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*  Protein primary structure
Protein biosynthesis is most commonly performed by ribosomes in cells. Peptides can also be synthesized in the laboratory[ ... Protein primary structure is the linear sequence of amino acids in a peptide or protein. By convention, the primary structure ... The protein is activated by cleaving off the inhibitory peptide. Some proteins even have the power to cleave themselves. ... The colloidal protein hypothesis stated that proteins were colloidal assemblies of smaller molecules. This hypothesis was ...
*  Protein biosynthesis
... capturing loaded tRNA molecules and joining together their amino acids to form a new protein chain. Protein biosynthesis, ... Protein biosynthesis is strictly regulated at multiple steps. They are principally during transcription (phenomena of RNA ... The capacity of disabling or inhibiting translation in protein biosynthesis is used by some antibiotics such as anisomycin, ... However, when a protein must be available on short notice or in large quantities, a protein precursor is produced. A proprotein ...
*  Prokaryotic riboflavin biosynthesis protein
In molecular biology, the prokaryotic riboflavin biosynthesis protein is a bifunctional enzyme found in bacteria. Riboflavin is ... Eukaryotes usually have two separate enzymes, while most prokaryotes have a single bifunctional protein that can carry out both ... Protein Expr. Purif. 52 (1): 175-81. doi:10.1016/j.pep.2006.09.002. PMID 17049878. Krupa A, Sandhya K, Srinivasan N, ...
*  Iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis protein family
In molecular biology, the iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis protein family of includes proteins involved in biogenesis of Fe-S ... IscA, an 11 kDa member of the hesB family of proteins, binds iron and [2Fe-2S] clusters, and participates in the biosynthesis ... Fe/S biogenesis protein). This family includes IscA, HesB, YadR and YfhF-like proteins. The hesB gene is expressed only under ... Hwang DM, Dempsey A, Tan KT, Liew CC (November 1996). "A modular domain of NifU, a nitrogen fixation cluster protein, is highly ...
*  Metabolism
Lengyel P, Söll D (1969). "Mechanism of protein biosynthesis". Bacteriol Rev. 33 (2): 264-301. PMC 378322 . PMID 4896351. ... Proteins are made of amino acids arranged in a linear chain joined together by peptide bonds. Many proteins are enzymes that ... In prokaryotes, these proteins are found in the cell's inner membrane. These proteins use the energy released from passing ... Amino acids are made into proteins by being joined together in a chain of peptide bonds. Each different protein has a unique ...
*  Amino acid
In humans, non-protein amino acids also have important roles as metabolic intermediates, such as in the biosynthesis of the ... These properties are important for protein structure and protein-protein interactions. The water-soluble proteins tend to have ... Lengyel P, Söll D (June 1969). "Mechanism of protein biosynthesis". Bacteriological Reviews. 33 (2): 264-301. PMC 378322 . PMID ... Suchanek M, Radzikowska A, Thiele C (April 2005). "Photo-leucine and photo-methionine allow identification of protein-protein ...
*  Anisomycin
Despite anisomycin's wide usage as a protein biosynthesis inhibitor, there have been few studies centered on the biosynthesis ... from Sigma Aldrich Grollman, Arthur P. (1967). "Inhibitors of protein biosynthesis. II. Mode of action of anisomycin". The ... Anisomycin interferes with protein and DNA synthesis by inhibiting peptidyl transferase or the 80S ribosome system. Anisomycin ... II.1 Biosynthesis of Anisomycin". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 31 (1): 317-20. doi:10.1021/jo01339a503. PMID 5900818. ...
*  N-formylmethionylaminoacyl-tRNA deformylase
Livingston DM, Leder P (1969). "Deformylation and protein biosynthesis". Biochemistry. 8 (1): 435-43. doi:10.1021/bi00829a059. ...
*  Paul Zamecnik
Hoagland MB, Zamecnik PC, Stephenson ML (April 1957). "Intermediate Reactions In Protein Biosynthesis". Biochim Biophys Acta. ... Zamecnik pioneered the in vitro synthesis of proteins[citation needed] and helped elucidate the way cells generate proteins[ ... After a year in New York at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research studying protein synthesis with Max Bergmann, he ... Hoagland MB, Stephenson ML, Scott JF, Hecht LI, Zamecnik PC (March 1958). "A Soluble Ribonucleic Acid Intermediate in Protein ...
