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*  Ectomycorrhiza
... must first grow towards the plant's roots. Afterwards, it must envelope and penetrate the root cap cells and infect them, thus ... the root of the plant symbiont is often affected developmentally. EcM fungal partners characteristically suppress root hair ... However, extensive root colonization still occurs in these plants, and the association does not seem to be met with massive ... As suggested by the name, much of the biomass of the mycosymbiont lies exterior to the plant root. The fungal structure is ...
*  List of MeSH codes (B06)
... plant root cap (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.413.400.525 --- mycorrhizae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.413.400.625 ... This list is intended to help the reader find the appropriate article given the formal MeSH name or number for a plant or plant ... plant bark (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.413.024.812 --- plant leaves (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.413.024.812.700 ... mustard plant (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.157.244 --- Capsella (plant) (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...
*  Root cap
The root cap is a section of tissue at the tip of a plant root. It is also called calyptra. Root caps contain statocytes which ... If the cap is carefully removed the root will grow randomly. The root cap protects the growing tip in plants. It secretes ... The purpose of the root cap is to enable downward growth of the root, with the root cap covering the sensitive tissue in the ... The root cap is absent in some parasitic plants and some aquatic plants, in which a sac-like structure called the root pocket ...
*  Root mucilage
... is a part of a wider secrete from plant roots known as root exudate. Plant roots secrete a variety of organic ... This polysaccharide secretion of root exudate forms a gelatinous substance that sticks to the caps of roots. Root mucilage is ... which are plant-specific polysaccharides within the root mucilage of plants. Plants use up to 60% of their energy secreting ... Baetz, Ulrike; Martinoia, Enrico (2014-02-01). "Root exudates: the hidden part of plant defense". Trends in Plant Science. 19 ( ...
*  Mucigel
... is a slimy substance that covers the root cap of the roots of plants. It is a highly hydrated polysaccharide, most ... Mucigel serves several functions, including: Protection of rootcap; prevents desiccation Lubrication of rootcap; allows root to ... Meristem Biology of Plants, 7th edition. P.H. Raven, R.F. Evert, S.E. Eichhorn. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company Publishers. ... between the fine root system and soil particles, which allows for a more efficient uptake of water and mineral nutrients by ...
*  Protoxerula
... a cordlike structure resembling a plant root) with a hairy surface, ellipsoid basidiospores, thick-walled "hairs" (setae) on ... The variety kimberleyana, named for its type locality in the Kimberley Region of Western Australia, has a greenish-cream cap ... usually near plants from the genera Acacia, Agathis, and Corymbia. ... the cap surface, and a unique capitulate ("head-like") pleurocystidia. Petersen RH. (2008). The genus Xerula (Agaricales; Fungi ...
*  Plantoid
Modules can be modeled on plant parts such as the root cap and communicate to form a simple swarm intelligence. This kind of ... Nicole Martinelli (2007-10-30). "Smarty Plants: Inside the World's Only Plant-Intelligence Lab". Wired. Retrieved 2010-11-05. ... Aeroponics Mazzolai, Barbara (January 2010). "The plant as a biomechatronic system". Plant Signalling & Behavior. Landes ... A plantoid is a robot or synthetic organism designed to look, act and grow like a plant. The concept was first scientifically ...
*  Tropism
In plants, the root cap senses differences in water moisture in the soil, and signals cellular changes that causes the root to ... a plant growth hormone. in plants (and bacteria) Aerotropism, growth of plants towards or away from a source of oxygen ... Plant Cell. doi:10.1105/tpc.104.028357. Cassab, Gladys I.; Eapen, Delfeena; Campos, María Eugenia (2013-01-01). "Root ... Chemotaxis Rapid plant movement For example, some cells may not be conducive for the growth of a virus, which determines its ...
*  Lactifluus volemus
In this association, the fungal hyphae grow around the root of the plant and between its cortical cells, but do not actually ... volemus may have a red cap, a yellow cap with a long stem, or a velvet-like surface texture; the caps of L. corrugis may be ... volemus and several other milk cap species. Like all milk caps, L. volemus forms ectomycorrhizae, mutually beneficial symbiotic ... The colour of the L. volemus mushroom varies from apricot to tawny, and the cap may be up to 11 cm (​4 1⁄2 in) wide. The pale ...
