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*  Anthelmintic
The resistance is measured by the "fecal egg count reduction" value which varies for different types of helminths. Treatment ... The ability of parasites to survive treatments that are generally effective at the recommended doses is a major threat to the ... and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the ... effective against gastrointestinal parasites Triclabendazole - effective against liver flukes Flubendazole - effective against ...
*  Veterinary parasitology
Coprological examinations involve examining the feces of animals to identify and count parasite eggs. Some common methods ... which uses a special two-chamber slide that allows parasite eggs to be more clearly visible and easily counted. It is most ... Haematological examinations involve examining the blood of animals to determine the presence of parasites. Blood parasites tend ... Veterinary parasitology is the study of animal parasites, especially relationships between parasites and animal hosts. ...
*  Eggs per gram
Kato technique Helminths "Doing a fecal egg count - Parasite series - Horsetalk.co.nz". www.horsetalk.co.nz. Retrieved 13 ... Eggs per gram (eggs/g) is a laboratory test that determines the number of eggs per gram of feces in patients suspected of ... "McMaster Egg Counting Technique". cal.vet.upenn.edu. Retrieved 13 October 2017. "Investigation of the accuracy of the Clayton- ... Methods to count the number of eggs per gram: Willis method. McMaster method. Clayton-Lane method. ...
*  Haemonchus contortus
Fecal egg counts are used to track parasite infestation levels, individual animals' susceptibility, and anthelmintic ... Females may lay over 10,000 eggs a day, which pass from the host animal in the faeces. After hatching from their eggs, H. ... The adult female worm can release between 5,000 and 10,000 eggs, which are passed out in the feces. Eggs then develop in moist ... Parasite. 22: 7. doi:10.1051/parasite/2015006. ISSN 1776-1042. PMC 4321401 . PMID 25744655. Laing, Roz; Taisei Kikuchi; Axel ...
*  Horse care
... now recommend deworming for small strongyles based on fecal egg counts to minimize the development of resistant parasite ... by performing fecal egg counts on manure and deworming only horses with a high count. This strategy is now recommended by most ... Fecal egg count reduction tests can also be performed to identify which dewormers are effective on a particular farm. If a ... A small pumice stone or specialized bot egg knife can also scrape off any bot eggs that were laid on the hairs of the horse. ...
*  Faecal egg count reduction test
Special issue: Novel Approaches to the Control of Helminth Parasites of Livestock. 186 (1-2): 79-92. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar. ... In addition, the mean pre-treatment fecal egg counts should be at least 150 eggs per gram, otherwise the test can give ... The fecal egg count reduction test was suggested in the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology ... As a result, the estimated percentage reduction are less reliable especially for low counts. Secondly, the distribution of egg ...
*  St. Croix sheep
This flock demonstrated very low fecal egg counts despite ingesting large amounts of eggs under study conditions.[citation ... These sheep are known as 'Parasitic Pasture Vacuums' for their ability to clear a pasture of parasites reducing the need to ... The St Croix is a hardy tropical breed known for its parasite resistance, and is raised primarily for meat production. Breeders ... This trait can be beneficial in producing parasite resistant crosses with meatier carcasses than purebred St. Croix alone. In ...
*  Parascaris equorum
However, when an infection is found in an adult horse, both the worm and egg counts are substantially low. Deworming can begin ... Amongst horse owners, the parasites are colloquially called "Ascarids". This is a host-specific helminth intestinal parasite ... The female is able to lay over 170,000 eggs in a day, and 60,000,000 eggs in a year. Eggs have a thick, multilayered shell for ... Eggs are expelled in feces, which are then consumed by a horse while eating contaminated grass or drinking contaminated water. ...
*  Cooperia oncophora
Therefore, treatment with omega-3 PUFA has been associated low egg count in the feces. As known from other gut inflammations, ... These are capable of clearing the parasite rapidly, so that no eggs are detected in the feces, or there is only a very low worm ... Eggs are passed in the faeces to the pasture. The larvae hatch and grow to L3 stage larvae. Infective L3 stage larvae are then ... Eggs of C. oncophora however can be easily identified by their parallel walls. The life cycle of C. oncophora is direct. Free- ...
