Loading...
*  Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
The bacterial capsule sugars, a characteristic of these pathogens, are linked to CRM197, a nontoxic recombinant variant of ... May 2003). "Decline in invasive pneumococcal disease after the introduction of protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccine". The ... "CDC - ABCs: Surveillance Reports main page - Active Bacterial Core surveillance". Allen, Arthur (2007-06-21). "What if a ... Streptococcus pneumoniae Pneumonia PneumoADIP Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine "Pneumococcal 7-valent Conjugate Vaccine ( ...
*  Expansin
Turning to the function of bacterial expansins, the bacterial protein named YOAJ or BsEXLX1 binds to plant and bacterial cell ... they don't hydrolyze the matrix polysaccharides; the only definitive assay for expansin activity is thus to measure wall stress ... November 2008). "Crystal structure and activity of Bacillus subtilis YoaJ (EXLX1), a bacterial expansin that promotes root ... thus suggesting that these bacterial expansins have a role in plant-microbe interactions. Some animals, such as Globodera ...
*  Quellung reaction
... and describes the microscopic appearance of pneumococcal or other bacterial capsules after their polysaccharide antigen has ... The Quellung reaction, also called the Neufeld reaction, is a biochemical reaction in which antibodies bind to the bacterial ...
*  Arabinogalactan
Bhamidi S (2009). "Mycobacterial Cell Wall Arabinogalactan". Bacterial Polysaccharides: Current Innovations and Future Trends. ... "Human Intelectin Is a Novel Soluble Lectin That Recognizes Galactofuranose in Carbohydrate Chains of Bacterial Cell Wall". ...
*  Pseudomonas amyloderamosa
It is available, however, through the American Type Culture Collection[1]. Harada T. (1983). "Special bacterial polysaccharides ... Yokobayashi Y, et al.. Process for producing bacterial isoamylase. US Patent 3,560,345 dated Feb 2 1971.. ...
*  Hib vaccine
Finn, Adam (2004-01-01). "Bacterial polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccines". British Medical Bulletin. 70 (1): 1-14. doi: ... The shortcomings of the polysaccharide vaccine led to the production of the Hib polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine. ... Attaching Hib polysaccharide to a protein carrier greatly increased the ability of the immune system of young children to ... Similar to other polysaccharide vaccines, immune response to the vaccine was highly age-dependent. Children under 18 months of ...
*  Mycobacterium
Bhamidi S (2009). "Mycobacterial Cell Wall Arabinogalactan". Bacterial Polysaccharides: Current Innovations and Future Trends. ... As with other bacterial pathogens, surface and secreted proteins of M. tuberculosis contribute significantly to the virulence ... The cell wall consists of the hydrophobic mycolate layer and a peptidoglycan layer held together by a polysaccharide, ... In addition, the availability of genetic manipulation techniques still lags far behind that of other bacterial species. A ...
*  Lactobacillales
Bacterial Polysaccharides: Current Innovations and Future Trends. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-45-5. Holzapfel, W ... The first contact between an infecting phage and its bacterial host is the attachment of the phage to the host cell. This ... Gram-positive LAB have a thick peptidoglycan layer, which must be traversed to inject the phage genome into the bacterial ... They consist of the organelles of a simple bacterial structure. LAB are amongst the most important groups of microorganisms ...
*  Extracellular polymeric substance
ISBN 978-1-904455-41-7. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Ullrich M (editor) (2009). Bacterial Polysaccharides: ... Welman AD (2009). "Exploitation of Exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria". Bacterial Polysaccharides: Current ... Microorganisms synthesize a wide spectrum of multifunctional polysaccharides including intracellular polysaccharides, ... structural polysaccharides and extracellular polysaccharides or exopolysaccharides. Exopolysaccharides generally consist of ...
*  Neisseria meningitidis
2009). Bacterial Polysaccharides: Current Innovations and Future Trends. Caister Academic. ISBN 978-1-904455-45-5. Hall, DJ; ... To differentiate any bacterial growth from other species a small amount of a bacterial colony is tested for oxidase, catalase ... Some of the vaccines cover serogroup B, while others cover A, C, W, and Y. A meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4) has ... It causes the only form of bacterial meningitis known to occur epidemically, mainly Africa and Asia. It occurs worldwide in ...
*  Duncan Maskell
"Bacterial polysaccharide synthesis and gene nomenclature". Trends in Microbiology. 4 (12): 495-503. doi:10.1016/S0966-842X(97) ... who specialises in molecular microbiology and bacterial infectious diseases. He has been the Marks and Spencer Professor of ...
*  University of Birmingham
He also contributed towards solving the problems with bacterial polysaccharides. He was a recipient of the Nobel Prize in ...
*  Microbial symbiosis and immunity
"The love-hate relationship between bacterial polysaccharides and the host immune system". Nature Reviews Immunology. 849-858. ... B. thetaiotaomicron, a bacterial species in the ileum and colon, stimulates the gene encoding fucose, Fut2, in intestinal ... Nisin A inhibits methicillin-resistant S. aureus by binding to the precursor to bacterial cell wall synthesis, lipid II. This ... For example, the human symbiont Bacteroides fragilis produces polysaccharide A (PSA), which binds to toll-like receptor 2 (TLR- ...
