Inclusion of plasticizers. Inclusion of plasticizers tends to lower Tg and increase polymer flexibility. Plasticizers are ... A pipe has no plasticizers in it, because it needs to remain strong and heat-resistant. Plasticized PVC is used in clothing for ... Plasticizers are also put in some types of cling film to make the polymer more flexible. ... A good example of the action of plasticizers is related to polyvinylchlorides or PVCs. A uPVC, or unplasticized ...
2011: Plasticizer use in food products[edit]. The principal food safety incident in Taiwan was over the use of the plasticizer ... were using plasticizer DEHP in clouding agents the firms manufactured.[3] This was used as a substitute for palm oil in ... "The Plasticizer Settlement: What it Means for Food Safety". Retrieved 27 July 2015.. ... "Plasticizer-tainted beverages off shelves in California". The China Post. 2011-06-02.. ...
Plasticizers can also be other energetic materials (common in smokeless powders), e.g. nitroglycerine, butanetriol trinitrate, ... Camphor can be used as a plasticizer. Binders are used in manufacture of compact compositions, e.g. pyrotechnic stars. Polymers ... Plasticizers. Improve the mechanical properties of the propellant particles. For composite rocket propellants, dioctyl adipate ...
Phthalate plasticizers[edit]. The most common class of plasticizers used in PVC is phthalates, which are diesters of phthalic ... Plasticizers[edit]. Most vinyl products contain plasticizers which are used to make the material softer and more flexible, and ... Plasticizers[edit]. Phthalates, which are incorporated into plastics as plasticizers, comprise approximately 70% of the US ... Plasticizers work by increasing the space and act as a lubricant between the PVC polymer chains. Higher levels of plasticizer ...
Plasticizers. Plasticizers are, by mass, often the most abundant additives.[28] These oily but nonvolatile compounds are ... For example, plasticizers like adipates and phthalates are often added to brittle plastics like polyvinyl chloride to make them ...
Plasticizers (acrylates, maleates, etc.), Pesticides: Dinocap Lubricants: Zinc dithiophosphate (ZDDP) Fragrances (salicylate) ...
Energetic plasticizers can be also used. The addition of a plasticizer lowers the sensitivity of the explosive and improves its ... as RDX embedded in polystyrene with dioctyl phthalate plasticizer. HMX compositions with teflon-based binders were developed in ...
Doolittle, Arthur K. (1954). The Technology of Solvents and Plasticizers. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 628. The Merck ...
Condensates derived from formaldehyde are plasticizers. It is widely used in the production of polyurethane fibers. The PAMAM ...
This basic formulation is expanded to include the following: Plasticizers to yield non-brittle films. Dibutylphthalate and ... camphor are typical plasticizers. Dyes and pigments. Representative compounds include chromium oxide greens, chromium hydroxide ...
PETE does not use phthalates as plasticizers. The terephthalate polymer PETE and the phthalate ester plasticizers are ... producers are increasingly forced to use non-phthalate plasticizers. This transition to phthalate-free plasticizers has ... phthalate esters are nearly ideal plasticizers. Among the numerous alternative plasticizers are Dioctyl terephthalate (DEHT) (a ... For this to be established, the polymer must be heated in the presence of the plasticizer, first above the Tg of the polymer ...
ISBN 978-0-471-38929-3. Chemical Fabrics and Film Association [CFFA] (n.d.). "Plasticizer migration" (PDF). CFFA Performance ... plasticizer) reduces the temperature of glass transition, the yield temperature, and the viscosity of a melt. An understanding ...
Plasticizers to yield non-brittle films. Dibutylphthalate and camphor are typical plasticizers. ...
"Ranking Plasticizers for Polymers with Atomistic Simulations; PVT, Mechanical Properties and the Role of Hydrogen Bonding in ...
Unlike traditional plasticizers, comonomers are not leachable. In other cases, comonomers are used to introduce crosslinking. ...
