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*  Spatial memory
The medial prefrontal cortex processes egocentric spatial information. It participates in the processing of short-term spatial ... The medial prefrontal cortex is also implicated in the temporal organization of information. Hemisphere specialization is found ... The left prefrontal cortex preferentially processes categorical spatial memory including source memory (reference to spatial ... Aggleton, J. P.; Neave, N.; Nagle, S.; Sahgal, A. (1995). "A comparison of the effects of medial prefrontal, cingulate cortex, ...
*  Eriksen flanker task
"Response channel activation and the lateral prefrontal cortex". Neuropsychologia. 34: 1197-1202. doi:10.1016/0028-3932(96)00045 ... When subjects participate in the Eriksen Flanker Task, the anterior cingulate cortex, or the ACC, is activated. The ACC is a ...
*  Recognition memory
... is evidence that the left prefrontal cortex is correlated more strongly with recollection whereas the right prefrontal cortex ... including the perirhinal cortex and entorhinal cortex, but her hippocampus and parahippocampal cortex were spared. She ... In contrast, when subjects are distracted during the memory-encoding process, only the right prefrontal cortex and left ... especially the perirhinal cortex. Finally, it is not yet clear what specific regions of the prefrontal lobes are associated ...
*  Prefrontal cortex
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is composed of the lateral part of area 9 and all of area 46. The caudal prefrontal cortex ... Studies using fMRI have shown that the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), specifically the anterior medial prefrontal cortex ( ... while the ventral prefrontal cortex interconnects with brain regions involved with emotion. The prefrontal cortex also receives ... it might be rather difficult to define the prefrontal cortex unequivocally. A third definition of the prefrontal cortex is the ...
*  Dorsomedial prefrontal cortex
In mammalian brain anatomy, the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex is a section of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). It is involved in ... This sense of self that the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex is involved in is what Claparede referred to as "me-ness". It is also ... Brain activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex has been shown to be significant in altruism. This region has been shown to ... Gusnard, D. A., Akbudak, E., Shulman, G. L., & Raichle, M. E. (2001). Medial prefrontal cortex and self-referential mental ...
*  Ventromedial prefrontal cortex
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is a part of the prefrontal cortex in the mammalian brain. The ventral medial ... The Orbitofrontal Cortex: Linking Reward to Hedonic Experience Milne E, Grafman J (June 2001). "Ventromedial prefrontal cortex ... the cingulate cortex, and certain other regions of the prefrontal cortex. This huge network of connections affords the vmPFC ... region of the prefrontal cortex, of which the medial orbitofrontal cortex constitutes the lowermost part. This latter, broader ...
*  Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC or DL-PFC) is an area in the prefrontal cortex of the brain of humans and non-human ... the posterior parietal cortex, the anterior and posterior cingulate, the premotor cortex, the retrosplenial cortex, and the ... The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is especially underactive when a person suffers from chronic schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is ... The DLPFC may also have ties to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex in their functions with depression. This can be attributed ...
*  Ventrolateral prefrontal cortex
... (VLPFC), part of the prefrontal cortex, is located on the inferior frontal gyrus, is bounded ... Attention versus memory in prefrontal cortex Attentional shift Cognitive control Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex Mesocortical ... Badre, D; Wagner, AD (Oct 2007). "Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the cognitive control of memory". Neuropsychologia. ... Lee, T. G.; Blumenfeld, R. S.; d'Esposito, M. (2013). "Disruption of Dorsolateral but Not Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex ...
*  Prefrontal cortex basal ganglia working memory
... (PBWM) is an algorithm that models working memory in the prefrontal cortex and ... It is used as part of the Leabra framework and was implemented in Emergent.[when?] The prefrontal cortex has long been thought ... PBWM is a computational model of the prefrontal cortex to control both itself and other brain areas in a strategic, task- ... The active maintenance of the memory is in prefrontal cortex (PFC), and the updating signals (and updating policy more ...
