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*  Satyabrata Sarkar
... investigating physiological phenomena in plants and then studying the structure and function of plant-pathogenic viruses in the ... His studies on the physiological background of the mechanism of flowering of higher plants revealed some interaction between ... offering an early experimental proof of the phenomenon, later known as "Gene Silencing". Cellwall-free protoplasts of plant ... In THE PLANT VIRUSES (M.H.V.van Regenmortel and H. Fraenkel-Conrat eds.) Vol.2, 59-77, Plenum Publ. Corp., New York & London, ...
*  Plant Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR)
After this description of the phenomenon, several different terms have been used, namely, "acquired physiological immunity", " ... plant physiological and metabolic changes and plant and pathogen interaction process, is to study the interaction between ... namely classical plant-induced resistance to disease induction(PGPR) or fungi that promote plant growth(PGPF), and plant growth ... Induced resistance of plants, including plants in the role of exogenous factors under the two types of reactions. One is a ...
*  Arthur Henfrey (botanist)
In: Botanical and physiological memoirs…, 1853: The phenomenon of rejuvenescence in nature, especially in the life and ... The Earth, Plants, and Man, by Joakim Frederik Schouw, 1847. The Plant, by Matthias Schleiden, 1848. Principles of the Anatomy ... In 1847 Henfrey lectured on plants at the medical school of St. George's Hospital. He then succeeded Edward Forbes in the ... Outlines of Structural and Physiological Botany, 1847. Reports and Papers on Botany, Ray Society, 1849. The Rudiments of Botany ...
*  Zymoblot
Physiological phenomena whether at the cellular or molecular level in living organisms are driven either directly or indirectly ... Qualitative zymoblot is of great potential use in diagnosis of human, animal and plant diseases. If a pathogen demonstrates a ... Wagih, E.E. and Wagih, M.E. (1996). The Zymoblot Technique: Potential in Plant Physiology. Proc. 2nd Asia-Pacific Conference on ... It is useful in studies including physiology of humans, animals, plants and microorganisms, differential diagnosis of diseases ...
*  Sense
Such physiological and cognitive functions are generally not believed to give rise to mental phenomena or qualia, however, as ... Some plants (such as mustard) have genes that are necessary for the plant to sense the direction of gravity. If these genes are ... morphological changes and physiological state alterations at the organism level, that is, result in plant behavior. ... Nociception (physiological pain) signals nerve-damage or damage to tissue. The three types of pain receptors are cutaneous ( ...
*  Sourindra Mohan Sircar
He was one of the pioneers of plant physiological research in India. His work was centered around the indica cultivars f rice ... The integration of physiological phenomena characterized his research activities. "Famous Indian Botanist". books.google.co.in ... He founded the school of Plant Physiology, which has made significant contributions to plant science research and teaching in ... "Plant molecular biology in India - The beginnings" (PDF). iisc.ernet.in. Retrieved 5 June 2016. Indian Science Congress ...
*  Bioelectromagnetics
The physiological phenomena of action potentials are possible because voltage-gated ion channels allow the resting potential ... as well as in some plant cells. These action potentials are used to facilitate inter-cellular communication and activate ... In the late eighteenth century, the Italian physician and physicist Luigi Galvani first recorded the phenomenon while ... Galvani coined the term animal electricity to describe the phenomenon, while contemporaries labeled it galvanism. Galvani and ...
*  Outline of ecology
... the study of large-scale phenomena; Microecology - the study of small-scale phenomena; Microbial ecology - Molecular ecology - ... Plant ecology - Benthic ecology - study of sea-floor organisms, and their interaction with each other and with the environment ... which studies the interaction of physiological traits with the abiotic environment; Ecotoxicology - which looks at the ... Arctic ecology - Polar ecology - Tropical ecology - Global ecology - which examines ecological phenomena at the largest ...
