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*  Cardiac catheterization
... and for the pulmonary capillary "wedge" pressures, which approximate the pressure values of the left-sided heart chambers. ... Right heart catheterization allows the physician to determine the pressures within the heart (intracardiac pressures). In this ... along with pulmonary function testing and other testing should be done to confirm pulmonary hypertension prior to having ... to measure intracardiac and intravascular blood pressures to take tissue samples for biopsy to inject various agents for ...
*  Swimming-induced pulmonary edema
SIPE-susceptible individuals during submersion in cold water showed that pulmonary artery and pulmonary artery wedge pressures ... Increased pressure somewhere in the pulmonary circulation (pulmonary artery hypertension, left heart diastolic dysfunction) ... A recent experimental study showed increased pulmonary artery pressure with cold water immersion, but this was done in normal ... Swimming induced pulmonary edema (SIPE), also known as immersion pulmonary edema, occurs when fluids from the blood leak ...
*  Pulmonary wedge pressure
The pulmonary wedge pressure or PWP, or cross-sectional pressure (also called the pulmonary arterial wedge pressure or PAWP, ... distinctions can be drawn among pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, pulmonary venous pressure and ... "Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure". Overview at cvphysiology.com Pulmonary wedge pressure at the US National Library of ... pulmonary capillary wedge pressure or PCWP, or pulmonary artery occlusion pressure or PAOP), is the pressure measured by ...
*  Pulmonary artery catheter
... pulmonary artery, and the filling pressure ("wedge" pressure) of the left atrium. The pulmonary artery catheter is frequently ... See also pulmonary wedge pressure and ventricular pressure. The idea for a sail or balloon tip modification of Ronald Bradley's ... The balloon, when inflated, causes the catheter to "wedge" in a small pulmonary blood vessel. So wedged, the catheter can ... and pulmonary artery pressure are input, a comprehensive flow vs pressure map can be calculated. In crude terms, this ...
*  Circulatory system
A cannula or catheter inserted into an artery may be used to measure pulse pressure or pulmonary wedge pressures. Angiography, ... via the pulmonary artery, to the lungs and returned, oxygenated, to the heart via the pulmonary vein. Oxygen deprived blood ... from which it is then pumped through the pulmonary semilunar valve into the pulmonary artery to the lungs. Gas exchange occurs ... The pulmonary vein returns the now oxygen-rich blood to the left atrium. A separate system known as the bronchial circulation ...
*  Impella
... support decreases pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and reduces right ventricular afterload. In June 2008, the Impella ... The combined effects of the Impella on wall stress and perfusion pressure (especially diastolic pressure) augment coronary ... Second, Impella pump flow increases mean arterial pressure, diastolic pressure, and cardiac output. This increases cardiac ... Once in place, it pumps blood for the left or right side of the heart, pumping blood into the ascending aorta or pulmonary ...
*  Earl Wood
... and calculated by subtracting pulmonary capillary wedge pressure from the mean pulmonary arterial pressure and dividing by the ... "The relationship between pulmonary artery wedge pressure and left atrial pressure in man". Circ. Res. 2 (5): 434-440. doi: ... Swan, HJ; Burchell, HB; Wood, EH (July 1959). "Effect of oxygen on pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with pulmonary ... The effect of anti-blackout suits on blood pressure changes produced on the human centrifuge. Fed Proc. 1946;5(1 Pt 2):115. ...
*  Myxoma
A left atrial myxoma will cause an increase in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. The differential diagnosis include other ...
*  Lung allocation score
... mean pressure of the pulmonary artery (only required of sarcoidosis patients); pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCW pressure ... cystic fibrosis Pulmonary Fibrosis, etc.); age of the patient; body mass index; presence or absence of diabetes mellitus; ... ability to function according to the NYHA scale; percentage of predicted forced vital capacity (FVC); systolic pressure of the ... article on page 7 of the Winter 2007 Pathlight newsletter of the Pulmonary Hypertension Association. Grady, Denise: "Updated ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G09)
... blood pressure MeSH G09.330.553.400.114.695 --- pulmonary wedge pressure MeSH G09.330.553.400.114.732 --- venous pressure MeSH ... pulmonary diffusing capacity MeSH G09.772.765.650 --- pulmonary ventilation MeSH G09.772.765.650.300 --- forced expiratory flow ... G09.330.553.400.114.732.336 --- central venous pressure MeSH G09.330.553.400.114.732.650 --- portal pressure MeSH G09.330. ... ventricular pressure MeSH G09.330.553.920 --- vascular patency MeSH G09.330.582.075 --- atrial function MeSH G09.330.582.075. ...
*  PYGB
"Plasma glycogen phosphorylase BB is associated with pulmonary artery wedge pressure and left ventricle mass index in patients ...
*  Candoxatril
... suppressed aldosterone and decreased right atrial and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures. After treatment for 10 days, ...
*  Portopulmonary hypertension
High cardiac index and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures, however, may lead to false positives by this standard. By one ... Mean pulmonary artery pressure-MPAP > 25 mmHg at rest . Pulmonary vascular resistance-PVR > 240 dynes s cm−5 . Pulmonary artery ... decreasing pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) without affecting systemic artery pressure ... Finally, the pulmonary pathology of PPH is very similar to that of primary pulmonary hypertension. The muscular pulmonary ...
*  Amrinone
... decreases the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure while increasing cardiac output because it functions as an arterial ... Blood pressure, pulse, and EСG should be constantly monitored. Amrinone should only be diluted with normal saline or 1/2 normal ... This does not lead to an increase in heart rate or blood pressure. This improvement in performance of the ventricles is likely ... while concurrently reducing the filling pressure of the left ventricle and decreasing the resistance in the peripheral ...
