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*  Transfer DNA
By transferring the T-DNA into the plant genome, the bacterium essentially reprograms the plant cells to grow into a tumor and ... The T-DNA is transferred from bacterium into the host plant's nuclear DNA genome. The capability of this specialized tumor- ... Agrobacterium is then used as a vector to transfer the engineered T-DNA into the plant cells where it integrates into the plant ... The synthesis of the plant hormones auxin and cytokinin by enzymes encoded in the T-DNA enables the plant cell to grow ...
*  Multicellular organism
For example, plant galls have been characterized as tumors but some authors argue that plants do not develop cancer. In some ... Riker, A. J. (1958). "Plant tumors: Introduction". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of ... and land plants. It evolved repeatedly for Chloroplastida (green algae and land plants), once or twice for animals, once for ... This is what plant and animal embryos do as well as colonial choanoflagellates. Because the first multicellular organisms were ...
*  Alice Haskins
Kahl, Günter; Schell, Josef S. (1982). Molecular Biology of Plant Tumors. Waltham, Massachusetts: Academic Press. p. 161. ISBN ... regularly employed women botanists in the Bureau of Plant Industry to study plant diseases. Haskins was among the group, which ... Haskins worked as a research assistant in the Plant Pathology Laboratory of the United States Department of Agriculture from ... Erwin Frink Smith, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's plant pathologist-in-charge, ...
*  MOP flippase
"Major biocontrol of plant tumors targets tRNA synthetase". Science. 309 (5740): 1533. doi:10.1126/science.1116841. ISSN 1095- ... Homologues are found in plants, animals and fungi including C. elegans, D. melanogaster, H. sapiens, A. thaliana, S. cerevisiae ...
*  Nellie A. Brown
Smith, E. F.; Townsend, C. O. (1907). "A Plant-Tumor of Bacterial Origin". Science. 25 (643): 671-673. doi:10.1126/science. ... Department of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry from 1906-1910. Brown was appointed assistant plant pathologist from 1910 to ... Smith, E. F.; Brown, N. A.; Townsend, C. O. (1911). Crown-gall of Plants: Its Cause and Remedy. U.S. Government Printing Office ... In 1924 she investigated apple stem-tumor, which she differentiated from crown-gall. In the mid-twenties, Brown was promoted to ...
*  Agrobacterium tumefaciens
... tumor-producing Agrobacterium species are pathogenic and do not benefit the plant. The wide variety of plants affected by ... Performing mandatory inspections of nursery stock and rejecting infected plants as well as not planting susceptible plants in ... even without host plant presence. When there is a host plant present, however, the bacteria enter the plant tissue via recent ... These tumors exert significant pressure on the surrounding plant tissue, which causes this tissue to become crushed and/or ...
*  Exosome (vesicle)
Hypothetically, exosomes can plant tumor information, such as tainted RNA, into new cells to prepare for cancer to travel to ... Furthermore, even when tumor cells have a disadvantage for replicating, the information planted at these new regions, organs, ... Park, J.E.; Tan, H.S.; Datta, A.; Lai, R.C.; Zhang, H.; Meng, W.; Lim, S.-K.; Sze, S.K. (2010). "Hypoxic Tumor Cell Modulates ... Exosomes secreted from tumour cells can deliver signals to surrounding cells and have been shown to regulate myofibroblast ...
*  Bửu Hội
... the production of plant tumors by a nitrosamine. He also studied metabolism and protein binding of polynuclears and the effect ...
*  History of genetic engineering
In 1907 a bacterium that caused plant tumors, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, was discovered and in the early 1970s the tumor ... By removing the genes in the plasmid that caused the tumor and adding in novel genes researchers were able to infect plants ... X-rays were first used to deliberately mutate plants in 1927. Between 1927 and 2007, more than 2,540 genetically mutated plant ... The first field trials of genetically engineered plants occurred in France and the USA in 1986, tobacco plants were engineered ...
*  Genetic engineering techniques
By removing the genes in the plasmid that caused the tumor and adding in novel genes researchers were able to infect plants ... In 1907 a bacterium that caused plant tumors, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, had been discovered and in the early 1970s it was ... Agrobacterium naturally inserts DNA from a tumor-inducing plasmid into any susceptible plant that it infects, causing crown ... Some plants were able to be propagated by vegetative cloning. X-rays were first used to deliberately mutate plants in 1927. ...
*  Transformation (genetics)
In 1907 a bacterium that caused plant tumors, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, was discovered and in the early 1970s the tumor- ... By removing the genes in the plasmid that caused the tumor and adding in novel genes, researchers were able to infect plants ... Some plants species, such as Arabidopsis thaliana can be transformed by dipping the flowers or whole plant, into a suspension ... Particles of gold or tungsten are coated with DNA and then shot into young plant cells or plant embryos. Some genetic material ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G04)
... plant tumors MeSH G04.742.800.400 --- gravitropism MeSH G04.742.800.700 --- phototropism Source for content is http://www.nlm. ... graft vs tumor effect MeSH G04.610.555.714.402.320.320 --- graft vs leukemia effect MeSH G04.610.555.714.519 --- ...
*  Acorus calamus
The animals developed tumors, and the plant was labeled procarcinogenic. Wichtl says "It is not clear whether the observed ... This plant is sometimes used as a pond plant in horticulture. There is at least one ornamental cultivar known; it is usually ... The plant was a favorite of Henry David Thoreau (who called it "sweet flag"), and also of Walt Whitman, who added a section ... Only plants that grow in water bear flowers. The solid, triangular flower-stems rise from the axils of the outer leaves. A semi ...