*  EF-Tu
Clark, B. F.; Nyborg, J. (1997-02-01). "The ternary complex of EF-Tu and its role in protein biosynthesis". Current Opinion in ... Andersen, Gregers R.; Nissen, Poul; Nyborg, Jens (2003-08-01). "Elongation factors in protein biosynthesis". Trends in ... EF-Tu is a monomeric protein with molecular weight around 43 kDa in Escherichia coli. The protein consists of three structural ... a molecular switch in protein biosynthesis". Molecular Microbiology. 6 (6): 683-688. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.1992.tb01516.x. ...
*  E1210
... targets GPI-protein biosynthesis. In vitro activity of a novel broad-spectrum antifungal, E1210, tested against Candida ...
*  Biosynthesis
Pestka (editors), Herbert Weissbach, Sidney (1977). Molecular Mechanisms of protein biosynthesis. New York: Academic Press. ... "Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase and proline biosynthesis: from osmotolerance to rare metabolic disease". Protein Science. 19 ( ... A protein is a polymer that is composed from amino acids that are linked by peptide bonds. There are more than 300 amino acids ... Cytosine biosynthesis is a two-step reaction which involves the conversion of UMP to UTP. Phosphate addition to UMP is ...
*  Stem-loop
Meyer, Michelle; Deiorio-Haggar K; Anthony J (July 2013). "RNA structures regulating ribosomal protein biosynthesis in bacilli ... These structures are often bound by proteins or cause the attenuation of a transcript in order to regulate translation. The ... provide recognition sites for RNA binding proteins, and serve as a substrate for enzymatic reactions. The formation of a stem- ...
*  GTPase
Protein biosynthesis (a.k.a. translation) at the ribosome. Control and differentiation during cell division. Translocation of ... These proteins usually have phospholipase C as effector protein. G12 family. These G proteins can be activated by thromboxan ... Gt proteins, a.k.a. transducin, is used in the light recognition pathway in retina cells. Gg protein occurs in the taste ... Their effector proteins are unknown. By combination of different α, β and γ subunits, a great variety (>1000) G proteins can be ...
*  Hershey-Chase experiment
ISBN 0-465-09138-5. Berk V, Cate JH; Cate (June 2007). "Insights into protein biosynthesis from structures of bacterial ... All of the 35S in the protein coats remained outside the cell, showing it was not incorporated into the cell, and that protein ... Hershey and Chase concluded that DNA, not protein, was the genetic material. They determined that a protective protein coat was ... biologists thought that proteins carried genetic information. This was based on the belief that proteins were more complex than ...
*  Zhores Medvedev
Protein Biosynthesis and Problems of Heredity, Development and Ageing. Plenum Press, New York, 1966. Oliver & Boyd Ltd, ... He published two books, Protein Biosynthesis and Problems of Heredity Development and Ageing (1963; English translation 1965 ... Beginning in 1952, Medvedev had focused his attention on the problems of aging, concentrating on the turnover of proteins and ... he published the first paper suggesting that aging is the result of an accumulation of errors in the synthesis of proteins and ...
*  Arabinogalactan protein
G B Fincher; B A Stone; Clarke, and A. E. (1983). "Arabinogalactan-Proteins: Structure, Biosynthesis, and Function". Annual ... Clade 7 proteins contain both GalT and galectin domains, while Clade 10 proteins contain a GalT-specific domain. The galectin ... Showalter, Allan M.; Basu, Debarati (2016). "Extensin and Arabinogalactan-Protein Biosynthesis: Glycosyltransferases, Research ... AGPs are widely distributed in plants and typically comprise only 2 to 10% protein by weight. The protein family has been ...
*  Aurintricarboxylic acid
It is used to inhibit protein biosynthesis in its initial stages. Nominally, it is used in biological experiments as a protein ... Shc proteins, phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase and phospholipase Cγ in PC12 cells. It also inhibits apoptosis. It prevents down- ... forming a stable free radical that inhibits protein-nucleic acid interactions. It is a potent inhibitor of ribonuclease and ...