*  Pericarditis
Pulmonary congestion is typically not seen because equalization of diastolic pressures constrains the pulmonary capillary wedge ... pressure to the intra-pericardial pressure (and all other diastolic pressures). Pericarditis may be caused by viral, bacterial ... decrease of at least 10 mmHg of the systolic blood pressure upon inspiration), low blood pressure (due to decreased cardiac ... as opposed to heart attack pain that is pressure-like, and constant with radiation to the left arm and/or the jaw. Other ...
*  Mitral valve stenosis
... gives the physician the mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, which is a reflection of the left atrial pressure. The left ... Pulmonary capillary pressures in this level cause an imbalance between the hydrostatic pressure and the oncotic pressure, ... This left atrial pressure is transmitted to the pulmonary vasculature and causes pulmonary hypertension. ... The mitral valve opens when the pressure in the left atrium is greater than the pressure in the left ventricle. This happens in ...
*  Hyperdynamic circulation
... decrease in peripheral vascular resistance results in decreased pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and decreased blood pressure ... which accounts for the increased pulse pressure and sinus tachycardia. The condition sometimes accompanies septic shock, ...
*  Acute respiratory distress syndrome
... hypertension pulmonary artery wedge pressure < 18 mmHg (obtained by pulmonary artery catheterization) if no measured LA ... have shown that pulmonary function and outcome are better in people with ARDS who lost weight or whose pulmonary wedge pressure ... Complications to be considered include the following: Pulmonary: barotrauma (volutrauma), pulmonary embolism (PE), pulmonary ... Recent research has shown that the LIP-point pressure is no better than any pressure above it, as recruitment of collapsed ...
*  Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
... elevated pulmonary artery wedge pressure, and low blood pressures should be done with caution. Dihydropyridine calcium channel ... The result of this is that the left ventricular pressure increases and the ascending aortic pressure decreases, with an ... but also leads to elevated pressure in the left ventricle and left atrium, causing back pressure and interstitial congestion in ... with the left ventricular pressure higher than the aortic pressure. This gradient represents the degree of obstruction that has ...
*  Jugular venous pressure
The abdominojugular test, when done in a standardized fashion, correlates best with the pulmonary arterial wedge pressure, and ... a positive abdominojugular test suggests a pulmonary artery wedge pressure of 15 mm Hg or greater. Certain wave form ... the abdominojugular test was shown to correlate best with the pulmonary arterial wedge pressure. Furthermore, patients with a ... The jugular venous pressure (JVP, sometimes referred to as jugular venous pulse) is the indirectly observed pressure over the ...
*  Central venous pressure
... Monitoring Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts Central Venous Pressure and Pulmonary Capillary Wedge ... Deep inhalation Distributive shock Hypovolemia Jugular venous pressure Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure "Central Venous ... 2004). "Pulmonary artery occlusion pressure and central venous pressure fail to predict ventricular filling volume, cardiac ... Central venous pressure (CVP) is the blood pressure in the venae cavae, near the right atrium of the heart. CVP reflects the ...
*  Pulmonary artery
The mean pressure is typically 9 - 18 mmHg, and the wedge pressure measured in the left atrium may be 6-12mmHg. The wedge ... The pulmonary artery pressure (PA pressure) is a measure of the blood pressure found in the main pulmonary artery. This is ... Pulmonary circuit Transverse section of thorax, showing relations of pulmonary artery. Pulmonary artery Pulmonary artery.Deep ... In order of blood flow, the pulmonary arteries start as the pulmonary trunk or main pulmonary artery. The main pulmonary artery ...
*  Pulmonary edema
... to pump the blood out of the pulmonary circulation at a sufficient rate resulting in elevation in wedge pressure and pulmonary ... When directly or indirectly caused by increased left ventricular pressure pulmonary edema may form when mean pulmonary pressure ... Negative pressure pulmonary edema in which a significant negative pressure in the chest (such as from an inhalation against an ... high central venous pressures and high pulmonary artery pressures. Blood tests are performed for electrolytes (sodium, ...
*  Right atrial pressure
Deep inhalation Distributive shock Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure Jugular venous pressure Central venous pressure "Central ... Right atrial pressure (RAP) is the blood pressure in the right atrium of the heart. RAP reflects the amount of blood returning ... RAP is often nearly identical to central venous pressure (CVP), although the two terms are not identical, as a pressure ... where central venous pressure increases, but right atrial pressure stays the same; VR = CVP − RAP). Factors that increase RAP ...
*  Atrial septal defect
If the pulmonary arterial pressure is more than two-thirds of the systemic systolic pressure, a net left-to-right shunt should ... and pulmonary artery, and in the wedge position. Individuals with a pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) less than 7 wood units ... In these cases, any elevation of the pressure in the pulmonary circulatory system (due to pulmonary hypertension, temporarily ... The right ventricle is forced to generate higher pressures to try to overcome the pulmonary hypertension. This may lead to ...
*  Diver rescue
Cylinder powered, high-pressure gas whistles may be effective even over the sound of engines. If the casualty is not breathing ... Expanding gases will generally pass passively out of the airway during rescue from depth, and pulmonary barotrauma is rare. A ... Another entrapment risk occurs when divers try to squeeze through small gaps where they or their equipment can become wedged or ... The rope should be doubled to increase the area of contact and reduce the lifting pressure on the casualty. "Purbuckling" (or ...