*Exudate

Plant exudates include saps, gums, latex, and resin. Sometimes nectar is considered an exudate. Plant roots exude a variety of ... Latex is a plant exudate found in 10% of all flowering plants. In the form of latex paint, the paint itself exhibits a common ... An exudate is a fluid emitted by an organism through pores or a wound, a process known as exuding. Exudate is derived from ... It is not clear if there is a distinction in the difference of transudates and exudates in plants. ...

*Horse-fly

Adult horse-flies feed on nectar and plant exudates, and some are important pollinators of certain specialised flowers; several ... Adult horse-flies feed on nectar and plant exudates; the males have weak mouthparts and only the females bite animals to obtain ... Eggs are laid on stones or vegetation near water, in clusters of up to 1000, especially on emergent water plants. The eggs are ... The ancestral tabanids may have co-evolved with the angiosperm plants on which they fed. With a necessity for high-protein food ...

*Bengal slow loris

Exudates are also obtained by gouging holes in the bark. The winter food supply consists almost entirely of plant exudates. The ... In winter, it relies on plant exudates, such as sap and tree gum. The species lives in small family groups, marks its territory ... The Bengal slow loris feeds on plant exudates such as sap, gums, resins, and latexes, particularly those from the family ... but it has also been observed taking plant exudates from a number of families: Moraceae (Artocarpus), Magnoliaceae (Manglietia ...

*Eupoecila australasiae

... they spend much of the time searching for nectar and plant exudates. Its common name is derived from its patterned body, ...

*Arbuscular mycorrhiza

This can be directly seen by the release of exudates, or indirectly by a change in the plant species and plant exudates type ... Spores of Gigaspora margarita were grown in host plant exudates. Hyphae of fungi grown in the exudates from roots starved of ... For example, the plant neighborhood around a focal plant can alter AM fungal communities as can the order of plant ... nonhost plants, and dead host plant by a membrane permeable only to hyphae. In the treatment with the host plant, the fungi ...

*Pygmy marmoset

... to engage in a high degree of claw-clinging behaviors associated with plant exudate exploitation. Exudate is any material that ... Claw-clinging is primarily used during feeding, but also during plant exudate foraging. Play media A pygmy marmoset group, ... Since the pygmy marmoset is often found in the rain forest, plant life, and the humid atmosphere, add to the normal absorption ... oozes out of a plant, including gum, sap, resin, and latex. ...

*Common ringtail possum

De Angelis, DA (2017). "Plant exudates: a previously unreported feature in the diet of the common ringtail possum". Ecology. 98 ... It lives in a variety of habitats and eats a variety of leaves of both native and introduced plants, as well as flowers, fruits ... The common ringtail possum feeds on a wide variety of plants in the family Myrtaceae including the foliage, flowers and fruits ... Some populations are also known to feed on the leaves of cypress pine (Callitris), wattles (Acacia spp.) and plant gum or ...

*Resinoid (perfumery)

Resinoids are extracts of resinous plant exudates (balsams, oleo gum resins, and natural oleoresins). Resinous plant exudates ( ...

*Buffy-headed marmoset

The buffy-headed marmoset is known primarily for eating fruits, gum, and plant exudates. A small portion of their diet is ... Fruits and exudates vary seasonally, and thus are not as readily available, nor as frequently consumed. Fungi, when present, ...

*Tree

Resin is another plant exudate that may have a defensive purpose. It is a viscous liquid composed mainly of volatile terpenes ... Epiphytic plants such as ferns, some mosses, liverworts, orchids and some species of parasitic plants (e.g., mistletoe) hang ... Zotz, Gerhard (2016). Plants on Plants - The Biology of Vascular Epiphytes. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-39237-0. "The structure of ... In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are ...

*White-footed tamarin

Its diet consists of insects, soft fruits, and nectar, plant exudates, prey animals, and flowers. The forests in which the ...

*Cotton-top tamarin

Its diet includes insects and plant exudates, and it is an important seed disperser in the tropical ecosystem. The cotton-top ... plant exudates such as gum and sap, nectar, and occasionally reptiles and amphibians. Due to its small body size and high food ...

*Mannitol

... concentrations of plant exudates can range from 20% in seaweeds to 90% in the plane tree. It is a constituent of saw ... Since mannitol is found in a wide variety of natural products, including almost all plants, it can be directly extracted from ... and many plants. Fermentation by microorganisms is an alternative to the traditional industrial synthesis. A fructose to ...

*Common marmoset

... and gut specialization reflect their unique diet which is primarily made of plant exudates and insects. Common marmosets feed ... 20-70% of the marmoset's feeding behavior is made of eating exudates. Exudates provide marmosets with a reliable food source in ... In addition to exudates, insects also prove an important food source for marmosets, making 24-30% of their feeding time. The ... The marmoset will then lick up the exudates or swoop them with the teeth. ...

