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*  Staphylococcus aureus
Protein A Protein A is anchored to staphylococcal peptidoglycan pentaglycine bridges (chains of five glycine residues) by the ... Transpeptidases, such as the sortases responsible for anchoring factors like protein A to the staphylococcal peptidoglycan, are ... An antibiotic derived from some Penicillium fungal species, penicillin inhibits the formation of peptidoglycan cross-linkages ... Vancomycin inhibits the synthesis of peptidoglycan, but unlike β-lactam antibiotics, glycopeptide antibiotics target and bind ...
*  Lipid II
... into the peptidoglycan mesh. Lipid II is the target of several antibiotics. Lipid II is the final intermediate in peptidoglycan ... It is a peptidoglycan, which is amphipathic and named for its bactoprenol hydrocarbon chain, which acts as a lipid anchor, ... These antibiotics fight bacteria by either directly inhibiting the peptidoglycan synthesis, or by binding to lipid II to form ... Lipid II has been referred to as the "shuttle carrier" of peptidoglycan "building blocks'. The essential flippase that ...
*  Peptidoglycan
... is also involved in binary fission during bacterial cell reproduction. The peptidoglycan layer is substantially ... Bactoprenol transports peptidoglycan monomers across the cell membrane where they are inserted into the existing peptidoglycan ... A common misconception is that peptidoglycan gives the cell its shape; however, whereas peptidoglycan helps maintain the ... Peptidoglycan, also known as murein, is a polymer consisting of sugars and amino acids that forms a mesh-like layer outside the ...
*  Peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase
... and peptidoglycan transglycosylase. This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. As of late 2007, 3 structures have ... In enzymology, a peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.129) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction [GlcNAc-(1 ... Taku A, Stuckey M, Fan DP (1982). "Purification of the peptidoglycan transglycosylase of Bacillus megaterium". J. Biol. Chem. ... van Heijenoort J (2001). "Formation of the glycan chains in the synthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan". Glycobiology. 11 (3): ...
*  Peptidoglycan recognition protein
These are peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1), peptidoglycan recognition protein 2 (PGLYRP2), peptidoglycan ... PGRPs contain at least one C-terminal peptidoglycan recognition domain, which is about 165 amino acids long. This peptidoglycan ... Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are a group of highly conserved pattern recognition receptors with at least one ... Dziarski, Roman; Gupta, Dipika (2006). "The peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs)". Genome Biology. 7 (8): 232. doi: ...
*  Peptidoglycan binding domain
... s have a general peptidoglycan binding function and a common core structure consisting of a closed ...
*  Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1
2005). "Structural basis for peptidoglycan binding by peptidoglycan recognition proteins". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101 ( ... 2004). "Crystal structure of the C-terminal peptidoglycan-binding domain of human peptidoglycan recognition protein Ialpha". J ... Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1, also known as TAG7, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PGLYRP1 gene. The ... "Entrez Gene: PGLYRP1 peptidoglycan recognition protein 1". Guan R, Brown PH, Swaminathan CP, Roychowdhury A, Boons GJ, Mariuzza ...
*  Peptidoglycan recognition protein 2
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins, such as PGRPL, are part of the innate immune system and recognize peptidoglycan, a ... "Entrez Gene: PGLYRP2 peptidoglycan recognition protein 2". De Pauw P, Neyt C, Vanderwinkel E, et al. (1995). "Characterization ... 2004). "Human peptidoglycan recognition protein-L is an N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (49): 49044-52 ... Wang H, Gupta D, Li X, Dziarski R (2005). "Peptidoglycan recognition protein 2 (N-acetylmuramoyl-L-Ala amidase) is induced in ...
*  Peptidoglycan-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase
... peptidoglycan deacetylase, N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase, peptidoglycan GlcNAc deacetylase, peptidoglycan N-acetylglucosamine ... Peptidoglycan-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular ... Wang, G.; Olczak, A.; Forsberg, L.S.; Maier, R.J. (2009). "Oxidative stress-induced peptidoglycan deacetylase in Helicobacter ... Peptidoglycan-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase (EC 3.5.1.104, HP310, PgdA, SpPgdA, BC1960, ...
*  Peptidoglycan beta-N-acetylmuramidase
... (EC 3.2.1.92, exo-beta-N-acetylmuramidase, exo-beta-acetylmuramidase, beta-2-acetamido-3- ... Peptidoglycan beta-N-acetylmuramidase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and ... O-(D-1-carboxyethyl)-2-deoxy-D-glucoside acetamidodeoxyglucohydrolase) is an enzyme with systematic name peptidoglycan beta-N- ...
*  Bactoprenol
... phosphate transports NAM and NAG across the cell membrane during the synthesis of peptidoglycan, by flipping the ... "peptidoglycan biosynthesis". Robyt, John F (1998). Essentials of Carbohydrate Chemistry. Springer. p. 307. ...
