*  Heart block
... or may require an artificial pacemaker to be implanted, depending upon exactly where in the heart conduction is being impaired ... heart block can usually be treated by inserting an artificial pacemaker, a medical device that provides correct electrical ... Heart block is a disease or inherited condition that causes a fault within the heart's natural pacemaker due to some kind of ... "pacemaker" that acts as a backup for the SA nodes, then to the bundle of His and then via the bundle branches to the point of ...
*  Morton Mower
Mower became Vice President of Medical Science at Cardiac Pacemakers Inc. in St. Paul, Minnesota. While at Cardiac Pacemakers, ... for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation American Federation for Clinical Research American Society for Artificial ... Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. (CPI), which has since become Guidant, acquired the rights to the AICD in May 1985. The first AICD was ... Normally, the heart's pacemaker regulates the contraction of the heart's ventricles. Ventricular fibrillation and ventricular ...
*  Artificial cardiac pacemaker
A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the heart's natural pacemaker) is a medical device which ... A possible complication of dual-chamber artificial pacemakers is 'pacemaker-mediated tachycardia' (PMT), a form of reentrant ... In PMT, the artificial pacemaker forms the anterograde (atrium to ventricle) limb of the circuit and the atrioventricular (AV) ... Hyman himself referred to his invention as an "artificial pacemaker", the term continuing in use to this day. An apparent ...
*  Sterilization (microbiology)
Examples of such instruments include scalpels, hypodermic needles, and artificial pacemakers. This is also essential in the ...
*  Implant (medicine)
Examples include the artificial heart, artificial heart valve, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, cardiac pacemaker, and ... In some cases implants contain electronics e.g. artificial pacemaker and cochlear implants. Some implants are bioactive, such ... The many examples of implant failure include rupture of silicone breast implants, hip replacement joints, and artificial heart ...
*  Sick sinus syndrome
Artificial pacemakers have been used in the treatment of sick sinus syndrome. Bradyarrhythmias are well controlled with ... Therefore, a pacemaker is implanted before drug therapy is begun for the tachyarrhythmia. It can result in many abnormal heart ... Dobrzynski H, Boyett MR, Anderson RH (April 2007). "New insights into pacemaker activity: promoting understanding of sick sinus ... the heart's primary pacemaker. Tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome is a variant of sick sinus syndrome in which the arrhythmia ...
*  Adrian Kantrowitz
Kantrowitz developed an implantable artificial pacemaker together with General Electric. The first of these pacemakers was ... In August 1971, he implanted an artificial heart booster in a 63-year-old man whose weakened heart could not pump sufficient ... Using dogs and other animals as experimental subjects, Kantrowitz developed an artificial left heart, an early version of an ... "Machines in Our Hearts: The Cardiac Pacemaker, the Implantable Defibrillator, and American Health Care", via Google Books. JHU ...
*  Biomedical engineering
Some examples include pacemakers, infusion pumps, the heart-lung machine, dialysis machines, artificial organs, implants, ... In some cases, implants contain electronics, e.g. artificial pacemakers and cochlear implants. Some implants are bioactive, ... Artificial body part replacements are one of the many applications of bionics. Concerned with the intricate and thorough study ... One of the goals of tissue engineering is to create artificial organs (via biological material) for patients that need organ ...
*  Lithium iodide
It is also used for long life batteries as required, for example, by artificial pacemakers. The solid is used as a phosphor for ...
*  Third-degree atrioventricular block
Third-degree AV block can be treated by use of a dual-chamber artificial pacemaker. This type of device typically listens for a ... "Compared to single chamber ventricular pacemakers, dual chamber pacemakers may reduce the incidence of complications in people ... "Prognosis of patients with complete heart block or arrhythmic syncope who were not treated with artificial pacemakers. A long- ... a potential side effect is pacemaker syndrome, and may necessitate use of a biventricular pacemaker, which has an additional ...
*  Kenan Evren
A temporary artificial pacemaker was applied to Evren while in intensive care due to bradycardia. His large intestine was ...
*  Pectus excavatum
One potential adverse interaction with other medical devices is possible inactivation of artificial pacemakers if present. An ...
*  History of surgery
The first artificial cardiac pacemaker. 1955. The first separation operation for conjoined twins. 1961. The cochlear implant ... The Jarvik-7 artificial heart was successfully installed. 1983. Robot-assisted surgery began with Arthrobot in Vancouver. 1985 ... John Hunter pioneered artificial insemination. 1796. Edward Jenner pioneered smallpox inoculation with cowpox virus. 1800. The ... The first self-contained artificial heart, AbioCor. 2001. The first remote surgery, using the ZEUS robotic surgical system. ...
