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*  Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation
Planck, M. (1914). The Theory of Heat Radiation. Masius, M. (transl.) (2nd ed.). P. Blakiston's Son & Co. OL 7154661M . Evgeny ... This marks the advent of quantum mechanics. In a blackbody enclosure that contains electromagnetic radiation with a certain ...
*  Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics
CP2K Density functional theory Folding@home Fractional coordinates List of software for molecular mechanics modeling Quantum ... The CPMD method is related to the more common Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics (BOMD) method in that the quantum mechanical ... David J. E. Callaway; Aneesur Rahman (30 August 1982). "Microcanonical Ensemble Formulation of Lattice Gauge Theory". Phys. Rev ... The software is a parallelized plane wave / pseudopotential implementation of density functional theory, particularly designed ...
*  Hall effect
This confusion, however, can only be resolved by modern quantum mechanical theory of transport in solids. The sample ... articles Nernst effect Quantum Hall effect Fractional quantum Hall effect Quantum anomalous Hall effect Senftleben-Beenakker ... one can observe the quantum Hall effect, in which the Hall conductance σ undergoes quantum Hall transitions to take on the ... For mercury telluride two dimensional quantum wells with strong spin-orbit coupling, in zero magnetic field, at low temperature ...
*  Quantum chemistry
ISBN 0-486-69186-1. Landau, L.D.; Lifshitz, E.M. Quantum Mechanics:Non-relativistic Theory. Course of Theoretical Physic. 3. ... Home Quantum Aspects of Life Quantum chemistry computer programs Quantum electrochemistry Relativistic quantum chemistry ... The foundation of quantum mechanics and quantum chemistry is the wave model, in which the atom is a small, dense, positively ... Quantum chemistry is a branch of chemistry whose primary focus is the application of quantum mechanics in physical models and ...
*  Valence electron
The properties of semiconductors are best explained using band theory, as a consequence of a small energy gap between a valence ... Valence energy levels correspond to the principal quantum numbers (n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ...) or are labeled alphabetically with ... because the valence shell of a halogen is at a higher principal quantum number. In these simple cases where the octet rule is ... a heavier element's valence electrons exist at higher principal quantum numbers (they are farther away from the nucleus of the ...
*  Loop representation in gauge theories and quantum gravity
In the late 1980s, Witten coined the term topological quantum field theory for a certain type of physical theory in which the ... Yang-Mills theory. We first describe the quantum theory in terms of connection variable. In the connection representation the ... This is the action for Yang-mills theory. We consider a change of representation in the quantum Maxwell gauge theory. The idea ... New Developments in the Theory of Knots, ed. T. Kohno, World Scientific, Singapore, 1989. E. Witten, quantum field theory and ...
*  Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912
... (1978; second edition 1987) is a book by the philosopher Thomas Kuhn ... Kuhn surveys the development of quantum mechanics by Max Planck at the end of the 19th century. He argues that Planck misread ... in which the author surveys the development of quantum mechanics. The second edition has a new afterword. ...
*  Shelter Island Conference on Quantum Mechanics in Valence Theory, 1951
Shelter Island Conference on Quantum Mechanics in Valence Theory was held in 1951. It was also sponsored by the National ... Journal of Physical Chemistry, 86, 2111-12, 1982 R.G. Parr, The Genesis of a Theory, International Journal of Quantum Chemistry ... National Academy of Sciences Conference on Quantum-Mechanical Methods in Valence Theory, Proceedings of the National Academy of ... In 1996, Parr wrote "The fall of 1951 was an exciting time for quantum chemistry ... the Shelter Island Conference on Quantum- ...
*  Megan Hollingshead
Quantum Theory. Tecmo. Scene: Ending credits, 2:18 in, Quantum Theory Cast, Voice Actors. Starbreeze Studios. Syndicate. Scene ... Quantum Theory - Filena, Nyx, Maiden Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles - Ada Wong (uncredited) Romancing SaGa - Sif ( ...
*  Robert Griffiths (physicist)
... history approach to quantum theory, now effectively studied and applied in several areas of the field of quantum mechanics. At ... He has published over 140 articles, as well as the book Consistent Quantum Theory. He is a member of Sigma Xi, a Fellow of the ... Griffiths, Robert B. (2002). Consistent quantum theory. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-80349-6 ... to supply the missing link between theory and application while working out an entirely consistent form of quantum theory. ...
