprotein". Proceedings of the ... ISH has proven effective for treatment of influenza, rabies related lyssavirus, hepatitis B, and HIV virus. This process was ... For the second step a formulation of nano particles or virus-like particles is vaccinated. These particles contain Gag protein ... First in vitro and immunization experiments conducted with Simian Immunodeficiency virus (SIV), showed a 10-50 fold increase in ...
*  Amazon rainforest
Vampire bats dwell in the rainforest and can spread the rabies virus. Malaria, yellow fever and Dengue fever can also be ... August 2006). "Bat-transmitted Human Rabies Outbreaks, Brazilian Amazon" (PDF). Emerging Infectious Diseases. 12 (8): 1197-1202 ...
*  Rabies
Viruses portal Global Alliance for Rabies Control Rabies in Haiti Rabies in popular culture World Rabies Day "Rabies Fact Sheet ... Rabies is caused by a number of lyssaviruses including the rabies virus and Australian bat lyssavirus. The rabies virus is the ... Rabies is caused by lyssaviruses, including the rabies virus and Australian bat lyssavirus. Rabies is spread when an infected ... "We don't want to misconstrue that rabies has been eliminated - dog rabies virus has been," CDC rabies expert Dr. Charles ...
*  Lyssavirus
Aravan virus, Khujand virus, Irkut virus and Shimoni bat virus. The major species (genotypes) include: rabies virus (genotype 1 ... Members of group 2 include Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus and Shimoni bat virus. Members of group 3 include Ikoma lyssavirus and ... classic rabies) leaving their efficacy for some non-rabies Lyssavirus diseases (e.g. Mokola virus) in question. There are three ... He W, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Wang R, Lu S, Ji Y, Liu C, Yuan P, Su S (2017). "Codon usage bias in the N gene of rabies virus". ...
*  Axonal transport
The rabies virus reaches the central nervous system by retrograde axoplasmic flow. The tetanus neurotoxin is internalised at ... Examples include tetanus toxin and the herpes simplex, rabies, and polio viruses. In such infections, the delay between ... During reactivation from latency, the herpes simplex virus (HSV) enters its lytic cycle, and uses anterograde transport ... 1999). "Anterograde Transport of Herpes Simplex Virus Proteins in Axons of Peripheral Human Fetal Neurons: an Immunoelectron ...
*  Skunk
The most prevalent cause of skunks biting humans is the rabies virus. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recorded 1,494 ... "Rabies Surveillance US 2006" (PDF). U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Animal Welfare Act 2006" (PDF). Retrieved ... Skunks trail raccoons as vectors of rabies, although this varies regionally (in the United States, raccoons dominate along the ... cases of rabies in skunks in the United States for the year 2006-about 21.5% of reported cases in all species. ...
*  Maestro (2009 film)
In the film, the protesters presented as negative image and ills with rabies virus. Miqayel Poghosyan as Armen Tigranyan, an ... and he becomes ill with rabies virus. He becomes unmanageable aggressive, and at the end of the film, he supports the ...
*  Natteri Veeraraghavan
N Veeraraghavan; D S Chandrasekhar (1963). "Fluorescent antibody staining of rabies virus antigens using lissamine rhodamine ... N Veeraraghavan; D S Chandrasekhar (1963). "Fluorescent antibody staining of rabies virus antigens using lissamine rhodamine ... An Improved Medium Fluorescent antibody staining of rabies virus antigens using lissamine rhodamine B200 as fluorochrome The ... known for his contributions to the understanding of diseases like rabies, tuberculosis and leprosy.[citation needed] He was a ...
*  Encephalitis
Causes of encephalitis include viruses such as herpes simplex virus or rabies, bacteria, fungus, or parasites. Other causes ... Other causes of acute viral encephalitis are rabies virus, poliovirus, and measles virus. Additional possible viral causes are ... lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus) and reovirus (Colorado tick virus). The Powassan virus is a rare cause of encephalitis. It ... Treatment (which is based on supportive care) is as follows: Antiviral medications (if virus is cause) Antibiotics, (if ...
*  Viral phylodynamics
The phylogenies of measles and rabies virus (caricatured by figure 2A) illustrate viruses with strong spatial structure. These ... DNA viruses, such as herpes simplex virus, evolve orders of magnitude more slowly. These viruses have commensurately larger ... For example, in an application to rabies virus, Streicker and colleagues estimated rates of cross-species transmission by ... For antigenically variable viruses, it becomes crucial to model the risk of transmission from an individual infected with virus ...
*  Anterograde tracing
"An anterograde rabies virus vector for high-resolution large-scale reconstruction of 3D neuron morphology". Brain Struct Funct ... Examples of viruses used for anterograde tracing are described by Kuypers. Most well known are the Herpes simplex virus type1 ( ... "An anterograde rabies virus vector for high-resolution large-scale reconstruction of 3D neuron morphology". Brain Struct Funct ... After endocytosis, the low pH inside the vesicle strips the envelope of the virion after which the virus is ready to be ...
*  Duck embryo vaccine
... and postexposure to the rabies virus. It was developed in 1957 and was made of dried, killed rabies virus. Vaccination with DEV ... The World Health Organization still includes DEV in its list of recommended vaccines for treatment of rabies virus exposure. ... A New, Highly Immunogenic Duck Embryo Rabies Vaccine. The Lancet 1984; April 14: 844. Centers for Disease Control Morbidity and ... Immunogenicity of a New, Highly Purified, Highly Concentrated Duck Embryo Rabies Vaccine. Schweiz med Wschr 1984; 114:648-653 ...