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*  Nuchal scan
In pregnancies affected by Down syndrome there is a tendency for the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to be ... Thus for even greater accuracy of predicting risks, the outcome of the nuchal scan may be combined with the results of ... The scan is carried out at 11-13+6 weeks pregnancy and assesses the quantity of fluid collecting within the nape of the fetal ... The scan may also help confirm both the accuracy of the pregnancy dates and the fetal viability. As nuchal translucency size ...
*  Complications of pregnancy
... and pregnancy with abortive outcome, which includes miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, and elective abortion. There is no clear ... pregnancy. List of complications of pregnancy List of obstetric topics Dermatoses of pregnancy Thyroid in pregnancy ... SLE in pregnancy or thyroid disease in pregnancy. Some disorders and conditions can mean that pregnancy is considered high-risk ... Exposure to environmental toxins in pregnancy Exposure to recreational drugs in pregnancy: Ethanol during pregnancy can cause ...
*  Late termination of pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome Unit, SA Health. (2014). [1]. Retrieved July 10th, 2015. Globe & Mail. (2012). Percentage distribution of ... However, viability varies greatly among pregnancies. Many pregnancies are viable after the 27th week, and no pregnancies are ... Late termination of pregnancy (TOP), also known as postviability abortion, induced termination of pregnancy (ITOP), or simply ... A late termination of pregnancy often refers to an induced ending of pregnancy after the 20th week of gestation. The exact ...
*  Thalidomide
"Maternal drinking and pregnancy outcome". Appl Res Ment Retard. 3 (3): 241-63. doi:10.1016/0270-3092(82)90018-2. PMID 7149705. ... She wanted to abort her pregnancy, but the laws of Arizona allowed abortion only if the mother's life was in danger. Finkbine ... Thalidomide brought on changes in the way drugs are tested, what type of drugs are used during pregnancy, and increased the ... The severity and location of the deformities depended on how many days into the pregnancy the mother was before beginning ...
*  Alcohol abuse
Landesman-Dwyer, S (1982). "Maternal drinking and pregnancy outcome". Applied research in mental retardation. 3 (3): 241-63. ... It is even possible that the baby throughout pregnancy will develop heart defects such as ventricular septal defect or atrial ... Brief Interventions for alcohol abuse reduce the incidence of unsafe sex, sexual violence, unplanned pregnancy and, likely, STD ...
*  Lyme disease
As with a number of other spirochetal diseases, adverse pregnancy outcomes are possible with untreated infection; prompt ... "Maternal Lyme borreliosis and pregnancy outcome". Int. J. Infect. Dis. 14 (6): e494-98. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2009.07.019. PMID ... Walsh CA, Mayer EW, Baxi LV; Mayer; Baxi (January 2007). "Lyme disease in pregnancy: case report and review of the literature ... Seltzer EG, Gerber MA, Cartter ML, Freudigman K, Shapiro ED (February 2000). "Long-term outcomes of persons with Lyme disease ...
*  Vitamin K antagonist
June 2006). "Vitamin K antagonists and pregnancy outcome. A multi-centre prospective study". Thromb. Haemost. 95 (6): 949-57. ... "Outcomes of Discontinuing Rivaroxaban Compared With Warfarin in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation: Analysis From ...
*  Agriculture in the United States
Nurminen, T (1995). "Maternal pesticide exposure and pregnancy outcome". J Occup Environ Med. 37: 935. doi:10.1097/00043764- ... It has been documented in the literature that pesticide exposure before or during pregnancy has been associated with increased ... This negatively impacts health outcomes because employees that have not received safety training are not able to read the ... Quandt, S.A. (2013). "Occupational Health Outcomes for Workers in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Sector: Implications ...
*  Uterine myomectomy
Soriano D, Dessolle L, Poncelet C, Benifla JL, Madelenat P, Darai E (June 2003). "Pregnancy outcome after laparoscopic and ... Also, after a pregnancy, myomas tend to shrink naturally. However, in selected cases myomectomy may become necessary during ... It is well known that myomectomy surgery is associated with a higher risk of uterine rupture in later pregnancy. Thus, women ... Generally, surgeons tend to stay away from operative interventions during the pregnancy because of the risk of haemorrhage and ...
