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*  Chest tube
Pleural effusion: accumulation of fluid in the pleural space Chylothorax: a collection of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space ... It is used to remove air, (pneumothorax) fluid (pleural effusion, blood, chyle), or pus (empyema) from the intrathoracic space ... accumulation of blood in the pleural space Hydrothorax: accumulation of serous fluid in the pleural space Contraindications to ... Injury to the liver, spleen or diaphragm is possible if the tube is placed inferior to the pleural cavity. Injuries to the ...
*  Pleural cavity
... a collection of air within the pleural cavity Pleural effusion: a fluid accumulation within the pleural space. Pleural tumors: ... Exudative pleural effusions are generally caused by infections such as pneumonia (parapneumonic pleural effusion), malignancy, ... Transudative pleural effusions occur in congestive heart failure (CHF), cirrhosis or nephrotic syndrome. Localized pleural ... A pathologic collection of pleural fluid is called a pleural effusion. Mechanisms: Lymphatic obstruction Increased capillary ...
*  Pleural disease
Pleural effusion: a fluid accumulation within the pleural space. Abnormal collections of pleural fluid may be due to excessive ... Pleural sarcomas Pleural angiosarcoma Pleural desmoplastic small round cell tumor (pleural DSRCT) Pleural synovial sarcoma ... Pleural infections Pleural endometriosis Pleural tumors may be benign (i.e. solitary fibromas) or malignant in nature. Pleural ... pleural SFT) Smooth muscle tumors of the pleura Pleural carcinomas Pleural mucoepidermoid carcinoma Pleural ...
*  Pleurodesis
... is performed to prevent recurrence of pneumothorax or recurrent pleural effusion. It can be done chemically or ... Management of Malignant Pleural Effusions". Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 162 (5): 1987-2001, 2000. doi:10.1164/ajrccm.162.5.ats8- ... "A study of comparison of efficacy and safety of talc and povidone iodine for pleurodesis of malignant pleural effusions". J ... is indicated as a sclerosing agent to decrease the recurrence of malignant pleural effusions in symptomatic patients. It is ...
*  Pleural effusion
MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Pleural Effusion Pleural Effusion Images from MedPix. ... Transudative pleural effusion Exudative pleural effusion By the underlying cause (see next section). The most common causes of ... Various kinds of pleural effusion, depending on the nature of the fluid and what caused its entry into the pleural space, are ... A pleural effusion is excess fluid that accumulates in the pleural cavity, the fluid-filled space that surrounds the lungs. ...
*  Malignant pleural effusion
... at distinguishing malignant pleural effusions from other causes of pleural effusion, based on the presence of visible pleural ... Identification of pleural fluid biomarkers to distinguish malignant pleural effusions from other causes of exudative effusions ... Malignant pleural effusions are exudates. A low pleural fluid pH is associated with poorer survival and reduced pleurodesis ... Lung cancer and breast cancer account for about 50-65% of malignant pleural effusions. Other common causes include pleural ...
*  Hydrothorax
Pleural effusions may also develop following the accumulation of other fluids within the pleural cavity; if the fluid is blood ... Hydrothorax is a type of pleural effusion in which transudate accumulates in the pleural cavity. This condition is most likely ...
*  Rheumatoid arthritis
Exudative pleural effusions are also associated with RA. People with RA are more prone to atherosclerosis, and risk of ... "Rheumatoid pleural effusion". Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 35 (6): 368-378. doi:10.1016/j.semarthrit.2006.03.002. ISSN ...
*  Rheumatoid pleuritis
... , a form of pleural effusion, is an uncommon complication of rheumatoid arthritis, occurring in 2-3% of ... Geisinger KR, Vance RP, Prater T, Semble E, Pisko EJ (1985). "Rheumatoid pleural effusion. A transmission and scanning electron ... Shinto R, Prete P (1988). "Characteristic cytology in rheumatoid pleural effusion". Am J Med. 85 (4): 587-9. doi:10.1016/0002- ... Montes S, Guarda LA (1988). "Cytology of pleural effusions in rheumatoid arthritis". Diagn Cytopathol. 4 (1): 71-3. doi:10.1002 ...
*  Lymphangiomatosis
... pleural effusions (fluid in the lung lining), pericardial effusions (fluid in the heart sack), chylothorax (chyle in the ... and pleural effusion. Pulmonary function testing reveals either restrictive pattern or a mixed obstructive/restrictive pattern ... the combination of pleural and peritoneal involvement with chylous effusions and lytic bone lesions carries the least favorable ... This offers one explanation as to why, unfortunately, the appearance of chylous effusions in the chest or abdomen may be the ...
*  ILO Classification
... ef pleural effusion; em emphysema; es eggshell calcification; fr rib fracture(s); hi enlargement of non-calcified hilar nodes; ... Pleural Abnormalities: Pleural abnormalities are reported with respect to type (pleural plaques or diffuse pleural thickening ... pleural). pa plate atelectasis; pb parenchymal bands; pi pleural thickening of an interlobar fissure; px pneumothorax; ra ... pleural plaques, calcification, and diffuse pleural thickening) and other features associated, or sometimes confused, with ...
*  Atelectasis
This is a frequent occurrence with pleural effusion, caused by congestive heart failure (CHF). Leakage of air into the pleural ... pleural effusion (transudate type); cyanosis (late sign); increased heart rate. It is a common misconception that atelectasis ... It is usually associated with accumulation of blood, fluid, or air within the pleural cavity, which mechanically collapses the ... which would show as visceral pleural thickening and entrapment of lung tissue. This produces a rounded appearance on x-ray that ...
