"Analytical Model of CeO2 Oxidation and Reduction". The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 117 (46): 24129-24137. doi:10.1021/ ... One small but illustrative use is its use in the walls of self-cleaning ovens as a hydrocarbon oxidation catalyst during the ... This step exploits the low solubility of CeO2 and the fact that other rare-earth elements resist oxidation. Cerium(IV) oxide is ... Another small scale but famous example is its role in oxidation of natural gas in gas mantles. Building on its distinct surface ...
Block, Kristin; Pasek, Matthew (August 2009). "Lightning-induced reduction of phosphorus oxidation state". Nature Geoscience. 2 ... Essene, E. J.; Fisher, D. C. (10 October 1986). "Lightning Strike Fusion: Extreme Reduction and Metal-Silicate Liquid ... Essene, E. J.; Fisher, D. C. (10 October 1986). "Lightning strike fusion: extreme reduction and metal-silicate liquid ...
Flavin nucleotide binding and oxidation-reduction properties". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 254 (24): 12326-30. doi: ... Dehalogenation in aerobic organisms is usually done through oxidation and hydrolysis; however, iodotyrosine deiodinase uses ...
Irreversible transformations typically involve reduction or oxidation. The colorless form is sometimes referred to as the leuco ... ISBN 978-0306454592 Božič, Mojca; Kokol, Vanja (2008). "Ecological alternatives to the reduction and oxidation processes in ... The reduction step is typically achieved with sodium dithionite, hydroxyacetone and hydrogen, or by electrochemical methods. ... "State of the art technologies and new electrochemical methods for the reduction of vat dyes". Dyes and Pigments. 59 (3): 223- ...
Weinreb ketone synthesis Gibson, Susan E. (1984). Transition metal promoted oxidation and reduction reactions. ora.ox.ac.uk ( ...
"Oxidation-Reduction Potentials in Bacteriology and Biochemistry." Oxidation-Reduction Potentials in Bacteriology and ... A redox indicator (also called an oxidation-reduction indicator) is an indicator which undergoes a definite color change at a ... The requirement for fast and reversible color change means that the oxidation-reduction equilibrium for an indicator redox ... In these systems, the metal changes oxidation state. organic redox systems such as methylene blue. In these systems, a proton ...
Oxidation, Gain Electrons: Reduction). Oxidation and reduction always occur in a paired fashion such that one species is ... where the half cell reactions for oxidation and reduction are: Oxidation: Cu(s) → Cu2+ (0.05 M) + 2 e− Reduction: Cu2+ (2.0 M ... Oxidation and reduction describe the change of oxidation state that takes place in the atoms, ions or molecules involved in an ... reduction-oxidation) One area on the surface of the metal acts as the anode, which is where the oxidation (corrosion) occurs. ...
... s tend to resist oxidation and reduction. Phenyl groups (like all aromatic compounds) have enhanced stability in ...
Theory of oxidation-reduction reactions involving electron transfer. Part 4.-A statistical-mechanical basis for treating ... 1965, 43,679 Marcus, R.A (1956). "On the Theory of Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Involving Electron Transfer. I" (PDF). J. Chem ... Marcus, R.A (1957). "On the Theory of Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Involving Electron Transfer. II. Applications to Data on ... Marcus, R.A (1957). "On the Theory of Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Involving Electron Transfer. III. Applications to Data on ...
Controlled reduction and oxidation in two-terminal devices containing multilayer graphene oxide films are shown to result in ... Oxidation and reduction are related to resistive switching. Graphene's properties suggest it as a reference material for ... 2011). "Reversible Electrical Reduction and Oxidation of Graphene Oxide". ACS Nano. 5 (4): 2475-82. doi:10.1021/nn1014215. hdl: ... 2011). "Supporting information for Reversible Electrical Reduction and Oxidation of Graphene Oxide". ACS Nano. 5 (4): 2475-82. ...
These enzymes catalyze a simultaneous oxidation-reduction reaction. The substrate oxidase enzymes is hydroxlyated by one oxygen ...
ABELES RH, LEE HA (1961). "An intramolecular oxidation-reduction requiring a cobamide coenzyme". J. Biol. Chem. 236: 2347-50. ...
"Chemical oxidation and reduction for chlorinated solvent remediation." In In Situ Remediation of Schlorinated Solvent Plumes; ... The surface reactions take three different forms: direct reduction, electron shunting through ferrous iron, and reduction by ... Chemical reduction is one half of a redox reaction, which results in the gain of electrons. One of the reactants in the ... "In Situ Chemical Reduction , Risk Management Ground Water Restoration and Protection , US EPA". www.epa.gov. Archived from the ...
Bockman T. M.; Kochi J. K. (1990). "Isolation and oxidation-reduction of methylviologen cation radicals. Novel ... Pyridine is coupled by treatment with sodium in ammonia followed by oxidation to give 4,4′-bipyridine. This chemical is then ... See: Michaelis, L. (1932). "Ein Reduktions-Indikator im Potentialbereich der Wasserstoffüberspannung" [A reduction indicator in ... The radical cation is also susceptible to further reduction to the neutral [paraquat]0: [paraquat]•+ + e− ↽ − ⇀ {\displaystyle ...
These chromogens change color via reduction or oxidation. A passivator is used as the negative of the image to improve ... This causes a reduction of viologen molecules (coloration) to occur inside the working electrode. By reversing the applied ... This can be explained by the small over- potentials needed to drive the electrochemical reduction of the surface adsorbed ...
