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*  Neural top-down control of physiology
Neuroimmunology Parasympathetic nervous system Peripheral nervous system Psychoneuroimmunology Sympathetic nervous system ... This regulation occurs through the sympathetic and parasympathetic system (the autonomic nervous system), and their direct ... The parasympathetic nervous system in the motor nuclei of cranial nerves III, VII, IX, (control over the pupil and salivary ... Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems and the hypothalamus are regulated by the higher brain. Through them, the ...
*  Parasympathetic nervous system
The parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS) is one of the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system (a division of the ... As in the sympathetic nervous system, efferent parasympathetic nerve signals are carried from the central nervous system to ... Nerve fibres of the parasympathetic nervous system arise from the central nervous system. Specific nerves include several ... peripheral nervous system (PNS)), the other being the sympathetic nervous system. (The enteric nervous system (ENS) is now ...
*  Basal electrical rhythm
Sympathetic nervous system innervation inhibits gastric motility. Parasympathetic nervous system innervation stimulates gastric ... These efferent motor neuronns of the enteric nervous system are cholinergic and adrenergic neurons. The inner circular layer is ... of the smooth muscle cells can be caused by action potentials in efferent motor neurons of the enteric nervous system, or by ...
*  Postprandial somnolence
Parasympathetic System "The Parasympathetic Nervous System" Check ,url= value (help). Retrieved 2010-07-18. DJ Jenkins; et al ... the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system increases and the activity of the sympathetic nervous system decreases. This ... a general state of low energy related to activation of the parasympathetic nervous system in response to mass in the ... The larger the meal, the greater the shift in autonomic tone towards the parasympathetic system, regardless of the composition ...
*  Pelvic splanchnic nerves
The parasympathetic nervous system is referred to as the craniosacral outflow; the pelvic splanchnic nerves are the sacral ... The proximal 2/3 of the transverse colon, and the rest of the proximal gastrointestinal tract is supplied its parasympathetic ... They contain both preganglionic parasympathetic fibers as well as visceral afferent fibers. Visceral afferent fibers go to ... S4 to provide parasympathetic innervation to the hindgut. The pelvic splanchnic nerves arise from the anterior rami of the ...
*  Accommodation reflex
The reflex, controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system, involves three responses; pupil accommodation, lens accommodation ... The refractive index of the eye's lens system allows the eye to produce sharply focused images. For example, geometrical optics ... "Chapter 7: Ocular Motor System". Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences. Department of Neurobiology ... via parasympathetic fibres) the sphincter pupillae muscle. During accommodation, the pupil constricts to increase the depth of ...
*  Lung
The lungs are supplied by nerves of the autonomic nervous system. Input from the parasympathetic nervous system occurs via the ... After birth the infant's central nervous system reacts to the sudden change in temperature and environment. This triggers the ... respiratory system, leeds.ac.uk Franlink Institute Online: The Respiratory System, sln.fi.edu Avian lungs and respiration, ... The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some ...
*  Parasympathetic ganglion
Parasympathetic ganglia are the autonomic ganglia of the parasympathetic nervous system. Most are small terminal ganglia or ... Page 4 of 14 anatomy module at med.umich.edu The Autonomic Nervous System from the University of Arizona Diagrams "Terminal ... The exceptions are the four paired parasympathetic ganglia of the head and neck. These paired ganglia supply all ... The motor root carries presynaptic parasympathetic nerve fibers (GVE) that terminate in the ganglion and synapse with the ...
*  Bronchoconstriction
The bronchial spasm is due to the activation of parasympathetic nervous system. Postganglionic parasympathetic fibers will ... These medications decrease immune system activity which in turn will decrease swelling of the airways, decrease airway ...
*  Atropine
... 's actions on the parasympathetic nervous system inhibit salivary and mucus glands. The drug may also inhibit sweating ... It is an antimuscarinic (a type of anticholinergic) that works by inhibiting the parasympathetic nervous system. Atropine ... via the sympathetic nervous system. This can be useful in treating hyperhidrosis, and can prevent the death rattle of dying ... the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. It is available as a generic medication and is not very ...
*  Vagal escape
The Sympathetic nervous system and Parasympathetic nervous system can offset each other. One of the most classical example is ... With further continuous stimuli, heart beat resumes (namely the ventricles) as the parasympathetic nerves only have their ... reduction in blood pressure due to muscarinic stimulation which is then compensated for stimulation from the sympathetic system ...
