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*  Time perception
... auditory loudness or pitch) Simultaneity judgments can be manipulated by repeated exposure to non-simultaneous stimuli The ... Though directly experiencing or understanding another person's perception of time is not possible, such a perception can be ... Wada Y, Masuda T, Noguchi K, 2005, "Temporal illusion called 'kappa effect' in event perception" Perception 34 ECVP Abstract ... Underwood G, Swain RA (1973). "Selectivity of attention and the perception of duration". Perception. 2 (1): 101-5. doi:10.1068/ ...
*  Musical syntax
In case reports it was possible to show that amusia ( a deficiency in fine-grainded perception of pitch which leads to musical ... A pitch that is structural at a higher level may be ornamental at a deeper level. This can be compared with the hierarchical ... Pitch organization concerning chords means, that in a musical phrase the tonic is the most stable chord and experienced as the ... The progression of chords in time forms a tonal structure based on pitch organization, in which moving away from the tonic is ...
*  Guitar chord
An explanation of human perception of harmony relates the mechanics of a vibrating string to the musical acoustics of sound ... from the lowest pitched string to the highest); in standard tuning, the intervals present among adjacent strings are perfect ... since the bass guitar can play the root pitch. There are many alternate tunings. These change the way chords are played, making ... because one reaches the same pitch class by either ascending by a perfect fourth (five semitones) or descending by a perfect ...
*  Embodied music cognition
... the perception of pitch, melody, rhythm, harmony and tonality. It considered music perception as a faculty on its own, ... Embodied music cognition tends to see music perception as based on action. For example, many people move when they listen to ... This is different from a disembodied approach to music cognition, which sees musical meaning as being based on a perception- ... The embodied grounding of music perception is based on a multi-modal encoding of auditory information and on principles that ...
*  Music theory
Houtsma, Adrianus J. M. (1995). "Pitch Perception". In Hearing, Handbook of Perception and Cognition, second edition, edited by ... The frequency of the sound waves producing a pitch can be measured precisely, but the perception of pitch is more complex ... of pitches and pitch classes (pitch-class set theory), which may be ordered or unordered, and can be related by musical ... as pitches of "superior generation," that is, the pitches of Ling Lun's male phoenix; the pitches produced by subtracting a ...
*  Place theory (hearing)
"The perception of pitch by users of cochlear implants: possible significance for rate and place theories of pitch". Acoustics ... "Pitch Perception Models". In Christopher J. Plack; Andrew J. Oxenham; Richard R. Fay; Arthur N. Popper. Pitch. Birkhäuser. ISBN ... In all cases, neural firing patterns in time determine the perception of pitch. The combination known as the place-volley ... Experiments using implant recipients showed that, at low stimulation rates, ratings of pitch on a pitch scale were proportional ...
*  Klaus J. Kohler
Acoustics, Toronto, A6-6 (1986). Categorical pitch perception. Proc. 11th ICPhS, Tallinn, vol. 5, 331-333 (1987). The ... Tübingen: Gunter Narr (1979). Dimensions in the perception of fortis and lenis plosives. Phonetica 36, 332-343 (1979). F0 in ... Phonetica 39, 199-218 (1982). F0 in the perception of lenis and fortis plosives. JASA 78, 21-32 (1985). Invariance and ... Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum (1986). Parameters of speech rate perception in German words and sentences: duration, ...
*  Temporal theory (hearing)
"The perception of pitch by users of cochlear implants: possible significance for rate and place theories of pitch". Acoustics ... "Pitch Perception Models". In Christopher J. Plack; Andrew J. Oxenham; Richard R. Fay; Arthur N. Popper. Pitch. Birkhäuser. ISBN ... Modern research suggests that the perception of pitch depends on both the places and patterns of neuron firings. Place theory ... "The role of resolved and unresolved harmonics in pitch perception and frequency modulation discrimination". The Journal of the ...
