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*  Ebb and flow
... meaning removal of harvested or damaged plants can be somewhat problematic in plants having well-developed root systems. ... may cause a condition wherein dense roots are exposed to stagnant water which is trapped by the root mass. Root rot and fungal ... Some E&F systems are not as immune to root rot as a well-designed system would be. In tables where plants are larger than ... E&F utilizes the fact that the solution is not left in constant contact with the roots of plants, to avoid the need for ...
*  List of vineyard soil types
Vines planted in this type of soil must penetrate deeply to try to and find nutrients in the subsoil. Wine made from vines ... The soil supports the root structure of the vine and influences the drainage levels and amount of minerals and nutrients that ... Vines planted in this type of soil normally ripen later than in other soil types. Marl soil is typically deep and lacking in ... Chalk - Very porous soft limestone soil that vine roots can easily penetrate. It provides good drainage and works best for ...
*  Symbiotic bacteria
... in legume roots provide the plants with ammonia in exchange for the plants' carbon and a protected home. ... It appears that not only must the plant have a need for nitrogen fixing bacteria, but they must also be able to synthesize ... This may define or limit the type of "living together" of two organisms, be they plant, animal, protist or bacteria they ... Symbiotic bacteria are able to live in or on plant or animal tissue. In digestive systems, symbiotic bacteria help break down ...
*  Ectomycorrhiza
Dominant native plants are capable of inhibition of EcM fungi on the roots of neighboring plants through the release of ... Ectomycorrhizas form between fungi and the roots of around 2% of plant species. These tend to be composed of woody plants, ... must first grow towards the plant's roots. Afterwards, it must envelope and penetrate the root cap cells and infect them, thus ... the root of the plant symbiont is often affected developmentally. EcM fungal partners characteristically suppress root hair ...
*  Otiorhynchus
Larvae feed on plant roots. Adults are flightless with fused elytra and feed at night on plant foliage. In many species of the ... Many species of the genus, particularly the black vine weevil (O. sulcatus) and the strawberry root weevil (O. ovatus), are ...
*  Swarm behaviour
The primary function of plant roots is the uptake of soil nutrients, and it is this purpose which drives swarm behavior. Plants ... While he was referring to more broad observations of plant morphology, and was focused on both root and shoot behavior, recent ... "Swarming Behavior in Plant Roots". PLoS ONE. 7 (1): e29759. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029759. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3260168 . ... a signalling-response nexus in the root". Trends in Plant Science. 15 (7): 402-408. doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2010.04.007. J., ...
*  King African mole-rat
The animal eats plant roots. Its presence results in a change in vegetation on the mounds, which have fewer grasses and more ... The animal builds large burrows and perhaps associated mounds and eats plant roots. In 1909, John Alden Loring collected the ... woody plants, either because the animal eats plant roots or because the soil is altered. Hollister, 1919, plate 15 Heller, 1910 ... One chamber is used for urination and defecation and to store plant matter; it produces a substantial amount of heat. In other ...
*  Archaea
Simon HM; Dodsworth JA; Goodman RM (October 2000). "Crenarchaeota colonize terrestrial plant roots". Environ. Microbiol. 2 (5 ... and in the region of soil that surrounds plant roots (the rhizosphere). Extremophile archaea, particularly those resistant ... Skophammer, R.G.; Herbold, C.W.; Rivera, M.C.; Servin, J.A.; Lake, J.A. (2006). "Evidence that the root of the tree of life is ... Plants and other organisms consume the latter. In the sulfur cycle, archaea that grow by oxidizing sulfur compounds release ...
*  Log Cabin (University of Pittsburgh)
"Log cabin plants roots". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. 1989-01-14. p. 17. Retrieved 2010-10-08. Starrett, Agnes ...
*  Nocardioides conyzicola
nov., isolated from herbaceous plant roots". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 63 (Pt 12): ...
*  Mole (animal)
They can undermine plant roots, indirectly causing damage or death. Moles do not eat plant roots. Moles are controlled with ... Other species such as weasels and voles may use mole tunnels to gain access to enclosed areas or plant roots. Moles burrow and ... damage to young plants through disturbance of the soil, weed invasion of pasture through exposure of freshly tilled soil, and ...
*  Hydroponics
Terrestrial plants may be grown with only their roots exposed to the mineral solution, or the roots may be supported by an ... The hydroponic method of plant production by means of suspending the plant roots in a solution of nutrient-rich, oxygenated ... all the dissolved nutrients required for plant growth is recirculated past the bare roots of plants in a watertight thick root ... Fogponics Folkewall Grow box Growroom Organoponics Passive hydroponics Plant factory Plant nutrition Plant pathology Root rot ...
*  Helicotylenchus
Most are ectoparasites of plant roots.. They insert their stylets into root epidermis to feed. Some species live half-buried in ... An exception is in parasitism by H. multicinctus, which can cause enough root necrosis that it seriously weakens the plant. ... the root tissue, and others penetrate the root and live inside. They lay eggs on, around, or inside the roots, and within two ... Four species out of over 200 are known as destructive plant pests that suppress plant growth: H. dihystera, H. multicinctus, H ...