*  Einstein coefficients
Translated in ter Haar, D. (1967). The Old Quantum Theory. Pergamon. pp. 167-183. LCCN 66029628. Also in Boorse, H.A., Motz, L ... ISBN 0-88318-617-9. Loudon, R. (1973/2000). The Quantum Theory of Light, (first edition 1973), third edition 2000, Oxford ... Translated as "Quantum-theoretical Re-interpretation of kinematic and mechanical relations" in van der Waerden, B.L. (1967). ... Garrison, J.C., Chiao, R.Y. (2008). Quantum Optics, Oxford University Press, Oxford UK, ISBN 978-019-850-886-1. Goody, R.M., ...
*  Stern-Gerlach experiment
IX, reprinted in Wheeler, J.A.; Zurek, W.H. (1983). Quantum Theory and Measurement. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press. ... It demonstrated that atomic-scale systems have intrinsically quantum properties, and that measurement in quantum mechanics ... Although some discrete quantum phenomena, such as atomic spectra, were observed much earlier, the Stern-Gerlach experiment ... These have only two possible spin angular momentum values measured along any axis, +ħ/2 or −ħ/2, a purely quantum mechanical ...
*  Sine-Gordon equation
A generalization is given by Toda field theory. In quantum field theory the sine-Gordon model contains a parameter, it can be ... doi:10.1393/ncb/i2005-10164-6. Faddeev LD, Korepin VE (1978). "Quantum theory of solitons". Physics Reports. 42 (1): 1-87. ... Rajaraman, R. (1989). Solitons and Instantons: An Introduction to Solitons and Instantons in Quantum Field Theory. North- ... The exact quantum scattering matrix was discovered by Alexander Zamolodchikov. This model is S-dual to the Thirring model. One ...
*  Operational definition
ISBN 1-85233-426-6. C. J. Isham (1995). Lectures on Quantum Theory. Imperial College Press. p. 95. ISBN 1-86094-001-3. Jiří ... In quantum mechanics the notion of operational definitions is closely related to the idea of observables, that is, definitions ... Many domains, with a numerics focus, use limit theory, of various sorts, to overcome the duck test necessity with varying ... Stevens, S. S. Operationism and logical positivism, in M. H. Marx (Ed.), Theories in contemporary psychology (pp. 47-76). New ...
*  History of the metric system
Quantum Theory". Science since 1500. Harper Torchbooks. pp. 271-275. Thomas W. Leland. G.A. Mansoori, ed. "Basic Principles of ... Maxwell and Boltzmann had produced theories describing the inter-relational of temperature, pressure and volume of a gas on a ... "Gaussian, SI and Other Systems of Units in Electromagnetic Theory" (PDF). Physics 221A, Fall 2010, Appendix A. Berkeley: ... theories that were confirmed by the Académie's[clarification needed] expedition to Peru in 1735. By the mid-eighteenth century ...
*  Ramsauer-Townsend effect
Since its explanation requires the wave theory of quantum mechanics, it demonstrates the need for physical theories more ... Bohm, D., Quantum Theory. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1951. Brode, R. B., The Quantitative Study of the ... Predicting from theory the kinetic energy that will produce a Ramsauer-Townsend minimum is quite complicated since the problem ... A simple model of the collision that makes use of wave theory can predict the existence of the Ramsauer-Townsend minimum. Bohm ...
*  Feynman-Kac formula
Hall, B. C. (2013). Quantum Theory for Mathematicians. Springer. ... 1979). Mark Kac: Probability, Number Theory, and Statistical ... ISBN 978-1-118-62557-6. Simon, Barry (1979). Functional Integration and Quantum Physics. Academic Press. ...
*  Gregor Wentzel
The Historical Development of Quantum Theory. Volume 1 Part 1 The Quantum Theory of Planck, Einstein, Bohr and Sommerfeld 1900- ... Quantum Theory of Fields. Interscience, 1949. Dover, 2003.) ISBN 0-486-43245-9 Gregor Wentzel. Lectures on Strong Coupling ... The Historical Development of Quantum Theory. Volume 5 Erwin Schrödinger and the Rise of Wave Mechanics. Part 2 Schrödinger in ... quantum electrodynamics, and meson theory. Gregor Wentzel was born in Duesseldorf, German, as the first of four children of ...