*  Sound
De Cheveigne, A. (2005). Pitch perception models. Pitch, 169-233. Krumbholz, K.; Patterson, R.; Seither-Preisler, A.; ... pitch perception can vary. Sometimes individuals identify different pitches for the same sound, based on their personal ... They are: pitch, duration, loudness, timbre, sonic texture and spatial location. Pitch is perceived as how "low" or "high" a ... in sound perception it can often be used to identify the source of a sound and is an important component of timbre perception ( ...
*  J. C. R. Licklider
In the psychoacoustics field, Licklider is most remembered for his 1951 "Duplex Theory of Pitch Perception", presented in a ... Licklider, J. C. R. (1951). "A duplex theory of pitch perception". Experientia (Basel) 7, 4, 128-134. "Google Scholar". Earl D ... and formed the basis for modern models of pitch perception. While at MIT in the 1950s, Licklider worked on Semi-Automatic ...
*  Volley theory
... these patients still demonstrated normal pitch perception. Computer models for pitch perception and loudness perception are ... There are two models of pitch perception; a spectral and a temporal. Low frequency sounds evoke the strongest pitches, ... doi:10.1007/s10827-009-0146-6. Yost, W. A. (16 November 2009). "Pitch perception". Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. 71 ( ... By applying pure or complex tones, information on pitch perception can be obtained. In 1983, it was shown that subjects with ...
*  Carbamazepine
Tateno A, Sawada K, Takahashi I, Hujiwara Y (Aug 2006). "Carbamazepine-induced transient auditory pitch-perception deficit". ...
*  Amusia
The subjects who struggled the most with pitch perception were the most unstable in producing the correct pitch and made ... Also, the encoding of pitch and temporal regularity are both likely to be specialized for music processing. Pitch perception is ... congenital amusics are not able to detect a pitch change. As a result of this defect in pitch perception, a lifelong musical ... This finding led to another test that was designed to assess the presence of a deficiency in pitch perception. In this test, ...
*  Eric J. Heller
The psychoacoustics of pitch perception forms the longest chapter. See [whyyouhearwhatyouhear.com]. Regarding Heller's art ...
*  Psychoacoustics
Licklider wrote a paper entitled "A duplex theory of pitch perception". Psychoacoustics is applied within many fields from ... However, even smaller pitch differences can be perceived through other means. For example, the interference of two pitches can ... where f is a specific frequency), humans tend to perceive that the pitch is f. The psychoacoustic model provides for high ... blah The Musical Ear-Perception of Sound Müller C, Schnider P, Persterer A, Opitz M, Nefjodova MV, Berger M (1993). "[Applied ...
*  Interference theory
Retroactive Interference has also been investigated using pitch perception as the learning medium. The researcher found that ... Massaro, D.W. (1970). "Retroactive Interference in Short Term Memory for Pitch". Journal of Experimental Psychology. 83: 32-39 ... Human Perception and Performance. 13: 438-448. doi:10.1037/0096-1523.13.3.435. Peterson, B.S.; Kane, M.J.; Alexander, G.M.; ...
*  Pitch (music)
... pitch perception theories can be divided into place coding and temporal coding. Place theory holds that the perception of pitch ... Pitch circularity Pitch class Pitch detection algorithm Pitch of brass instruments Pitch shifter Pitch pipe Relative pitch ... Some theories of pitch perception hold that pitch has inherent octave ambiguities, and therefore is best decomposed into a ... Above 2,000 Hz, the pitch gets higher as the sound gets louder. Theories of pitch perception try to explain how the physical ...
*  Music psychology
The perception of a pitch without the corresponding fundamental frequency in the physical stimulus is called the pitch of the ... Absolute pitch (AP) is defined as the ability to identify the pitch of a musical tone or to produce a musical tone at a given ... Zatorre1, R. J. (1988). "Pitch perception of complex tones and human temporal-lobe function". J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84: 566-572. ... Pitch constancy refers to the ability to perceive pitch identity across changes in acoustical properties, such as loudness, ...
