Petroleum[edit]. Standard Oil was an American oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in 1870 ...
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)[edit]. Main article: Liquefied petroleum gas. LP gas is a mixture of propane and butane, both of ... Non-petroleum fossil fuels[edit]. Main article: Synthetic fuel. When petroleum is not easily available, chemical processes such ... Main article: Petroleum. Most liquid fuels used currently are produced from petroleum. The most notable of these is gasoline. ... To create gasoline, petroleum must first be removed from crude oil. Liquid gasoline itself is not actually burned, but its ...
Petroleum and natural gas[edit]. For the offshore oil and gas industry, operational risk management is regulated by the safety ...
American Association of Petroleum Geologists[edit]. As of June 2007, the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) ... The last national or international scientific body to drop dissent was the American Association of Petroleum Geologists,[23] ... Since 2007, when the American Association of Petroleum Geologists released a revised statement,[24] no national or ... "Petroleum Geologists' Award to Novelist Crichton Is Inappropriate" (PDF). Eos. 87 (36): 364. Bibcode:2006EOSTr..87..364B. doi ...
Bi-fuel vehicle: Liquified petroleum gas and natural gas are very different from petroleum or diesel and cannot be used in the ... A series hybrid electric-petroleum bicycle (SHEPB) is powered by pedals, batteries, a petrol generator, or plug-in charger - ... A petroleum-electric hybrid most commonly uses internal combustion engines (using a variety of fuels, generally gasoline or ... There are many types of petroleum-electric hybrid drivetrains, from Full hybrid to Mild hybrid, which offer varying advantages ...
Conflict with government and multi-national petroleum companies[edit]. In the early 21st century, the Argentine oil company CGC ... The Sarayaku protested and resisted CGC activities, as they believed that petroleum development would threaten the fragile ... moved into Sarayaku territory to conduct seismic surveys in search of petroleum. The Ecuadorian government has been eager to ...
Main article: Petroleum geology. Petroleum geologists study the locations of the subsurface of the Earth that can contain ... Selley, Richard C. (1998). Elements of petroleum geology. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-636370-8. .. ... Economic geologists help locate and manage the Earth's natural resources, such as petroleum and coal, as well as mineral ... Tulsa, OK: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. ISBN 978-0-89181-033-9. .. ...
Petroleum, environmental, and heat concerns[edit]. Because of concerns over Peak oil, pollution and climate change, as well the ... After five years, he reports the driveway is performing as well or better than petroleum-based materials.[citation needed] ... Non-petroleum based bitumen binders can be colored, which can reduce the temperatures of road surfaces and reduce the Urban ... Research is being conducted on the asphalt mixture, derived from plants and trees to replace petroleum-based mixes.[9] ...
In 2001, São Tomé and Nigeria reached agreement on joint exploration for petroleum in waters claimed by the two countries of ... São Tomé has received more than $2 million from the bank to develop its petroleum sector.[21] ...
Petroleum & petrochemical[edit]. Epoxies can be used to plug selective layers in a reservoir which are producing excessive ... The raw materials for epoxy resin production are today largely petroleum derived, although some plant derived sources are now ...
Mitigation of effects of petroleum shortages[edit]. M. King Hubbert's prediction of world petroleum production rates. Modern ... In the event of a petroleum shortage (see peak oil for global concerns), organic agriculture can be more attractive than ... with shortages of conventional petroleum-based inputs, Cuba made use of mostly organic practices, including biopesticides, ... conventional practices that use petroleum-based pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers. Some studies using modern organic- ...
Petroleum. While the Arab world had been of limited interest to the European colonial powers, the British Empire being mostly ... coupled with the vastly increased demand for petroleum in the west as a result of the Second Industrial Revolution. ... are among the top ten petroleum or gas exporters worldwide. In Africa, Algeria (10th world) and Libya are important gas ... the economic and geopolitical situation changed dramatically after the discovery of large petroleum deposits in the 1930s, ...
Petroleum exploration. The largest present-day use of nonradioactive caesium is in caesium formate drilling fluids for the ... Miami, Florida, USASociety of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/99068-MS. Archived from the original on 2007-10-12.. ... The principal use of nonradioactive caesium is as caesium formate in petroleum drilling fluids because it is much less toxic ...
Petroleum and natural gas[edit]. Turkey is an oil and natural gas producer, but the level of production by the state-owned TPAO ... Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO): Domestic exploration Archived March 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ... In 2008, 7,555 kilometres (4,694 mi) of natural gas pipelines and 3,636 kilometres (2,259 mi) of petroleum pipelines spanned ... The pipeline network in Turkey included 1,738 kilometres (1,080 mi) for crude oil, 2,321 kilometres (1,442 mi) for petroleum ...
Petroleum- and insect-derived resins[edit]. Shellac and lacquer are examples of insect-derived resins. ... Asphaltite and Utah resin are petroleum bitumens, not a product secreted by plants, although it was ultimately derived from ...
In the petroleum industry[edit]. 2-Butoxyethanol is commonly produced for the oil industry because of its surfactant properties ... In the petroleum industry, 2-butoxyethanol is a component of fracturing fluids, drilling stabilizers, and oil slick dispersants ...
