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*  Fokker-Planck equation
In one spatial dimension x, for an Itō process driven by the standard Wiener process W t {\displaystyle W_{t}} and described by ... This convention is more often used in physical applications. Indeed, it is well known that any solution to the Stratonovich SDE ... The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process is a process defined as d X t = − a X t d t + σ d W t {\displaystyle dX_{t}=-aX_{t}dt+\sigma dW ... The stochastic process defined above in the Itō sense can be rewritten within the Stratonovich convention as a Stratonovich SDE ...
*  Hydrological transport model
Physically based models (sometimes known as deterministic, comprehensive or process-based models) try to represent the physical ... Vieuxinc.com J.C.I. Dooge, Parameterization of hydrologic processes, JSC Study Conference on Land Surface Processes in ... GSSHA input/output processing and interface with GIS is facilitated by the Watershed Modeling System (WMS). Another model used ... Flow and transport processes are represented by either finite difference representations of partial differential equations or ...
*  Romania and the euro
Ahead of ERM II entry, Isărescu argued, Romania needs to conduct monetary adjustments in form of finalizing the process of ... the new banknotes were the same physical dimensions as euro banknotes, except the 200 lei note, which had no euro size ... bringing minimum reserve requirement ratios in line with eurozone levels (a process envisaged to last between 1 and ​1 1⁄2 ...
*  Stroke recovery
Around the same time, Brunnstrom also described the process of recovery, and divided the process into seven stages. As ... It is often used by physical or occupational therapists in the rehab or homehealth setting, but can also be used as part of a ... Motor Imagery in physical therapist practice. Phys Ther 2007;(87)7:942-953. "Mental Movement Therapy". Stroke Rehab Product. ... 2002) Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Secrets, 2nd Edition, Hanley & Belfus, Inc., pp442-446 Landau WM; Sommerfeld, D. K ...
*  Scale invariance
Such theories typically describe classical physical processes with no characteristic length scale. In quantum field theory, ... is characterised by the way its coupling parameters depend on the energy-scale of a given physical process. This energy ... In physical cosmology, the power spectrum of the spatial distribution of the cosmic microwave background is near to being a ... It is also possible for the probability distributions of random processes to display this kind of scale invariance or self- ...
*  Ultra low frequency
These waves represent important physical processes in the near-Earth plasma environment. The speed of the ULF waves is often ...
*  National Institute of Oceanography, India
What are the physical processes that sustain high productivity in the region? How does the monsoon cycle influence temporal ... NIO researchers have played a major role in answering critical questions concerning the processes that go on in this basin with ... The NIO Data Centre (NIODC) acquires, processes, formats and stores data generated by the Institute (from about 1000 cruises ... How do the biogeochemical processes (denitrification, for example) that characterize this system work? ...
*  Jeremy Burroughes
His thesis was entitled The physical processes in organic semiconducting polymer devices. Early in his career, Burroughes ...
*  Unitarity gauge
Weinberg, Steven (1971). "Physical Processes in a Convergent Theory of the Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions". Physical ... Lee, S. (1972). "Higher-Order Corrections to Leptonic Processes and the Renormalization of Weinberg's Theory of Weak ... Weinberg, Steven (1973). "General Theory of Broken Local Symmetries". Physical Review D. 7 (4): 1068-1082. Bibcode:1973PhRvD... ... Interactions in the Unitary Gauge". Physical Review D. 6 (6): 1701-1717. Bibcode:1972PhRvD...6.1701L. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD. ...
*  Julius Rebek
A physical processes, the racemization of the bipyridyl shown below was chosen. The transition structure features coplanar aryl ... These form reversibly by completely surrounding small molecule targets and have become a versatile tool of modern physical ... James Flack Norris Award in Physical Organic Chemistry (American Chemical Society) 2001: Hungarian Academy of Sciences 2002: ... Julius Rebek's work is inspired in part by the possibilities that it raises for exploring the kind of chemical processes that ...
*  SensorML
Process Model - Atomic non-physical processing block usually used within a more complex Process Chain. It is associated to a ... Process Chain - Composite non-physical processing block consisting of interconnected sub-processes, which can in turn be ... On-demand processing of Observations - Process chains for geolocation or higher-level processing of observations can be ... Component - Physical atomic process that transforms information from one form to another. For example, a Detector typically ...
*  EtherCAT
For the control and regulation of physical processes, high data integrity, data security, and synchronicity is required. ... A frame is not completely received before being processed; instead processing starts as soon as possible. Sending is also ... The typical process of establishing a distributed clock is initiated by the master by sending a broadcast to all slaves to a ... This process can be repeated as many times as required to reduce jitter and average out values. Total delays are calculated for ...
*  First law of thermodynamics
... is to rely on the previously established concept of quasi-static processes, as follows. Actual physical processes of transfer ... Work and heat are expressions of actual physical processes of supply or removal of energy, while the internal energy U is a ... The path taken by a thermodynamic system through a chemical or physical change is known as a thermodynamic process. The first ... The reference adiabatic work process may be chosen arbitrarily from amongst the class of all such processes. This statement is ...
