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*  Particle-size distribution
The angle of diffraction increases as particle size decreases, so that this method is particularly good for measuring sizes ... The particle-size distribution (PSD) of a powder, or granular material, or particles dispersed in fluid, is a list of values or ... Laser diffraction measures particle size distributions by measuring the angular variation in intensity of light scattered as a ... 2003). Powder sampling and particle size determination (1st ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-444-51564-3. Retrieved 22 ...
*  Powder diffraction
... is a scientific technique using X-ray, neutron, or electron diffraction on powder or microcrystalline ... International Centre for Diffraction Data Powder Diffraction on the Web The Area DIffraction Machine - software to analyze ... An instrument dedicated to performing such powder measurements is called a powder diffractometer. Powder diffraction stands in ... In contrast, in powder diffraction, every possible crystalline orientation is represented equally in a powdered sample, the ...
*  Nickel phosphate
"Standard X-Ray Diffraction Powder Patterns from the JCPDS Research Associateship". Powder Diffraction. 2: 41-52. doi:10.1017/ ...
*  PANalytical
Powder Diffraction. pp. 290-296. PANalytical home page Parent company home page. ... That same year, Philips introduced the PW1050 goniometer (θ-2θ geometry) for both diffraction and fluorescence products. The ... The company's current product line includes diffraction and fluorescence systems (energy- and wavelength dispersive) for ... is an international scientific instrumentation and software supplier which develops and manufactures X-ray diffraction (XRD), X ...
*  Cristobalite
Powder Diffraction. 13 (1): 2-19. doi:10.1017/S0885715600009696. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) https://www.osha.gov/ ... The micrometre-scale spheres that make up precious opal exhibit some x-ray diffraction patterns that are similar to that of ...
*  Widgiemoolthalite
Powder Diffraction. 29 (S1): S2-S7. doi:10.1017/S0885715614001146. Hazen, R. M.; Grew, E. S.; Origlieri, M. J.; Downs, R. T. ( ... Subscription required (help)). Whitfield, P. S. (December 2014). "Diffraction studies from minerals to organics: lessons ...
*  Le Bail method
Powder Diffraction. 20: 316. doi:10.1154/1.2135315. Department of Chemistry, University College, London, Powder Diffraction on ... Generally, the intensities of powder diffraction data are complicated by overlapping diffraction peaks with similar d-spacings ... Dinnebier, R. (2008), Powder Diffraction: Theory and Practice (1st ed.), RSC, p. 200, doi:10.1039/9781847558237, ISBN 978-0- ... The Le Bail method extracts intensities (Ihkl) from powder diffraction data. This is done in order to find intensities that are ...
*  Tutton's salt
Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ... Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ... Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ... Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ...
*  Curiosity (rover)
CheMin is the Chemistry and Mineralogy X-ray powder diffraction and fluorescence instrument. CheMin is one of four ... 2005). "Field deployment of a portable X-ray diffraction/X-ray fluorescence instrument on Mars analog terrain". Powder ... The rover can drill samples from rocks and the resulting fine powder is poured into the instrument via a sample inlet tube on ... A beam of X-rays is then directed at the powder and the crystal structure of the minerals deflects it at characteristic angles ...
*  Silver behenate
It is a possible low-angle diffraction standard that was characterized using the powder diffraction technique. Diffraction ... A possible low-angle X-ray diffraction calibration standard". Powder Diffraction. 10: 91-95. doi:10.1017/S0885715600014421. CS1 ... F.W. Matthews; G.G. Warren; J.H. Michell (1950). "Derivatives of Fatty Acids - Identification By X-Ray Diffraction Power ... Because silver behenate has a large number of well defined diffraction peaks in the 1.5-20.0° 2-theta range, it is suitable for ...
*  Magnesium chromate
"X-ray powder diffraction analysis of a new magnesium chromate hydrate, MgCrO4·11H2O". Powder Diffraction. 27 (1): 8-11. doi: ... It is available commercially in a variety of powders, from nanoscale to micron-sized, either as an anhydrous or hydrated form. ... This chromate can be manufactured as a powder. Before 1940, the literature about Magnesium chromate and its hydrates was sparse ... "Item # MG-401, Heavy Magnesium Chromate Powder On Atlantic Equipment Engineers, A Division Of Micron Metals, Inc". Metal- ...
*  Paulscherrerite
... developed the powder diffraction theory (the Scherrer equation) and designed the Debye-Scherrer X-ray powder diffraction camera ... 12H2O and related minerals by X-ray powder diffraction. Powder Diffraction, 12, 230-238. Brugger, J., Meisser, N., Etschmann, B ... Detailed X-ray powder diffraction and single crystal studies have led to a better understanding of the natural dehydration ... It is named for Swiss physicist Paul Scherrer, co-inventor of the Debye-Scherrer X-ray powder diffraction camera. Study of ...