"Total Petroleum Production 2014". United States Energy Information Administration. Retrieved 24 January 2015.. ... Petroleum and natural resources[edit]. See also: Energy policy of Venezuela. .mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbinner{display:flex ... Oil production and net petroleum exports. Reductions in exports raised oil prices, assisting Chávez's policies.. Source: EIA[11 ... the Venezuelan 2006 budget would get more income from taxation than from the petroleum industry, unlike formerly.[21] ...
A petroleum reservoir or oil and gas reservoir is a subsurface pool of hydrocarbons contained in porous or fractured rock ... Petroleum reservoirs are broadly classified as conventional and unconventional reservoirs. In case of conventional reservoirs, ... A land area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground. Because the oil reservoirs ... The term "oilfield" is also used as a shorthand to refer to the entire petroleum industry. However, it is more accurate to ...
... is also soluble in lower-molecular-weight oils. Using an oil to dissolve the petroleum jelly first can render ... Petroleum jelly is a useful material when incorporated into candle wax formulas. The petroleum jelly softens the overall blend ... Vaseline brand First Aid Petroleum Jelly, or carbolated petroleum jelly containing phenol to give the jelly additional ... Petroleum jelly, petrolatum, white petrolatum, soft paraffin/paraffin wax or multi-hydrocarbon, CAS number 8009-03-8, is a semi ...
Petroleum industry[edit]. Sodium bromide is used to prepare dense fluids used in oil wells. ...
... in petroleum engineering[edit]. Another derivation of Darcy's law is used extensively in petroleum engineering to ... American Petroleum Institute. pp. 200-213.. *^ Brinkman, H. C. (1949). "A calculation of the viscous force exerted by a flowing ... The petroleum industry is therefore using a generalized Darcy equation for multiphase flow that was developed by Muskat et ... oil and gas in the porous medium of a petroleum reservoir. The generalized multiphase flow equations by Muskat and others ...
Petroleum Chemicals Basic Feedstock. Benzene. Butadiene. Ethylene. p-Xylene. Propylene Intermediates. 2-Ethylhexanol (2-EH). ... are the chemical products obtained from petroleum by refining. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained ... Petroleum refining Adhesives and sealants. Agrochemicals. Construction chemicals. Corrosion control chemicals. Cosmetics raw ... Aromatics includes Benzene, toluene and xylenes, as a whole referred to as BTX and primarily obtained from petroleum refineries ...
In 2004 the project was revived after the UNDP's report Peace and Prosperity Gas Pipelines by Pakistani petroleum engineer, ... On 10-November-2013, a meeting between Pakistan Federal Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and ... On 29 March it was reported that officials from Pakistan's petroleum ministry would travel to Russia in early April for talks ... On 27 May 2013, Iranian deputy minister for petroleum, A. Khaledi, in a letter to the Pakistan government expressed concern ...
Ministry of Petroleum. *Oil Stabilization Fund and National Development Fund. *Privatization *AzarAb ...
Petroleum. Use. (barrel) Toyota Prius Eco (4th gen)[33]. 2016. 58. 53. 158. 7/8*. 6.6 ...
Petroleum. Services. Gas Pipeline Transport. Website. www. .iteragroup. .com. ITERA International Group of Companies controlled ...
For an equivalent amount of heat, burning natural gas produces about 30 percent less carbon dioxide than burning petroleum and ... Low availability of EPC contractors as result of extraordinary high level of ongoing petroleum projects worldwide.[16] ... The gas stream is typically separated into the Liquefied Petroleum fractions (butane and propane), which can be stored in ... following the signing of an agreement in May 2014 between Qatar Liquefied Gas Company and Kuwait Petroleum Corp.[13] LNG is ...
Petroleum classification. References[edit]. *^ "The Role of WTI as a Crude Oil Benchmark" (PDF). Purvin & Gertz Inc. p. 24.. . ... Energy Information Administration, Rail delivery of US Petroleum, 10 July 2013. *^ US Energy Information Administration, Price ... Under the previous US Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973, WTI crude oil traded under a variety of spot prices split ... Marius Vassiliou (2009). Historical Dictionary of the Petroleum Industry. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-5993-9. ...
The biorefinery concept is analogous to today's petroleum refinery, which produce multiple fuels and products from petroleum.[ ... Petroleum substitute. Pyrolysis oil, sometimes also known as bio-crude or bio-oil, is a synthetic fuel under investigation as ... Pitch can be natural or manufactured, derived from petroleum, coal tar[16] or plants. ... replacements for petroleum-based fuels.[20][21] Algaculture can use waste materials such as sewage[22] and without displacing ...
Imperial Petroleum. Notes[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g h Omidvarborna; et al. "Characterization of particulate matter emitted from ... Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for Use in an Urban Bus, 1998, Sheehan, et al. NREL (314pp pdf file) ... An Overview of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel Lifecycles, May 1998, Sheehan, et al. NREL (60pp pdf file) ... Metered pump mixing, petroleum diesel and biodiesel meters are set to X total volume, transfer pump pulls from two points and ...