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*  Photosynthesis
CAM plants have a different leaf anatomy from C3 plants, and fix the CO2 at night, when their stomata are open. CAM plants ... In parallel, plant physiologists studied leaf gas exchanges using the new method of infrared gas analysis and a leaf chamber ... Some plants have evolved mechanisms to increase the CO2 concentration in the leaves under these conditions. Plants that use the ... C4 plants can produce more sugar than C3 plants in conditions of high light and temperature. Many important crop plants are C4 ...
*  Ancestral reconstruction
For example, consider a phylogeny recovered for a genus of plants containing 6 species A - F (Figure 1), where each plant is ... left(\sum _{S_{y}\in \Omega }P(S_{y},S_{x},t_{xy})L_{y}\sum _{S_{z}\in \Omega }P(S_{z},S_{x},t_{xz})L_{z}\right)} where we are ... plants D, E, F), that the ancestral states for the nodes in the top clade (plants A, B, C) are equivocal and that both " ... For instance, a well-resolved phylogeny of plant species in the genus Cyrtandra was used together with information of their ...
*  Plant disease resistance
Lr34 is a gene that provides partial resistance to leaf and yellow rusts and powdery mildew in wheat. Lr34 encodes an adenosine ... appropriate planting date and plant density, control of field moisture, and pesticide use. Plant cuticle/surface Plant cell ... Lucas, J.A., "Plant Defence." Chapter 9 in Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens, 3rd ed. 1998 Blackwell Science. ISBN 0-632- ... Plant breeders emphasize selection and development of disease-resistant plant lines. Plant diseases can also be partially ...
*  Rinconada Bikol language
A pagtaɣəp, əsad na gīboŋ dirî dāpat pinagdə̄dəlagan.) 4. Daɣun - plant leaf. (Kadakəl ka daɣun ka tanəm ni Tāta Isko.) 5. ... kadjapā - a thorny plant abundant in Bicol region, 'kulitis' in Tagalog (scientific name: Amaranthus Spinosus). padjak - a ... cutting classes or leaving the room during school hours with no permission), and "exam" (examination) respectively. There is no ... because there are many speakers of this language outside the region who left in search for better job opportunities. Example of ...
*  Arctium tomentosum
Plant Leaf Inflorescence Kell DJ. 2006. Arctium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 816. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 357. 1754. In Flora of North ... Basal leaves are petiolate. Leaf blade is heart-shaped, with rather denticulater margins. They can reach a length of 20-50 ... It can reach an height of about 2 metres (6 ft 7 in). Leaves are grayish white and quite felted, green and glabrous toward the ... Euro+Med PlantBase - The information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Flora of North America Vol. 19, 20 and 21 ...
*  Numbami language
... the leaves of the (generic) betel pepper plant; particular betel pepper plant's leaf'; kapala na lalo 'the insides of (generic ... ambamba 'handdrum' and waŋga 'canoe'), not quite 20% complete in words beginning with voiceless obstruents (as in kaze 'left ... planted firmly' tíki-adala 'going dark' The basic word order in Numbami is SVO, with prepositions, preposed genitives, ... betel pepper leaf', tina daba 'headwater', nima daba (lit. 'hand head') 'thumb', kapala lalo (lit. 'house inside') 'indoors', ...
*  Hruso people
They plant leaves, pulses, potato and rice. Drinks locally made from fermented maize and millet include Lao pani, Mingri and ... The Aka live in elongated houses made from bamboo, wood and cane leaves. Raised on platforms about 6 feet above the ground, the ...
*  Acanthus spinosus
Young plant Leaf "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. ... The deeply cut leaves have spiny margins, and in early summer it bears erect, 1 m (3 ft) long racemes of white flowers with ... Acanthus spinosus, the spiny bear's breech, is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae, native to southern ... RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. How to grow: ...
*  Cytochrome b6f complex
Joliot P, Joliot A (Jul 2002). "Cyclic electron transfer in plant leaf". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the ... Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology. 47: 477-508. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.47.1.477. PMID 15012298 ... is an enzyme found in the thylakoid membrane in chloroplasts of plants, cyanobacteria, and green algae, that catalyzes the ...
*  Elegant corydoras
Both sexes clean the underside of plant leaves. Eggs are fastened under the leaves and are also attached to roots of plants. ... and plant matter. Though it lays eggs in dense vegetation, adults do not guard them. In captivity, the male is reportedly ... territorial during the prespawning activities while the female is usually hidden among the plant roots. ...
*  Colias croceus
Eggs are laid singly on food plant leaves. Usually an extraordinary number of eggs - up to 600 - are laid from a single female ... Larvae feed on a variety of leguminous plants, namely Faboideae (Trifolium pratense, Medicago sativa, Medicago lappacea, ... coastal cliffs and fields containing the caterpillar's host plants, at an elevation up to 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) above sea ...
*  Common flowerbug
A. nemorum lays its eggs inside plant leaves. The common flowerbug is found across Europe and northern Asia (except China). It ... Stenberg, Johan A.; Lehrman, Anna; Björkman, Christer (2011). "Host-plant genotype mediates supply and demand of animal food in ...
*  Cratoxylum sumatranum
The plant's leaves and bark have medicinal uses. Its timber is suitable for light construction, furniture, carving, firewood ... The leaves have an opposite arrangement, are simple, elliptic and a glossy rich green. Its flowers are 5-parted and clustered ... Cratoxylum sumatranum is a species of flowering plant in the Hypericaceae family. It is indigenous to Southeast Asia, including ...