*  Chagas disease
... explain why Chagas targets the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system and spares the sympathetic autonomic nervous system ... Management uniquely involves addressing selective incremental failure of the parasympathetic nervous system. Autonomic disease ... The symptomatic (determinate) chronic stage affects the nervous system, digestive system and heart. About two-thirds of people ... For example, intracellular amastigotes destroy the intramural neurons of the autonomic nervous system in the intestine and ...
*  Reflex bradycardia
... the cardiovascular centres activate the parasympathetic nervous system. Via the vagus nerve, the parasympathetic nervous system ...
*  Parasympathetic rebound
... reaction of the parasympathetic nervous system. During intense and/or prolonged stress the opposed sympathetic nervous system ... When this suppression vanishes, the parasympathetic system may overreact, as typical for any Closed-loop transfer function. ... via the hormones cortisol and catecholamines (such as adrenaline) suppresses the parasympathetic activities. ... Parasympathetic rebound is a possible delayed (over-) ...
*  Photic sneeze reflex
When one stimulus activates multiple nerve fibers of the parasympathetic nervous system, parasympathetic generalization is ... The parasympathetic nervous system has many neighboring fibers that respond to different stimuli. ... Everett hypothesized that the syndrome was linked to the human nervous system, and was perhaps caused by the confusion of nerve ... Since the nervous system transmits signals at an extremely fast pace, Dr. ...
*  Mydriasis
... the parasympathetic nervous system; the dilator by the sympathetic nervous system. Sympathetic stimulation of the adrenergic ... Multiple central nervous system disorders e.g. epilepsy, stroke, and impending brain herniation are known to lead to temporal ... or overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Natural release of the hormone oxytocin can cause mild to moderate ... Conversely, parasympathetic stimulation causes contraction of the circular muscle and constriction of the pupil. The mechanism ...
*  Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity
It was believed that both her sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems were showing overactivity. The future may hold ... Different systems for diagnosis have been proposed, but a universal system has not been embraced. One example of a proposed ... Hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system can manifest as increased heart rate, increased respiration, increased blood ... which results in the peripheral sympathetic nervous system being over activated. Another theory deals with malfunction of the ...
*  The Relaxation Response
The goal is to activate the parasympathetic nervous system, which causes humans to relax. Benson developed the idea of the ... A physician with ABC News adds that the immune system works best when relaxed. He said about twenty deep breaths per day, done ...
*  Blood-injection-injury type phobia
The heart rate then slows down, due to the activation of the parasympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic activation is ...
*  Fat-tailed dunnart
Zosky, G.R. (Aug 2002). "The parasympathetic nervous system: its role during torpor in the fat-tailed dunnart ('Sminthopsis ...
*  Heart rate variability
The main inputs are the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS) and humoral factors. Respiration gives rise ... heart rate and rhythm are largely under the control of the autonomic nervous system. The parasympathetic influence on heart ... The Polyvagal Theory describes pathways in the autonomic nervous system that mediate HRV. This theory emphasizes the role of ... IntelleWave - FDA Cleared version of quantitative assessment of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) based on heart rate ...
*  Nervous system
The autonomic nervous system itself consists of two parts: the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous ... Nervous system William E. Skaggs, Scholarpedia The Nervous System at Wikibooks (human) Nervous System at Wikibooks (non-human) ... The autonomic nervous system is further subdivided into the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems. The ... The enteric nervous system functions to control the gastrointestinal system. Both autonomic and enteric nervous systems ...
*  Sexuality after spinal cord injury
The reflexogenic pathway activates the parasympathetic nervous system in response to the sensation of touch. It is mediated by ... The peripheral nerves of the parasympathetic nervous system that carry messages to the brain (afferent nerve fibers) may ... possibly due to impaired coordination of input from different parts of the nervous system. Erection, orgasm, and ejaculation ... "Management of sexual dysfunction due to central nervous system disorders: A systematic review". BJU International. 115 Suppl 6 ...
*  Horner's syndrome
The pupil's light reflex is maintained as this is controlled via the parasympathetic nervous system. In children, Horner's ... The nerves are part of the sympathetic nervous system, a division of the autonomic (or involuntary) nervous system. Once the ...
*  Metabolic typing
Kelley advocated basing dietary choices on the activity of one's sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. In 1970, ...
*  Submucous plexus
Anatomy and physiology of the enteric nervous system, M Costa, S J H Brookes, G W Hennig, Gut 2000;47:iv15-iv19 doi:10.1136/gut ... The nerves of this plexus are derived from the myenteric plexus which itself is derived from the plexuses of parasympathetic ... German Georg Meissner was one of the first to further research the nervous system and found Meissners' plexus. This article ...