*  Sloughing
In plants, sloughing occurs during root growth, where cells from the root cap are shed to the soil where they are biologically ... Also, when a root undergoes secondary growth (transition from a primary root to a "woody" root), the cortex and epidermis ... become isolated from the rest of the root and are eventually sloughed.[citation needed] Desquamation- pathologic or non- ...
*  Hydrotropism
A class of plant hormones called auxins coordinates this root growth process. Auxins play a key role in bending the plants root ... The process of hydrotropism is started by the root cap sensing water and sending a signal to the elongating part of the root. ... A common example is a plant root growing in humid air bending toward a higher relative humidity level. This is of biological ... Eapen D, Barroso ML, Ponce G, Campos ME, Cassab GI (January 2005). "Hydrotropism: root growth responses to water". Trends Plant ...
*  Integrin-like receptors
Some β1 integrin-like receptors on the root caps of Tabaco plants are found to play a role in the plant's ability to detect ... root and vasculature of plants. Plants produce a physiological response that is dependent on information obtained from the ... The extracellular matrix of plant cells, fungi, and some protist is referred to as the cell wall. The plant cell wall is ... and Ion-Mediated Signaling Pathways Transduced by Plant Integrin-Linked Kinases". Frontiers in Plant Science. 8: 376. doi: ...
*  Suillus bovinus
This is evidenced by microscopic examination, which shows that G. roseus inserts haustoria in plant root cells and does not ... The cap is initially convex, then flat with a wavy margin and a grey-yellow or ochre with pink tinge in some specimens. It ... The cap cuticle comprises filamentous, gelatinized hyphae with a diameter of 2.6-5.0 μm. The mycelium has a pink tinge. The ... The 4-6 cm (1 1⁄2-2 1⁄4 in) tall stipe, similar in colour to the cap, tends to be narrower towards the base. With a diameter of ...
*  Quercus gambelii
The plant reproduces from acorns, but also spreads most rapidly from root sprouts that grow from vast underground structures ... The acorns are 10-20 millimeters (0.39-0.79 in) long, and about one-third to one-half enclosed by a cap or cup (cupule); they ... After a fire, Gambel oak quickly re-establishes itself from root spouts. The plant is also quite drought tolerant. Associated ... Dwarf stands of plants under 1 metre (3.3 ft) tall are common in marginal areas where heavy browsing occurs. Although the ...
*  Hydnora triceps
The vascular tissue of the body mirrors that of a dicotyledonous plant. There is a root-cap-like structure on the primary ... Hydnora triceps is a perennial plant, and will always be associated with a Euphorbia dregeana plant. Individuals of this ... reduced morphology and root-cap structure at the tip. This structure is most likely adapted to its entirely subterranean life. ... it is only found in association with this plant. About 10% of all the Euphorbia dregeana plants found in the regions where ...
*  Onnia tomentosa
It is a plant pathogen, and causes tomentosus root rot, primarily in spruce. It was formerly known as Inonotus tomentosum (Fr ... bare cap. The flesh of the cap is stained uniformly. Ryvarden, Leif; Gilbertson, Robert L. (1986). North American Polypores. ... Polyporus tomentosus root and butt rot of trees in Canada. p. 283-297 in Dimitri, L. (Ed.), Proc. 5th Internat. IUFRO Conf. on ... The cap is flat when young, with a blunt, rounded and yellowish-white margin, later with a slightly depressed centre and ...
*  Evolutionary history of plants
Further, roots differ in their branching pattern, and in possession of a root cap. So while Siluro-Devonian plants such as ... Plants portal Plants Flora Plant General evolution Evolutionary history of life Timeline of plant evolution Study of plants ... One interesting feature of a plant is its phyllotaxy. The arrangement of leaves on the plant body is such that the plant can ... For example, rice is a short-day plant, while Arabidopsis thaliana is a long-day plant. Now, in both plants, the proteins CO ...
*  Mycena maculata
... a cordlike structure resembling a plant root) 1-5 cm (0.4-2.0 in) that can root into the substrate. The stem is densely covered ... The cap margin closely approaches the stem when young, but often flares or curves upward with age. The cap surface is smooth, ... The cap tissue has a thin pellicle, and the region directly under it is made of hyphae with only slightly enlarged cells, while ... The top portion of the stem is pallid, while the remainder is the same color or paler than the cap. The stem base becomes ...