*  Sheep
... sometimes after worm eggs in the feces has been counted to assess infestation levels. Afterwards, sheep may be moved to a new ... External parasites may be controlled through the use of backliners, sprays or immersive sheep dips. A wide array of bacterial ... Counting sheep is popularly said to be an aid to sleep, and some ancient systems of counting sheep persist today. Sheep also ... Flies lay their eggs in wounds or wet, manure-soiled wool; when the maggots hatch they burrow into a sheep's flesh, eventually ...
*  Iron-deficiency anemia
... to areas in which hookworms and whipworms are endemic may be helpful in guiding certain stool tests for parasites or their eggs ... The platelet count may be slightly above the high limit of normal in iron-deficiency anemia (termed a mild thrombocytosis), but ... Examples of iron-rich foods include meat, eggs, leafy green vegetables and iron-fortified foods. For proper growth and ... Anemia is often discovered by routine blood tests, which generally include a complete blood count (CBC). A sufficiently low ...
*  Eosinophilia
The stool is often examined for traces of parasites (i.e. eggs, larvae, etc.) though a negative test does not rule out ... Diagnosis is by complete blood count (CBC). However, in some cases, a more accurate absolute eosinophil count may be needed. ... Eosinophilia is a condition in which the eosinophil count in the peripheral blood exceeds 4.5×109/L (4.5×103/μL). Eosinophils ... In the developing world, parasites are the most common cause. A parasitic infection of nearly any bodily tissue can cause ...
*  Ostertagia ostertagi
The direct counting of nematode eggs in feces is the method of choice for yearling animals, whereas in adult animals it may ... Gastrointestinal Parasites of Cattle: Gastrointestinal Parasites of Ruminants: Merck Veterinary Manual. Merck Veterinary Manual ... Faecal worm egg counts (FECs) in particular (preferably with speciation by way of larval culture and differentiation), and ... the fecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) and the controlled efficacy test (CET). The World Association for the Advancement of ...
*  Soil-transmitted helminthiasis
... and their eggs microscopically examined and enumerated using fecal egg count method. However, there are certain limitations ... Soil-transmitted helminths are essentially intestinal parasites and their eggs are liberated along the faeces of infected ... Ascaris and hookworm eggs become infective as they develop into larvae in soil. Infection occurs when vegetables and fruits, ... contaminated with soil infested eggs, are consumed; or when hands or fingers have been contaminated with dirt carrying the eggs ...
*  Outline of birds
... eggs) Egg Egg tossing Fledgling Homosexual behavior in birds List of birds displaying homosexual behavior Sexual behaviour Nest ... Avian ecology field methods Bird census Breeding bird survey Christmas bird count Bird collections Bird feeding Bird feeder ... Dust bathing Feather-plucking Fecal sac Mobbing Moult Preening Bird reproduction Avian incubation Bird-nesting Brood parasite ... egg-laying, vertebrate animals. There are around 10,000 living species, making them the most varied of tetrapod vertebrates. ...
*  Butterfly count
Butterflies can be counted in their egg, larvae and instar number. Butterflies are sometimes captured, tagged and recovered. ... data from butterfly sampling for parasites), Altizer Lab, Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, 2010 ... Most counts are designed to count all butterflies observed in a locality. Counts may be targeted at single species and, in some ... A butterfly count usually occurs at a specific time during the year and is sometimes coordinated to occur with other counts ...
*  Brood parasite
Lyon, Bruce E (2003). "Egg recognition and counting reduce costs of avian conspecific brood parasitism". Nature. 422: 495-499. ... hosts sometimes damage their own eggs while trying to eject a parasite egg. Among hosts not exhibiting parasitic egg ejection, ... Bird parasite species mitigate the risk of egg loss by distributing eggs amongst a number of different hosts. As this behaviour ... For instance, American coots may kick the parasites' eggs out, or build a new nest beside the brood nests where the parasites' ...
