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*  Phosphatidylcholine
... which contains both phosphatidylcholine and deoxycholate (Figure 3). This bile salt is used to solubilize phosphatidylcholine ... Dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (a.k.a. lecithin) is a major component of pulmonary surfactant and is often used in the L/S ... Phosphatidylcholine is a vital substance found in every cell of the human body. Some researchers have used mutant mouse models ... Injection of phosphatidyl choline in small numbers of patients has been reported to reduce or completely resolve a majority of ...
*  Phosphatidylcholine synthase
In enzymology, a phosphatidylcholine synthase (EC 2.7.8.24) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction CDP- ... whereas its two products are CMP and phosphatidylcholine. This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those ... "Cloning and characterization of the gene for phosphatidylcholine synthase". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (25): 18919-25. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... "Plant-exuded choline is used for rhizobial membrane lipid biosynthesis by phosphatidylcholine synthase". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (28 ...
*  Phosphatidylcholine desaturase
In enzymology, a phosphatidylcholine desaturase (EC 1.3.1.35) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1-acyl-2-oleoyl ... Stymne S, Appelqvist LA (1978). "The biosynthesis of linoleate from oleoyl-CoA via oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine in microsomes of ... Slack CR, Roughan PG, Browse J (1979). "Evidence for an oleoyl phosphatidylcholine desaturase in microsomal preparations from ...
*  Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein
In humans, phosphatidylcholine transfer protein is encoded by the PCTP gene. PCTP transfers phosphatidylcholine molecules ... "Mice without phosphatidylcholine transfer protein have no defects in the secretion of phosphatidylcholine into bile or into ... Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein (PCTP) also known as StAR-related lipid transfer domain protein 2 (STARD2) is a specific ... "Entrez Gene: phosphatidylcholine transfer protein". van Helvoort A, de Brouwer A, Ottenhoff R, Brouwers JF, Wijnholds J, ...
*  Phosphatidylcholine 12-monooxygenase
In enzymology, a phosphatidylcholine 12-monooxygenase (EC 1.14.13.26) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1-acyl- ...
*  Phosphatidylcholine-sterol O-acyltransferase
In enzymology, a phosphatidylcholine---sterol O-acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.43) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is phosphatidylcholine:sterol O-acyltransferase. Other names in common use include ... the two substrates of this enzyme are phosphatidylcholine and sterol, whereas its two products are 1-acylglycerophosphocholine ... phosphatidylcholine + a sterol ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 1-acylglycerophosphocholine + a sterol ester Thus, ...
*  Phosphatidylcholine-dolichol O-acyltransferase
In enzymology, a phosphatidylcholine---dolichol O-acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.83) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3-sn-phosphatidylcholine:dolichol O-acyltransferase. Keenan RW, Kruczek ME (1976 ... the two substrates of this enzyme are 3-sn-phosphatidylcholine and dolichol, whereas its two products are 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3- ... reaction 3-sn-phosphatidylcholine + dolichol ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + ...
*  Phosphatidylcholine-retinol O-acyltransferase
In enzymology, a phosphatidylcholine---retinol O-acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.135) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is phosphatidylcholine:retinol---[cellular-retinol-binding-protein] O-acyltransferase ... Other names in common use include lecithin---retinol acyltransferase, phosphatidylcholine:retinol-(cellular-retinol-binding- ... the two substrates of this enzyme are phosphatidylcholine and [[retinol---[cellular-retinol-binding-protein]]], whereas its two ...
*  Glycerophospholipid
Phosphatidylcholines Phosphatidylcholines are lecithins. Choline is the alcohol, with a positively charged quaternary ammonium ... By contrast, the exoplasmic side (the side on the exterior of the cell) consists mainly of phosphatidylcholine and ... Phosphatidic acid synthesis in eukaryotes is different, there are two routes, one to the other toward phosphatidylcholine and ... Phosphatidylethanoamines, phosphatidylcholines, and other phospholipids are examples of phosphatidates. ...
*  2-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase
Van Den Bosch H, Van Golde MG, Slotboom AJ, Van Deenen LL (1968). "The acylation of isomeric monoacyl phosphatidylcholines". ... phosphatidylcholine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acyl-CoA and 2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, whereas its ... two products are CoA and phosphatidylcholine. This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those ...
*  1-Lysophosphatidylcholine
1-LysoPC can be produced as a by-product of the reaction transferring an acyl group from a phosphatidylcholine to an acceptor ... Because they result from the hydrolysis of an acyl group from the sn-1 position of phosphatidylcholine, they are also called 1- ... A rat enzyme was found to transfer the acyl group from 2-lysoPC to 1-lysoPC, producing phosphatidylcholine. In the human body, ... LRAT-like protein (RLP-1; a product of the gene HRASLS5), catalyzes transfer of an acyl group from phosphatidylcholine (PC) to ...
