*Cellulase

... s produced by the species Coprinopsis Cinerea consists of seven protein strands in the shape of an enclosed tunnel ... Cellulase is any of several enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and protozoans that catalyze cellulolysis, the ... The Thermotoga maritima species make cellulases consisting of 2 beta-sheets (protein structures) surrounding a central ... Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics. 79 (4): 1193-1204. doi:10.1002/prot.22953. ISSN 1097-0134. Cheng, Ya-Shan; ...

*Rumen

... and protein. Although protozoa are not essential for rumen functioning, their presence has pronounced effects. Ruminal fungi ... Microbes in the reticulorumen include bacteria, protozoa, fungi, archaea, and viruses. Bacteria, along with protozoa, are the ... and protein, respectively. Protozoa (40-60% of microbial mass) derive their nutrients through phagocytosis of other microbes, ... Protein is hydrolysed to peptides and amino acids by microbial enzymes, which are subsequently transported across the microbial ...

*IRGs

... guanylate-binding proteins (GBP), immunity-related GTPase proteins (IRGs), and very large inducible GTPase proteins (VLIG). ... The intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii has been shown to target IRGs in mice allowing for resistance from the ... LC3 is a microtubule associated soluble protein found in mammalian tissues. Cytoplasmic proteins and organelles are engulfed by ... Interferon (IFN)-inducible GTPases encompass four families of proteins including myxovirus resistant proteins (Mx), ...

*Pheromone

All are G protein-coupled receptors but are only distantly related to the receptors of the main olfactory system, highlighting ... the ciliate protozoan Blepharisma japonicum and the multicellular green algae Volvox carteri. In addition, male copepods can ... Ant mill Cat pheromone Civetone Estratetraenol Honey bee pheromones Kairomone List of neurosteroids Major urinary proteins ...

*GPR97

Kuźnicki J, Kuźnicki L, Drabikowski W (Jan 1979). "Ca2+-binding modulator protein in protozoa and myxomycete". Cell Biology ... G-protein coupled receptor 97 also known as adhesion G protein-coupled receptor G3 (ADGRG3) is a protein that in humans is ... Gupte J, Swaminath G, Danao J, Tian H, Li Y, Wu X (Apr 2012). "Signaling property study of adhesion G-protein-coupled receptors ... "Entrez Gene: GPR97 G protein-coupled receptor 97". Hamann J, Aust G, Araç D, Engel FB, Formstone C, Fredriksson R, Hall RA, ...

*Toll-like receptor

"TLR11 activation of dendritic cells by a protozoan profilin-like protein". Science. 308 (5728): 1626-9. doi:10.1126/science. ... Upon activation, TLRs recruit adapter proteins (proteins that mediate other protein-protein interactions) within the cytosol of ... These recruited proteins are then responsible for the subsequent activation of other downstream proteins, including protein ... IRAK kinases then phosphorylate and activate the protein TRAF6, which in turn polyubiquinates the protein TAK1, as well as ...

*Toll-like receptor 11

2005). "TLR11 Activation of Dendritic Cells by a Protozoan Profilin-Like Protein". Science. 308 (5728): 1626-9. doi:10.1126/ ... Proteins in the TLR family are pattern recognition receptors whose task is to alert the immune system of foreign invaders. ... Toll-like receptor 11 (TLR11) is a protein that in mice is encoded by the gene TLR11, whereas in humans it is represented by a ... But only some species' TLR 11 can successfully code for the functional protein that is able to play an active role in the ...

*Utpal S. Tatu

"Heat shock protein 90 from neglected protozoan parasites". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research. 1823 ... Protozoan parasite Plasmodium falciparum India portal Biology portal Medicine portal Please see Selected bibliography section " ... "Oxidative Folding and Assembly with Transthyretin Are Sequential Events in the Biogenesis of Retinol Binding Protein in the ...

