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*  History of poliomyelitis
The Salk vaccine, or inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), consists of an injected dose of killed poliovirus. In 1954, the ... 1960). "Live, orally given poliovirus vaccine. Effects of rapid mass immunization on population under conditions of massive ... Brodie first tested the vaccine on himself and several of his assistants. He then gave the vaccine to three thousand children. ... Human trials of Sabin's vaccine began in 1957 and it was licensed in 1962. Following the development of oral polio vaccine, a ...
*  Booster dose
"Efficacy of inactivated poliovirus vaccine in India". Science. 345 (6199): 922-925. doi:10.1126/science.1255006. ISSN 0036-8075 ... "Vaccines: VPD-VAC/Polio/main page". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-09. "Vaccines: VPD-VAC/Tetanus/main page". www.cdc.gov. ... In the case of the polio vaccine, the memory B and T cells produced in response to the vaccine persist only six months after ... It is not yet fully clear why some vaccines such as hepatitis A and B are effective for life, and some such as tetanus need ...
*  Healthcare in Cuba
This is important because countries with high incidence of polio are now using live oral poliovirus vaccine. When polio is ... Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of inactivated poliovirus vaccine in Cuba. N Engl J Med. 2007 Apr 12;356(15):1536-44. Free ... poliovirus vaccine was effective in vaccinating children in tropical conditions. The Collaborative Group consisted of the Cuban ... The Cuban vaccine is used throughout Latin America. After outbreaks of meningitis B in the United States, the U.S. Treasury ...
*  OPV AIDS hypothesis
The first polio vaccine, developed by Jonas Salk, is an inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), consisting of a mixture of three ... The second vaccine, an oral polio vaccine (OPV), is a live-attenuated vaccine, produced by the passage of the virus through non ... Osterrieth P (May 2004). "Oral polio vaccine: fact versus fiction". Vaccine. 22 (15-16): 1831-1835. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine. ... Kew O, Sutter R, de Gourville E, Dowdle W, Pallansch M (2005). "Vaccine-derived polioviruses and the endgame strategy for ...
*  H. R. Cox
"Developments in the production and quality control of poliovirus vaccines - Historical perspectives". Biologicals. 34 (2): 87- ... which led to the development of vaccines to combat Rocky Mountain spotted fever and vaccines for several strains of typhus. The ... he announced an oral polio vaccine [1][permanent dead link]. Meanwhile, human trials of Albert Sabin's successful oral vaccine ... At that time, public health attention focused on finding a vaccine for polio. Cox was one of many researchers competing to find ...
*  MECACAR
Mass Vaccination with Oral Poliovirus Vaccine - CDC, Last accessed June 1, 2007. Vaccine-preventable Diseases and Immunization ...
*  Poppyseed oil
"Oral iodine supplementation does not reduce neutralizing antibody responses to oral poliovirus vaccine". Bull. World Health ... A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial on giving infants iodized poppyseed oil together with an oral polio vaccine had ...
*  Closed community
Gardner, P. S.; Cooper, Christine E. (1964-06-01). "The feeding of oral poliovirus vaccine to a closed community excreting ...
*  Polio vaccine
... recommendations for use of inactivated poliovirus vaccine and live oral poliovirus vaccine. American Academy of Pediatrics ... The Salk vaccine, or inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), is based on three wild, virulent reference strains, Mahoney (type 1 ... Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio). There are two types: one that uses inactivated poliovirus ... caused by vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) is indistinguishable from that caused by wild polioviruses. This is believed to be ...
*  Albert Sabin
The Sabin vaccine is an oral vaccine containing weakened forms of strains of polio viruses. In 1955, Salk's "killed" vaccine ... The Sabin vaccine worked in the intestines to block the poliovirus from entering the bloodstream. In the intestines, Sabin had ... Albert Sabin, Live Poliovirus Vaccine and the Soviets". Bulletin of the History of Medicine. 56: 460-83. Philip Boffey, Sabin, ... Albert Sabin, live poliovirus vaccine and the Soviets". Bulletin of the history of medicine. 56 (4): 460-83. PMID 6760938. ...
*  Timeline of healthcare in Cuba
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) "Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine in Cuba ... "Cuba Announces Release of the World's First Lung Cancer Vaccine". Keegan R, Aguinaga L, Fenelon G, Uribe W, Rodriguez Diez G, ... "Cuba Announces Release of the World's First Lung Cancer Vaccine". PopSci. 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2011-12-11. "Cuba-trained ...
*  Emergent virus
The issue was not resolved until the introduction of a poliovirus vaccine brought the situation under control. This example ... Poliovirus has been targeted for eradication by the WHO. New emergent viruses are continually being discovered. Examples ... During the 19th century poliovirus became more prominent in populations across the world. Dense urban populations allowed the ...
*  Vaccine
... "poliovirus vaccine live oral" rather than "oral poliovirus vaccine". The immune system recognizes vaccine agents as foreign, ... Examples include the polio vaccine, hepatitis A vaccine, rabies vaccine and some influenza vaccines.[citation needed] Some ... The first DIVA vaccines (formerly termed marker vaccines and since 1999 coined as DIVA vaccines) and companion diagnostic tests ... the HPV vaccine, and the chicken pox vaccine. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that licensed vaccines are currently ...
