*Yangmingshan

There are 1360 species of vascular bundle plants in the region. Some of the common ones are red nanmu, large-leaved machilus, ... Some medium and high altitude plants can be found here such as bird-lime tree and hairy Japanese maple. Vegetation groups can ...

*Variation potential

Additionally, it uses vascular bundles to complete systemic potential throughout the plant. Variation potentials are distinct ... Variation potentials have been widely shown in vascular plants. A variation potential, like an action potential, is a temporary ... Davies E (2006) Electrical signals in plants: facts and hypotheses. In: Volkov AG (ed) Plant electrophysiology. Theory and ... J Plant Physiol 160:1203-1210. Fisahn J, Herde O, Willmitzer L, Pen˜a-Corte´s H (2004) Analysis of the transient increase in ...

*Pteridium aquilinum

Amphycribral vascular bundle of a common bracken rhizome An adaptable plant, bracken readily colonises disturbed areas. It can ... Common bracken is a herbaceous perennial plant, deciduous in winter. The large, roughly triangular fronds are produced singly, ... Gosari-namul (seasoned stir-fried braken) The plant contains the carcinogenic compound ptaquiloside. High stomach cancer rates ... Korea National Arboretum (2015). English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: National Arboretum. p. 594. ISBN 978-89 ...

*Vascular bundle

A vascular bundle is a part of the transport system in vascular plants. The transport itself happens in vascular tissue, which ... Curtis, Lersten, and Nowak cross section of a vascular bundle Mauseth another cross section of a vascular bundle. ... The position of vascular bundles relative to each other may vary considerably: see stele. Bundle-sheath cells are ... The Calvin cycle is confined to the chloroplasts of these bundle sheath cells in C4 plants. Campbell, N. A. & Reece, J. B. ( ...

*Dioon edule

The plant has a large central medulla and a single vascular bundle containing the xylem, phloem and cambium. Since the organism ... Most mature plants are heavily armored and able to withstand these fires. Smaller seeds and juvenile plants are not so ... They assist the plant by fixing nitrogen thus giving the plant essential nutrients in exchange for protection. Cycads in ... Cycads are among the oldest seed plants and even pre-date the dinosaurs. It belongs to the Zamiaceae plant family within the ...

*Claviceps purpurea

The proliferating fungal mycelium then destroys the plant ovary and connects with the vascular bundle originally intended for ... Claviceps purpurea is an ergot fungus that grows on the ears of rye and related cereal and forage plants. Consumption of grains ... Because infection requires access of the fungal spore to the stigma, plants infected by C. purpurea are mainly outcrossing ... These are caused by effects of ergot alkaloids on the vascular system due to vasoconstriction of blood vessels, sometimes ...

*Bidens alba

The vascular bundle provides nutrients throughout the plant, with the phloem transporting water from the roots and the xylem ... Bidens alba is a vascular plant. It has a similar root and stem system to others in the dicot family Asteraceae. After ... The stem of B. alba plant emerges from the taproot, yet the bent stem at the base also has the ability to grow into roots at ... This plant is found in tropical and subtropical regions of North America, Asia, South America, and Africa, situated in gardens ...

*Fiber crop

... come from the entirety of plant vascular bundles) and surface fibers (come from plant epidermal tissue). Before the ... To have a source of fiber to utilize in production, the fiber first must be extracted from the plant. This is done in different ... Due to cellulose being the main factor of a plant fibers strength, this is what scientists are looking to manipulate to create ... Botanically, the fibers harvested from many of these plants are bast fibers; the fibers come from the phloem tissue of the ...

*Vascular cambium

In herbaceous plants, it occurs in the vascular bundles which are often arranged like beads on a necklace forming an ... between neighbouring vascular bundles, become meristematic and form new interfascicular cambium (between vascular bundles). The ... vascular cambium is a plant tissue located between the xylem and the phloem in the stems and roots of certain vascular plants. ... In woody plants, it forms a continuous ring and grows new wood on the inside. Other names for the vascular cambium are the main ...