*  DARS (gene)
Aspartyl-tRNA synthetase charges its cognate tRNA with aspartate during protein biosynthesis. Mutations in DARS have been ... 2000). "Heat shock protein 90 mediates protein-protein interactions between human aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases". J. Biol. Chem. ... identification of protein-protein interactions and characterization of a core protein". J. Mol. Biol. 285 (1): 183-95. doi: ... 1999). "Genetic dissection of protein-protein interactions in multi-tRNA synthetase complex". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96 ...
*  Adipogenesis
Spiegelman, BM; Green, H (Sep 25, 1980). "Control of specific protein biosynthesis during the adipose conversion of 3T3 cells ...
*  Cell-free system
Stiege, Wolfgang; Erdmann, Volker A. "The potentials of the in vitro protein biosynthesis system". Journal of Biotechnology. 41 ... Additionally, cell-free protein synthesis is becoming a new alternative choice for fast protein synthesis. Engineering of ... 67a] Protein synthesis with rabbit reticulocyte preparations. pp. 724-731. doi:10.1016/0076-6879(74)30069-9. Y. H. Percival ... Nirenberg, M.W. & Matthaei, H.J. (1961). "The Dependence Of Cell- Free Protein Synthesis In E. coli Upon Naturally Occurring Or ...
*  Viomycin
The tuberactinomycins target bacterial ribosomes, binding RNA and disrupting bacterial protein biosynthesis. It is produced by ... The NRPS contains 4 proteins: VioA, VioF, VioI, and VioG. These proteins condense and cyclize two molecules of L-2,3- ... There are five modules for cyclic pentapeptide biosynthesis, including one that lacks an adenylation domain (A). It is ... Yin, X.; O'Hare, T.; Gould, S.; Zabriskie, M. (2003). "Identification and cloning of genes encoding viomycin biosynthesis from ...
*  Alexander Spirin
His primary scientific interests in biochemistry include nucleic acids and protein biosynthesis. In 1957 together with Andrey ... He discovered artificial ribosomal self-assembly (1963-66). Proposed a molecular mechanism of the ribosome role in protein ... a former Director of Institute of Protein Research Russian Academy of Sciences, Puschino (Пущино-на-Оке), Moscow Region ( ... synthesis (1968). He conducted extra-cellular protein synthesis on modified ribosomes - non-enzymatic translation (together ...
*  Rotaviral gastroenteritis
... rotavirus produces mRNA for both protein biosynthesis and gene replication. Most of the rotavirus proteins accumulate in ... This causes the breakdown of VP7 trimers into single protein subunits, leaving the VP2 and VP6 protein coats around the viral ... The triple protein coats make them resistant to the acidic pH of the stomach and the digestive enzymes in the gut. The virus ... Proteins in the third layer (VP7 and the VP4 spike) disrupt the membrane of the endosome, creating a difference in the calcium ...
*  Rotavirus
... rotavirus produces mRNA for both protein biosynthesis and gene replication. Most of the rotavirus proteins accumulate in ... At least six of the twelve proteins encoded by the rotavirus genome bind RNA. The role of these proteins play in rotavirus ... This causes the breakdown of VP7 trimers into single protein subunits, leaving the VP2 and VP6 protein coats around the viral ... There are six viral proteins (VPs) that form the virus particle (virion). These structural proteins are called VP1, VP2, VP3, ...
*  Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2
Hamberg M, Samuelsson B (November 1967). "On the mechanism of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins E-1 and F-1-alpha". J. Biol. ... Picot D, Loll PJ, Garavito RM (January 1994). "The X-ray crystal structure of the membrane protein prostaglandin H2 synthase-1 ... PDB: 3PGH​ Ruan, C. H.; So, S. P.; Ruan, K. H. (2011). "Inducible COX-2 dominates over COX-1 in prostacyclin biosynthesis: ... PTGS (COX, which can be confused with "cytochrome oxidase") enzymes are monotopic membrane proteins; the membrane-binding ...
*  List of genetic codes
Other mechanisms also play a part in protein biosynthesis, such as post-transcriptional modification. Elzanowski, Andrzej; Jim ... When translating from genome to protein, the use of the correct genetic code is essential. Translation table 1: The standard ...