*  Citicoline
... to produce phosphatidylcholine when condensed with diacylglycerol. Phosphatidylcholine can also be produced by the methylation ... Phosphatidylcholine is synthesized in vivo by two pathways The Kennedy pathway, which includes the transformation of choline to ... Citicoline increases phosphatidylcholine synthesis. The mechanism for this may be: By converting 1, 2-diacylglycerol into ... Once these cross the blood-brain barrier it is reformed into citicoline by the rate-limiting enzyme in phosphatidylcholine ...
*  Phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase
Li Z, Agellon LB, Allen TM, Umeda M, Jewell L, Mason A, Vance DE (May 2006). "The ratio of phosphatidylcholine to ... 16 September 2013). "Phosphatidylcholine and Related Lipids". AOCS Lipid Library. AOCS. Retrieved 13 February 2014. DeLong CJ, ... Yao ZM, Vance DE (Feb 1988). "The active synthesis of phosphatidylcholine is required for very low density lipoprotein ... Vance JE, Vance DE (Aug 1985). "The role of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in the secretion of lipoproteins from hepatocytes ...
*  Choline kinase
Phosphatidylcholine is the major phospholipid in eukaryotic membranes. Phosphatidylcholine is important for a variety of ... Kent, C (1990). "Regulation of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis". Progress in Lipid Research. 29 (2): 87-105. doi:10.1016/0163- ... Choline kinase catalyzes the formation of phoshocholine, the committed step in phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. ... that a defect in the CKβ activity leads to a decrease in the phosphatidylcholine (PC) content in the hindlimb muscle. This, ...
*  POPC
... is a phosphatidylcholine. It is a diacylglycerol and phospholipid. The full name is 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3- ...
*  Lipid bilayer phase behavior
In a phosphatidylcholine-based bilayer this process typically occurs over a timescale of weeks. This discrepancy can be ... Saturated phosphatidylcholine lipids with tails longer than 14 carbons are solid at room temperature, while those with fewer ... "Lateral diffusion in binary mixtures of cholesterol and phosphatidylcholines". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...
*  Phosphorylcholine
Also not to be confused with phosphatidylcholine. Phosphorylcholine (abbreviated ChoP) is the hydrophilic polar head group of ... Phosphorylcholine is part of platelet-activating factor; the phospholipid phosphatidylcholine as well as sphingomyelin, the ...
*  Legionella bozemanae
"Legionella bozemanae synthesizes phosphatidylcholine from exogenous choline". Microbiological Research. 166 (2): 87-98. doi: ...
*  Injection lipolysis
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Rittes, P.G. (2001). "The use of phosphatidylcholine for correction of lower lid ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Hexsel, D., Serra, M., Mazzuco, R. (2003). "Phosphatidylcholine in the treatment ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Rotunda, A.M.; M.S. Kolodney (2006). "Mesotherapy and Phosphatidylcholine ... This practice, using drugs generally based on phosphatidylcholine and deoxycholate (PCDC), evolved from the initial intravenous ...
*  Phospholipase D1
Phosphatidylcholine (PC)-specific phospholipases D (PLDs) EC 3.1.4.4 catalyze the hydrolysis of PC to produce phosphatidic acid ... "Entrez Gene: PLD1 phospholipase D1, phosphatidylcholine-specific". Ahn BH, Rhim H, Kim SY, Sung YM, Lee MY, Choi JY, Wolozin B ... "Human ADP-ribosylation factor-activated phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D defines a new and highly conserved gene ...
*  Metribuzin
"Reduced metribuzin pollution with phosphatidylcholine-clay formulations". Pest Management Science. 67 (3): 271-278. doi:10.1002 ...
*  PLA2G5
Kim KP, Han SK, Hong M, Cho W (2000). "The molecular basis of phosphatidylcholine preference of human group-V phospholipase A2 ... It preferentially hydrolyzes linoleoyl-containing phosphatidylcholine substrates. Secretion of this enzyme is thought to induce ...
*  Grignard reaction
Myher JJ; Kuksis A (February 1979). "Stereospecific analysis of triacylglycerols via racemic phosphatidylcholines and ...
*  Pulmonary surfactant
Up to 90% of surfactant DPPC (dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine) is recycled from the alveolar space back into the type II ... Albon, Norman (1978). "Nature of the gel to liquid crystal transition of synthetic phosphatidylcholines". Proceedings of the ... Phosphatidylcholine molecules form ~85% of the lipid in surfactant and have saturated acyl chains. Phosphatidylglycerol (PG) ...
*  Liquid ordered phase
"A C-13 and H-2 Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance Study of Phosphatidylcholine Cholesterol Interactions - Characterization of Liquid- ... Phase equilibria in the phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol system. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 905:162-172. Huang TH, Lee CWB, ...