*  Allorecognition
Plants do not have such circulatory systems and their cells are fixed in place. Hence, tumors in plants (known as galls) are ... Witness, for example, the spread of devil facial tumour disease among Tasmanian devils and transmissible venereal tumor in dogs ... Takayama S, Isogai A (2005). "Self-incompatibility in plants". Annual Review of Plant Biology. 56: 467-489. doi:10.1146/annurev ... 13 (3): 112-6. doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(97)01313-X. Plants have a third, physical line of defense. In animals, cancers can spread ...
*  Autoinducer
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a plant pathogen that induces tumors on susceptible hosts. Infection by A. tumefaciens involves ... These bacteria secrete cellulases and pectinases, which are enzymes that degrade plant cell walls. ExpI/ExpR are LuxI/LuxR ... Erwinia carotovora is another plant pathogen that causes soft-rot disease. ...
*  Octopine
It is also produced by Agrobacterium and causes crown gall tumor growth in plants. Octopine is formed by reductive condensation ... Lippincott, James A.; Lippincott, Barbara B. (1970). "Lysopine and octopine promote crown-gall tumor growth in vivo". Science. ...
*  Agrobacterium
By altering the hormone balance in the plant cell, the division of those cells cannot be controlled by the plant, and tumors ... Agrobacterium-induced tumour formation in plants by plant transformation". The EMBO Journal. 29 (6): 1021-32. doi:10.1038/emboj ... at least one of which is needed for plant transformation. The genes to be introduced into the plant are cloned into a plant ... The disease is characterised by a tumour-like growth or gall on the infected plant, often at the junction between the root and ...
*  FLNA
"The von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor stabilizes novel plant homeodomain protein Jade-1". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (42): 39887-98. ... tumor suppressor gene product". Cancer Res. 56 (13): 2881-5. PMID 8674032. Zhou MI, Wang H, Ross JJ, Kuzmin I, Xu C, Cohen HT ( ...
*  Von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor
"The von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor stabilizes novel plant homeodomain protein Jade-1". The Journal of Biological Chemistry ... Thus, Vitamin C may be a potential treatment for HIF induced tumors. Von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor has been shown to ... "Entrez Gene: VHL von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor". Czyzyk-Krzeska MF, Meller J (April 2004). "von Hippel-Lindau tumor ... However, in tumors the balance of HIF1A and HIF2A is tipped towards HIF2A. While HIF1A serves as a pro-apoptotic factor, HIF2A ...
*  JADE1
"The von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor stabilizes novel plant homeodomain protein Jade-1". The Journal of Biological Chemistry ... In mice tumor xenograft model, the knock down of lncRNA-JADE inhibited xenograft mammary tumor growth. In a pilot human study, ... "The von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor stabilizes novel plant homeodomain protein Jade-1". The Journal of Biological Chemistry ... Doyon Y, Cayrou C, Ullah M, Landry AJ, Côté V, Selleck W, Lane WS, Tan S, Yang XJ, Côté J (January 2006). "ING tumor suppressor ...
*  Euphorbia leuconeura
Vogg, G.; Mattes, E.; Polack, A.; Sandermann Jr., H. (September 1999). "Tumor promoters in commercial indoor-plant cultivars of ... When damaged the plant secretes a white fluid which is toxic, causes severe skin irritation and may be a tumor promoting agent ... Euphorbia leuconeura, the Madagascar jewel, is a species of plant in the Euphorbiaceae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its ...
*  Trillium sessile
This plant has been used medicinally to treat tumors. T. sessile is sometimes cited as having been used as a poultice for boils ... This plant is clump forming from a thick rhizome. The above ground parts of the plant die back by mid-summer, but may persist ... Although some accounts indicate that the cooked greens of this plant may be edible as an emergency food, the entire plant, and ... Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families "Trillium sessile". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA ...
*  Digestion
Infected plant cells form crown gall or root tumors. The Ti and Ri plasmids are thus endosymbionts of the bacteria, which are ... Transferred genes enter the plant cell nucleus and effectively transform the plant cells into factories for the production of ... In a plant such as the Venus Flytrap that can make its own food through photosynthesis, it does not eat and digest its prey for ... For example, herbivores have a number of molars which are used to grind plant matter, which is difficult to digest. Carnivores ...
*  Ichnocarpus frutescens
Some in vitro and rodent studies have suggested that extracts of the plant inhibit tumors, protect liver cells from damage in ... The plant is sold in markets in some areas in India. The plant has a large number of traditional medicinal uses, including ... Ichnocarpus frutescens is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family known by the English common name black creeper. It ... 2010). Medicinal Plants Diversity and their Conservation Status in Wildlife Institute of India (WII) Campus, Dehradun. ...
*  Opine
... s are low molecular weight compounds found in plant crown gall tumors or hairy root tumors produced by parasitic bacteria ... It is obtained from crown gall tumors. Saccharopine Although not found in crown gall tumors, saccharopine (epsilon-N-(L-glutar- ... Mannopine Mannopine (N-1-(D-mannityl)-L-glutamine) is found in crown gall tumors. It is the head member of the mannityl family ... Opines like acetopine and nopaline can also be formed in normal callus and plant tissue as a result of arginine metabolism. ...
*  Matt Chandler (pastor)
Acts 29 Network is a partnership of church plants that has grown to over 400 churches in the United States and around the world ... a malignant brain tumor. Chandler commented in June 2010 that he believed that God healed his cancer. He received treatment at ...