*  Brain
... especially the prefrontal cortex and the parts of the cortex involved in vision. The visual processing network of primates ... The prefrontal cortex carries out functions that include planning, working memory, motivation, attention, and executive control ... Fuster, JM (2008). The Prefrontal Cortex. Elsevier. pp. 1-7. ISBN 978-0-12-373644-4. Purves, Dale.; Lichtman, Jeff W. (1985). ... Miller, EK; Cohen, JD (2001). "An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 24 (1): 167 ...
*  Glossary of neuroanatomy
PV Prefrontal Cortex. postCS Postcentral Sulcus. preCS Precentral Sulcus. Pu Putamen. Posterior Toward the back of the body or ... For example, the medial cortex is the cortex near the plane that divides left and right hemispheres; Mesencephalic duct aka ... The bottom of a sulcus, an inward fold (mainly of the cerebral cortex). See Sulcus and Fundus. Sulcal Wall One of the two sides ... For example, a cortical efferent is a fibre coming from somewhere else, and arriving to the cortex. Note that that is the ...
*  Neural top-down control of physiology
Areas doing this include the insular cortex, the orbital, and the medial prefrontal cortices. These cerebral areas also control ... Radley, J. J.; Arias, C. M.; Sawchenko, P. E. (2006). "Regional Differentiation of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex in Regulating ... Van Eden, C. G.; Buijs, R. M. (2000). "Functional neuroanatomy of the prefrontal cortex: autonomic interactions". Cognition, ... "The stressed prefrontal cortex. Left? Right!". Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 22 (5): 630-638. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2008.01.005. ...
*  Mental synthesis
Unlike dreaming, which is spontaneous and not controlled by the prefrontal cortex (PFC), mental synthesis is controlled by and ... Mental synthesis is the conscious purposeful prefrontal cortex-driven process of synthesizing a novel mental image from parts ... Fuster, JoaquĆ­n M. (2008). The prefrontal cortex (4th ed.). Amsterdam: Academic Press/Elsevier. ISBN 978-0123736444. Baker, S.C ... "A System for Relational Reasoning in Human Prefrontal Cortex". Psychological Science. 10 (2): 119-125. doi:10.1111/1467- ...
*  Context-dependent memory
Wagner, A.D.; Desmond, J.E.; Glover, G.H.; Gabrieli, J.D.E. (1998). "Prefrontal cortex and recognition memory. Functional-MRI ... Wagner, A.D.; Desmond, J.E.; Glover, G.H.; Gabrieli, J.D.E. (1998). "Prefrontal cortex and recognition memory: Functional-MRI ... using fMRI demonstrated that activation of the right prefrontal cortex depended on contextual information. The authors of this ... Overall, the patterns of activation in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex following changes in contextual information ...
*  N-back
... lateral premotor cortex; dorsal cingulate and medial premotor cortex; dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex; frontal ... Does excessive memory load attenuate activation in the prefrontal cortex? Load-dependent processing in single and dual tasks: ... poles; and medial and lateral posterior parietal cortex. Gazzaniga, Michael S.; Ivry, Richard B.; Mangun, George R. (2009). ...
*  Time perception
... and left premotor cortex. Explicit timing often involves the supplementary motor area and the right prefrontal cortex. Two ... Children with Tourette's Syndrome, for example, who need to use the pre-frontal cortex just behind the forehead to help them ... Kolb B, Mychasiuk R, Muhammad A, Li Y, Frost DO, Gibb R (October 2012). "Experience and the developing prefrontal cortex". ... He found the representation of time to be generated by the oscillatory activity of cells in the upper cortex. The frequency of ...
*  Time-based prospective memory
Until recently, not a lot has been known about the cognitive functions of the rostral prefrontal cortex, also known as Area 10 ... In humans, this area of the brain is very large (25-30 cubic cm). The Rostral Prefrontal Cortex supports a cognitive system ... Differences in activation of regions of the rostral prefrontal cortex were seen in the results according to whether the task ... Okuda, J.T. (2007). Differential involvement of regions of rostral prefrontal cortex (Brodmann area 10) in time- and event- ...
