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*  Obstetric ultrasonography
... pregnancy as well as the ability to see and determine features like the sex of the fetus affect the way in which pregnancy is ... TIS for soft tissues in the first trimester and TIB for bones in second and third trimesters) as low as possible, preferably ... Performing an ultrasound at this early stage of pregnancy can more accurately confirm the timing of the pregnancy and can also ... Second-trimester ultrasound screening for aneuploi- dies is based on looking for soft markers and some predefined structural ...
*  Teenage pregnancy in the United Kingdom
2007 statistics showed that the younger the age of the women at abortion the more likely it was to be in the second trimester. ... Adolescent sexuality in the United States Prevalence of teenage pregnancy Teenage pregnancy British Pregnancy Advisory Service ... unlike pregnancy statistics in other countries. Using pregnancy statistics by age of girl at the outcome of her pregnancy ... High teenage pregnancy rates are found in areas with low GCSE examination success, such as Nottingham, Kingston upon Hull, ...
*  Cervical pregnancy
Such a pregnancy typically aborts within the first trimester, however, if it is implanted closer to the uterine cavity - a so- ... A cervical pregnancy can develop together with a normal intrauterine pregnancy; such a heterotopic pregnancy will call for ... True cervical pregnancies tend to abort; if, however, the pregnancy is located higher in the canal and the placenta finds ... On a very rare occasion, a cervical pregnancy results in the birth of a live baby, typically the pregnancy is in the upper part ...
*  Nuchal scan
... which is measured earlier in pregnancy at the end of the first trimester, and for which there is a lower threshold for ... 2007). "[Screening for Down syndrome using first-trimester combined screening followed by second trimester ultrasound ... In pregnancies affected by Down syndrome there is a tendency for the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to be ... The scan is carried out at 11-13+6 weeks pregnancy and assesses the quantity of fluid collecting within the nape of the fetal ...
*  Complications of pregnancy
Levels of hemoglobin are lower in the third trimesters. According to the United Nations (UN) estimates, approximately half of ... pregnancy. List of complications of pregnancy List of obstetric topics Dermatoses of pregnancy Thyroid in pregnancy ... SLE in pregnancy or thyroid disease in pregnancy. Some disorders and conditions can mean that pregnancy is considered high-risk ... Exposure to environmental toxins in pregnancy Exposure to recreational drugs in pregnancy: Ethanol during pregnancy can cause ...
*  Down syndrome
Accuracy has been reported at 98.6% in the first trimester of pregnancy. Confirmatory testing by invasive techniques ( ... Zindler, L (Apr-Jun 2005). "Ethical decision making in first trimester pregnancy screening". The Journal of perinatal & ... Screening in both the first and second trimesters is better than just screening in the first trimester. The different screening ... In the second trimester, often two or three tests are used in combination with two or three of: α-fetoprotein, unconjugated ...
*  Vaginal bleeding
Bleeding in early pregnancy may be a sign of a threatened or incomplete miscarriage. In the second or third trimester a ... Vaginal bleeding occurs during 15-25% of first trimester pregnancies. Of these, half go on to miscarry and half bring the fetus ... Snell, BJ (Nov-Dec 2009). "Assessment and management of bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy". Journal of midwifery & ... During pregnancy it is usually but not always related to the pregnancy itself. Rarely, the blood may arise from the urinary ...
*  Vacuum aspiration
4-6. Table 2 in: Allison JL, Sherwood RS, Schust DJ (2011). "Management of first trimester pregnancy loss can be safely moved ... It is also used to terminate molar pregnancy. When used as a miscarriage treatment or an abortion method, vacuum aspiration may ... "What Every Pregnant Woman Needs to Know About Pregnancy Loss and Neonatal Death". The Unofficial Guide to Having a Baby. WebMD ... permanent dead link] Wu Y, Wu X (1958). "A report of 300 cases using vacuum aspiration for the termination of pregnancy" (PDF ...
*  Asherman's syndrome
Premature delivery, second-trimester pregnancy loss, and uterine rupture are other reported complications. They may also ... Pregnancy and live birth rate has been reported to be related to the initial severity of the adhesions with 93, 78, and 57% ... The overall pregnancy rate after adhesiolysis was 60% and the live birth rate was 38.9% according to one study. Age is another ... Early monitoring during pregnancy to identify miscarriage can prevent the development of, or as the case may be, the recurrence ...
*  Diethylstilbestrol
17.8%; loss of second-trimester pregnancy, 16.4% vs. 1.7%; ectopic pregnancy, 14.6% vs. 2.9%; preeclampsia, 26.4% vs. 13.7%; ... The study showed no benefit of taking DES during pregnancy; adverse pregnancy outcomes were not reduced in the women who were ... The number of persons exposed to DES during pregnancy or in utero during 1940-1971 is unknown, but may be as high as 2 million ... In the 1940s, DES was used off-label to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with a history of miscarriage. On July 1, ...
*  Conceive (magazine)
The magazine also covers early (first trimester) pregnancy. In addition to the magazine, the Conceive brand includes a website ...