*  Isotype (immunology)
The IgG responses to bacterial capsular polysaccharide antigens are mediated primarily via IgG2 subclass, and deficiencies in ... unresponsiveness against bacterial polysaccharide antigens". Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). Jonsdottir, I., Vidarsson, G. (1998 ... Acton, R. T., Barton, J. C. (2016). "Selective Subnormal IgG1 in 54 Adult Index Patients with Frequent or Severe Bacterial ... The pentameric structure of IgM antibodies makes them efficient at binding antigens with repetitive epitopes (e.g. bacterial ...
*  George Siber bibliography
Rehmus J, Johnson C, Marchant C, Carlin S, Super D, Van Hare G, Siber G, Jones P and Shurin P. Bacterial Polysaccharide Immune ... Reid R, Siber GR, Thompson C, Hill J, Santosham M. Evaluation of bacterial polysaccharide immune globulin for the treatment or ... Efficacy of bacterial polysaccharide immune globulin (BPIG) for prevention of bacteremic pneumococcal infections in Apache ... Dushay KM, Thompson C, Remington L, Skornik W, Siber G, Rose R. Aerosol administration of bacterial polysaccharide immune ...
*  Edward Galas
He also dealt with bacterial polysaccharide synthesis as well as bioconversion and biotransformation. Between 1970 and 1972 ...
*  B-1 cell
... self antigens and common bacterial polysaccharides. B1 cells are present in low numbers in the lymph nodes and spleen and are ... antibody production and long-term protection after bacterial infection such as Borrelia hermsii and Streptococcus pneumoniae. ...
*  JN-International Medical Corporation
The facility has fermentation, formulations and lyophilization and handling of bacterial polysaccharide products. Utilities ... includes both the upstream and downstream operations when the fermentation process is scaled up for bacterial polysaccharide ... The facility has fermentation, formulation, vial, freeze drying bacterial facilities classified as Biosafety Level 2 (CDC-NIH ... and bacterial meningitis that affect the underserved communities in West Africa, South East Asia, and Latin America. Early in ...
*  Oxidation response
Rather, cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1 or bacterial polysaccharides induce SOD synthesis and multigene ... The complexity in bacterial responses appears to be in the number of proteins induced by oxidative stress. In mammalian cells, ... The following table gives an idea of the antioxidant defense system in bacterial system. Small changes in cellular oxidant ...
*  Heparan sulfate analogue
Petit et al, Controlled sulfatation of natural anionic bacterial polysaccharides can yield agents with specific regenerating ... They can be constituted with a backbone of polysaccharides, such as poly glucose or glucuronates or a polyester such as co ...
*  T independent antigen (TI)
However bacterial polysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides, and some polymeric proteins, can stimulate B lymphocytes without ... An example of TI-1 antigen is lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or bacterial DNA. Second group of TI antigens consists mainly of highly ... That may explain why children up to 5 years are not capable of producing effective antibodies against polysaccharide antigens, ...
*  Polysaccharide encapsulated bacteria
Wong W, Powars D, Chan L, Hiti A, Johnson C, Overturf G (1992). "Polysaccharide encapsulated bacterial infection in sickle cell ... Lee CJ, Lee LH, Koizumi K. (2002) Polysaccharide Vaccines for Prevention of Encapsulated Pseudomonas Aueroginosa Bacterial ... a bacterial capsule, made of polysaccharide. Hemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) ... "Bacterial Defense against Phagocytosis". Pearson H (1977). "Sickle cell anemia and severe infections due to encapsulated ...
*  Sepsis
Reactions of mice with primary subcutaneous tumors to injection of a hemorrhage-producing bacterial polysaccharide". Journal of ... muramyl dipeptide in the peptidoglycan of the gram-positive bacterial cell wall, and CpG bacterial DNA. These PAMPs are ... Infections leading to sepsis usually are bacterial, but may be fungal or viral. Gram positive bacteria was the cause of sepsis ... In common clinical usage, neonatal sepsis refers to a bacterial blood stream infection in the first month of life, such as ...
*  Lipid A
Summary of Lipid A and bacterial polysaccharides. ... the host immune response and increasing the risk of bacterial ... When present in the body at high concentrations during a gram-negative bacterial infection, it may cause shock and death by an ... were in clinical trials for the prevention of harmful effects caused by gram-negative bacterial infections. However, trials ...
*  Conjugate vaccine
This technique for the creation of an effective immunogen is most often applied to bacterial polysaccharides for the prevention ... ISBN 978-1-904455-74-5. Lee C, Lee LH, Koizumi K (2002). "Polysaccharide Vaccines for Prevention of Encapsulated Bacterial ... By conjugating the polysaccharide to a protein carrier, a T cell response can be induced. Normally, polysaccharides by ... In the case of a conjugate vaccine, the carrier peptide linked to the polysaccharide target antigen is able to be presented on ...
*  Beaver dam
These bacterial populations face serious shortages of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds, and will absorb these nutrients as ... Cellulose is a type of polysaccharide.) Many bacteria produce cellulase which can split off the glucose and use it for energy. ...
*  Biofilm
Polysaccharide matrices typically enclose bacterial biofilms. In addition to the polysaccharides, these matrices may also ... "Building Codes for Bacterial Cities , Quanta Magazine". Quanta Magazine. Retrieved 2017-07-25. Lear G, Lewis GD, eds. (2012). ... Bacterial biofilms start the colonization process by creating microenvironments that more favorable for biofouling species. In ... Cell-cell communication or quorum sensing has been shown to be involved in the formation of biofilm in several bacterial ...