Tapper, Andrew; Tapper, Nigel (2006). "Sub-Synoptic-Scale Processes and Phenomena". In Gray, Kathleen (ed.). The weather and ...
Mental (psychological) phenomena are changing processes of consciousness. They can only be determined as an actuality, an " ... Process theory. Psychology is interested in the current process, i.e. the mental changes and functional relationships between ... Interpretation only became the characteristic process of the humanities through criticism. It is a process that is set against ... 3. Psychology is concerned with conscious processes. Wundt rejected making subconscious mental processes a topic of scientific ...
Wiener process Fractional Brownian motion Russ, John C. (1994). Fractal surfaces, Volume 1. p. 167. ISBN 0-306-44702-9. Xie, ... ISBN 90-5410-133-4. Vicsek, Tamás (1992). Fractal growth phenomena. p. 40. ISBN 981-02-0668-2. Kroese, D.P.; Botev, Z.I. (2015 ... Since the Brownian surface represents a Gaussian process with a nonstationary covariance function, one can use the Cholesky ... A more efficient method is Stein's method, which generates an auxiliary stationary Gaussian process using the circulant ...
London: Process Press. ch. 8 *^ Young, R. M. (1989). "Transitional phenomena: production and consumption", in B. Richards, ed ... Transitional objects and phenomena, he said, are neither subjective nor objective but partake of both. In Mental Space, Robert ... Young, R. M. (1989). "Transitional phenomena: production and consumption", in B. Richards, ed., Crises of the Self: Further ... A transitional object can be used in this process. The transitional object is often the first "not me" possession that really ...
These two phenomena differ, yet share some common things. Similar processes form fog and mist. Fog is denser and generally ... Mist is a phenomenon caused by small droplets of water suspended in air. Physically, it is an example of a dispersion. It is ... The phenomenon is called fog if the visibility is 1 km (1,100 yd) or less. In the U.K., the definition of fog is visibility ...
This phenomenon is known as compensation, and occurs at the p-n junction in the vast majority of semiconductor devices. Partial ... This process is characterized by a constant concentration of sulfur on the surface. In the case of semiconductors in general, ... A doping process was formally developed by John Robert Woodyard working at Sperry Gyroscope Company during World War II. Though ... There are two primary methods of doping a conductive polymer, both of which use an oxidation-reduction (i.e., redox) process. ...
Basic activities at research process[change , change source]. *Studying available information on the subject. ... Measuring the phenomena.. *Comparing the obtained results.. *Interpreting the results with the current knowledge, considering ... Research must pass the peer review process in order to be published. ...
ASIN B0007ILKPE.[ISBN missing] Kingman, J. F. C. (1972). Regenerative Phenomena. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. ISBN 0-471-47905-5. ... ISBN 0-89871-166-5. Kingman, J. F. C. (1993). Poisson Processes. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-853693-3.. ... on regenerative phenomena, and on mathematical genetics". He was also awarded the Guy Medal in silver by the Royal Statistical ... Some Problems in Limit Theory for Stochastic Processes and Sums of Random Variables. bodleian.ox.ac.uk (DPhil thesis). ...
Many important biological processes involve redox reactions. Before some of these processes can begin iron must be assimilated ... James, Bruce R.; Brose, Dominic A. (2012). "Oxidation-reduction phenomena". In Huang, Pan Ming; Li, Yuncong; Sumner, Malcolm E ... The process of electroplating uses redox reactions to coat objects with a thin layer of a material, as in chrome-plated ... The processes of oxidation and reduction occur simultaneously and cannot happen independently of one another, similar to acid- ...
Dorna, B.; M. Kramar Fijavžb; R. Nagela; A. Radla (2009-06-21). "The semigroup approach to transport processes in networks" ( ... PDF). Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. 239 (15): 1416. Bibcode:2010PhyD..239.1416D. doi:10.1016/j.physd.2009.06.012. Retrieved ...