*  Mikhail Chumakov
Albert Sabin, Live Poliovirus Vaccine and the Soviets. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 56 (1982), 460-83 Swanson, W. Birth ... In 1958-1959 he organized the first mass production and clinical trials of Oral Poliovirus Vaccine (OPV) made from live ... In 1955 he organized a new research institute near Moscow to work on vaccines against poliomyelitis. His work on vaccines ... Chumakov also created a number of other human and veterinarian vaccines, including inactivated vaccine against TBE, measles, ...
*  SV40
... and the Salk vaccine (injectable, killed virus) were affected; the technique used to inactivate the polio virus in the Salk ... Ratner, the Health Commissioner of Oak Park at the time the Salk vaccine was introduced, had kept these vials of vaccine in a ... An analysis presented at the Vaccine Cell Substrate Conference in 2004[medical citation needed] suggested that vaccines used in ... "Cancer Incidence in Denmark Following Exposure to Poliovirus Vaccine Contaminated with Simian Virus 40". JNCI Journal of the ...
*  Tatsuji Nomura
2003). "Transgenic mice as an alternative to monkeys for neurovirulence testing of live oral poliovirus vaccine: validation by ... A system has been established in which mice with the human polio virus receptor introduced (polio mice) replace monkeys, which ... Widely used in polio vaccine neurovirulence testing as a replacement for monkeys. (Approved by World Health Organization in ... are closest to humans, used in neurovirulence testing of live polio vaccine (Replacement). The number of animals used can also ...
*  Yehia El-Gamal (pediatrician)
"The effect of mass immunisation campaigns and new oral poliovirus vaccines on the incidence of poliomyelitis in Pakistan and ...
*  Poliomyelitis eradication
"Virologic Monitoring of Poliovirus Type 2 after Oral Poliovirus Vaccine Type 2 Withdrawal in April 2016 - Worldwide, 2016-2017 ... In 2005 there were 1,979 cases of wild poliovirus (excludes vaccine-derived polio viruses). Most cases were located in two ... "Update on Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses - Worldwide, January 2014-March 2015". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 64: 640- ... Targeted "mop-up" campaigns once wild poliovirus transmission is limited to a specific focal area. Oral polio vaccine is highly ...
*  Poliomyelitis in Pakistan
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2006). "Update on vaccine-derived polioviruses". MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ... While the new vaccine is pricier than the traditional oral polio vaccine (OPV) and requires that a doctor or nurse administer ... As a consequence of the climate in South Asia, sometimes ten or more doses of the vaccine need to be administered, each a month ... Some clerics have also denounced the vaccines. There is also a myth prevalent in many of the areas with low literacy rates that ...
*  Muhammad Ali Pate
203 (7). Jenkins H.E. Aylward B.R., Pate M.A. et al.: Implications of a Circulating Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus in Nigeria. New ... Wassilak S., Pate M.A., Wannemuehler K., et al.: Outbreak of Type 2 Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus in Nigeria: Emergence and ... In Nigeria the wild poliovirus WPV is mainly prevalent in the north of the country. In June 2009 Dr Pate instigated a policy of ... Poliomyelities can be prevented through multiple immunisation with the polio vaccine. Receiving a minimum of four doses of the ...
*  IPV
The initialism IPV may refer to: Medicine Inactivated poliovirus vaccine Intrapulmonary percussive ventilator Violence ...
*  Contact immunity
... in favor of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). The CDC continues to recommend OPV over IPV for global polio eradication ... The most prominent example of contact immunity was the oral polio vaccine (OPV). This live, attenuated polio vaccine was widely ... National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (6 April 2007). "Polio Vaccine Questions & Answers". Vaccines & ... The main drawback of live virus-based vaccines is that a few people who are vaccinated or exposed to those who have been ...
*  Asymptomatic carrier
"Update on Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses - Worldwide, January 2014-March 2015". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 64: 640- ... after their initial exposure to the oral Sabin vaccine. Carriers of the attenuated virus unintentionally spread the attenuated ...
*  Post-polio syndrome
History of poliomyelitis List of polio survivors Poliomyelitis Poliovirus Polio vaccine Jonas, Gerald (18 March 2008). "Arthur ... PPS patients lack any elevation of antibodies against the poliovirus, and because no poliovirus is excreted in the feces, it is ... Poliovirus attacks specific neurons in the brainstem and the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord, generally resulting in the ... Further, there is no evidence that the poliovirus can cause a persistent infection in humans. PPS has been confused with ...
*  Reverse genetics
"Circulation of type 1 vaccine-derived poliovirus in the Philippines in 2001". Journal of Virology. 78 (24): 13512-21. doi: ... This synthesized vaccine strain can then be used as a seed virus to create further vaccines. Vaccines engineered from reverse ... Vaccines created through reverse genetics methods are known as attenuated vaccines, named because they contain weakened ( ... Reverse genetics plays a large role in vaccine synthesis. Vaccines can be created by engineering novel genotypes of infectious ...
*  Synthetic virology
The first man-made infectious viruses generated without any natural template were of the Polio virus [1] and the φX174 ... This technology is now being used to investigate novel vaccine strategies[3,4]. The ability to synthesize viruses has far- ... 4) SynVaccine - Synthetic Virology technology to investigate novel vaccine strategies. spnbiotech.com. ... Synthetic Virology technology to investigate novel vaccine strategies. ...