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*  Intravascular volume status
... blood plasma) is termed hypovolemia, and its signs include, in order of severity: a fast pulse infrequent and low volume ... In medicine, intravascular volume status refers to the volume of blood in a patient's circulatory system, and is essentially ... Retrieved on July 2, 2009 Feldschuh, J; Enson, Y (1977). "Prediction of Normal Blood Volume: Relation of blood volume to body ... Signs of intravascular volume overload (high blood volume) include: an elevated Jugular venous pressure (JVP) For the clinical ...
*  Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak
Its plasma volume is about 8 m3. Density ~ 1020/m3. Image to right shows plasma in the MAST reactor, displaying its almost ... 1995 design starts ~1997 construction starts 1999 First plasma 2013 Oct. Final plasma (#30471) before shutdown for upgrade. The ... with plasma physics experiments planned towards the end of 2017. During the first upgrade '1a' : Toroidal magnetic field will ... Merging compression provides a valuable saving of central solenoid flux, which can then be used to further ramp up the plasma ...
*  Body water
... plasma volume averages 3 litres, or 20%. Interstitial fluid (4/5 of extracellular fluid) Transcellular fluid (a.k.a. "third ... Volume contraction is a decrease in body fluid volume, with or without a concomitant loss of osmolytes. The loss of the body ... The total body water is then accurately measured from the increase in breath deuterium content in relation to the volume of D2O ... For a 40-litre body, about 15 litres is extracellular, which amounts to 37.5%. Plasma (1/5 of extracellular fluid). Of this 15 ...
*  Acclimatization
Plasma volume, heart rate, and capillary activation are also affected. Acclimatization to high altitude continues for months or ... Mohammad Babar Ali, Serida Khatun, Eun-Joo Hahn and Kee-Yoeup Paek, Plant Growth Regulation, 2006, Volume 49, Numbers 2-3, ...
*  Normocytic anemia
... an uncompensated increase in plasma volume (e.g., pregnancy, fluid overload); a B2 (riboflavin) deficiency a B6 (pyridoxine) ... A normocytic anemia is defined as an anemia with a mean corpuscular volume (MCV) of 80-100 which is the normal range. However, ...
*  Peter Hurley (doctor)
Hurley, Peter J. "Red cell and plasma volumes in normal adults." Journal of Nuclear Medicine 16, no. 1 (1975): 46-52. Smith, H ...
*  Effect of spaceflight on the human body
This is due in part to changes in the autonomic regulation of blood pressure and the loss of plasma volume. Although this ... This results in a decrease in plasma volume of around 20%. These fluid shifts initiate a cascade of adaptive systemic effects ... astronauts lose fluid volume-including up to 22% of their blood volume. Because it has less blood to pump, the heart will ... Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Volume 77, Number 4, April 2006, pp. 434-443(10) Incidence of Adverse Reactions ...
*  Blood
The blood plasma volume totals of 2.7-3.0 liters (2.8-3.2 quarts) in an average human. It is essentially an aqueous solution ... The average adult has a blood volume of roughly 5 litres (11 US pt), which is composed of plasma and several kinds of cells. ... Plasma, which constitutes 55% of blood fluid, is mostly water (92% by volume), and contains dissipated proteins, glucose, ... Disorders of volume Injury can cause blood loss through bleeding. A healthy adult can lose almost 20% of blood volume (1 L) ...
*  Miltenyi Biotec
Hence, higher plasma volumes can be processed than in therapeutic plasma exchange. Since no substitution fluid is required, the ... During apheresis, target molecules are selectively removed while the plasma is reinfused into the patient. ... Miltenyi Biotec acquires the plasma absorber technology developed by PlasmaSelect AG and markets the products under the ... Therapeutic Apheresis system is based on the selective removal of pathogenic substances from the patient's plasma. ...
*  Primary aldosteronism
The sodium retention leads to plasma volume expansion and elevated blood pressure. The increased blood pressure will lead to ... In Conn syndrome, these actions cause increased extracellular sodium and fluid volume and reduced extracellular potassium. ...
*  Evans Blue (dye)
el-Sayed H, Goodall S, Hainsworth R (1995). "Re-evaluation of Evans blue dye dilution method of plasma volume measurement". ... Because of this, it can be useful in physiology in estimating the proportion of body water contained in blood plasma. It ... "A Simple Fluorescence Technique to Stain the Plasma Membrane of Human Neutrophils". Histochemistry. 79 (1): 105-10. doi:10.1007 ...
*  Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research
Some other drugs, such as certain anticoagulants and plasma volume expanders remain under the control of CBER. As of July 2006 ... Plasma derivatives, including immunoglobulins, hyperimmune products, and antitoxins. Human cells, tissues, and cellular and ...