... of a point process) summed over all the points in the point process. These random sums over point processes have applications ... ISBN 978-0-19-853693-2. Campbell, N. (1909). "The study of discontinuous phenomena". Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 15: 117-136. ... For general point processes, Campbell's theorem is only for sums of functions of a single point of the point process. To ... see Point process notation). For a point process N {\displaystyle N} , Campbell's theorem relates the above expectation with ...
For a realistic description of optical processes in solid materials, it is essential to go beyond the simple picture of the ... The few examples given above represent only a small subset of several further phenomena which demonstrate that the coherent ... As a result of the many-body Coulomb interaction and possibly further interaction processes, the transition energy Δ ε k {\ ... To consistently treat this phenomenon of disorder induced dephasing the SBEs need to be solved including biexciton correlations ...
... interfacial processes, capillarity and wetting; biomaterials and nanomedicine; and novel phenomena and techniques. The editor- ...
The process expands until the last effect when the final desired concentration is achieved. There are several process ... Amir Faghri; Yuwen Zhang (2006). Transport Phenomena In Multiphase Systems. London: Elsevier Inc. Luopeng Yang; Xue Chen; ... A surface condenser is used to condense the vapor that produced in the second effect process. In order to recover the heat that ... Nucleate boiling will cause fouling to occur, thus affecting the rate of heat transfer of the process. In order to avoid ...
The term convection is used to describe the combination of both transport phenomena. If a diffusion process can be described by ... An example of a process where both bulk motion and diffusion occur is human breathing. First, there is a "bulk flow" process. ... This process generates current, referred to as diffusion current. Diffusion current can also be described by Fick's first law J ... Third, there is another "bulk flow" process. The pumping action of the heart then transports the blood around the body. As the ...
As a form of analysis, problematization seeks to answer the questions of "how and why certain things (behavior; phenomena, ... As an object of inquiry, problematization is described as a process of objects becoming problems by being "characterized, ... Problematization is a critical thinking and pedagogical dialogue or process and may be considered demythicisation. Rather than ... Crotty, Michael J. (1998). Foundations of Social Research: Meaning and Perspective in the Research Process. SAGE Publications. ...
Hayler, M. (2015-05-07). Challenging the Phenomena of Technology. Springer. ISBN 9781137377869. Pim, Joám Evans (2009). Toward ... https://www.heritage.nf.ca/nl-studies-2205/chapter-1-topic-1.pdf Boilès, Charles L. (1982). "Processes of Musical Semiosis". ...
Wolfgang Pietsch (11 July 2008). Agglomeration Processes: Phenomena, Technologies, Equipment. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 469-. ISBN ...
This process is known as decrescendo phenomenon.[7] The most frequent potent irritants leading to this type of dermatitis are ... Lead poisoning affecting workers in many industries that processed or employed lead or lead compounds ...
Chemical process. This article is about the chemical phenomenon. For other uses, see Precipitation (disambiguation). ... When the solid appears in the form of cellulose fibers which have been through chemical processing, the process is often ... Similar processes are often used in sequence - for example, a barium nitrate solution will react with sulfate ions to form a ... In metallurgy, precipitation from a solid solution is also a useful way to strengthen alloys; this process is known as solid ...
... as the results of due processes or as spontaneous phenomena. For many people in the West problems may be considered as ... as directly experienceable phenomena or as indirect implications of seemingly innocent phenomena; as inherently comprehensible ... The Goals, Processes and Indicators of Development project (led by Johan Galtung) of the United Nations University, in which ... For the future, it can be seen on the UIA website that a participative and interactive process is in place, which might allow ...
Phenomena observed[edit]. Acquisition[edit]. During acquisition, the CS and US are paired as described above. The extent of ... Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. pp. 5-47. ISBN 978-1-317-75770-2.. ... and other related phenomena (see "Recovery from extinction" below). These phenomena can be explained by postulating ... However, no single model seems to account for all the phenomena that experiments have produced.[4][15] Following are brief ...
"Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics Processing and Phenomena. 4 (1): 358-360. Bibcode:1986JVSTB...4.. ... The molecular seeding process is not limited to the production of cadmium-free quantum dots; for example, the process can be ... The growth process of nanocrystals can occur in two different regimes, "focusing" and "defocusing". At high monomer ... The process utilises identical molecules of a molecular cluster compound as the nucleation sites for nanoparticle growth, thus ...
