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*  Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency
The second variant is a milder one, caused by a homologous 1298C polymorphism. This leads to 68% of the control values of ... This variant in particular is the most common genetic cause of hyperhomocysteinemia. The resulting enzyme is thermolabile and ... Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) deficiency is the most common genetic cause of elevated serum levels of ... In the more significant of the two, the individual is homologous for the 677T polymorphism. ...
*  Yanbian cattle
Xin, Y (2014). "Genetic diversity of Y-short tandem repeats in Chinese native cattle breeds". Genetics and Molecular Research. ... Qin, L (2010). "Polymorphism of the prion protein gene (PRNP) in two Chinese indigenous cattle breeds". Molecular Biology ... Jin, Xin (2011). "Association of Polymorphisms in the Calpain I Gene with Meat Quality Traits in Yanbian Yellow Cattle of China ...
*  Ancestry-informative marker
There are an estimated 15 million SNP (Single-nucleotide polymorphism) sites (out of roughly 3 billion base pairs, or about 0.4 ... SLC24A5 Race and genetics Elizabeth Pennisi, Human Genetic Variation, Science 21 December 2007: Vol. 318. no. 5858, pp. 1842 - ... In population genetics, an ancestry-informative marker (AIM) is a single-nucleotide polymorphism that exhibits substantially ...
*  Simple sequence length polymorphism
Simple Sequence Length Polymorphisms (SSLPs) are used as genetic markers with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). An SSLP is a ... Variance in the length of SSLPs can be used to understand genetic variation between two individuals in a certain species. An ... type of polymorphism: a difference in DNA sequence amongst individuals. SSLPs are repeated sequences over varying base lengths ...
*  Tag SNP
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) use single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to identify genetic associations with ... genetic drift, random mating, genetic hitchhiking and gene flow. When a group of SNPs are inherited together because of high LD ... The ultimate goal of GWAS is to determine genetic risk factors that can be used to make predictions about who is at risk for a ... It is developed by Paul de Bakker in the labs of David Altshuler and Mark Daly at the Center for Human Genetic Research of ...
*  Sex linkage
Genetic polymorphism. p17-25. MIT Press 1965. Joron M, Papa R, Beltrán M, et al. (2006). "A conserved supergene locus controls ... ISBN 0-19-530761-5 Mallet J.; Joron M. (1999). "The evolution of diversity in warning color and mimicry: polymorphisms, ... Genetics home reference (2006), genetic conditions illustrations, National Library of Medicine. Morgan T.H. 1910. Sex-limited ...
*  Personality psychology
Genetic polymorphism. Faber & Faber, London. Kenrick, D.T.; Sadalla, E.K.; Groth, G.; Trost, M.R. (1990). "Evolution, traits, ... Polymorphisms, such as gender and blood type, are forms of diversity which evolve to benefit a species as a whole. The theory ... genetic influence on personality. The human genome is known to play a role in the development of personality. Previously, ... One study measuring genetic influence on twins in five different countries found that the correlations for identical twins were ...
*  Cnidaria
ISBN 0-03-025982-7. Ford, E.B. (1965). Genetic polymorphism. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0262060124. Dunn, Casey W.; Wagner, ... Polymorphism refers to the occurrence of structurally and functionally more than two different types of individuals within the ... Miller, D.J.; Ball, E.E. & Technau, U. (October 2005). "Cnidarians and ancestral genetic complexity in the animal kingdom". ...
*  Arthur Cain
Genetic polymorphism. All Souls Studies, Faber & Faber, London Fisher R.A. 1930. Genetical theory of natural selection p80. ... The evolution of genetic diversity. Proc Roy Soc B. 205, 453-474. [a general review] Currey J.D. and Cain A.J. 1968. Climate ... The evolution of genetic diversity. Proc Roy Soc B. 205, 453-474. Cain A.J. 1954. Animal species and their evolution. ... New data on the genetics of polymorphism in the snail Cepaea nemoralis. Genetics 45, 393-411. Cain A.J. and Provine W.B. 1991. ...