*Doxycycline

Like other agents of this class it kills bacteria and protozoa by inhibiting protein production. Doxycycline was patented in ... Doxycycline is an antibiotic that is used in the treatment of a number of types of infections caused by bacteria and protozoa. ... Raza M, Ballering JG, Hayden JM, Robbins RA, Hoyt JC (2006). "Doxycycline decreases monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in human ... It works by preventing bacteria from reproducing through the inhibition of protein synthesis. Doxycycline-metal ion complexes ...

*DNA

"The modified base J is the target for a novel DNA-binding protein in kinetoplastid protozoans". The EMBO Journal. 18 (22): 6573 ... All the functions of DNA depend on interactions with proteins. These protein interactions can be non-specific, or the protein ... In these cases, some DNA sequences do double duty, encoding one protein when read along one strand, and a second protein when ... Structural proteins that bind DNA are well-understood examples of non-specific DNA-protein interactions. Within chromosomes, ...

*Shelphs

Kutuzov MA, Andreeva AV (October 2008). "Protein Ser/Thr phosphatases of parasitic protozoa". Molecular and Biochemical ... Cohen PT (July 1997). "Novel protein serine/threonine phosphatases: variety is the spice of life". Trends in Biochemical ... Andreeva AV, Kutuzov MA (1 March 2001). "PPP family of protein Ser/Thr phosphatases: two distinct branches?". Molecular Biology ... Shewanella-like phosphatases, abbreviated as Shelphs, are a group of enzymes structurally related to protein serine/threonine ...

*WRKY transcription factor

... individual WRKY proteins do appear in the human protozoan parasite Giardia lamblia and slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum. ... Group I WRKY proteins are primarily denoted by the presence of two WRKY protein domains, whereas both groups II and III each ... VQ proteins appear to bind the WRKY domain, thus inhibiting protein-DNA interactions. At least one WRKY transcription factor, ... Protein phosphorylation is a common method to regulate protein activity and WRKY transcription factors are no exception. WRKY ...

*Index of HIV/AIDS-related articles

... protozoa - provirus - pruritus - pseudo-Cushing's syndrome - pseudovirion - PUBMED - pulmonary - purified protein derivative ( ... core protein - correlates of immunity/correlates of protection - CPCRA - creatinine - cross-resistance - cryotherapy - ...

*Index of biochemistry articles

... proto-oncogene proteins c-mo - proto-oncogene proteins c-myc - proto-oncogene proteins c-raf - proton - proton pump - protozoan ... protein - protein biosynthesis - Protein Data Bank - protein design - protein expression - protein folding - protein isoform - ... protein P16 - protein P34cdc2 - protein precursor - protein structure prediction - protein subunit - protein synthesis - ... proto-oncogene protein C-kit - proto-oncogene proteins c-abl - proto-oncogene proteins c-bcl-2 - Proto-oncogene proteins c-fos ...

*PageRank algorithm in biochemistry

... or a protozoan parasite. After finding the target protein in the bacterium (or protozoan parasite), one could design small ... 2002). "Dip, the database of interacting proteins: a research tool for studying cellular networks of protein interactions". ... w is personalized to proteins; w is larger for those proteins that appear in higher concentrations in the proteomics analysis ... The reason for this is that some already known, important protein targets do not have a high degree (are not hubs) and also, ...

*SWEET transporters

The proteins of the SWEET family have been found in plants, animals, protozoans, and bacteria. Eukaryotic family members have 7 ... Additionally, protein levels were shown to be maternally controlled: in a sweet11;12;15 mutant crossed with a wild-type plant, ... Proteins of the SWEET family appear to catalyze facilitated diffusion (entry or export) of sugars across the plant plasma ... The team noticed that mRNA and protein for SWEETs 11, 12, and 15 are each expressed at high levels during some stage of embryo ...

*Hemoglobin

Organisms including bacteria, protozoans, and fungi all have hemoglobin-like proteins whose known and predicted roles include ... Each subunit is composed of a protein chain tightly associated with a non-protein prosthetic heme group. Each protein chain ... In all proteins, it is the amino acid sequence that determines the protein's chemical properties and function. There is more ... Hemoglobin consists of protein subunits (the "globin" molecules), and these proteins, in turn, are folded chains of a large ...