*  Parieto-occipital sulcus
... to be involved along with the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during planning. Animation of left cerebral hemisphere. Parieto- ... "The Neuropsychology of the Prefrontal Cortex". Archives of Neurology. 50 (6): 636-642. doi:10.1001/archneur.1993.00540060066020 ...
*  Pseudobulbar affect
Other theories implicate the prefrontal cortex. Pseudobulbar affect is a condition that occurs secondary to neurological ... an association with prefrontal cognitive dysfunction". Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 169: 43-48. doi:10.1016/s0022-510x ...
*  Eyewitness memory (child testimony)
Short term memory occurs in the prefrontal cortex. Working memory is another process that relies on the prefrontal cortex. The ... The prefrontal cortex is another brain region involved in eyewitness testimonies. Its function in relation to memory is to ... After the formation of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, the density of synapses in the prefrontal cortex, which is ... The frontal lobe and prefrontal cortex continues to develop until late adolescence, depending on the complexity of the task. ...
*  Nidopallium
"The avian 'prefrontal cortex' and cognition". Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 15 (6): 686-693. doi:10.1016/j.conb.2005.10.003 ... Avian pallium Brain Prefrontal Cortex Avian Brain Resource Nidopallium Anatomy The Nidopallium and Executive Function The ... One study has been performed to demonstrate that this area is in fact largely analogous to the mammalian prefrontal cortex - ... So despite the nidopallium and prefrontal cortex having evolved separately (an educated assumption), both have achieved similar ...
*  Motor Skill Consolidation
... including the primary motor cortex, the cerebellum, the prefrontal cortex, and the basal ganglia. Given that motor skill ... An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2001;24:167-202. Packard MG, Knowlton BJ. Learning and ... In this manner, a number of studies have demonstrated that the primary motor cortex is necessary for the consolidation of newly ... The cerebellum, and especially the cerebellar cortex, is critical for coordinating motor outputs during skilled tasks, as well ...
*  Patricia Goldman-Rakic
Goldman-Rakic was the first to discover and describe the circuitry of the prefrontal cortex and its relationship to working ... Before Goldman-Rakic, scientists thought that the higher cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex were beyond the scope of ... Goldman-Rakic was also the founder of the Cerebral Cortex Journal, a specialized publication by Oxford Press. Early on in her ... research showed that methods employed to study the sensory cortices could be adapted to the highest order prefrontal cortical ...
*  Intercalated cells of the amygdala
Amygdala Medial prefrontal cortex Quirk, G. J.; Mueller, D (2008). "Neural mechanisms of extinction learning and retrieval". ... ITC cells receive strong projections from the infralimbic cortex (IL mPFC) in both primates and rodents, which may explain ...
*  Leabra
Prefrontal cortex basal ganglia working memory (PBWM). PBWM uses PVLV to train prefrontal cortex working memory updating system ... based on the biology of the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia. O'Reilly, R. C., Munakata, Y. (2000). Computational ...
*  Hemoencephalography
The prefrontal cortex is thought essential for all goal-directed and socially-mediated behavior. The PFC is an ideal target for ... Most research in HEG has focused on disorders of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), the cortical region directly behind the forehead ... is typically characteristic of people with problems of the prefrontal cortex. Low variability is associated with more normal ... When a region of the cortex is used in a specific cognitive task, neuronal activity in that region increases, consequently ...
*  Affective neuroscience
The third "Medial Prefrontal Cortex" group included the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex, pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, ... Prefrontal cortex - The term prefrontal cortex refers to the very front of the brain, behind the forehead and above the eyes. ... medial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, insula, and temporal pole), and uni/ ... including lateral prefrontal cortex, primary sensorimotor cortex, temporal cortex, cerebellum, and brainstem). Brain regions ...