*  Plant cell
The epidermis of roots originates from the layer of cells immediately beneath the root cap. The epidermis of all aerial organs ... doi:10.1016/S0065-2296(08)60148-2. Keegstra, K (2010). "Plant cell walls". Plant Physiology. 154 (2): 483-486. doi:10.1104/pp. ... Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that differ in several key aspects from the cells of other eukaryotic organisms. These ... The role of this cell type is to support the plant in axes still growing in length, and to confer flexibility and tensile ...
*  Lewis J. Feldman
"Transcription Profile Analyses Identify Genes and Pathways Central to Root Cap Functions in Maize". Plant Molecular Biology. ... connecting root development to its environment". Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 48 (5): 328-336. doi:10.1016/j.plaphy. ... Peptide Precursor Regulates Root Growth in Arabidopsis". Molecular Plant. Oxford: Oxford Journals. 5 (4): 955-957. doi:10.1093/ ... "Positioning of the auxin maximum affects the character of cells occupying the root stem cell niche". Plant Signaling & Behavior ...
*  Termitomyces schimperi
The pseudorhiza (a cord-like structure resembling a plant root) tapers downwards towards its origin in the termite nest, and ... The caps are white and the thick, soft scales may be stained yellowish to reddish-brown by the soil of the mound. The scales ... mushroom may form on the same termite mound for many years provided that part of the hyphae is left in the mound when the cap ...
*  Root
In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil. Roots can also be ... root cap cells (these are sacrificed to protect the meristem), and undifferentiated root cells. The latter become the primary ... Root angle: the radial angle of a lateral root's base around the parent root's circumference, the angle of a lateral root from ... A true root system consists of a primary root and secondary roots (or lateral roots). the diffuse root system: the primary root ...
*  Boletus abruptibulbus
It has pseudorrhiza (cord-like structures resembling a plant root) that are 0.5-1.5 cm (0.2-0.6 in) long. The stem surface is ... The cap margin is curved inward when young, but becomes bent downward when mature. The white to very pale yellow cap flesh does ... The convex cap measures 30-80 mm (1.2-3.1 in) in diameter. Slightly sticky when wet, the cap surface is shiny and smooth. ... The tubes comprising the hymenophore on the underside of the cap measure 3-8 mm (0.1-0.3 in) long and are pale yellow initially ...
*  Hygrophorus bakerensis
... and forms a mutualistic relationship with compatible host plant by forming a sheath around their root tips. In this way, the ... Baker waxy cap, the brown almond waxy cap or the tawny almond waxy cap, is a species of fungus in the Hygrophoraceae family. It ... Baker waxy cap", the "brown almond waxy cap", and the "tawny almond waxy cap". Young fruit bodies of H. bakerensis have rounded ... The diameter of the cap reaches between 4 and 15 cm (1.6 and 5.9 in). The center of the cap is colored yellow-brown, tawny or ...
*  Lilium pyrophilum
... produces a rhizomatous bulbous root system which is occasionally branched. The plant grows to 0.6-1.6 m (*) ... "turks cap" shape. The anthers are magenta or purple. It blooms from late July to mid-August. Lilium pyrophilum is also named ... Lilium pyrophilum, called the sandhills lily, is a North American species of plants in the lily family. It is endemic to the ... Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Skinner, Mark W. & Sorrie, Bruce 2002. Conservation and ecology of Lilium ...
*  LS based GM small-block engine
The six bolt steel main caps are the same ones used on the LS7 engine. The engine debuted at the auto show in a customized 1969 ... It is equipped with an Eaton four-lobe Roots type supercharger and has a compression ratio of 9.1:1. Power output is rated 638 ... The program's venue was reported to be relocated to the Corvette assembly plant in Bowling Green, Kentucky. LS7.R The LS7.R ... The crankshaft and main bearing caps are forged steel for durability, the connecting rods are forged titanium, and the pistons ...
*  Mitella diphylla
... (twoleaf miterwort, two-leaved mitrewort, or bishop's cap) is a clump forming, open woodland plant native to ... Miterwort grows from a rhizomatous root system with fibrous roots. Leaves are coarsely toothed with 3-5 shallow lobes. Most ... This species is grown as an ornamental plant in shade gardens. It prefers wet-mesic to dry soil and partial shade. "Mitella ... Heather Holm (2014). Pollinators on Native Plants. Minnetonka, MN: Pollinator Press. pp. 110-111. Pink, A. (2004). Gardening ...