PlasticizersEdit. Phthalates, which are incorporated into plastics as plasticizers, comprise approximately 70% of the U.S. ... Phthalate plasticizersEdit. Most vinyl products contain plasticizers which dramatically improve their performance ... It is made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers. If no plasticizers are added, it is known as uPVC ( ... a b David F. Cadogan and Christopher J. Howick "Plasticizers" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2000, Wiley-VCH ...
In May 2011, the illegal use of the plasticizer DEHP in clouding agents for use in food and beverages has been reported in ... DEHP is the most common phthalate plasticizer in medical devices such as intravenous tubing and bags, IV catheters, nasogastric ... An inspection of products initially discovered the presence of plasticizers. As more products were tested, inspectors found ... FDA Public Health Notification: PVC Devices Containing the Plasticizer DEHP, USFDA July 12, 2002 Products for Hazard: DEHP ...
Plasticizers and superplasticizers retard the curing of concrete. SPs are used where well-dispersed particle suspension is ... Plasticizers are chemical compounds that enable the production of concrete with approximately 15% less water content. ... Traditional plasticizers are lignosulphonates as their sodium salt. Superplasticizers are synthetic polymers. Compounds used as ... The polymers that serve as plasticizers exhibit surfactant properties. They are often ionomers. They function as dispersants to ...
Water acts as a plasticizer. Three main processes happen to the starch granule: granule swelling, crystallite or double helical ...
A typical plasticizer is lignosulfonate. Plasticizers can be used to reduce the water content of a concrete while maintaining ... Plasticizers increase the workability of plastic, or "fresh", concrete, allowing it to be placed more easily, with less ... Superplasticizers (also called high-range water-reducers) are a class of plasticizers that have fewer deleterious effects and ... Slump can be increased by addition of chemical admixtures such as plasticizer or superplasticizer without changing the water- ...
... is often used in mixtures with other explosives and plasticizers or phlegmatizers (desensitizers); it is the explosive ... a plasticizer, dioctyl sebacate (5.3%); a binder, which is usually polyisobutylene (2.1%); and oil (1.6%). Composition CH-6: ...
... they can be used on their own or blended with a plasticizer. Polyurethanes are compatible with most common plasticizers, and ... Some APOs can be used alone, but often they are compounded with tackifiers, waxes, and plasticizers (e.g., mineral oil, poly- ... Resistant to plasticizers, therefore suitable for gluing polyvinyl chloride; only polyamides derived from secondary diamines ... Addition of plasticizers reduces cost, improves pressure-sensitive tack, decrease melt viscosity, decrease hardness, and ...
While all starches are biodegradable, not all plasticizers are. Thus, the biodegradability of the plasticizer determines the ... Because starch polymers on their own are brittle at room temperature, plasticizers are added in a process called starch ... See #Compostable plastics.) Starch blends are thermoplastic polymers produced by blending starch with plasticizers. ...
Included in these are formaldehyde, flame retardants and plasticizers. Neighborhood context: Where the housing is located is a ...
Pelley, Janet (12 November 2008). "Plasticizer may make boys less masculine". Environmental Science & Technology. doi:10.1021/ ...
Feigal DW (2002-07-12). "PVC Devices Containing the Plasticizer DEHP". US FDA/CDRH: FDA Public Health Notification. Food and ...
as a plasticizer in synthetic resins. as an antienzyme in toothpastes. as a precursor for dimethyl-4-pyridones. The compounds ...
It is also used as plasticizer. Propylene carbonate is also used as a solvent for removal of CO2 from natural gas and synthesis ...
Organophosphate chemicals have a wide variety of applications and are used as flame retardants, pesticides, plasticizers, and ... Sundkvist AM, Olofsson U, Haglund P (April 2010). "Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in marine and fresh water ... Marklund A, Andersson B, Haglund P (October 2005). "Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in Swedish sewage ...
Wolschke, H., Suhring, R., Xie, Z., & Ebinghaus, R. (2015). Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in the aquatic ... Marklund, A.; Andersson, B.; Haglund, P. (2005). "Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in Swedish sewage ...