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*  Beta-2 transferrin
... would also be positive in patients with perilymph fluid leaks, as it is also present in inner ear perilymph ... Thus, beta-2 transferrin in otorrhea would be suggestive of either a CSF leak or a perilymph leak. Chan D, Poon W, IP C, Chiu P ...
*  Perilymphatic duct
This works as a type of shunt to eliminate excess perilymph fluid from the perilymphatic space around the cochlea of the ear. ... Perilymph is continuous with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the subarachnoid space. CSF pressure abnormalities do not generally ...
*  Perilymph
The membranous labyrinth is suspended in the perilymph. The perilymph in the bony labyrinth is continuous with the ... Perilymph is the fluid contained within the bony labyrinth, surrounding and protecting the membranous labyrinth; perilymph ... Perilymph (also named Cotunnius' liquid and liquor cotunnii for Domenico Cotugno) is an extracellular fluid located within the ... Perilymph and endolymph have unique ionic compositions suited to their functions in regulating electrochemical impulses of hair ...
*  Labyrinthine fistula
A labyrinthine fistula is an abnormal opening in the bony capsule of the inner ear, resulting in leakage of the perilymph from ... This includes specifically a perilymph fistula (PLF), an abnormal connection between the fluid of the inner ear and the air- ... Goto F, Ogawa K, Kunihiro T, Kurashima K, Kobayashi H, Kanzaki J (January 2001). "Perilymph fistula--45 case analysis". Auris ... Donoghue, P; Knight, J. "The causation of perilymph fistulae in divers". Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine ...
*  Basilar membrane
For the organ of Corti the basilar membrane is permeable to perilymph. Here the border between endolymph and perilymph occurs ... The cochlear fluids: Perilymph and endolymph. In: Altschuler, R.A., Hoffman, D.W., Bobbin, R.P. (Eds.), Neurobiology of Hearing ... The fluids in these two tubes, the endolymph and the perilymph are very different chemically, biochemically, and electrically. ... the basilar membrane places the hair cells in a position where they are adjacent to both the endolymph and the perilymph, which ...
*  Stereocilia (inner ear)
Perilymph is found surrounding the sides and the bases of the hair cells. Perilymph is low in potassium and high in sodium. The ...
*  Tensor tympani muscle
This tightening prevents the vibrations from disturbing the perilymph. Withdrawal from drugs such as benzodiazepines had been ...
*  Inner ear
When the stapes presses on the oval window, it causes the perilymph, the liquid of the inner ear to move. The middle ear thus ... There is a layer of perilymph fluid between them. The three parts of the bony labyrinth are the vestibule of the ear, the ... serves to convert the energy from sound pressure waves to a force upon the perilymph of the inner ear. The oval window has only ...
*  Organ of Corti
Both structures exist in a low potassium fluid called perilymph. Because those stereocilia are in the midst of a high ...
*  Cochlea
The perilymph in the vestibular duct and the endolymph in the cochlear duct act mechanically as a single duct, being kept apart ... Whereas the perilymph is rich in sodium ions, the endolymph is rich in potassium ions, which produces an ionic, electrical ... The cochlea is filled with a watery liquid, the perilymph, which moves in response to the vibrations coming from the middle ear ... The wave in the perilymph moves away from the footplate and towards the helicotrema. Since those fluid waves move the cochlear ...
*  Balance disorder
Perilymph fistula - a leakage of inner ear fluid from the inner ear. It can occur after head injury, surgery, physical exertion ...
*  Hair cell
The perilymph in the scala tympani has a very low concentration of positive ions. The electrochemical gradient makes the ... positive ions flow through channels to the perilymph. Hair cells chronically leak Ca2+. This leakage causes a tonic release of ...
*  Ear
Both the scala vestibuli and the scala tympani contain an extracellular fluid called perilymph. The scala media contains ...
*  Bony labyrinth
They contain a clear fluid, the perilymph, in which the membranous labyrinth is situated. A fracture classification system in ...
*  Auditory system
Vestibular duct perilymph vibrations bend organ of Corti outer cells (4 lines) causing prestin to be released in cell tips. ... The chemical difference between the fluids endolymph and perilymph fluids is important for the function of the inner ear due to ... The base of the stapes couples vibrations into the cochlea via the oval window, which vibrates the perilymph liquid (present ... Vestibular and tympanic ducts are filled with perilymph, and the smaller cochlear duct between them is filled with endolymph, a ...
*  Stapedectomy
Even without immediate complications during surgery, there is always concern of a perilymph fistula forming postoperatively. In ... In particular, stapedotomy procedure greatly reduces the chance of a perilymph fistula (leakage of cochlear fluid). Stapedotomy ... in the immediate post op period Vomiting Perilymph gush Floating foot plate Tympanic membrane tear Dead labyrinth Perilymph ...
*  Reticular membrane
The RM separates endolymph in the cochlear duct from underlying corticolymph and perilymph of the scala tympani. The hair ...
*  Endolymph
Between the outer wall of the membranous labyrinth and the wall of the bony labyrinth is the location of perilymph. Perilymph ... The electric potential of endolymph is ~80-90 mV more positive than perilymph due to a higher concentration of K compared to Na ... Endolymph has a high positive potential (80-120 mV in the cochlea), relative to other nearby fluids such as perilymph, due to ... Inner ear illustration showing semicircular canal, hair cells, ampulla, cupula, vestibular nerve, & fluid Dark cell Perilymph ...
*  Crista ampullaris
The semicircular canals are filled with perilymph, and also contain an inner membranous sleeve that form the semicircular ...
*  Membranous labyrinth
... the perilymph. In certain places, it is fixed to the walls of the cavity. The membranous labyrinth contains fluid called ...
*  Tympanic duct
The tympanic duct or scala tympani is one of the perilymph-filled cavities in the inner ear of the human. It is separated from ... The purpose of the perilymph-filled tympanic duct and vestibular duct is to transduce the movement of air that causes the ...
*  Neuronal encoding of sound
The perilymph that is found in the scala tympani has a low potassium concentration, whereas the endolymph found in the scala ... The fluid found in these two cochlear chambers is perilymph, while scala media, or the cochlear duct, is filled with endolymph ... media has a high potassium concentration and an electrical potential of about 80 millivolts compared to the perilymph. ...
*  Vestibular membrane
It primarily functions as a diffusion barrier, allowing nutrients to travel from the perilymph to the endolymph of the ...
*  Electrocochleography
Movement of the stapes on the oval window generates a pressure wave in the perilymph within the cochlea, causing the basilar ...
*  Direct acoustic cochlear implant
... is an acoustic implant which converts sound in mechanical vibrations that stimulate directly the perilymph inside the cochlea. ...