*  Nathanael Pringsheim
Pringsheim was among the very first to demonstrate the occurrence of a sexual process in this class of plants, and he drew from ... From 1874 to the close of his life Pringsheim's activity was chiefly directed to physiological questions: he published, in a ... This view has not been accepted as offering an adequate explanation of the phenomena. Pringsheim founded in 1858, and edited ... Among his contributions to our knowledge of the higher plants, his exhaustive monograph on the curious genus of water-ferns, ...
*  Ecology (disciplines)
Ecology can also be classified on the basis of: the primary kinds of organism under study, e.g. animal ecology, plant ecology, ... which examines ecological phenomena at the largest possible scale, addressing macroecological questions; landscape ecology, ... ecophysiology which studies the interaction of physiological traits with the abiotic environment; ecotoxicology, which looks at ... which looks at the role of fire in the environment of plants and animals and its effect on ecological communities; functional ...
*  Physiology
Plant physiology Larcher, W. Physiological plant ecology (4th ed.). Springer, 2001. Salisbury, F.B, Ross, C.W. Plant physiology ... work incessantly to produce the phenomena that constitute the life of the individual." In more differentiated organisms, the ... The Physiological Society was founded in London in 1876 as a dining club. The American Physiological Society (APS) is a ... "American Physiological Society > Founders". www.the-aps.org. The American Physiological Society. Tucker, GS (December 1981). " ...
*  Biogeography
... from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating ... He discussed plant distribution and his theories eventually had a great impact on Charles Darwin, who was inspired to consider ... At the end of the 18th century, Alexander von Humboldt, known as the "founder of plant geography", developed the concept of ... Over periods of ecological changes, biogeography includes the study of plant and animal species in: their past and/or present ...
*  Reproductive isolation
A type of incompatibility that is found as often in plants as in animals occurs when the egg or ovule is fertilized but the ... This phenomenon is driven by strong selection against hybrids, typically resulting from instances in which hybrids suffer ... These mechanisms include physiological or systemic barriers to fertilization. Any of the factors that prevent potentially ... Plant hybrids often suffer from an autoimmune syndrome known as hybrid necrosis. In the hybrids, specific gene products ...
*  Wilhelm Pfeffer
In 1877, while researching plant metabolism, Pfeffer developed a semi-porous membrane to study the phenomena of osmosis. The ... Physiologische Untersuchungen - 1873 (Physiological studies) Lehrbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie (Textbook of plant physiology). ... During his tenure at Leipzig, Pfeffer published an article on the use of photography to study plant growth. He wanted to extend ... Wilhelm Friedrich Philipp Pfeffer (9 March 1845 - 31 January 1920) was a German botanist and plant physiologist born in ...
*  Osteophagy
Desert plants grow in mineral-deficient soil, and may be a cause of mineral deficiency in desert tortoise diets, resulting in ... This parallels the phenomenon of osteophagy in birds, in which snail shells are ingested by egg-laying females to supplement ... Therefore, it would be expected that the increased physiological needs of juvenile and gravid female tortoises would also ... Desert plants are a major food source for desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii), as they have a mainly herbivorous diet. In ...
*  Biological system
The notion of physiological division of labor, introduced in the 1820s by the French physiologist Henri Milne-Edwards, allowed ... whether animal or plant, resembles a factory ... where the organs, comparable to workers, work incessantly to produce the ... phenomena that constitute the life of the individual." In more differentiated organisms, the functional labor could be ... The Pulse of Modernism: Physiological Aesthetics in Fin-de-Siècle Europe. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2015. 384 pp ...
*  Camille Delezenne
In 1900 he relocated to Paris, where he worked as a lecturer in the laboratory of physiological chemistry at the École des ... He also showed that certain microbial cultures, snake venoms, and some plants and poisonous mushrooms have diastases that act ... In 1902 he demonstrated a link between the action of enterokinase in mobilizing pancreatic digestive enzymes and the phenomena ...