Langton, C. G. (1984). "Self-Reproduction in Cellular Automata" (PDF). Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. 10 (1-2): 135-144. doi: ... Banks, Edwin (1971). Information Processing and Transmission in Cellular Automata. PhD thesis, MIT, Department of Mechanical ...
Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites. Solid State Phenomena. 116-117 (published 15 October 2006). pp. 513-517. doi: ... "Development of Aluminum-Lithium alloys processed by the Rheo container process" (PDF). In Kang, C .G.; Kim, S. K.; Lee, S. Y. ( ... Grushko, Olga; Ovsyannikov, Boris; Ovchinnokov, Viktor (2016). Eskin, D. G. (ed.). Aluminum-Lithium Alloys: Process Metallurgy ... 2014). Aluminum-Lithium Alloys: Processing, Properties, and Applications. Elsevier/Butteworth-Heinemann (published 20 September ...
Notice that if the process is an adiabatic process, then δ. Q. =. 0. {\displaystyle \delta Q=0}. , so Δ. S. ≥. 0. {\ ... The explanation of the phenomena was given in terms of entropy.[6][7] Total entropy (S) can never decrease over time for an ... or is undergoing a reversible process. In all spontaneous processes,[1] the total entropy increases and the process is ... An efficiency for a process or collection of processes that compares it to the reversible ideal may also be found (See second ...
It is hypothesized that these CMNs could be involved with other ecological processes stemming from a shared nutrient connection ... Though this relationship is far from certain, there exist some hypotheses to explain the plausibility of this phenomenon: 1) ... They mostly concerned cellular processes such as metabolism, cell cycle control and stress tolerance, with 14 proteins being ... "Specificity phenomena in mycorrhizal symbioses: community-ecological consequences and practical implications." Mycorrhizal ...
These are not merely photobiological phenomena; light pollution acts by interrupting critical dark-requiring processes. But ... In many of these biological processes the critical point is the length of the dark period rather than that of the light. For ... An important aspect of any scotobiological phenomenon is the level and quality (wavelength) of light that is below the ... threshold of detection for that phenomenon and in any specific organism. This important variable in scotobiological studies is ...
In L.S. Cermak and F.I.M. Craik (Eds.) Levels of processing in human memory. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates, pp. 429-446. ... Jenkins, J. J. (1964). A mediational account of grammatical phenomena. Journal of Communication, 14, 86-97. Jenkins, J. J., & ... In R.R. Hoffman and D. S. Palermo (Eds.), Cognition and the symbolic processes: Applied and ecological perspectives. New York: ... In R.R. Hoffman and D. S. Palermo (Eds.), Cognition and the symbolic processes: Applied and ecological perspectives. New York: ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Tapper, Andrew; Tapper, Nigel (2006). "Sub-Synoptic-Scale Processes and Phenomena". In ...
Sensory processing[edit]. Early models of sensory processing understood within a theoretical framework are credited to Horace ... collaborate closely with experimentalists in analyzing novel data and synthesizing new models of biological phenomena. ... Koch, Christof (1999). Biophysics of computation: information processing in single neurons. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford ... Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)- a leading annual conference covering other machine learning topics as well. ...
"of the phenomenon. The court reasoned that, "[f]or process claims that encompass natural phenomen[a], the process steps . . . ... If a method of detecting a natural phenomenon is always "directed to" that natural phenomenon, as the Federal Circuit suggests ... 1) a researcher is the first to discover a natural phenomenon;. (2) that unique knowledge motivates him to apply a new ... The district court said: "[T]he claims at issue pose a substantial risk of preempting the natural phenomenon of paternally ...
Review of germanium processing worldwide,issue = 3,author = Moskalyk, R. R.,volume = 17}} {{doi,10.1016/j.mineng.2003.11.014 ... Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena,volume=101-103,page=233}},/ref, ...
An illustrative example of this phenomenon is scaphocephaly; the name providing a direct hint regarding the deformity of the ... Neurobehavioural impairment includes problems with attention and planning, processing speed, visual spatial skills, language, ...