*  Drugs in pregnancy
"Maternal use of cannabis and pregnancy outcome". BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 109 (1): 21-27. ... and After Pregnancy" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2007. "Tobacco Use and Pregnancy: Home". Centers for ... Drug use during pregnancy can have temporary or permanent effects on the fetus. Any drug that acts during embryonic or fetal ... Cannabis in pregnancy is the subject of various scientific studies, usually regarding whether it has effects on the child later ...
*  Confined placental mosaicism
This type of mosaicism is most often associated with normal pregnancy outcome. Type 2 CPM- The error occurs in a non-fetal cell ... However, some pregnancies with CPM experience prenatal or perinatal complications. The pregnancy loss rate in pregnancies with ... The pregnancy outcome is strongly chromosome specific. The most frequently seen trisomic cells in confined placental mosaicism ... However, it is not accurate to use these associations to try to predict pregnancy outcome based on the percent of trisomic ...
*  Pregnancy
Prenatal care improves pregnancy outcomes. Prenatal care may include taking extra folic acid, avoiding drugs and alcohol, ... Pregnancy may be confirmed with a pregnancy test. Pregnancy is typically divided into three trimesters. The first trimester is ... Globally, 40% of pregnancies are unplanned. Half of unplanned pregnancies are aborted. Among unintended pregnancies in the ... Globally 40% of pregnancies are unplanned. Half of unplanned pregnancies are aborted. Of pregnancies in 2012 120 million ...
*  Menarche
"Early teenage marriage and subsequent pregnancy outcome" (PDF). Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 6 (1). "Risk Factors for ... School-age Pregnancy and Parenthood: Biosocial Dimensions. New York: Aldine De Gruyter. 1986. pp. 273-275. ISBN 0-202-30321-7. ... which would delay her menarche until after the end of the pregnancy. This goes against the widely held assumption that a woman ...
*  Chernobyl disaster
"Pregnancy outcome in Finland after the Chernobyl accident". Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 45 (6): 263-6. doi:10.1016/0753-3322 ... the only robust evidence of negative pregnancy outcomes that transpired after the accident were these elective abortion ... In very high doses, it was known at the time that radiation can cause a physiological increase in the rate of pregnancy ... When the vast amount of pregnancy data does not support this perception as no women took part in the most radioactive ...
*  Prenatal memory
"Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy Outcomes". Obstetrics & Gynecology. 105 (2): 239-45. doi:10.1097/01.AOG. ... The pregnancy category levels (from least to most dangerous) are A, B, C, D and X and are described as follows: Category A: " ... Choline before pregnancy is also related to changes in the birth, death, and migration of cells in the hippocampus during the ... The pregnancy category level of cocaine is C, as described above. Prenatal exposure to cocaine has also been linked to ...
*  Placental microbiome
Fox C, Eichelberger K (2015). "Maternal microbiome and pregnancy outcomes". Fertility and Sterility. 104 (6): 1358-63. doi: ... While bacteria are often found in the amniotic fluid of failed pregnancies, they are also found in particulate matter that is ... Culturable and non-culturable bacterial species in the placenta obtained following normal term pregnancy have been identified. ... found in about 1% of healthy pregnancies. In non-human animals, part of the microbiome is passed onto offspring even before the ...
*  Human microbiota
Fox, Chelsea; Eichelberger, Kacey (2015). "Maternal microbiome and pregnancy outcomes". Fertility and Sterility. 104 (6): 1358- ... improved behavioral outcomes) in certain central nervous system disorders - including anxiety, depression, autism spectrum ...
*  List of human flora
Fox, Chelsea; Eichelberger, Kacey (2015). "Maternal microbiome and pregnancy outcomes". Fertility and Sterility. 104 (6): 1358- ... Positive outcomes are related to the presence of Lactobacilli spp while the presence of Propionibacterium and Actinomyces were ... The species and diversity of the microorganisms may be related to the various levels of hormones during pregnancy. The healthy ... The ovarian follicle microbiome has been studied using standard culturing techniques.It has been associated with the outcomes ...