*  E. B. Ford
E.B. Ford worked for many years on genetic polymorphism. Polymorphism in natural populations is frequent; the key feature is ... He was the first to describe and define genetic polymorphism, and predicted that human blood group polymorphisms might be ... That is a typical genetic mechanism for causing this type of polymorphism. The work involves a synthesis of field observations ... By the time Ford had developed his formal definition of genetic polymorphism, Fisher had got accustomed to high selection ...
*  Lepidoptera
Ford, E. B. (1965). Genetic polymorphism. Oxford University Press. p. 11. Gullan & Cranston (2005). "Polymorphism and ... Genetic polymorphism and natural selection give rise to otherwise edible species (the mimic) gaining a survival advantage by ... seasonal polymorphism or polyphenism). In some species, the polymorphism is limited to one sex, typically the female. This ... Polymorphism is the appearance of forms or "morphs", which differ in color and number of attributes within a single species. In ...
*  Polymorphism in Lepidoptera
Genetic polymorphism occurs when the morphs are a result of genetic determination only. The extreme case of genetic ... Genetic polymorphism and natural selection give rise to otherwise edible species (the mimic) gaining a survival advantage by ... ISBN 1-4051-1113-5. Ford, E. B. (1965). Genetic polymorphism. Oxford University Press. p. 11. Clarke, C. A., P. M. Sheppard, I ... This species, and others in its genus, have been extensively studied for understanding the genetic basis for polymorphism and ...
*  Supergene
Genetic polymorphism, p17-25. MIT Press 1965. Ford E.B. 1975. Ecological genetics. 4th ed, Chapman & Hall. London. Detlefsen J. ... For example, pin and thrum morphs of Primula have effects on genetic compatibility (pin style x thrum pollen, or thrum style x ... A supergene is a group of neighbouring genes on a chromosome which are inherited together because of close genetic linkage and ... The case for the accumulative origin for supergenes was originally based on the work of Nabours on polymorphism for colour and ...
*  Mutationism
Genetic Polymorphism and Neomutationism. Evolutionary Dynamics of Genetic Diversity. Springer. pp. 214-241. doi:10.1007/978-3- ... In the view of the historian of science Peter J. Bowler, De Vries used the term to mean large-scale genetic changes capable of ... The different forms existed in a stable polymorphism controlled by 2 Mendelian factors (genes). The alleles of these genes were ... Muller, Hermann Joseph (1918). "Genetic Variability, Twin Hybrids and Constant Hybrids, in a Case of Balanced Lethal Factors" ( ...
*  Balancing selection
In this way genetic polymorphism is conserved. Evidence for balancing selection can be found in the number of alleles in a ... Genetic polymorphism, p26, Heterozygous advantage. MIT Press 1965. Cain A.J. and Currey J.D. Area effects in Cepaea. Phil. ... Polymorphisms maintained by this mechanism are balanced polymorphisms. Due to unexpected high frequencies of heterozygotes, and ... Polymorphism in Cepaea: a problem with too many solutions. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 8, 109-143. Cook L.M. 1998 ...
*  Population bottleneck
... genetic polymorphism and speciation". Genetics. 170 (1): 1-4. PMC 1449701 . PMID 15914771. ... Selective breeding to produce high-yielding crops has caused genetic bottlenecks in these crops and has led to genetic ... Comparative genetic study confirms exceptionally low genetic variation in the ancient and endangered relictual conifer, ... "Dating the genetic bottleneck of the African cheetah" (PDF). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 90: 3172-6. Apr 1993. doi:10.1073/pnas. ...
*  CD278
Haimila KE, Partanen JA, Holopainen PM (Mar 2002). "Genetic polymorphism of the human ICOS gene". Immunogenetics. 53 (12): 1028 ...
*  HAGH
Board PG (1980). "Genetic polymorphism of human erythrocyte glyoxalase II". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 32 (5): 690-4. PMC 1686103 . ...