*  Praeornis
Glazunova, Rautian and Filin (1991). "Praeornis sharovi: Bird feather or plant leaf?" Materialy 10 Vsesoyuznoi ... analysis showed that the chemical markers of the Praeornis fossil was more similar to the fish scales than to the plant leaves ... This opinion was followed by Doludenko and colleagues in 1990, who noted that it was similar to the leaves of the cycad species ... The opinion that it represents a leaf has since been followed by Alan Feduccia in 1996 and Peter Wellnhofer in 2004. Three ...
*  Papilio brevicauda
Females lay their eggs singly on host plant leaves. The eggs are cream and later obtain a reddish-brown ring. The pale green to ... Here is a list of host plants used by the short-tailed swallowtail: Angelica atropurpurea Seacoast angelica, Angelica lucida ...
*  Nannostomus trifasciatus
The species spawns during the daytime among plant leaves. The eggs are adhesive and are most often placed on plants. ... If well-fed, and if sufficient plant cover is provided, breeders will not eat eggs and fry will be found among floating plants ... During the low-water season, it often becomes trapped in small lakes that are left behind, or stays close to the wooded edges ...
*  Sahara
... and by having small thick leaves or needles to prevent water loss by evapotranspiration. Plant leaves may dry out totally and ... Plants such as acacia trees, palms, succulents, spiny shrubs, and grasses have adapted to the arid conditions, by growing lower ... The central Sahara is estimated to include five hundred species of plants, which is extremely low considering the huge extent ... The Saharan halophytics is an area of seasonally flooded saline depressions which is home to halophytic (salt-adapted) plant ...
*  Ajuga chamaepitys
The plant leaves were dried and reduced to powder. It formed an ingredient of the once famous gout remedy, Portland Powder. It ... The leaves have an opposite arrangement. It's flowering season is generally in late spring. Ground pine is a plant whose ... Ground pine is a plant well known to Tudor herbalists who exploited the resins contained within the leaves. The herb was ... The leaves can get up to 4 cm long, and are divided into three linear lobes which, when crushed, have a smell similar to pine ...
*  Cucumeropsis mannii
The physical signs of ripe fruit include creamy colour and dried stems and leaves. Each plant averages at 2-5 fruits, each ... Full maturity is signified by fully dried plant leaves. Seeds of this fruit should be harvested after 65 days after anthesis. ... "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 27, 2014. ["Archived copy". Archived from the original on ... often killing the leaves of the plant by sucking out sap. After harvesting many beetle species including the red flour beetle ...
*  Aesculetin
"Fluorescence emission spectra of plant leaves and plant constituents". Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. 30 (4): 333-347 ... It is present in chicory and in many toxic and medicinal plants, in form of glycosides and caffeic acid conjugates. Esculetin- ... 1997). Plant Biochemistry. Academic Press. ISBN 9780122146749. Hausen, B. M.; Schmieder, M. (September 1986). "The sensitizing ... It is a blue fluorescence compound found in plants. Aesculin, the glucoside of aesculetin, will fluoresce under long wave ...
*  Euphorbia tithymaloides
The leaf is a simple angiosperm leaf, arranged oppositely on the stem. Each leaf is sessile (attaching directly to the plant), ... The roots, stems, and leaves of the plant are known to be toxic. These parts of the plant contain euphorbol (a complex terpene ... Hummingbirds are attracted to the plant's flowers. Cabbage worms are particularly fond of the plant's leaves. Municipalities ... The plant terminates in a dichotomous cyme, with a peduncle supporting each flower. The floral leaves are bifid (split in two ...
*  Breeding for drought stress tolerance
Foliage begins to wilt and, if the plant is not irrigated, leaves will fall off and the plant will eventually die. Soil ... Newly planted plants and poorly established plants may be especially susceptible to dehydration stress because of the limited ... A plant with a large mass of leaves in relation to the root system is prone to drought stress because the leaves may lose water ... stage of plant growth, and plant species. Plants growing in sandy soils with low water-holding capacity are more susceptible to ...
*  Heliotropism
Leaf heliotropism is the solar tracking behavior of plant leaves. Some plant species have leaves that orient themselves ... Heliotropism, a form of tropism, is the diurnal motion or seasonal motion of plant parts (flowers or leaves) in response to the ... Some solar tracking plants are not purely heliotropic: in those plants the change of orientation is an innate circadian motion ... Floral heliotropism is not necessarily exhibited by the same plants that exhibit leaf heliotropism. Whippo, Craig W. (2006). " ...
*  Last mile
Nourishment to a plant's leaves through roots, trunk and branches. All of these have in common conduits that carry a relatively ... When leaving the telephone exchange, the ISDN30 cable can be buried in the ground, usually in ducting, at very little depth. ... "leaves". The final mile links, being the most numerous and thus most expensive part of the system, as well as having to ... arteries and capillaries Water distribution by a drip irrigation system to individual plants, including rivers, aqueducts, ...
*  Corydoras nanus
In captivity, eggs have been deposited mostly on plant leaves. The female may produce up to 600 eggs. Corydoras nanus coloring ... The aquarium should be well planted and have many places to hide. Use round gravel or smooth sand for the aquarium because the ... and plant matter. It lays eggs in dense vegetation and adults do not guard the eggs. ...
*  Dewoitine D.371
All Dewoitines left were practically destroyed after having been bombed by the Legion Condor aircraft in the airfield of ... Design of this machine was by SAF-Avions Dewoitine but owing to over work at that companies plant at the time, manufacture of ...
*  Paulownia elongata
The plant's leaves are very large and pubescent ('fuzzy-hairy'). This species can withstand a very wide range of environmental ... Paulownia elongata is planted as a forestry tree producing strong, yet light, wood. It is grown for lumber in North America and ... The tree is planted and grown as feedstock for biofuel production. Due to the large quantity of biomass produced annually, it ...