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*  Periaqueductal gray
The periaqueductal gray (PAG, also known as the central gray) is the primary control center for descending pain modulation. It ... The periaqueductal gray is the gray matter located around the cerebral aqueduct within the tegmentum of the midbrain. It ... Stimulation of the periaqueductal gray matter of the midbrain activates enkephalin-releasing neurons that project to the raphe ... The periaqueductal gray is also activated by viewing distressing images associated with pain. Three known kinds of opioid ...
*  Wernicke's encephalopathy
Brainstem: periaqueductal gray.- Reduction of consciousness Hypothalamic lesions may also affect the immune system, which is ... These abnormalities may include: Medial thalami, periaqueductal gray matter, mamillary bodies, and brainstem nuclei edema ( ...
*  Sham rage
Skultety, Miles (1963). "Stimulation of periaqueductal gray and hypothalamus". Archives of Neurology: 608-620. Zanchetti, ... and the dorsolateral region of the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG); this is known because rage behavior can be reliably and ...
*  Dorsal longitudinal fasciculus
The DLF travels through the periaqueductal gray matter. The tract is composed of a diffuse brainstem pathway located in the ... These fibers then descend through the brain stem periaqueductal gray matter along the base of the fourth ventricle. These ... midbrain central gray for pain modulation, 2) the medullary autonomic centers for heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration, ... periventricular gray matter comprising ascending visceral sensory axons and descending hypothalamic axons. As with all white ...
*  Deep brain stimulation
Stimulation of the periaqueductal gray and periventricular gray for nociceptive pain, and the internal capsule, ventral ... for incessant pain to the posterior thalamic region or periaqueductal gray; for Parkinson plus patients to two nuclei ...
*  AP-7 (drug)
AP-7 injected directly into the dorsal periaqueductal grey (DPAG) of rats produced an anxiolytic effect, whereas direct ... Carobrez AP, Teixeira KV, Graeff FG (December 2001). "Modulation of defensive behavior by periaqueductal gray NMDA/glycine-B ... effect in the elevated plus-maze of the NMDA receptor antagonist AP7 microinjected into the dorsal periaqueductal grey". ...
*  RGS17
"RGS14 prevents morphine from internalizing Mu-opioid receptors in periaqueductal gray neurons". Cellular Signalling. 19 (12): ...
*  Nucleus raphe magnus
The periaqueductal grey matter, an area of the brain involved in mediating analgesia, sends efferent connections to the nucleus ... Similarly, afferent fibres from the spinothalamic tract synapse at the periaqueductal grey matter. This in turn is linked to ... The nucleus raphe magnus receives descending afferents from the periaqueductal grey matter, the paraventricular hypothalamic ...
*  Urination
Bladder afferent signals ascend the spinal cord to the periaqueductal gray, where they project both to the pontine micturition ... Blok BF, Holstege G (January 1994). "Direct projections from the periaqueductal gray to the pontine micturition center (M- ... Brain centers that regulate urination include the pontine micturition center, periaqueductal gray, and the cerebral cortex. In ... evidence for direct projections from the pontine micturition center to glycine-immunoreactive neurons in the sacral dorsal gray ...
*  Pretectal area
It is situated above the periaqueductal grey and nucleus of the posterior commissure. Several nuclei have been identified ...
*  PD-102,807
"Muscarinic modulation of synaptic transmission via endocannabinoid signalling in the rat midbrain periaqueductal gray". ...
*  Mammal
Electrical stimulation of the periaqueductal gray (PEG) region of the mammalian midbrain elicit vocalizations. The ability to ... Standring, Susan; Borley, Neil R. (2008). Gray's anatomy: the anatomical basis of clinical practice (40 ed.). London: Churchill ... as with the extinction of gray whales in the Atlantic. Decreased latency to approach the mirror, repetitious head circling and ...
*  Rostral ventromedial medulla
Morgan, Michael (November 2008). "Periaqueductal Gray neurons project to spinally projecting GABAergic neurons in the rostral ... Noback CR, Harting JK (1971). "Cytoarchitectural Organization of the Gray Matter of the Spinal Cord". Spinal Cord (Spinal ...
*  Hyperalgesia
This occurs where the pain fibres synapse to pain pathway, the periaqueductal grey. Amplification in the spinal cord may be ...
*  Klazomania
The vocalizing center in animals is located in the periaqueductal gray matter and a klazomania-like episode involving grunts ... periaqueductal gray matter, striatum, and the substantia nigra". Wohlfart et al hypothesized that klazomania originates in the ...
*  Rutin
"Rutin antinociception involves opioidergic mechanism and descending modulation of ventrolateral periaqueductal grey matter in ...
*  Cannabinoid receptor type 1
Signals on this track are also transmitted to the periaqueductal gray (PAG) of the midbrain. Endogenous cannabinoids are ... the periaqueductal gray). CB1 mRNA transcripts are abundant in GABAergic interneurons of the hippocampus, indirectly reflecting ... Hill MN, McLaughlin RJ, Bingham B, Shrestha L, Lee TT, Gray JM, Hillard CJ, Gorzalka BB, Viau V (May 2010). "Endogenous ...
*  Human penis
Brain centers that regulate urination include the pontine micturition center, periaqueductal gray, and the cerebral cortex. ... evidence for direct projections from the pontine micturition center to glycine-immunoreactive neurons in the sacral dorsal gray ...
*  Spinothalamic tract
Rostral ventromedial medulla Periaqueductal gray Neothalamus "Chapter 25:Neural Mechanisms of Cardiac Pain: The Anterolateral ...
*  Cardiac fibrosis
"5-HT2 receptor activation in the midbrain periaqueductal grey (PAG) reduces anxiety-like behaviour in mice". Behavioural Brain ...
*  Arrestin beta 2
"Improvement of morphine-mediated analgesia by inhibition of ╬▓-arrestin2 expression in mice periaqueductal gray matter". ...
*  Bay R 1531
Involvement of the midbrain periaqueductal gray 5-HT1A receptors in social conflict induced analgesia in mice. European Journal ...
*  Urinary system
Brain centers that regulate urination include the pontine micturition center, periaqueductal gray, and the cerebral cortex. In ...
*  Escape response
"Increased plasma corticosterone levels after periaqueductal gray stimulation-induced escape reaction or panic attacks in rats ...
*  Dentate nucleus
Bilaterally symmetric defects are seen in the periaqueductal grey matter, brain stem, basal ganglia, and dentate nucleus. ...
*  Pre-B├Âtzinger complex
Other areas that aid in breathing control are the cerebellum, neocortex, and the periaqueductal gray (speech and breathing). ...