*  Physiological response to water immersion
Plasma volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output remain higher than normal during immersion. The increased respiratory and ... Plasma fluid losses due to immersion diuresis occur within a short period of immersion. Head-out immersion causes a blood shift ... Lung volume decreases in the upright position due to cranial displacement of the abdomen due to hydrostatic pressure, and ... Stroke volume is not greatly affected by immersion or variation in ambient pressure, but bradycardia reduces the overall ...
*  Shaklee
Fortney, PhD, Suzanne M. (January 1994). "Fluid-Loading Solutions and Plasma Volume: Astro-Ade and Salt Tablets With Water" ( ...
*  Hepatorenal syndrome
1998). "Reversibility of hepatorenal syndrome by prolonged administration of ornipressin and plasma volume expansion". ... Also, large volume paracentesis-which is the removal of ascites fluid from the abdomen using a needle or catheter in order to ... The minor criteria are the following: a low urine volume (less than 500 mL (18 imp fl oz; 17 US fl oz) per day), low sodium ... Oliguria, which is a decrease in urine volume, may occur as a consequence of kidney failure; however, some individuals with HRS ...
*  Standing
As a result, approximately 12% of blood plasma volume crosses into the extravascular compartment. This plasma shift causes an ...
*  Tenecteplase
Distribution: approximates plasma volume Metabolism: Primarily hepatic Half-life elimination: Biphasic: Initial: 20-24 minutes ... Terminal: 90-130 minutes Excretion: Clearance: Plasma: 99-119 mL/minute Parsons M, Spratt N, Bivard A, Campbell B, Chung K, ...
*  Hypoaldosteronism
When the posterior pituitary is intact, salt loss exceeds water loss, and the plasma Na+ falls. However, the plasma volume also ... It can also cause urinary sodium wasting, leading to volume depletion and hypotension. When adrenal insufficiency develops ...
*  Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization
A small-volume plasma is formed near the laser focal region. If the energy of m photons does not match any state, an off- ... REMPI is usually generated by a focused frequency tunable laser beam to form a small-volume plasma. In REMPI, first m photons ... The long wavelength of the microwaves leads to effective point coherent scattering from the plasma in the laser focal volume, ... Thus the lifetime of electrons within the plasma can be recorded. By utilizing a microwave circulator, a single microwave horn ...
*  Piezoelectric direct discharge plasma
Since most of the plasma volume consists of the cold neutral gas, the plasma is cold. However, the very energetic electrons and ... Temperature of the neutral gas within the plasma volume remains lower than 50 C. At the same time, the electrons and the ions ... Atmospheric-pressure plasma Plasma activation Plasma cleaning Corona treatment. ... Piezoelectric direct discharge (PDD) plasma is a type of cold non-equilibrium plasma, generated by a direct gas discharge of a ...
*  Osmotic diuretic
... s works by expanding extracellular fluid and plasma volume, therefore increasing blood flow to the kidney. This ... As a result, urine volume increases. The increase in urine flow rate decreases the contact time between fluid and the tubular ...
*  Birmingham Accident Hospital
However, plasma volume measurements suggested that more blood was disappearing from the circulation than could be accounted for ... Alan Ruscoe Clarke studied haemorrhagic shock for different types of injury and showed that the lethal collapse of blood volume ... rubbing the limbs and providing hot sweet tea intended to increase circulation volume. The large transfusions made possible by ... Canadian surgeons recommended whole blood transfusions though volumes used were small: even the largest transfusions used were ...
*  Lewis antigen system
This is thought to be due in part to increased circulating plasma volume in pregnancy and increased lipoprotein. The Le(b) and ...
*  Electrolyte exclusion effect
... not in plasma water volume. This phenomenon produces only a slight difference as volume fraction of water in plasma is ... The volume of total solids (primarily protein and lipid) in a plasma sample is approximately 7%, so that only 93% is water. The ... The electrolyte exclusion effect is the exclusion of electrolytes from the fraction of the total blood plasma volume that is ... in patients with low plasma protein concentration (a finding often seen in critical care), the water content of plasma is ...
*  Cardiac rhythm problems during space flight
Indeed, there are known and well-defined changes in the cardiovascular system with space flight: plasma volume is reduced; left ... may be the result of a contraction of the myocardial interstitial fluid space secondary to a loss in the plasma volume (see ... although numerous studies have shown decreases in left ventricular mass and/or volume. During bed rest, left ventricular mass ...
*  Kolmogorov-Zurbenko filter
Tides in the Atmosphere, Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health, March 2013, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 39-46. DOI: 10.1007/s11869-011- ... Horizontal rotational eddies in highly magnetic plasma will create a vertical explosion which will transport deeper, hotter ... plasma to above the surface of the sun. Each planet creates a tidal wave with a specific frequency on the sun. At times any two ...
*  Exertional rhabdomyolysis
Dehydration is a common risk factor for exertional rhabdomyolsis because it causes a reduction of plasma volume during exertion ...