*  Earl Bakken
He founded Medtronic, where he developed the first external, battery-operated, transistorized, wearable artificial pacemaker in ... That surgery often left the children needing to be temporarily attached to a pacemaker. The pacemakers at the time were large ... However, much to his astonishment, when he came in the next day, he found the pacemaker already in use on a patient. (The Food ... Bakken delivered a battery-powered transistorized pacemaker about the size of a few decks of cards to Dr. Lillehei. After ...
*  Medtronic
Bakken modified a design for a transistorised metronome and created the first battery-powered external artificial pacemaker. ... A pacemaker-dependent paediatric patient of Lillehei died because of the blackout. The next day, Lillehei spoke with Bakken ... Bakken built a small pacemaker that could be strapped to the body and powered by batteries. Work in the new field later ... Medtronic and Vitatron pacemakers are interrogated and programmed by Medtronic Carelink Model 2090 Programmer for Medtronic and ...
*  Anthony Adducci
The initial commercial artificial pacemaker, under the patent in 1972, used stainless steel as a non-hermetic encasing medium. ... the company that manufactured the world's first lithium battery powered artificial pacemaker. Anthony J. Adducci was born in ... and pacemaker consulting specialist. He taught surgeons around the United States in the basics of how pacemakers work, the ... In February 1972, he co-founded Cardiac Pacemakers Inc. (CPI) of St. Paul, Minnesota. CPI was a highly successful start up ...
*  Albert Hyman
The first artificial pacemaker was invented by Australian anaesthesiologist Dr Mark C Lidwell, and was used by him to ... However it was Hyman who used and popularised the term "artificial pacemaker", which remains in use to this day. Lidwell did ... constructed in 1930-1932 an electro-mechanical device which was one of the earliest artificial pacemakers. The device was, ... "Tribute to: The Pacemaker". The New Inventors website. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 1983. Retrieved 2007-07-12. ...
*  Curium
... is used in production of heavier actinides and of the 238Pu radionuclide for power sources in artificial pacemakers. It ... a more suitable radioisotope for thermoelectric generators such as in cardiac pacemakers. The alternative routes to 238Pu use ...
*  Tbx18 transduction
6, 245ra94 Li, R.A. (2012). Gene-and cell-based bio-artificial pacemaker: what basic and translational lessons have we learned ... and to implant an electronic pacemaker to maintain a regular rhythm. The Tbx18 gene is required for development of pacemaker ... In a healthy heart, sinoatrial (SA) nodal cells act as the heart's pacemaker and cause the heart to beat in a regular rhythm. ... Various gene and cell-based approaches of creating a biological pacemaker have been looked at over the last few years. The ...
*  Lightning strike
EMPs - the discharge process produces an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) which may damage an artificial pacemaker, or otherwise ... within the nervous system or pacemaker of the heart, upsetting normal operations. This effect might explain cases where cardiac ...
*  University of Minnesota
... wearable artificial pacemaker in 1957. ATP synthase - Paul D. Boyer elucidated the enzymatic mechanism for synthesis of ... Transistorized cardiac pacemaker - Earl Bakken founded Medtronic, where he developed the first external, battery-operated, ...
*  Pacemaker failure
... is the inability of an implanted artificial pacemaker to perform its intended function of regulating the ... A pacemaker uses electrical impulses delivered by electrodes in order to contract the heart muscles. Failure of a pacemaker is ... Approximately 2.25 million pacemakers were implanted in the United States between 1990 and 2002, and of those pacemakers, about ... The magnet can interrupt the pacing and inhibit the output of pacemakers. If MRI must be done, the pacemaker output in some ...
*  Implant failure
Pacemaker failure is the inability of an implanted artificial pacemaker to perform its intended function of regulating the ... Causes of pacemaker failure included: lead related failure (lead migration, lead fracture, ventricular perforation), unit ... It is defined by the requirement of repeat surgical pacemaker-related procedure after the initial implantation. ...
*  Taxine
An artificial cardiac pacemaker can also be installed to control the heartbeat. Other treatments are useful to treat the other ...
*  Dilated cardiomyopathy
Artificial pacemakers may be used in patients with intraventricular conduction delay, and implantable cardioverter- ...
*  Cardiac imaging
... pacemakers, defibrillators, insulin pumps), while artificial valves and coronary stents are generally not problematic. Image ...
*  AV nodal reentrant tachycardia
... a possible complication of dual-chamber artificial pacemakers. In PMT, the artificial pacemaker forms the anterograde (atrium ... Treatment of PMT typically involves reprogramming the pacemaker. List of circulatory system conditions Cardiac ... A separate form of AV nodal reentrant tachycardia is pacemaker-mediated tachycardia (PMT), ... electrophysiology Clinical cardiac electrophysiology http://lifeinthefastlane.com/2009/09/avnrt-ecg/ eMedicine > Pacemaker- ...