This process began in the 11th century with the Investiture Controversy and was more or less concluded with the 1648 Peace of ... The gradual Germanization of these lands was a complex phenomenon that should not be interpreted in the biased terms of 19th- ... "Mediatization" was the process of annexing the lands of one imperial estate to another, often leaving the annexed some rights. ... The process varied greatly among the various lands and was most advanced in those territories that were almost identical to the ...
The other method is the Linde process, with a variation of the Linde process, called the Claude process, being sometimes used. ... This phenomenon is also called auto-refrigeration. Boil-off gas from land based LNG storage tanks is usually compressed and fed ... Philips Cascade process is the second most-used, used in 10 trains with a total capacity of 36.16 MTPA. The Shell DMR process ... There are two processes for liquefying natural gas in large quantities. The first is the cascade process, in which the natural ...
About eighty to ninety percent of the energy is expended for the organism's life processes or is lost as heat or waste. Only ... These characterizations stem from the ecosystem concept, which assumes that the phenomena under investigation (interactions and ... The energy ingested is utilized for metabolic processes and transformed into biomass. The energy flow continues on its path if ... This energy flow diagram illustrates how energy is lost as it fuels the metabolic process that transform the energy and ...
... may lead to a false understanding of the body and of the process of science.[169][178] Steven Novella, a ... and holistic medicine are among many rebrandings of the same phenomenon. Alternative therapies share in common that they reside ... Ernst cites as evidence the phenomenon whereby 100% of a sample of acupuncture trials originating in China had positive ... medicine is based on a belief that the body heals itself using a supernatural vital energy that guides bodily processes.[50] In ...
Fractionation processEdit. General method of fractionation: Cell sample is stored in a suspension which is: *Buffered - neutral ... In order to investigate this phenomenon, a centrifuge with even higher speeds was needed, and thus the ultracentrifuge was ... In the chemical and food industries, special centrifuges can process a continuous stream of particle-laden liquid. ... Microcentrifuges are used to process small volumes of biological molecules, cells, or nuclei. Microcentrifuge tubes generally ...
This phenomenon forms the basis for Steps B and C. Step B: If the integer is between 1,001 and one million, find a repeating ... In some cases the process can be iterated until the divisibility is obvious; for others (such as examining the last n digits) ...
This process eventually resulted in the establishment of several different distinct regional genres, such as soukous.[78] ... but he mistook its accents as indicators of meter rather than the counter-metric phenomena they are. Similarly, while Anthony ...
This article is about the optical phenomenon. For the magnetic phenomenon, see Rayleigh law. For the stochastic distribution, ... Parametric Process. *Bragg's law. Works[edit]. *. Strutt, J.W (1871). "XV. On the light from the sky, its polarization and ...
Middle Galician is characterized by a series of phonetic processes which led to a further separation from Portuguese, and to ... as the two linguistic varieties differed only in dialectal minor phenomena. ... this process did not take place: A-G vecía, Ancarese vecĩa vs. standard veciña '(female) neighbor' (Port. vizinha), A-G úa, ... followed by a process of de-affrication which led to different results in the west and in the east.[33] ...
An associative process may contribute to addiction, for environmental stimuli associated with drug taking may increase craving ... Cross-sensitization is a phenomenon in which sensitization to a stimulus is generalized to a related stimulus, resulting in the ... Sensitization is a non-associative learning process in which repeated administration of a stimulus results in the progressive ... This process may increase the risk for relapse in addicts attempting to quit.[12] ...
... developed over a process of several hundred years, in which writers tried to write in a way that was understood in the largest ... also a commonplace phenomenon in southern Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Alsace, and South Tyrol. The fairly common aspect of ...
"Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 105 (1): 98-121. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.05.002. PMC 2702783 . PMID ... The psychological phenomenon of illusory superiority was identified as a form of cognitive bias in Kruger and Dunning's 1999 ... Other investigations of the phenomenon, such as "Why People Fail to Recognize Their Own Incompetence" (2003), indicate that ...