*  Bicornuate uterus
Proctor JA, Haney AF (2003). "Recurrent first trimester pregnancy loss is associated with uterine septum but not with ... Pregnancies in a bicornuate uterus are usually considered high risk and require extra monitoring because of association with ... This degree of fusion and reabsorption can determine the likeliness of a pregnancy reaching full term. There is also a hybrid ... A bicornuate uterus is associated with increased adverse reproductive outcomes, such as: Recurrent pregnancy loss Preterm birth ...
*  Female infertility
Proctor JA, Haney AF (2003). "Recurrent first trimester pregnancy loss is associated with uterine septum but not with ... maintain a pregnancy, or carry a pregnancy to live birth. A clinical definition of infertility by the WHO and ICMART is "a ... When pregnancy is considered such an important event in life, and considered a "socially unacceptable condition", it can lead ... In the Macua tradition, pregnancy and birth are considered major life events for a woman, with the ceremonies of nthaa´ra and ...
*  Progesterone receptor
"Progesterone receptor immunoreactivity at the maternofetal interface of first trimester pregnancy: a study of the trophoblast ... Shanker YG, Sharma SC, Rao AJ (September 1997). "Expression of progesterone receptor mRNA in the first trimester human placenta ... "No evidence for the expression of the progesterone receptor on peripheral blood lymphocytes during pregnancy". Human ...
*  Inhalation sedation
Women in the first trimester of pregnancy; Medical or behavioural conditions which would limit a patient's ability to ...
*  Carboprost
... is also used for the termination of pregnancy in the 2nd trimester. Unlabeled use: Hemorrhagic Cystitis PID ... Vukelić J (2001). "Second trimester pregnancy termination in primigravidas by double application of dinoprostone gel and ... Carboprost induces contractions and can trigger abortion in early pregnancy. It also reduces postpartum bleeding. Used in ...
*  Poverty alleviation programmes in India
First instalment (in first trimester of pregnancy) - 3,000/- • Early Registration of Pregnancy, preferably within first three ...
*  Mark Schaller
Navarrete, C. D., Fessler, D. M. T., & Eng, S. J. (2007). Elevated ethnocentrism in the first trimester of pregnancy. Evolution ...
*  MTHFD1
2005). "A polymorphism in the MTHFD1 gene increases a mother's risk of having an unexplained second trimester pregnancy loss". ...
*  Thecoma
October 2004). "Ovarian thecoma associated in the first trimester of pregnancy". J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. 30 (5): 368-71. doi: ...
*  Behavioral immune system
Navarrete, C.D.; D. Fessler; S. Eng (2007). "Elevated ethnocentrism in the first trimester of pregnancy" (PDF). Evolution and ...
*  Amenorrhea
The syndrome usually develops during the first trimester of pregnancy. MRI techniques can be helpful in determining the extent ... A pregnancy test is a common first step for diagnosis. Hyperprolactinemia, characterized by high levels of the hormone ... Lactational amenorrhoea is 98% percent effective as a method of preventing pregnancy in the first six months postpartum. ... After menarche, menstruation was suppressed during much of a woman's reproductive life by either pregnancy or nursing. ...
*  Mifepristone
It is also effective in the second trimester of pregnancy. Effectiveness should be verified two weeks after use. It is taken by ... "Medical methods for mid-trimester termination of pregnancy". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1): CD005216. doi: ... Mifepristone alone results in abortion within 1-2 weeks in 8% to 46% of pregnancies. There is no evidence that the effects of ... In 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration approved mifepristone, to end a pregnancy through 70 days gestation (70 days or ...
*  Mouth breathing
"Pregnancy rhinitis" may lead to nasal obstruction and mouth breathing. This tends to occur in the third trimester of pregnancy ...
*  Epulis
There is usually pregnancy gingivitis also. Pregnancy epulis commonly occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy. This ... Also termed a "pregnancy tumor" or "granuloma gravidarum", this lesion is identical to a pyogenic granuloma in all respects ... ISBN 978-1-4377-0416-7. Rabinerson, D; Kaplan, B; Dicker, D; Dekel, A (September 2002). "[Epulis during pregnancy]". Harefuah. ...
*  Childbirth
... work together to produce ligamentous relaxation and widening of the symphysis pubis during the last trimester of pregnancy. ... For low risk pregnancies all three result in similar outcomes. Eating or drinking during labour is an area of ongoing debate. ... Around 80% of pregnancies are low-risk. Factors that may make a birth high risk include prematurity, high blood pressure, ... This may exist in a pregnancy already impaired by maternal or fetal disease, or may rarely arise de novo in labour. This can be ...
*  Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana
... pregnancy trimester) of ₹3,000 (US$47) requires the mother to: Register pregnancy at the Anganwadi centre (AWC) within four ... Among the primary causes of high maternal and infant mortality are poor nutrition and inadequate medical care during pregnancy ... Objectives: Promoting appropriate practice, care and institutional service utilization during pregnancy, delivery and lactation ...