*  Spectral density estimation
As described above, many physical processes are best described as a sum of many individual frequency components. Any process ... In statistical signal processing, the goal of spectral density estimation (SDE) is to estimate the spectral density (also known ... But the periodogram does not provide processing-gain when applied to noiselike signals or even sinusoids at low signal-to-noise ... In parametric spectral estimation, one assumes that the signal is modeled by a stationary process which has a spectral density ...
*  Timeline of the far future
"Badlands National Park - Nature & Science - Geologic Formations". Landstreet, John D. (2003). Physical Processes in the Solar ... 2009). "Search for Proton Decay via p+ → e+ π0 and p+ → μ+ π0 in a Large Water Cherenkov Detector". Physical Review Letters. ... Adams, Fred C. (2008), "Long term astrophysical processes", in Bostrom, Nick; Ćirković, Milan M., Global catastrophic risks, ... Adams, Fred C. (2008). "Long-term astrophysicial processes". In Bostrom, Nick; Cirkovic, Milan M. Global Catastrophic Risks. ...
*  System identification
Examples include: physical processes such as the movement of a falling body under the influence of gravity; economic processes ... One could build a so-called white-box model based on first principles, e.g. a model for a physical process from the Newton ... A dynamical mathematical model in this context is a mathematical description of the dynamic behavior of a system or process in ... Grey box modeling is also known as semi-physical modeling. black box model: No prior model is available. Most system ...
*  Land change modeling
Furthermore, land change model design are a product of both decision-making and physical processes. Human-induced impact on the ... which leads to uncertainties in being able to understand and predict physical processes. ... Process like tele-coupling, indirect land use change, and adaption to climate change at multiple scales requires better ... Implementing these processes will require a better understanding of feedback mechanisms across scales. As there is continuous ...
*  Neuroinformatics
Specialists in biophysics and physiology study physical processes within neural cells neuronal networks. The data from these ... multimedia signal processing, and biomedical signal processing. The Neuroinformatics Portal Pilot The project is part of a ... MCIN researchers and staff also develop infrastructure and software tools in the areas of image processing, databasing, and ... On one hand, informatics facilitates brain data processing and data handling, by providing new electronic and software ...
*  Burkhard Heim
He wrote his diploma thesis on physical processes in the Crab Nebula Supernova. After this, he began to work at the Max Planck ... His endothermic process required a maximum cooling rate of 1.2 GW. In November 1957, Heim delivered a lecture about his ... Dröscher, W.; Häuser, J. (July 2002). Physical principles of advanced space propulsion based on Heim's field theory (pdf). 38th ...
*  Diffuse extragalactic background radiation
The origin and the physical processes involved are different within every wavelength range. There are plenty of observational ... diffuse extragalactic radiation field may be divided in different regions according to their origin and physical processes ...
*  List of unsolved problems in physics
Unlike classical physical processes, some quantum mechanical processes (such as quantum teleportation arising from quantum ... Physical information: Are there physical phenomena, such as wave function collapse or black holes, which irrevocably destroy ... What is the minimum number of dimensionless physical constants from which all other dimensionless physical constants can be ... What are the physical processes giving rise to the general properties of glasses and the glass transition? Cryogenic electron ...
*  Sustainable consumer behaviour
It is also a physical process that literally consumes resources. What we eat, how we heat our homes and how we travel to work ... Again, this is why the total consumption process approach is needed. In the final stage, consumers can keep, reuse (for example ... From a sustainable perspective, consumption needs to be understood more holistically as a total process, as part of a broader ... Some materials such as paper, glass, metal can be recycled or reused in production process. This phase has become significantly ...
*  Statistical model
... s are often used even when the physical process being modeled is deterministic. For instance, coin tossing is ... in principle, a deterministic process; yet it is commonly modeled as stochastic (via a Bernoulli process). There are three ... It is assumed that there is a "true" probability distribution induced by the process that generates the observed data. We ... It is assumed that there is a "true" probability distribution underlying the observed data, induced by the process that ...
*  Conditional access
... the DVB specification recommends using a physical process for that. In order for the receiver to unscramble the data stream, it ... Next generation approaches in the United States eschew such physical cards and employ schemes using downloadable software for ... access control may be upgraded dynamically in response to security breaches without requiring expensive exchanges of physical ...
*  Facet
The physical process of polishing is a subject of debate. One commonly accepted theory is that the fine abrasive particles of a ... Water is typically used for cutting, while either oil or water is used for the polishing process. The machine uses a system ... Accurate repetition of angles in the cutting and polishing process is aided by the angle readout and index gear. ... Gem faceting process - Step by step pictures from rough stone to faceted gem.. ...
*  American Board of Medical Specialties
ABMS Member Boards have maintained a rigorous process for the evaluation and Board certification of medical specialists. They ... of Neurological Surgery 1941 American Board of Anesthesiology American Board of Plastic Surgery 1947 American Board of Physical ...
*  Riparian-zone restoration
Restoration of physical processes may be a prerequisite to the reestablishment of healthy riparian communities. Ultimately, a ... However, this process may take decades: a study found stream channel regeneration took approximately 65 years in channelized ... Riparian vegetation may come back on its own if human-induced disturbances are stopped and/or hydrologic processes are restored ... More active methods of restoration may speed the process along. The revegetation of degraded riparian zones is a common ...