*  Hans Joachim Specht
Structural and functional asymmetry of lateral Heschl's gyrus reflects pitch perception asymmetry. Nature Neuroscience 8, 2005 ... like tone pitch and tone spectrum (he plays piano since childhood). Since 2000 he is a member of the Heidelberg Academy of ...
*  Cognitive musicology
Pitch perception was positively correlated with phonemic awareness and reading abilities in children (Flaugnacco, 2014). ... This algorithm has successfully been able to model the perception of musical key in short excerpts of music, as well as to ... A balanced collection of papers by some of the leading figures in the field of music perception and cognition. Opening chapters ... For example, Jamshed Bharucha and Peter Todd have modeled music perception in tonal music with neural networks. Al Biles has ...
*  Daniel Levitin
S.E. (December 2005). "Absolute pitch: Perception, coding, and controversies". Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 9 (1): 26-33. doi: ... D. J. Levitin (1992). "Absolute memory for musical pitch: Evidence from the production of learned melodies". Perception & ... "Absolute Memory for Musical Pitch," Perception and Psychophysics, 1994. The Billboard Encyclopedia of Record Producers (1999). ... Parncutt, R.; Levitin, D.J. (2001). "Absolute Pitch". In S. Sadie. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. New York: ...
*  William M. Hartmann
His pitch perception research is characterized by an unusual emphasis on tonotopically local effects such as pitch shifts, ... the binaural edge pitch, the binaural coherence edge pitch, the pitch shifts of mistuned harmonics, and the harmonic unmasking ... "Binaural edge pitch," M.A. Klein and W.M. Hartmann, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. {70}, 51-61, (1980). "Binaural coherence edge pitch," W ... His major contributions in psychoacoustics are in pitch perception, binaural hearing, and sound localization. Working with ...
*  Combination tone
Titchener Difference Tones Training Difference tones on the harmonica Pitch Perception Lecture Notes Tartini computer program. ... The result is a pitch at a common subharmonic of the pitches played (one octave below the first pitch when the second is the ... Using a resultant tone for such low pitches would eliminate the cost and space factor, but would not sound as full as a true 64 ... Uses combination tones for pitch recognition. If certain intervals are played in double-stop, the program can display its ...
*  Missing fundamental
Pitch Paradoxical Structural and functional asymmetry of lateral Heschl's gyrus reflects pitch perception preference - abstract ... A low pitch (also known as the pitch of the missing fundamental or virtual pitch) can sometimes be heard when there is no ... At least one model shows a temporal delay to be unnecessary to produce an autocorrelation model of pitch perception, appealing ... ISBN 1-4051-3083-0. Christopher J. Plack (2005). Pitch: Neural Coding and Perception. Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-23472-4. Peter M ...
*  Audio synchronizer
Additionally, listeners with excellent pitch perception may notice and be annoyed by even these small pitch errors. In higher ... and the resulting pitch error is corrected with a pitch correction circuit. The pitch correction circuitry is frequently a ... For example, reading faster than writing causes the audio pitch to increase and reading slower than writing causes the pitch to ... Pitch errors in lower performance devices are uncompensated and kept to a level generally not perceived by the average viewer, ...
*  Diplacusis
"Perception of Pitch." Wendell Johnson Speech and Hearing Center, Iowa City. Dec. 2008. Plack et al. (Ed).Pitch : Neural coding ... but pitch distortions may persist. This may cause problems with music and speech understanding. Pitch (psychophysics) 2 ... The magnitude of the shift can be measured by getting the subject to adjust the frequency of a tone in one ear until its pitch ... Place Theory posits that the cause is looking for the edge of the wave for the pitch and could explain diplacusis as a small ...
*  Ernst Terhardt
A model of pitch perception in complex sounds). According to Terhardt's theory of pitch perception, pitch perception can be ... The output of Terhardt's algorithm for pitch perception is a series of virtual pitches of differing salience, of which the most ... In second stage of pitch perception, harmonic patterns among the spectral pitches are spontaneously recognized by the auditory ... a dominance region of pitch perception). A cornerstone of Terhardt's is approach is the idea that because spectral pitches are ...