*Variant surface glycoprotein

... (VSG) is a ~60kDa protein which densely packs the cell surface of protozoan parasites belonging to ... The VSG proteins in T. equiperdum are also phosphorylated. A VSG gene from Trypanosoma evansi, a parasite that causes a form of ... The smallest VSG protein (40 kDa in size) to date (1996) has been found in Trypanosoma vivax, which bears little carbohydrate. ... Coat protein (disambiguation) Glycocalyx List of MeSH codes (D23) List of MeSH codes (D12.776.395) List of MeSH codes (D12.776. ...

*Merozoite surface protein

Merozoite surface proteins, or MSPs, are useful in researching malaria, a disease caused by protozoans. The malaria parasite, ... Merozoite surface proteins are both integral and peripheral membrane protein molecules found on the surface of a merozoite. A ... The MSP1 complex of surface proteins likely mediates the first interactions of the parasite with red blood cells. Kadekoppala, ... Madhusudan; Holder, Anthony A (15 Aug 2010). "Merozoite surface proteins of the malaria parasite: The MSP1 complex and the MSP7 ...

*Outline of immunology

Pathogens Pathogenic bacteria Viruses Fungi Protozoa Parasites Tumors Allergens Self-proteins Autoimmunity Alloimmunity Cross- ... Surfactant protein A (SP-A) Surfactant protein D (SP-D) CL-L1 CL-P1 CL-K1 Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRs) PGLYRP1 ... Royet J, Gupta D, Dziarski R (December 2011). "Peptidoglycan recognition proteins: modulators of the microbiome and ... IL1R accessory protein (IL1RAP) IL1RL1 (IL33R, ST2) IL18R - Heterodimer: IL18R1 / IL18RAP IL17 family IL17RA IL17RB IL17RC ...

*Nosology

... protozoa, multicellular organisms, and aberrant proteins known as prions. An infection that does not and will not produce ...

*SAG1 protein domain

... linked proteins named SRSs (SAG1 related sequence). SAG1 is found on the surface of a protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. ... This protein domain contains 120 amino acids. There is a fold within this structure which is conserved amongst SRS proteins, ... linked proteins (SRSs), of which SAG1 is the prototypic member. SAG1 and the rest of the SRS protein family mediate cell ... The structure of this fold is analogous to the topology of the cupredoxin, azurin, a form of copper binding protein. He XL, ...

*Disease

... protozoa, multicellular organisms, and aberrant proteins known as prions. An infection that does not and will not produce ... The micro-organisms that cause these diseases are known as pathogens and include varieties of bacteria, viruses, protozoa and ...

*Protozoa

In euglenids, it is formed from protein strips arranged spirally along the length of the body. Familiar examples of protists ... The word "protozoa" (singular protozoon or protozoan) was coined in 1818 by zoologist Georg August Goldfuss, as the Greek ... The terms protozoa and protozoans are now mostly used informally to designate single-celled, non-photosynthetic protists, such ... Protozoan plankton ecology. Chapman & Hall, New York. 213 pp. Fenchel, T. 1987. Ecology of protozoan: The biology of free- ...

*Osmium tetroxide

Its rapid killing abilities are used to quickly kill live specimens such as protozoa. OsO4 stabilizes many proteins by ... Tissue proteins that are stabilized by OsO4 are not coagulated by alcohols during dehydration. Osmium(VIII) oxide is also used ...

*Peranema

doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.1974.tb03614.x. Jahn, Theodore Louis (1949). How to Know the Protozoa. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown. p. ... However, while Peranema lack a localized photoreceptor, they do possess the light-sensitive protein rhodopsin, and respond to ... ISBN 0-697-04829-2. Patterson, D.J. (1996) [1992]. Free-Living Freshwater Protozoa: A Colour Guide. Washington: Manson. p. 51. ...

*Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein

Studies show biological effects with Gram-positive bacteria and even in infection by the protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. Elsbach ... Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) is a 456-residue (~50kDa) protein that is part of the innate immune system. ... bactericidal permeability increasing protein at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ... It is an endogenous antibiotic protein with potent killing activity against Gram-negative bacteria. It binds to compounds ...