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*  Directed differentiation
Some applications are impaired by the immature phenotype of the pluripotent stem cells (PSCs)-derived cell type, which limits ...
*  Phenotype
The term extended phenotype refers to the idea that a phenotype is not restricted to biological processes but includes all ... One can begin to understand the concept of extended phenotype through the central theorem of the extended phenotype: "An ... Behavioral phenotypes include cognitive, personality, and behavioral patterns. Some behavioral phenotypes may characterize ... Mouse Phenome Database Human Phenotype Ontology Europhenome: Access to raw and annotated mouse phenotype data "Wilhelm ...
*  Phenotype (album)
Phenotype is the fifth and final studio album by Dutch heavy metal band Textures, released on February 5, 2016. The album was ... TEXTURES Phenotype". Metal Injection. Retrieved 25 March 2016. "Textures To Breakup Following Farewell Tour". theprp.com. May 7 ... "Phenotype by TEXTURES". Nuclear Blast. Retrieved 25 March 2016. ...
*  Neophyte Phenotype
... is a 2001 album by Canadian-American alternative hip hop artist Noah23. It features dense wordplay over drum ... 2001 in hip hop music Cowie, Del F. (May 2001). "Noah23 - Neophyte Phenotype • Hip-Hop Reviews". Exclaim!. Retrieved 13 ... Dionne, Duncan A. "Noah23: Neophyte Phenotype LP". UKHH.com. Retrieved 13 November 2011. ...
*  Thrifty phenotype
Therefore, the thrifty phenotype can be described as a manipulation of offspring phenotype for the benefit of maternal fitness ... This paradox generates doubts about whether the thrifty phenotype is adaptive for human offspring. Thus, the thrifty phenotype ... The thrifty phenotype hypothesis says that reduced fetal growth is strongly associated with a number of chronic conditions ... The thrifty phenotype is a component of the Fetal Origins Hypothesis. These chronic conditions include coronary heart disease, ...
*  Phenotype microarray
The phenotype microarray approach is a technology for high-throughput phenotyping of cells. A phenotype microarray system ... phenotype microarrays (PMs) make it possible to quantitatively measure thousands of cellular phenotypes all at once. The ... Another free and open source software developed to analyze Phenotype Microarray data is "DuctApe", a Unix command-line tool ... Other software tools are PheMaDB, which provides a solution for storage, retrieval, and analysis of high throughput phenotype ...
*  Phenotype mixing
... is a form of interaction between two virus particles, each of which holds its own unique genetic material. The ...
*  Phenotype (disambiguation)
Phenotype can refer to: Phenotype (genetics) Phenotype (igneous petrology), an aphanitic igneous rock which is identified and ... classified according to the mineralogy of its phenocrysts Phenotype (clinical medicine). ...
*  The Extended Phenotype
... is a 1982 book by Richard Dawkins, in which the author introduced a biological concept of the same name ... He points to the arbitrariness of restricting the idea of the phenotype to apply only to the phenotypic expression of an ... The main idea is that phenotype should not be limited to biological processes such as protein biosynthesis or tissue growth, ... Dawkins considers The Extended Phenotype to be a sequel to The Selfish Gene (1976) aimed at professional biologists, and as his ...
*  Human Phenotype Ontology
The Human Phenotype Ontology is a formal ontology of human phenotypes. Developed in collaboration with members of the Open ... The ontology contains over 50,000 annotations between phenotypes and hereditary disease. The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) was ... January 2014). "The Human Phenotype Ontology project: linking molecular biology and disease through phenotype data". Nucleic ... Robinson PN, Köhler S, Bauer S, Seelow D, Horn D, Mundlos S (November 2008). "The Human Phenotype Ontology: a tool for ...
*  Phenotype (clinical medicine)
For other uses see Phenotype (disambiguation) In a nosological sense, the term phenotype can be used in clinical medicine for ... A clinical phenotype would be the presentation of a disease in a given individual. Some organizations have their own ... The word phenotype comes from Greek phainein, meaning 'to show', and typos, meaning 'type'. Normally it refers to the ... In this context, a phenotype would be any observable characteristic or trait of a disease, such as morphology, development, ...
*  Replication error phenotype
The positive replication error phenotype (RER+) defines a subgroup of tumors that have been documented well in Hereditary ... nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). More recently, this phenotype also has been described in breast carcinoma and is a ...