*  Phosphoglycolate phosphatase
Research into the genetic polymorphism indicates that PGP is likely determined by three alleles at a single autosomal locus, ... Barker, R. F.; Hopkinson, D. A. (1978-10-01). "Genetic polymorphism of human phosphoglycolate phosphatase (PGP)". Annals of ... Initial research has also shown appreciable genetic variation indicated by the detection of 6 phenotypes within a small ...
*  Parthenogenesis
Lokki, Juhani; Esko Suomalainen; Anssi Saura; Pekka Lankinen (1975-03-01). "Genetic Polymorphism and Evolution in ... The genetic composition of the offspring depends on what type of apomixis takes place. When endomitosis occurs before meiosis ... The offspring having all of the mother's genetic material are called full clones and those having only half are called half ... In some of the eggs fertilized by males, however, the fertilization can cause the female genetic material to be ablated from ...
*  Heterogamy
"Genetic Polymorphism and Evolution in Parthenogenetic Animals. Ii. Diploid and Polyploid Solenobia Triquetrella (lepidoptera: ...
*  Complement factor I
Genetic polymorphism in Factor I has been observed and recently explained in terms of variants R201S, R406H, R502L. Crystal ... Nakamura S, Abe K (1985). "Genetic polymorphism of human factor I (C3b inactivator)". Human Genetics. 71 (1): 45-8. doi:10.1007 ... polymorphism: one of two polymorphic suballeles responsible for CFI A is Japanese-specific". Journal of Human Genetics. 53 (11- ... "A hypervariable STR polymorphism in the complement factor I (CFI) gene: Asian-specific alleles". International Journal of Legal ...
*  Deoxyribonuclease I
Kishi K, Yasuda T, Awazu S, Mizuta K (1989). "Genetic polymorphism of human urine deoxyribonuclease I". Hum. Genet. 81 (3): 295 ... 1995). "The molecular basis for genetic polymorphism of human deoxyribonuclease I: identification of the nucleotide ... identification of the nucleotide substitution that generates its classical genetic polymorphism". Ann. Hum. Genet. 59 (Pt 1): 1 ... 1999). "A new allele, DNASE1*6, of human deoxyribonuclease I polymorphism encodes an Arg to Cys substitution responsible for ...
*  Sinaloan pocket mouse
Color Polymorphism Coat color is a genetic polymorphism. Many different coat colors are seen between species of pocket mice and ... Genetic Basis The genetic difference for varying coat colors is controlled largely by two proteins in pocket mice: eumelanin ... doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2005)055[0125:tasoci]2.0.co;2. Nachman MW, Hoekstra HE, D'Agostino SL (April 2003). "The genetic basis of ... Geographic variation between environments is another selective pressure that helped color polymorphism evolve between pocket ...
*  Pharmacology of antidepressants
Hong, Chen-Jee; Yu, Younger W.-Y.; Chen, Tai-Jui; Tsai, Shih-Jen (2005). "Interleukin-6 Genetic Polymorphism and Chinese Major ...
*  Norovirus
Vinjé J, Green J, Lewis DC, Gallimore CI, Brown DW, Koopmans MP (2000). "Genetic polymorphism across regions of the three open ... A 2010 study suggested a specific genetic version of norovirus (which would not be distinguishable from other types of the ... ISBN 0-12-384684-6. Schuffenecker I, Ando T, Thouvenot D, Lina B, Aymard M (2001). "Genetic classification of "Sapporo-like ... which can be further divided into different genetic clusters or genotypes. For example, genogroup II, the most prevalent human ...
*  Gene polymorphism
The single nucleotide polymorphism is known to be the most common form of genetic variation. A major and the cause of this SNPs ... Gene polymorphisms can occur in the coding or non-coding region of the genome. The majority of polymorphisms are silent, ... In contrast, gene polymorphism is defined as a variation that occurs in allele in a DNA sequence. Gene polymorphisms generally ... doi:10.1016/s0304-3835(02)00638-9. March ME, Sleiman PM, Hakonarson H (2013). "Genetic polymorphisms and associated ...