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*  Membrane lipid
The heads of phospholipids are phosphorylated and they consist of either: Glycerol (and hence the name phosphoglycerides given ... Phospholipids and glycolipids consist of two long, nonpolar (hydrophobic) hydrocarbon chains linked to a hydrophilic head group ... Effect of cholesterol on the structure of a phospholipid bilayer. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2009; 106: 3654-8. Chen, Heshun; ... The three major classes of membrane lipids are phospholipids, glycolipids, and cholesterol. Lipids are amphiphilic: they have ...
*  Ether lipid
Plasmanyl-phospholipids have an ether bond in position sn-1 to an alkyl group. Plasmenyl-phospholipids have an ether bond in ... Lux H, Heise N, Klenner T, Hart D, Opperdoes F (2000). "Ether--lipid (alkyl-phospholipid) metabolism and the mechanism of ... Ether phospholipids at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ... In a biochemical sense, an ether lipid usually implies glycerophospholipids of various type, also called phospholipids, in ...
*  Fatty acid metabolism
In addition, fatty acids are important components of the phospholipids that form the phospholipid bilayers out of which all the ... Fatty acids are an integral part of the phospholipids that make up the bulk of the plasma membranes, or cell membranes, of ... These phospholipids can be cleaved into diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol trisphosphate (IP3) through hydrolysis of the ... This is catalyzed either by phospholipase A2 acting directly on a membrane phospholipid, or by a lipase acting on DAG (diacyl- ...
*  Lipid profile
Serum total cholesterol serum HDL cholesterol Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio Serum triglycerides serum Phospholipids ...
*  Phospholipid
PEG phospholipid (mPEG-phospholipid, polyglycerin-phospholipid, funcitionalized-phospholipid, terminal activated-phospholipid) ... Phospholipids can act as emulsifiers, enabling oils to form a colloid with water. Phospholipids are one of the components of ... These specific properties allow phospholipids to play an important role in the phospholipid bilayer. In biological systems, the ... Liposomes are often composed of phosphatidylcholine-enriched phospholipids and may also contain mixed Phospholipid chains with ...
*  Phospholipid scramblase
In humans, phospholipid scramblases (PLSCRs) constitute a family of five homologous proteins that are named as hPLSCR1-hPLSCR5 ... Phospholipid redistribution is triggered by increased cytosolic calcium and seems to be scramblase-dependent, resulting in a ... Phospholipid scramblase 1 (PLSCR1), a lipid-binding protein that enters the nucleus via the nonclassical NLS (257)GKISKHWTGI( ... Scramblase is a protein responsible for the translocation of phospholipids between the two monolayers of a lipid bilayer of a ...
*  Phospholipid acyltransferase
This family contains acyltransferases involved in phospholipid biosynthesis and proteins of unknown function. This family also ...
*  Phospholipid transfer protein
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PLTP gene. The protein encoded by this gene is one ... Pussinen PJ, Jauhiainen M, Metso J, Pyle LE, Marcel YL, Fidge NH, Ehnholm C (1998). "Binding of phospholipid transfer protein ( ... Jiang XC, D'Armiento J, Mallampalli RK, Mar J, Yan SF, Lin M (1998). "Expression of plasma phospholipid transfer protein mRNA ... Jauhiainen M, Huuskonen J, Baumann M, Metso J, Oka T, Egashira T, Hattori H, Olkkonen VM, Ehnholm C (1999). "Phospholipid ...
*  Phospholipid-translocating ATPase
... phospholipid out The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, H2O, and phospholipid, whereas its 3 products are ADP, phosphate, and ... In enzymology, a phospholipid-translocating ATPase (EC 3.6.3.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + H2O + ... Suzuki H, Kamakura M, Morii M, Takeguchi N (1997). "The phospholipid flippase activity of gastric vesicles". J. Biol. Chem. 272 ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP phosphohydrolase (phospholipid-flipping). Other names in common use include ...
*  Unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase
... may refer to: Methylene-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase Cyclopropane-fatty-acyl- ...
*  Phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase
In enzymology, a phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.158) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is phospholipid:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol O-acyltransferase. This enzyme is also called ... Stymne S; Stahl, U; Lenman, M; Banas, A; Lee, M; Sandager, L; Ronne, H; Stymne, S (2000). "Phospholipid:diacylglycerol ... the two substrates of this enzyme are phospholipid and 1,2-diacylglycerol, whereas its two products are lysophospholipid and ...
*  Ethanol-induced non-lamellar phases in phospholipids
The phospholipid membrane systems are comparable to the model membranes above but it only consists of one phospholipid which is ... The phospholipid bilayer is a two-layer structure mainly composed of phospholipids, which are amphiphilic molecules that have ... Phospholipids consist of two non-polar hydrocarbon chains with ester or ether bonds to the phosphate group which is also linked ... The phospholipid carries a negative charge due to the presence of the phosphate group. Its overall polarity depends on the ...