*  Biology
Physiological studies have traditionally been divided into plant physiology and animal physiology, but some principles of ... In addition, the phenomenon of energy flow occurs in cells in processes that are part of the function known as metabolism. ... Plant physiology - concerned with the functioning, or physiology, of plants. Cell biology - the study of the cell as a complete ... the study of plant diseases (also called Plant Pathology) Psychobiology - the study of the biological bases of psychology ...
*  Clinostat
... if it is too slow the plant has time to begin physiological responses to gravity; if it is too fast, centrifugal forces and ... which may in turn cause some of the phenomena otherwise attributed to agravitropism. Other researchers have questioned this ... A plant is attached to the disc so that it is held horizontally. The slow rotation means that the plant experiences a ... Plant Physiol. 67 (4):677-685 Raymond M Wheeler, Frank B Salisbury (1981) Gravitropism in Higher Plant Shoots: I. A Role for ...
*  Phase transition
... membrane proteins have restricted movement and thus are restrained in exercise of their physiological role. Plants depend ... The phenomena associated with continuous phase transitions are called critical phenomena, due to their association with ... This phenomenon is known as universality. For example, the critical exponents at the liquid-gas critical point have been found ... The same phenomenon is also seen in superconducting phase transition. In the modern classification scheme, phase transitions ...
*  Breeding for heat stress tolerance
Photosynthetic response and adaptation to temperature in higher plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 31:491-543. Physiological ... In many species it has been demonstrated that HSPs results in improved physiological phenomena such as photosynthesis, ... physiological and biochemical changes in plants. The ultimate effect is on plant growth as well as development and reduced ... As both abiotic and abiotic[clarification needed] stresses can result in similar physiological consequence, tolerant plant can ...
*  Extracellular matrix
Plant cells are tessellated to form tissues. The cell wall is the relatively rigid structure surrounding the plant cell. The ... Changes in physiological conditions can trigger protease activities that cause local release of such stores. This allows the ... Cells actively sense ECM rigidity and migrate preferentially towards stiffer surfaces in a phenomenon called durotaxis. They ... The plant ECM includes cell wall components, like cellulose, in addition to more complex signaling molecules. Some single- ...
*  Carignan
Plant d'Espagne, Plant de Ledenon, Pokovec, Pokovez, Samso, Samso Crusillo, Sanso, Soptna blau, Tinto Mazuela, and Uva di ... That year, in a drive to increase the overall quality of European wine and to reduce the growing wine lake phenomenon, the ... Carignan is a late budding and ripening grape which requires a warm climate in order to achieve full physiological ripeness. ... The majority of the vines were planted in the Central Valley and used to make inexpensive box and jug wines. In the 1970s and ...
*  Key innovation
... a species of pollinator exclusively feeds from a species of plant, and thus plant populations could easily become ... The phenomenon helps to explain how some taxa are much more diverse and have many more species than their sister taxa. The term ... was first used in 1949 by Alden H. Miller who defined it as "key adjustments in the morphological and physiological mechanism ... Specialising for a plant based diet offered early herbivores sufficient resources to radiate as energy was not lost to higher ...
*  Crown shyness
The exact physiological basis of crown shyness is not certain. The phenomenon has been discussed in scientific literature since ... "Early detection of neighbour plants by phytochrome perception of spectral changes in reflected sunlight". Plant, Cell and ... Plants are able to sense the proximity of neighbors by sensing backscattered far-red (FR) light, a task largely thought to be ... The phenomenon is most prevalent among trees of the same species, but also occurs between trees of different species. There ...
*  Neodymium
This color-change phenomenon is highly prized by collectors. In combination with gold or selenium, beautiful red colors result ... Probably because of similarities to Ca2+, Nd3+ has been reported to promote plant growth. Rare-earth-element compounds are ... "The Effect of Neodymium (Nd3+) on Some Physiological Activities in Oilseed Rape during Calcium (Ca2+) Starvation" 10th ...