*  Craniosynostosis
Olshan AF, Faustman EM (December 1989). "Nitrosatable drug exposure during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcome". Int J ... Medical history should in any case include questions about risk factors during pregnancy, the familial rate and the presence of ... Panchal J, Marsh JL, Park TS, Kaufman B, Pilgram T, Huang SH (May 1999). "Sagittal craniosynostosis outcome assessment for two ... Biomechanical factors include fetal head constraint during pregnancy. It has been found by Jacob et al. that constraint inside ...
*  Cryopreservation
November 2008). "Does storage time influence postthaw survival and pregnancy outcome? An analysis of 11,768 cryopreserved human ... Rather, oocyte age, survival proportion, and number of transferred embryos are predictors of pregnancy outcome. ... Pregnancies have been reported from embryos stored for 16 years. Many studies have evaluated the children born from frozen ... The process was applied to humans during the 1950s with pregnancies obtained after insemination of frozen sperm. However, the ...
*  Disinfection by-product
"Drinking Water Disinfection By-Products and Pregnancy Outcome" (PDF). Denver, CO: Awwa Research Foundation. "Disinfectants and ... adverse birth outcomes and birth defects. Meta-analyses and pooled analyses of these studies have demonstrated consistent ...
*  Embryo cryopreservation
Oocyte age, survival proportion, and number of transferred embryos are predictors of pregnancy outcome. Pregnancies have been ... Or, if pregnancy occurred, they could return later for another pregnancy. Spare oocytes or embryos resulting from fertility ... pregnancy rates are increased following frozen embryo transfer, and perinatal outcomes are less affected, compared to embryo ... "Does storage time influence postthaw survival and pregnancy outcome? An analysis of 11,768 cryopreserved human embryos". Fertil ...
*  Azathioprine
ISBN 0-85369-555-5. Cleary, B. J.; Källén, B. (2009). "Early pregnancy azathioprine use and pregnancy outcomes". Birth Defects ... Use during pregnancy may result in harm to the baby. Azathioprine is in the purine analogue and antimetabolite family of ... Sparrow, M. P.; Hande, S. A.; Friedman, S.; Cao, D.; Hanauer, S. B. (2007). "Effect of Allopurinol on Clinical Outcomes in ... ISBN 978-1-58528-267-8. Nuyttens, J. J.; Harper, J.; Jenrette, J. M.; Turrisi, A. T. (2005). "Outcome of radiation therapy for ...
*  Uterine rupture
Chibber R, El-Saleh E, Fadhli RA, Jassar WA, Harmi JA (March 2010). "Uterine rupture and subsequent pregnancy outcome - how ... In pregnancy uterine rupture may cause a viable abdominal pregnancy. This is what accounts for most abdominal pregnancy births ... Signs of an abdominal pregnancy Post-term pregnancy A uterine scar from a previous cesarean section is the most common risk ... In 2006, an extremely rare case of uterine rupture in a first pregnancy with no risk factors was reported. Emergency ...
*  Incarceration of women in the United States
Risk factors and pregnancy outcomes. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 22(1), 33-39. American Civil ... Pregnancy among inmates is a challenge. According to a 2008 report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics on female prisoners, 4 ... State standards for pregnancy-related health care and abortion for women in prison-map. American Civil Liberties Union. ACLU ... Women who are in jail or prison often have very high-risk pregnancies due to a higher prevalence of risk factors, which can ...
*  Ariosa v. Sequenom
... the lowest concentration measured in early pregnancy), to as high as 11.4% (in late pregnancy). 19 F. Supp. 3d 938. 788 F.3d ... 30, 2015). Sue D. Nym, Ariosa is a Good Example of Outcome-Driven § 101 Decisions, IP Watchdog (Aug. 9, 2015). Courtenay C. ...
*  John Jain
November 2002). "Pregnancy in the sixth decade of life: obstetric outcomes in women of advanced reproductive age". JAMA. 288 ( ... Jain, J.K.; Francis, M.M.; Bayrak, A.; Quinn, P.; Paulson, R.J. (2005). "Pregnancy Outcome After Cryopreservation of All ... Jain JK, Kuo J (September 2004). "Pregnancy outcomes with increased clomiphene citrate dose". Gynecological Endocrinology. 19 ( ... In 2005, the USC team was the first in the US to announce a triplet pregnancy using frozen eggs. In 2007, Jain left the ...