*Glossary of plant morphology

This occurs in specialised tissues known as vascular bundles, which give the name 'vascular plants' to the angiosperms. The ... Among terrestrial (land) plants, the vascular and non-vascular plants (Bryophytes) evolved independently in terms of their ... The remainder of the vascular plant sections address the higher plants (Spermatophytes or Seed Plants, i.e. Gymnosperms and ... In the vascular plants, the diploid sporophyte has evolved as the dominant and visible phase of the life cycle. In seed plants ...

*Parasitic nutrition

These plants have modified root structures called haustorium that they use to penetrate the vascular bundle of host plants and ... Plant Defense: Warding Off Attack by Pathogens, Herbivores and Parasitic Plants (First ed.). John Wiley and Son. 2010. ... Plants that acquire nutrients in this way are called parasitic plants. ... essentially, 'steal' nutrients from host plants. Parasitic plants include Dodder, Rafflesia and Broomrape. Holozoic nutrition ...

*Spirotetramat

It is ambimobile, being transported both upwards and downwards through vascular bundles. In plants, it is hydrolyzed to the ... It is a systemic insecticide that penetrates plant leaves when sprayed on. ... Tuta absoluta in Tunisia with novel insecticides and plant extracts". EPPO Bulletin. 42 (2): 291-296. doi:10.1111/epp.2572. ...

*Plant cell

Apart from the xylem and phloem in their vascular bundles, leaves are composed mainly of parenchyma cells. Some parenchyma ... doi:10.1016/S0065-2296(08)60148-2. Keegstra, K (2010). "Plant cell walls". Plant Physiology. 154 (2): 483-486. doi:10.1104/pp. ... that covers the plant shoot apex, whereas the cortex and vascular tissues arise from innermost layer of the shoot apex known as ... The possession of xylem defines the vascular plants or Tracheophytes. Xylem tracheids are pointed, elongated xylem cells, the ...

*Flowering plant

The amount and complexity of tissue-formation in flowering plants exceeds that of gymnosperms. The vascular bundles of the stem ... List of garden plants List of plant orders List of plants by common name List of systems of plant taxonomy The major exception ... Flowering plants may have evolved in an isolated setting like an island or island chain, where the plants bearing them were ... South Pacific plant may be missing link in evolution of flowering plants - Public release date: 17 May 2006 Vialette-Guiraud, ...

*Thorns, spines, and prickles

... so that they can be found anywhere on the plant and do not have vascular bundles inside). Leaf margins may also have teeth, and ... and have vascular bundles inside, whereas prickles (like rose prickles) do not have vascular bundles inside, so that they can ... Areole Glochid Trichome Plant defense against herbivory General references: Simpson, M. G. 2010. "Plant Morphology". In: Plant ... Plant form: an illustrated guide to flowering plant morphology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K. preview in google books ...

*Leaf fiber

... s can be found in the vascular bundles of plant leaves and therefore consist of both phloem and xylem tissues and any ... The fibers are harvested from plants in long, thin bundles mainly through the process of decortication which is where the non- ... Leaf fibers or hard fibers are a type of plant fiber mainly used for cordage (producing rope). They are the toughest of the ... For the majority of cases, the leaves must be hand-picked from the plant at maturity before undergoing decortication which ...

*Pericycle

... the pericycle strengthens the roots and provides protection for the vascular bundles. In dicot root, the vascular cambium is ... In plants undergoing secondary growth, the pericycle contributes to the vascular cambium often diverging into a cork cambium. ... In dicot stems, it is situated around the ring of vascular bundles in the stele. In dicot roots, ... Although it is composed of non-vascular parenchyma cells, it is still considered part of the vascular cylinder because it ...

*Vascular tissue

The vascular tissue in plants is arranged in long, discrete strands called vascular bundles. These bundles include both xylem ... All the vascular tissues within a particular plant together constitute the vascular tissue system of that plant. The cells in ... Xylem Phloem Cork cambium Vascular cambium Vascular plant Stele (biology) Circulatory system Intro to Plant Structure Contains ... As the plant grows, new vascular tissue differentiates in the growing tips of the plant. The new tissue is aligned with ...