*  Phospholipid-derived fatty acids
Phospholipids can be saponified, which releases the fatty acids contained in their diglyceride tail. Once the phospholipids of ... phospholipids are rapidly degraded and the remaining phospholipid content of the sample is assumed to be from living organisms ... Phospholipids can occur in many biological classes (such as in plant roots, fungi, as well as in soil bacteria), so care has to ... However, as the phospholipids of archaea are not ester linked as in bacteria, but are ether linked, they are not significantly ...
*  Phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase
... phospholipid hydroperoxide-reducing), phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase, hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase, ... In enzymology, a phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.12) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical ... Ursini F, Maiorino M, Gregolin C (1985). "The selenoenzyme phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase". Biochim. Biophys ...
*  Cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase
... phospholipid cyclopropane fatty acid Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and phospholipid ... In enzymology, a cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase (EC 2.1.1.79) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is S-adenosyl-L-methionine:unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase (cyclizing). ... Other names in common use include cyclopropane synthetase, unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase, cyclopropane synthase, ...
*  Methylene-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase
... phospholipid methylene fatty acid Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and phospholipid olefinic ... In enzymology, a methylene-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase (EC 2.1.1.16) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S- ... Akamatsu Y, Law JH (1970). "Enzymatic alkylenation of phospholipid fatty acid chains by extracts of Mycobacterium phlei". J. ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is S-adenosyl-L-methionine:unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase (methenylating ...
*  Acyl-(acyl-carrier-protein)-phospholipid O-acyltransferase
Taylor SS, Heath EC (1969). "The incorporation of beta-hydroxy fatty acids into a phospholipid of Escherichia coli B". J. Biol ... In enzymology, an acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]-phospholipid O-acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.40) is an enzyme that catalyzes the ...
*  Sunflower oil
... phospholipids; polyphenols; and, phytosterols. Unrefined sunflower oil is less heat-stable (and therefore well-suited to dishes ...
*  1-Lysophosphatidylcholine
Jan 1962). "Phospholipids and coronary mortality. Use of ratio between phospholipid and cholesterol levels to determine ... Fatty acyl chains delivered by this route can then be acylated into tissue membrane phospholipids. In the human body, lysoPC (1 ... 2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholines are a class of phospholipids that are intermediates in the metabolism of lipids. Because ... These differences have been attributed to the remodeling of membrane phospholipids in order to regulate membrane fluidity and ...
*  Cardiolipin
Phospholipids handbook. p. 783. ISBN 0-8247-9050-2. Antonio Ortiz; J. Antoinette Killian; Arie J. Verkleij; Jan Wilschut (1999 ... McNeil HP, Simpson RJ, Chesterman CN, Krilis SA (1990). "Anti-phospholipid antibodies are directed against a complex antigen ... Since cardiolipin is an important phospholipid found almost exclusively in the inner mitochondrial membrane and very essential ... Phosphatidylglycerol Pangborn M. (1942). "Isolation and purification of a serologically active phospholipid from beef heart". J ...
*  Annexin A1
Augmentation by membrane phospholipids". J. Biol. Chem. 266 (2): 1101-8. PMID 1670773. Kovacic RT, Tizard R, Cate RL, et al. ( ... Annexin A1 belongs to the annexin family of Ca2+-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins that have a molecular weight of ... 1988). "Cloning and expression of cDNA for human endonexin II, a Ca2+ and phospholipid binding protein". J. Biol. Chem. 263 (17 ...
*  Pulmonary surfactant
It also has higher compaction capacity than the other phospholipids, because the apolar tail is less bent. Nevertheless, ... 40% dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC); ~40% other phospholipids (PC); ~10% surfactant proteins (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C and SP-D ... Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) is a phospholipid with two 16-carbon saturated chains and a phosphate group with ... compressed surfactant phospholipid molecules decrease the surface tension to very low, near-zero levels. Pulmonary surfactant ...
*  ENPP7
ISBN 1-893997-42-1. Liu JJ, Nilsson A, Duan RD (April 2000). "Effects of phospholipids on sphingomyelin hydrolysis induced by ... Some have activity against nucleotides, some have activity against phospholipid and lysophospholipids. ENPP7 is the only enzyme ... phospholipids, and bile salt have been absorbed or up taken. It is also understandable that considerable amount of dietary ... phospholipids, fat and high concentrations of bile salts. It is thus understandable why SM digestion occurs most effectively in ...
*  Lyso
... -, prefix applied to phospholipids. ...
*  Phosphatidylethanolamine
... s are a class of phospholipids found in biological membranes. They are synthesized by the addition of ... Phosphatidylethanolamines are found in all living cells, composing 25% of all phospholipids. In human physiology, they are ... Kelly, Karen (July 28, 2011). "Phospholipid Biosynthesis". The AOCS Lipid Library. Retrieved September 3, 2012. Oak, Jeong-Ho; ... Where phosphatidylcholine is the principal phospholipid in animals, phosphatidylethanolamine is the principal one in bacteria. ...