*  Chylothorax
Pleural effusion Heffner, John. "Clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of cholesterol effusions". 8.0. UpToDate. ... is a type of pleural effusion. It results from lymph formed in the digestive system called chyle accumulating in the pleural ... It is important to distinguish chylothorax from pseudochylothorax (pleural effusions high in cholesterol), which has a similar ... This causes the lung and the chest wall to be fused together which prevents the leaking of lymphatic fluids into the pleural ...
*  Lemierre's syndrome
Pleural effusion is often present. Other sites involved in septic metastasis and abscess formation are the muscles and soft ... Chest X-ray and chest CT may show pleural effusion, nodules, infiltrates, abscesses and cavitations. Bacterial cultures taken ...
*  Pancreatitis
Pleural effusion is usually present. Shallow breathing from pain can lead to lung collapse. Pancreatic enzymes may attack the ... pleural effusion) has been validated as similar to other prognostic scoring systems. Globally the incidence of acute ...
*  Primary effusion lymphoma
Youngster I, Vaisben E, Cohen H, Nassar F (January 2006). "An unusual cause of pleural effusion". Age Ageing. 35 (1): 94-6. doi ... Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a B-cell lymphoma, presenting with a malignant effusion without a tumor mass. PEL most ... PEL is unusual in that the majority of cases arise in body cavities, such as the pleural space or the pericardium; another name ... Fan W, Bubman D, Chadburn A, Harrington WJ, Cesarman E, Knowles DM (January 2005). "Distinct subsets of primary effusion ...
*  Exudate
Roth BJ, O'Meara TF, Gragun WH (1990). "The serum-effusion albumin gradient in the evaluation of pleural effusions". Chest. 98 ... See below for difference between transudate and exudate) Malignant (or cancerous) pleural effusion is effusion where cancer ... Pleural effusion Scarless wound healing "exudate". The Free Dictionary - Medical. Retrieved 5 August 2014. ""Exuded" Merriam- ... Robbins Basic Pathology 7th ed About.com > Malignant Pleural Effusion By Lynne Eldridge MD. Updated March 27, 2010 Power, ...
*  Boerhaave syndrome
A pleural effusion may be detected.[citation needed] Mackler's triad includes chest pain, vomiting, and subcutaneous emphysema ... pleural effusion(s) with or without pneumothorax, widened mediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema are typically seen. CT scan ... Patients may also have a pleural effusion high in amylase (from saliva), low pH, and may contain particles of food.[citation ... and air and fluid in the pleural spaces, retroperitoneum or lesser sac.[citation needed] The diagnosis of esophageal ...
*  Bleomycin
It may also be put inside the chest to help prevent the recurrence of a pleural effusion due to cancer. For scarring down the ... Shaw, P; Agarwal, R (2004). "Pleurodesis for malignant pleural effusions". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1): ...
*  Postcardiotomy syndrome
ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. Heffner, John (2010). Pleural Effusions Following Cardiac surgery. UpToDate. ...
*  Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
Pleural effusions are seen on CT in 12% of patients with S-LAM and 6% of patients with TSC-LAM. Other CT features include ... Pleural effusion and pneumothorax may be apparent. Preservation of lung volumes in the presence of increased interstitial ... Chyle does not generally cause pleural inflammation or fibrosis. Small stable chylous effusions rarely require intervention ... The LAM Foundation Pleural Consensus Group advocated the use of a pleural symphysis procedure with the first pneumothorax, ...
*  Subcutaneous emphysema
Kosmas EN, Polychronopoulos VS (2004). "Pleural effusions in gastrointestinal tract diseases". In Bouros D. Pleural Disease ( ... Papiris SA, Roussos C (2004). "Pleural disease in the intensive care unit". In Bouros D. Pleural Disease (Lung Biology in ... When the pleural membranes are punctured, as occurs in penetrating trauma of the chest, air may travel from the lung to the ... Air can leak out of the pleural space through an incision made for a thoracotomy to cause subcutaneous emphysema. On infrequent ...
*  Lumican
... is highly expressed in pleural effusions (lung fluid) of patients with adenocarcinoma. Its expression was low in cancer ... "Lumican is overexpressed in lung adenocarcinoma pleural effusions". PLOS ONE. 10 (5): e0126458. doi:10.1371/journal.pone. ...
*  Nephrotic syndrome
Fluid in the pleural cavity causing pleural effusion. More commonly associated with excess fluid is pulmonary edema. Fluid in ... Dyspnea may be present due to pleural effusion or due to diaphragmatic compression with ascites. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate ... such as sepsis or pleural effusion), the diuretics can be administered intravenously. This occurs where the risk from plasmatic ... In the advanced stages it also extends to the pleural cavity and peritoneum (ascites) and can even develop into a generalized ...
*  Pneumonia
Yu, H (March 2011). "Management of pleural effusion, empyema, and lung abscess". Seminars in interventional radiology. 28 (1): ... vocal resonance distinguishes pneumonia from a pleural effusion. A chest radiograph is frequently used in diagnosis. In people ... If the infected fluid is not drained, the infection may persist, because antibiotics do not penetrate well into the pleural ... To distinguish an empyema from the more common simple parapneumonic effusion, the fluid may be collected with a needle ( ...
*  Randy Pausch
In the week prior to this, he had been hospitalized in order to have needle aspiration of pleural effusion in his right lung. ...
*  Needle in a Haystack (House)
The ER workup reveals a bloody pleural effusion. Chase suspects drugs, but House does not think so. House orders them to do a ...