*  Dolichoderus mariae
The size of the nest varied with the size of the root system of the plant above. During the summer, above some of the nests, ... It was found that the worker ants remove soil from under clumps of wiregrass, other grasses or other fibrous rooted plants such ... It nests underground among plant roots. A study of this species was undertaken in northern Florida. ... Observations inside nests showed that the workers, queen, alates and brood took up stations on the fibrous roots which formed a ...
*  Pseudomonas aeruginosa
"Pseudomonas aeruginosa-plant root interactions. Pathogenicity, biofilm formation, and root exudation". Plant Physiology. 134 (1 ... In higher plants, P. aeruginosa induces soft rot, for example in Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress) and Lactuca sativa (lettuce ... Rahme LG, Tan MW, Le L, Wong SM, Tompkins RG, Calderwood SB, Ausubel FM (November 1997). "Use of model plant hosts to identify ... It has been identified as an opportunistic pathogen of both humans and plants. P. aeruginosa is the type species of the genus ...
*  Scolymus grandiflorus
Eshel, Amram; Beeckman, Tom (2013). Plant Roots: The Hidden Half (4 ed.). CRC Press. Retrieved 2016-12-06. Váquez, F.M. (2000 ... Golden thistles are assigned to the Cichorieae tribe that shares anastomosing latex canals in both root, stem and leaves, and ... Scolymus grandiflorus is a spiny annual or biennial plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region. With up ... "Large-flowered yellow thistle". Wild Plants of Malta and Gozo. Retrieved 2016-12-11. "Scolymus grandiflorus Desf". Fora Acta ...
*  Phyllopertha horticola
Adults live for up to 8 weeks and feed on a variety of plant and tree leaves. Larval stages will feed on plant roots. ...
*  Scolymus maculatus
Eshel, Amram; Beeckman, Tom (2013). Plant Roots: The Hidden Half (4 ed.). CRC Press. Retrieved 2016-12-06. Váquez, F.M. (2000 ... The plant is known as scolyme taché in French, cardogna macchiata in Italian, cardo borriquero in Spanish, and escólimo-malhado ... Golden thistles are assigned to the Cichorieae tribe that shares anastomosing latex canals in both root, stem and leaves, and ... Scolymus maculatus is a spiny annual plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region in southern Europe, ...
*  Scolymus
Eshel, Amram; Beeckman, Tom (2013). Plant Roots: The Hidden Half (4 ed.). CRC Press. Retrieved 2016-12-06. "Golden thistle". ... The roots are cooked and eaten, and compare in taste to salsify. Roasted roots have been used as a coffee substitute. Florets ... Young plants consist of a rosette of leaves, which may be variegated, once-pinnately spiny-lobed, to 30 cm long, and having ... The root bark of S. hispanicus has been shown to contain the triterpenoid taraxasteryl acetate, and this substance is effective ...
*  Dolichodorus
The root tips die, the roots become coarse and curved, and the root system looks "stubby". A plant is stunted as its roots are ... They are ectoparasites of plant roots, and some are pests of agricultural crops. These are among the largest plant-parasitic ... Adults and juveniles feed on plant roots. Damage is apparent when the root tips turn brownish yellow and develop lesions. ... The genus can be found on many host plant taxa. D. heterocephalus has been noted on a variety of crop plants, including ...
*  Dan DeRose
"Dynasty plants roots in 8 states." The Colorado Springs Gazette. May 9, 2004. Retrieved on October 1, 2012. Available at ...
*  The Oaks (TV pilot)
"Fox Plants Roots with The Oaks". film.com. Retrieved 2007-10-04. Andreeva, Nellie (2007-10-24). "Renner leafs through Fox's ' ... "Fox plants pair of Brits in 'Oaks' cast". hollywoodreporter.com. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-09-29 ...
*  Small Smiles Dental Centers
"Dynasty plants roots in 8 states." The Colorado Springs Gazette. May 9, 2004. Retrieved on October 1, 2012. Available at ... She filmed the lead dentist discussing production goals and stating that his clinic's dentists perform many baby root canals ... These services included performing pulpotomies (baby root canals), placing crowns, administering anesthesia (including nitrous ...
*  Bulk soil
... is not penetrated by plant roots. Natural organic compounds are much lower in bulk soil than in the rhizosphere. ...
*  List of English words of Polynesian origin
Kava An intoxicating drink made from plant roots. From Tongan. Taboo A social and/or spiritual prohibition. From Tongan "Tapu ...
*  Borshchiv Raion
The name comes from the Slavic root "Kapusta" (cabbage). There used to be a Rus settlement here and there was also a medieval ... are planted with 400-year-old trees. Bilche Zolote is located some 16 km (9.9 mi) west of Borshchiv. The village is known for a ...
*  Liz Dennis
Plant physiology, 1994. 105(4): p. 1075-87 Appleby, C.A., et al., A Role for Hemoglobin in All Plant-Roots. Plant Cell and ... Her early work in the plant field was dedicated to the molecular responses of plants to hypoxia and waterlogging, i.e. which ... She also was involved in the research showing that all plants contain haemoglobin and that this molecule protects the plant ... With a strong interest in plant gene expression and regulation, Prof Elizabeth Dennis studied plant development using molecular ...