*  Environmental impact of silver nanoparticles
Ag+ is less effective on gram-positive bacteria due to the thick layer of peptidoglycan around them that gram-negative species ... Approximately half of the peptidoglycan wall is composed of teichoic acids linked by phosphodiester bonds, which results in an ... Vollmer W, Blanot D, Pedro M (2007). Peptidoglycan structure and architecture. Federation of European Microbiological Societies ... overall negative charge in the peptidoglycan layer. This negative charge may trap the positive Ag+ and prevent them from ...
*  Glycogen
Chitin Peptidoglycan William D. McArdle; Frank I. Katch; Victor L. Katch (2006). Exercise physiology: energy, nutrition, and ...
*  CHAP domain
Several phage-encoded peptidoglycan hydrolases. Cysteine peptidases belonging to MEROPS peptidase family C51 (D-alanyl-glycyl ... Many of these proteins are uncharacterised, but it has been proposed that they may function mainly in peptidoglycan hydrolysis ... Bateman A, Rawlings ND (May 2003). "The CHAP domain: a large family of amidases including GSP amidase and peptidoglycan ...
*  Deinococcus
nov., with peptidoglycan containing ornithine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 62-67. Rainey FA, Nobre MF, Schumann P, ...
*  Phospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide-transferase
Heydanek MG Jr, Neuhaus FC; Neuhaus (1969). "The initial stage in peptidoglycan synthesis. IV. Solubilization of phospho-N- ... This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. It can be expressed efficiently by cell-free protein expression system ... "Structure of a lipid intermediate in cell wall peptidoglycan synthesis: a derivative of a C55 isoprenoid alcohol". Proc. Natl. ... "Recent advances in the formation of the bacterial peptidoglycan monomer unit". Nat. Prod. Rep. 18 (5): 503-19. doi:10.1039/ ...
*  UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamate-L-lysine ligase
van Heijenoort J (2001). "Recent advances in the formation of the bacterial peptidoglycan monomer unit". Nat. Prod. Rep. 18 (5 ... This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Ito, E; Strominger JL (1962). "Enzymatic synthesis of the peptide in ...
*  Braun's lipoprotein
Unlike other lipoproteins, it is linked covalently to the peptidoglycan. Lpp connects the outer membrane to the peptidoglycan. ... The rest of the Lpp molecules are present in a "free" form unlinked to peptidoglycan. The free form is exposed on the surface ... It is bound at its C-terminal end (a lysine) by a covalent bond to the peptidoglycan layer (specifically to diaminopimelic acid ... ISBN 3-540-42608-6. Dramsi S, Magnet S, Davison S, Arthur M (2008). "Covalent attachment of proteins to peptidoglycan". FEMS ...
*  Undecaprenyldiphospho-muramoylpentapeptide beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
van Heijenoort J (2001). "Recent advances in the formation of the bacterial peptidoglycan monomer unit". Nat. Prod. Rep. 18 (5 ...
*  N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase
The systematic name of this enzyme class is peptidoglycan amidohydrolase. Other names in common use include acetylmuramyl-L- ... This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Autolysins and some phage lysins are examples of N-acetylmuramoyl-L- ... for the preparation of Streptomyces peptidases and N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanine amidase active on bacterial wall peptidoglycans". ...
*  N-Acetylmuramic acid
... (MurNAc) is part of the peptidoglycan polymer of bacterial cell walls. MurNAc is covalently linked to N- ... This layered structure is called peptidoglycan. MurNAc is a monosaccharide derivative of N-acetylglucosamine. ... of L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine is added to the MurNAc in the process of making the peptidoglycan ...
*  Diaminopimelic acid
Peptidoglycan Pimelic acid Brooks, George H.; Geo F. Brooks (2007). Jawetz, Melnick & Adelberg's medical microbiology. McGraw- ...
*  Undecaprenyl-diphosphatase
This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Goldman R, Strominger JL (1972). "Purification and properties of C 55 - ...
*  UDP-N-acetylmuramoylpentapeptide-lysine N6-alanyltransferase
This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. As of late 2007, 4 structures have been solved for this class of ... Plapp R, Strominger JL (1970). "Biosynthesis of the peptidoglycan of bacterial cell walls. 18 Purification and properties of L- ...
*  Autolysin
The peptidoglycan matrix is very rigid, so these enzymes break down the peptidoglycan matrix in small sections so that growth ... Autolysins are naturally produced by peptidoglycan containing bacteria, but excessive amounts will degrade the peptidoglycan ... Gram-positive bacteria regulate autolysins with teichoic acid molecules attached to the tetrapeptide of the peptidoglycan ... Autolysins exist in all bacteria containing peptidoglycan. ...