*  Chatkalite
Ambiguities In Powder Pattern Indexing: A Ternary Lattice Metric Singularity. Powder Diffraction, 16(3), 144. Pieczka, A., ...
*  Mineralogy
Principles of powder diffraction". In Dinnebier, Robert E.; Billinge, Simon J.L. Powder diffraction : theory and practice (Repr ... In a sample that is ground to a powder, the X-rays sample a random distribution of all crystal orientations. Powder diffraction ... Most geology departments have X-ray powder diffraction equipment to analyze the crystal structures of minerals. X-rays have ... Isomorphous minerals of different compositions have similar powder diffraction patterns, the main difference being in spacing ...
*  Sodium cyclopentadienide
Determination by High-Resolution Powder Diffraction". Organometallics. 16: 3855-3858. doi:10.1021/om9700122. Elschenbroich, C ...
*  Meridianiite
... determined by neutron powder diffraction. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 35, 207-221. Peterson, R.C., Nelson, W., Madu, B ... Figure 7. X-Ray diffraction data obtained using a Cobalt source for the magnesium sulfate hydrate, Meridianiite. The dotted ... x-ray diffraction peaks at d-spacing's = 5.73, 5.62, 5.41, 4.91, 4.85, 2.988, 2.958 (highest intensity), and 2.940, and is IR ...
*  Nuclear magnetic resonance crystallography
Harris KDM, Xu M (2009). Combined Analysis of NMR & Powder Diffraction Data. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 0-470-69961-2. Taulelle F ( ... powder diffraction etc. If suitable crystals can be grown, any crystallographic method would generally be preferred to ... diffraction) study. Unlike in the case of diffraction methods, it appears that NMR crystallography needs to work on a case by ... it possible to refine the structures of powdered samples to structures rivaling the quality of single crystal X-ray diffraction ...
*  Silver subfluoride
doi:10.1002/9780470132364.ch6 A Williams (April 1989). "Neutron powder diffraction study of silver subfluoride". J. Phys.: ... On contact with water almost instant hydrolysis occurs with the precipitation of silver (Ag) powder. Ag2F adopts the anti-CdI2 ...
*  Nickel oxides
... structure refinement using neutron powder diffraction data". Acta Crystallographica Section C. 47 (2): 249-251. doi:10.1107/ ... Powders using Low Temperature Molten Salt Technique" (PDF). International Journal of ChemTech Research. 4 (2): 798-804. ...
*  Eggshell
"The Egg-Shell Microstructure Studied by Powder Diffraction". Xray.cz. Retrieved 2012-10-16. http://ict.udg.co.cu/FTPDocumentos/ ...
*  Hotsonite
Powder diffraction used for hotsonite data: Beukes, Gerhard J.; Schoch, Aylva E.; Van De Westhuizen, Willem A.; Bok, Lois D. C ...
*  ExoMars (rover)
"X-ray Powder Diffraction on the Red Planet" (PDF). International Union of Crystallography Commission on Powder Diffraction ... Mars X-Ray Diffractometer (Mars-XRD) - Powder diffraction of X-rays would give exact composition of the crystalline minerals. ... International Union of Crystallography Commission on Powder Diffraction Newsletter (30): 7-10. "The ExoMars Rover Instrument ... Infrared imaging spectrometer (MicrOmega-IR) is an infrared imaging spectrometer that can analyse the powder material derived ...
*  Chlorotrifluoromethane
... neutron powder diffraction and constrained refinement Termochemical data table. ...
*  Peter Lu
"Identifying and Indexing Icosahedral Quasicrystals from Powder Diffraction Patterns". Physical Review Letters. 87 (27): 275507 ...
*  Fityk
Originally, Fityk was developed to analyse powder diffraction data. It is also used in other fields that require peak analysis ...
*  Rayleigh scattering
... anomalous diffraction theory applies to optically soft but larger particles. The size of a scattering particle is often ... obtained by sintering monodispersive alumina powder. Rayleigh sky model Ricean fading Optical phenomenon Dynamic light ...
*  Paul Steinhardt
"Identifying and Indexing Icosahedral Quasicrystals from Powder Diffraction Patterns". Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 (27): 275507. arXiv: ... Its diffraction pattern consisted of sharp (though not perfectly point-like) spots arranged with icosahedral symmetry, and did ... Whereas the imperfect diffraction pattern obtained from the NBS alloy allows room for alternative explanations (most notably ... it had sharper diffraction spots arranged in much closer accordance with the 1983 quasicrystal theory. ...