... process.[47] He proposed the MOS process could be used to build the first working silicon FET, which he began working on ... Using this knowledge, he began researching the phenomenon of "interference" in 1947. By June 1948, witnessing currents flowing ... and signal processing. The first discrete-transistor audio amplifiers barely supplied a few hundred milliwatts, but power and ... Its importance in today's society rests on its ability to be mass-produced using a highly automated process (semiconductor ...
... (also known as listening fatigue or ear fatigue) is a phenomenon that occurs after prolonged exposure to an ... It has been seen that this process can reduce sound waves by up to 50 decibels. Although this mechanism can decrease the sound ... Common groups at risk of becoming victim to this phenomenon include avid listeners of music and others who listen or work with ...
... and of his contribution to understanding how genetic processes specify spatial information. ... and extensive contributions in the field of invertebrate zoology and to our understanding of general biological phenomena. ...
The above processes are part and parcel to tissue integrity and repair. Substance P has been known to stimulate cell growth in ... "Elevated CSF levels of substance P and high incidence of Raynaud phenomenon in patients with fibromyalgia: new features for ... SP amplifies or excites most cellular processes.[15][16]. Substance P is a key first responder to most noxious/extreme stimuli ... Unique among biological processes, SP release (and expression of its NK1 Receptor (through autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine- ...
However, recent research has shown that such lineage infidelity does not occur as a normal phenomenon[citation needed]. ... They are collected from the blood through a process known as apheresis. The donor's blood is withdrawn through a sterile needle ... Graft-versus-tumor effect (GVT) or "graft versus leukemia" effect is the beneficial aspect of the Graft-versus-Host phenomenon ... fresh HSC are preferred in order to avoid cell loss that might occur during the freezing and thawing process. Allogeneic cord ...
Engineering is the goal-oriented process of designing and making tools and systems to exploit natural phenomena for practical ... The use of tools by early humans was partly a process of discovery and of evolution. Early humans evolved from a species of ... Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of ... Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for ...
3. Power laws in the degree distributions of scale-free networks are a phenomenon in which the number of vertices of a given ... Graph canonization is the process of computing a canonical form.. card. A graph formed from a given graph by deleting one ...
A similar phenomenon has since been described in the bacterium Escherichia coli, which gives rise to morphologically similar ... Each process activated by the proteins of the cell cycle engine involve a cascade of many reactions. The longest subsystem ...
From niche phenomenon to integral part of the industry". Convergence. doi:10.1177/1354856517735795.. ... The authors then suggest that GitHub, as a tool, can aid in this process by supporting "checkbox" features on a team's open ...
It has been used not only in the study of neuronal plasticity and information processing but also in drug and toxin effects on ... Nevertheless, plasticity in neuronal networks is a phenomenon that is well-established in the neuroscience community, and one ... Harvesting neural stem cells requires sacrificing the developing fetus, a process considered too costly to perform on many ... and information processing. Cultured neurons are often connected via computer to a real or simulated robotic component, ...
These vortices often create small areas of heavier damage along the main tornado path.[5][17] This is a phenomenon that is ... However, the step from supercell, or other respective formative processes, to tornadogenesis and the prediction of tornadic vs ... opposite phenomena are the derechoes (/dəˈreɪtʃoʊ/, from Spanish: derecho [deˈɾetʃo], "straight"). A tornado is also commonly ... The phenomenon can occur over water, when cold arctic air passes over relatively warm water.[24] ...
it was Protestantism that gave birth to the Ku Klux Klan, one of the worst specific social phenomena which the religious pride ... "one of the worst specific social phenomena which the religious pride of a people has ever developed". Only one of their several ...
Implications for tectonic processes on Triton". Icarus 207 (2): 972-977. Bibcode:2010Icar..207..972Y. doi:10.1016/j.icarus. ... three centuries attempts to approach the absolute zero of temperature have led to the discovery of many important phenomena, ...
Process orientation: implicit ←. → explicit Practice attitude: doctor/model-centered ←. → patient/situation-centered ... Electronic voice phenomenon. *Feng shui. *Flat Earth theory. *Germ theory denialism. *Graphology ...