*Leymus multicaulis

The vascular bundles are scattered throughout the stem. These traits make Leymus multicaulis a monocot. Leymus multicaulis is a ... The surroundings of the mature Leymus multicaulis can influence the lifespan of the plant. For example, if the mature plant is ... Leymus multicaulis is a relatively easy plant to grow. In northern regions, it is highly recommended to plant Leymus ... If planted during the spring, the seed coat stays inactive and must be mechanically broken. One to two years are required for ...

*Stewart's wilt

... meaning the majority of the plant is infected via bacterial movement and colonization of the plant's vascular system. When the ... When the bacteria reach the corn stalks, the vascular bundles become brown and necrotic. A good indicator of whether or not the ... Plants become stunted and at times, the whole plant may wilt and die. Dwarfed, bleached tassels are common. Often, plants that ... While the plants are weak and vulnerable, stalk rot fungi can further invade the corn plant. Chaetocnema pulicaria, the primary ...

*Blackleg (potatoes)

A contaminated tuber can infect growing stems, or move into the vascular bundles of mature stems. Infected stems can be ... However, after the entire stem exhibits disease symptoms, the wilted plant can be lost from view in the healthy potato plant ... C is very important to halting the onset of the disease early in the plant life cycle, when the plant is more susceptible to ... atrosepticum's narrow environmental range to control planting timing, removing infected tissues and plants during the growing ...

*C4 carbon fixation

Their vascular bundles are surrounded by two rings of cells; the inner ring, called bundle sheath cells, contains starch-rich ... Today, C4 plants represent about 5% of Earth's plant biomass and 3% of its known plant species. Despite this scarcity, they ... a C3 plant, into a C4 plant by studying the C4 plants maize and Brachypodium. As rice is the world's most important human food- ... In these bundle-sheath cells CO2 is released by decarboxylation of the malate. C4 plants use PEP carboxylase to capture more ...

*Beet vascular necrosis

Once the bacteria enters the plant, it will invade the vascular tissue and cause symptoms by producing plant cell wall ... This results in discolored or necrotic vascular tissue in the root, and the tissue bordering the vascular bundles will turn ... Affected vascular bundles in roots become necrotic and brown, and tissue adjacent to necrosis becomes pink upon air contact. ... Various pathogens can cause root rot in beets; however the black streaking on petioles and necrotic vascular bundles in roots ...

*Christian Luerssen

Die Farnpflanzen, oder, Gefassbündelkryptogamen (Pteridophyta) - Ferns, or vascular-bundle cryptogams (Pteridophyta). Handbuch ... Volume 1, 1879 - Manual of plant systematics, with special consideration to medicinal plants. Die Pflanzen der Pharmacopoea ... Luerssen was the taxonomic authority of the family Sciadopityaceae (1877). He has a number of plant species named after him, ... germanica botanisch erläutert, 1883 - Plants of the Pharmacopoeia Germanica botanical explained. Die einführung japanischer ...

*Caffeine

... around the vascular bundles, where it probably inhibits pathogenic fungi from entering and colonizing the vascular bundles. ... Caffeine in plants acts as a natural pesticide: it can paralyze and kill predator insects feeding on the plant. High caffeine ... Around sixty plant species are known to contain caffeine. Common sources are the "beans" (seeds) of the two cultivated coffee ... From the Middle East, coffee drinking spread to Italy, then to the rest of Europe, and coffee plants were transported by the ...

*Equine anatomy

Vascular fold-like structures called laminae suspend the distal phalanx from the hoof wall. The skeleton of the horse has three ... A muscle is made up of several muscle bundles, which in turn are made up of muscle fibers. Muscle fibers have myofibrils, which ... It contains bacteria that digest cellulose plant fiber through fermentation. These bacteria feed upon chyme digestive, and also ... In equine ovaries, unlike in humans, the vascular tissue is cortical to follicular tissue, so ovulation can only occur at an ...