*Allelopathy

The leaf litter and root exudates of some Eucalyptus species are allelopathic for certain soil microbes and plant species. The ... In 1832, the Swiss botanist De Candolle suggested that crop plant exudates were responsible for an agriculture problem called ... Many invasive plant species interfere with native plants through allelopathy. A famous case of purported allelopathy is in ... He used the term to describe biochemical interactions that inhibit the growth of neighbouring plants, by another plant. In 1971 ...

*Sphecius speciosus

Adults feed on flower nectar and other plant sap exudates. Adults emerge in summer, typically beginning around late June or ...

*Soil carbon

Root exudates are another source of soil carbon. 5 - 20% of the total plant carbon fixed during photosynthesis is supplied as ... Mergel, A. (1998). "Role of plant root exudates in soil carbon and nitrogen transformation". In Box, Jr., J. Root Demographics ... Detritus resulting from plant senescence is the major source of soil organic carbon. Plant materials, with cell walls high in ... It includes relatively available C as fresh plant remains and relatively inert C in materials derived from plant remains: humus ...

*Soil organic matter

Additional sources of soil organic matter include plant root exudates and charcoal. The water content of most plant residues is ... ISBN 0-02-313340-6. Mergel, A. (1998). "Role of plant root exudates in soil carbon and nitrogen transformation". In Box, Jr., J ... Surface plant litter is generally not included as part of soil organic matter. The primary source of organic matter contained ... Soil organic matter (SOM) is the organic matter component of soil, consisting of plant and animal residues at various stages of ...

*Erythrophleum africanum

Nussinovitch, Amos (2009-10-07). Plant Gum Exudates of the World: Sources, Distribution, Properties, and Applications. CRC ... This plant is toxic to herbivores. Phytochemical constituents detected in the leaves aqueous extracts are saponins, cardiac ... The plant also yields dihydromyricetin. List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes "Erythrophleum africanum". ...

*Helicoverpa zea

Adult moths collect nectar or other plant exudates from a large number of plants, and live for 12 to 16 days. Females can lay ... planting date, and weather. If the damage is early in the plants life, then damage will mostly be to the leaves. Plants ... Some plants emit a blend of chemicals in response to damage from H. zea, which attract parasitic insects. Cardiochiles ... However, soybean plants are capable of withstanding a large amount of damage without substantial yield loss depending on soil ...

*Fork-marked lemur

Although fork-marked lemurs have widely varied forest habitat, gum and other plant exudates of other species are likely to ... The exudates of several tree species they are known to feed on are high in protein, so some fork-marked lemurs may meet their ... Their diet consists primarily of tree gum and other exudates, though they may obtain some of their protein and nitrogen by ... They have also been documented eating gums from Commiphora species and Colvillea racemosa, bud exudates from Zanthoxylum ...

*Toothcomb

... use their toothcombs to tooth-scrape plant exudates, such as gum and sap. In fork-marked lemurs, the toothcomb is specially ... which demonstrate tooth-scraping of plant exudates, as well as sifakas, which practice bark-prising. Each of these were ... Supporting this, reduced interdental spacing is found in exudate feeding lemuriforms. Furthermore, the canine included in the ... thin teeth are poorly suited for the mechanical stress of gouging and exudate feeding. Also the interdental spaces seen in most ...

*Rhizosphere

"The Role of Root Exudates in Rhizosphere Interactions with Plants and Other Organisms". Annual Review of Plant Biology. 57 (1 ... In potato cultivars, phenols and lignins comprise the greatest number of ion influencing compounds produced as plant exudates ... Allelopathy and autotoxicity and negative root-root communications The competition between plants due to released exudates is ... In these nodules bacteria, sustained by nutrients from the plant, convert nitrogen gas to a form that can be used by the plant ...

*Laimosphere

Propagules of soil-borne plant pathogens, whose germination is stimulated by a plant exudates in the laimosphere, can initiate ... Plant and Soil 47:103-112. Johnson, L. F., and N. G. Bartley. 1981. Cotton laimosphere populations of microorganisms and their ... The U.C. system for producing healthy container-grown plants. Univ.Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Service Manual 23. Hancock, J. G. 1977 ... Subterranean plant organs with a laimosphere include hypocotyls, epicotyls, stems, stolons, corms, bulbs, and leaves. ...

*Euglossa dilemma

The female builds a solitary nest out of propolis, an exudate from plants. The nest may contain up to twenty cells, in each of ... the male visiting other species of plants to gather the ingredients for his perfume. One of these plants is basil (Ocimum ... The male has an enlarged joint on his hind leg where there is a pit for storing substances he gathers from plants. The female ... In Florida, the female bee gathers much of the pollen she collects from Senna mexicana but also visits other plants, and nectar ...

*Phyllanthaceae

"Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL." Annals of the Missouri Botanical ... Unlike many of the Euphorbiaceae, none have latex, and only a very few produce a resinous exudate. Any hairs, if present, are ... Flowering Plant Families of the World. Firefly Books: Ontario, Canada. ISBN 978-1-55407-206-4. Anthony J. Huxley, Mark ... The genus Phyllanthus, one of the largest genera of flowering plants, with over 1200 species, has more than half of the species ...