*  Eosinophilic pneumonia
The final group of parasites cause EP when a large number of eggs are carried into the lungs by the bloodstream. This can ... Eosinophilic pneumonia is diagnosed in one of three circumstances: when a complete blood count reveals increased eosinophils ... Parasites cause EP in three different ways. Parasites can either invade the lung, live in the lung as part of their life cycle ... Eosinophils migrate to the lung in order to fight the parasites and EP results. Important parasites which invade the lung ...
*  Lepidoptera
... yet she may lay up to her own mass in eggs. Females lay smaller eggs as they age. Larger females lay larger eggs. The egg is ... Some species may be subject to a variety of parasites, such as the gypsy moth (Lymantaria dispar), which is attacked by a ... The diversity of Lepidoptera in each faunal region has been estimated by John Heppner in 1991 based partly on actual counts ... A variety of differences in egg-laying and the number of eggs laid occur. Some species simply drop their eggs in flight (these ...
*  Harmonia axyridis
Life cycle: mating, eggs, five larval stages, pupa and newly emerged adult Mating Numerous methods of control have been ... These beetles can be difficult to identify because of their variations in color, spot size, and spot count of the elytra. The ... Methods under development involve the investigation of natural parasites and pathogens, including the use of parasitic sexually ... and carries a microsporidian parasite to which it is immune, but that can infect and kill other species. Native ladybird ...
*  Raillietina echinobothrida
Each egg capsule in turn contains 3 to 8 eggs. The larvae called onchospheres are ingested by ants, and enters the alimentary ... 6-8. ISBN 92-5-104215-2. Morishita TY, Schaul JC (2008). "Parasites of birds". In Baker DG. Flynn's Parasites of Laboratory ... accompanied by anaemia with a significant increase of total leukocyte counts and decrease of total serum protein. The nodules ... The adult parasite infects the small intestine of fowl, from where it obtains nutrition from the digested food of the host. The ...
*  Parasite load
... extraction and counting of the parasites. Other techniques to determine intestinal parasites exist which do not require ... Fecal floats can detect reproductive means of endoparasitic (see endoparasite) organisms (eggs, larvae, oocysts, and cysts) ... in order to efficiently count parasites such as Plasmodium in blood smears. Quantifying intestinal parasites, such as nematodes ... Other parasites residing in the blood of a host could be similarly counted on a blood smear using specific staining methods to ...
*  Lungworm
... causes the parasite egg to enter the dog's respiratory tract. In the case of A. abstrusus the cat is normally infected by ... and/or a complete blood count (CBC) to check for signs of increase in eosinophils Lungworm infestations can cause significant ... The eggs of the adult hatch thus producing L1 larvae. The eggs or L1 larvae that reside in the lungs are coughed up and then ... If infected with lungworm parasite, an anti-parasite drug must be administered. In the case of a severe reaction, an anti- ...
*  Mebendazole
... kill the eggs, as well. Paralysis and death of the parasites occurs slowly, and elimination in the feces may require several ... In rare cases, it has been associated with a dangerously low white blood cell count, low platelet count, and hair loss, with a ... It kills parasites relatively slowly, and in those with very heavy infestations, it can cause some parasites to migrate out of ... Piperazine paralyses the parasites, causing them to pass in the feces. It is also used rarely in the treatment of hydatid ...
*  Golden-cheeked warbler
Furthermore, the Brown-headed cowbird which is a Brood parasite that lays eggs in other nests, then abandons the nest is still ... Based on intensive surveys and observations, it was counted that in 2015, there were 716 singing males within 39 acres in Texas ... Incubation begins one day before the last egg is laid. For approximately the 12 days, the female warbler incubates the eggs. ... Warblers only nest once per season, laying between three and four eggs each time, which take an average of twelve days to hatch ...
*  List of birds of Pakistan
One species listed is extirpated in Pakistan and is not included in the species count. The chukar (Alectoris chukar) is the ... The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. Small buttonquail, Turnix sylvatica Yellow-legged buttonquail, Turnix tanki ... The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. Pied cuckoo, Clamator jacobinus Large hawk-cuckoo, Hierococcyx sparverioides Common ... The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family ...