*  Einstein for Beginners
McEvoy, J.P.; Zárate, Oscar (1996). Quantum Theory for Beginners. Icon Books. Callender, Craig; Edney, Ralph (2001). ... Einstein for Beginners, republished as Introducing Einstein, is a 1979 graphic study guide to Albert Einstein and the theory of ... Related volumes in the For Beginners series: Manly, Steven L.; Fournier, Steven (2009). Relativity and Quantum Physics. Readers ... "only when the authors set out to explain Einstein's theories that the use of the peculiar mode of presentation seems justified ...
*  Introducing Relativity
McEvoy, J.P.; Zárate, Oscar (1996). Quantum Theory for Beginners. Icon Books. Callender, Craig; Edney, Ralph (2001). ... "from inertia to the theory of inflation; from singularity theorems to superstring theory; from unification to accelerating ... Introducing Relativity is a 2002 graphic study guide to the theory of relativity and Albert Einstein written by Bruce Bassett ... string theory to dark energy," confirms Sky at Night Magazine reviewer Professor Nigel Henbest, and, "the going sometimes gets ...
*  William Stephenson (psychologist)
Stephenson, W. (1988). Quantum theory of subjectivity. Integrative Psychiatry, 6, 180-187. Stephenson, W. (1990). My self in ... Stephenson, W. (1982). Q-methodology, interbehavioral psychology, and quantum theory. Psychological Record, 32, 235-248. ... Stephenson, W. (1967). The play theory of mass communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Reprinted: New Brunswick, ... Stephenson, W. (1987). Q-methodology: Interbehavioral and quantum theoretical connections in clinical psychology. In D.H. Ruben ...
*  Kinetic isotope effect
ISBN 1-891389-31-9. Razauy, M. (2003). Quantum Theory of Tunneling. World Scientific. ISBN 981-238-019-1. Silbey, R. J.; ... The theory of kinetic isotope effects was first formulated by Jacob Bigeleisen in 1949. Bigeleisen's basic general equation for ... However, a quantum-mechanical treatment of the energy introduces discrete vibrational levels onto this curve, and the lowest ... They calculated that at 8 kelvin, the reaction would proceed via a single quantum state of the reactant so that the reported ...
*  Bryce DeWitt
... , The Global Approach to Quantum Field Theory, The International Series of Monographs on Physics, Oxford University ... Quantum theory of gravity. Essays in honor of the 60th birthday of Bryce S. DeWitt, Adam Hilger, Bristol, 1984. Bryce DeWitt, ... Bryce DeWitt, Dynamical theory of groups and fields, Gordon and Breach, New York, 1965 Bryce DeWitt, R. Neill Graham, eds., The ... DeWitt-Morette, Cécile (2011). "Chapter V". The Pursuit of Quantum Gravity: Memoirs of Bryce DeWitt from 1946 to 2004. Springer ...
*  The Universe for Beginners
McEvoy, J.P.; Zárate, Oscar (1996). Quantum Theory for Beginners. Icon Books. Callender, Craig; Edney, Ralph (2001). ... "Einstein to Quantum Mechanics," "that underlie the present-day picture of the universe." This volume was originally published ...
*  Newton for Beginners
McEvoy, J.P.; Zárate, Oscar (1996). Quantum Theory for Beginners. Icon Books. Callender, Craig; Edney, Ralph (2001). ... "alongside theories of the Universe from ancient times, the book explains those originating since Isaac Newton, so placing him ...
*  Quantum inverse scattering method
The theory of correlation functions was developed[when?]: determinant representations, descriptions by differential equations ... This led to further progress in the understanding of quantum Integrable systems, for example: a) the Heisenberg model (quantum ... In mathematics, the quantum inverse scattering method is a method for solving integrable models in 1+1 dimensions, introduced ... The quantum inverse scattering method relates two different approaches: the Bethe ansatz, a method of solving integrable ...
*  Jack Vees
Wise, Brian (2005-06-19). "Quantum Theory And Opera". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-26. "Musician ...