*  Phenotype (igneous petrology)
As a result of this potential for error, phenotypes are identified using the prefix pheno-. Winter, J.D. 2010. Igneous and ... In igneous petrology, a phenotype is an aphanitic igneous rock which is identified and classified according to the mineralogy ...
*  Genotype-phenotype distinction
The genotype-phenotype distinction is drawn in genetics. "Genotype" is an organism's full hereditary information. "Phenotype" ... operating in phenotype space. The missing part is the mapping between the genotype and phenotype space. This leads to a " ... The mapping of a set of genotypes to a set of phenotypes is sometimes referred to as the genotype-phenotype map. An organism's ... in which case it is not possible to exactly predict the genotype from knowledge of the phenotype (i.e. the genotype-phenotype ...
*  Large-cell lung carcinoma with rhabdoid phenotype
As the rhabdoid phenotype may exclusively be associated with certain missense mutations in the CK-8 gene (or, possibly, the ... Cavazza A, Colby TV, Tsokos M, Rush W, Travis WD (February 1996). "Lung tumors with a rhabdoid phenotype". Am. J. Clin. Pathol ... Large cell lung carcinoma with rhabdoid phenotype (LCLC-RP) is a rare histological form of lung cancer, currently classified as ... Some evidence suggests that cells with the rhabdoid phenotype result from mutations occurring in some of the cells descending ...
*  Glossary of biology
This results in a third phenotype in which the expressed physical trait is a combination of the phenotypes of both alleles. ... phenotype . pheromone . phloem The conducting tissue in plants responsible for the conduction of food particles. physiology the ... artificial selection Professionals study the genotype and phenotype of parent organisms in the hope of producing a hybrid that ...
*  List of popular science books on evolution
Richard Dawkins (1982). The Extended Phenotype. Richard Dawkins (1986). The Blind Watchmaker. Richard Dawkins (1995). River out ...
*  Modern synthesis (20th century)
The Extended Phenotype. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-288051-2. Fisher, Helen (16 October 1994). "'Wilson,' They Said ...
*  Genetic architecture
This can include, among other details, how many genes are involved in a specific phenotype and how gene interactions, such as ... Classical quantitative genetics models, such as that developed by R.A. Fisher, are based on analyses of phenotype in terms of ... They also acknowledged the presence of large but rare mutations that have a large effect on phenotype. This study showcases the ... Robustness: the ability of a phenotype to remain constant in spite of genetic mutation. A study published in 2006 used ...
*  Epidemiology of representations
Dawkins, R. (1982). The Extended Phenotype. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ...
*  Richard Dawkins
Dawkins, Richard (1999). The extended phenotype: the long reach of the gene (Rev. ed. with new afterword and further reading. ... The concept of extended phenotype helps explain evolution, but it does not actually help predict specific outcomes. Dawkins has ... Dawkins regarded the extended phenotype as his single most important contribution to evolutionary biology and he considered ... With his book The Extended Phenotype (1982), he introduced into evolutionary biology the influential concept that the ...
*  Parasitism
Parasites track the locally common hosts' phenotypes, so the parasites are less infective to allopatric hosts, those from ... Dawkins, Richard (1989). The Extended Phenotype. Oxford University Press. pp. 209-227 (Chapter 10). ISBN 0-19-288051-9. Holt RD ... The evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins argued in a 1989 book that organisms have an extended phenotype that consists not ...
*  Richard Dawkins bibliography
ISBN 0-415-33798-4. Dawkins, R. (June 2004). "Extended phenotype - But not too extended. A reply to Laland, Turner and Jablonka ... ISBN 0-19-286092-5. Dawkins, R. (1982). The Extended Phenotype. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-288051-9. Dawkins, R ... Dawkins R (1978). "Replicator selection and the extended phenotype". Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie. 47 (1): 61-76. doi: ...
*  Developmental systems theory
Dawkins, R. (1982). The Extended Phenotype. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Depew, D.J. and Weber, B.H. (1995). Darwinism ... any direct determination of phenotype by genotype, and the very notion that any aspect of biological (or psychological, or any ...
*  John Brownstein
Jain, Sachin H; Powers, Brian W; Hawkins, Jared B; Brownstein, John S (2015). "The digital phenotype". Nature Biotechnology. 33 ... "Digital Phenotype" in a seminal paper in Nature Biotechnology. Brownstein is co-founder of Epidemico a commercial spinoff of ...