Chemical bleaching is achieved by oxidation or reduction. Oxidation can destroy the dye completely, e.g. through the use of ... Reduction of methyl violet occurs in microorganisms but can be attained chemically using sodium dithionite. Biodegradation has ... Bhasikuttan, A; Sapre, A.V.; Shastri, L.V. (1995). "Oxidation of crystal violet and malachite green in aqueous solutions - a ...
reduction, dyeing, washing, oxidation, soaping, and final washing. The anion is developed on reducing and solubilising at boil ... Oxidation can also be effected in air or by hydrogen peroxide or sodium bromate in a mildly acidic solution. The low water ... Sodium sulfide (Na2S), the reducing and solubilising agent, performs both reduction and solubilisation, producing thiols and ... it is allowed to stand in air whereupon the dye is regenerated by oxidation. The regenerated parent dye is insoluble in water. ...
... oxidation-reduction reactions include some of these compounds. For oxidation-reduction reactions, see the following section. In ... while reduction is the gaining of an electron from another species. As compounds go through oxidation and reduction in ... Oxidation-reduction reactions allow for the compounds to be broken down into new forms of more toxic molecules. Studies have ... An example of the oxidation of p-cresol and phenol can be seen in the figures below: This reaction shows the oxidation of p- ...
Oppenauer oxidation Carbonyl reduction Wilds, A. L. (1944). "Reduction with Aluminum Alkoxides (The Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley ... The Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley (MPV) reduction in organic chemistry is the reduction of ketones and aldehydes to their ... leading to the asymmetric reduction. This method, however, has the ability to undergo the reverse Oppenauer oxidation due to ... "Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley Reductions and Oppenauer Oxidations: An Integrated Approach". Synthesis. 1994 (10): 1007. doi:10.1055/ ...
As early as in the 1930s, paraquat was being used as an oxidation-reduction indicator, because it becomes violet on reduction. ... Other viologens have been commercialized because they can change color reversibly many times through reduction and oxidation. ... Bockman T. M.; Kochi J. K. (1990). "Isolation and oxidation-reduction of methylviologen cation radicals. Novel ... Viologens, in their dicationic form, typically undergo two one-electron reductions. The first reduction affords the deeply ...
This was caused by oxidation or reduction processes. There is evidence that the pottery was not made for only funerary purposes ...
In 2010, omics, especially metagenomics, analysis showed that nitrite reduction can be coupled to methane oxidation by a single ... "Anaerobic oxidation of methane coupled to nitrate reduction in a novel archaeal lineage". Nature. 500 (7464): 567-70. Bibcode: ... Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) is a methane-consuming microbial process occurring in anoxic marine and freshwater ... Knittel, K.; Boetius, A. (2009). "Anaerobic oxidation of methane: progress with an unknown process". Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 63: ...
... anaerobic microbial iron oxidation and reduction". Nature Reviews. Microbiology. 4 (10): 752-64. doi:10.1038/nrmicro1490. PMID ... The oxidation pathway starts with the removal of the amino group by a transaminase. The amino group is fed into the urea cycle ... This oxidation releases carbon dioxide as a waste product. In anaerobic conditions, glycolysis produces lactate, through the ... The glycerol enters glycolysis and the fatty acids are broken down by beta oxidation to release acetyl-CoA, which then is fed ...
"Anaerobic microbial manganese oxidation and reduction: A critical review". Science of the Total Environment. 822: 153513. doi: ... some inorganic reactions also contribute to Mn oxidation or precipitation of Mn oxides. The reduction potential (pe) and pH are ... Oxidation of Mn (II) from sediment drives the redox reactions that fuel the biogeochemical processes with Mn, as well as Mn ... Oxygenic photosynthesis requires reduction potentials around 1250 mV. It has been hypothesized that this wide difference in ...
... anaerobic microbial iron oxidation and reduction". Nature Reviews Microbiology. 4 (10): 752-764. doi:10.1038/nrmicro1490. ISSN ... In certain instances, such as Cr(VI) reduction, the use of small organic compounds can optimize the rate of metal reduction. ... The process of dissimilatory metal reduction occurs in the absence of oxygen (O2), but dissimilatory metal reducers include ... In natural systems, secondary minerals may form as a byproduct of bacterial metal reduction. Commonly observed secondary ...
They help protect the wine from oxidation and reduction. 4-Ethylphenol and 4-ethylguaiacol are produced during ageing of red ... Antioxidant Activities and Inhibition of Oxidation of Human Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and DNA Strand Breakage". ...
It also contains flavin to assist in oxidation-reduction. The enzyme is bound to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Long-chain ... It has been found in certain Candida yeast, where it participates in omega oxidation of fatty acids to produce acyl-CoA for ... Fatty acids can be oxidized again to make dicarboxylic species that join with coenzyme A and enter the beta oxidation pathway ... Long-chain fatty alcohol oxidases participate in omega-oxidation of long chain alkanes or fatty acids. The alkane is first ...
... function is also strongly regulated by chemical reduction and oxidation, via the so-called "redox modulatory site ... Aizenman E, Lipton SA, Loring RH (March 1989). "Selective modulation of NMDA responses by reduction and oxidation". Neuron. 2 ( ...
I &II General remarks on the electron transition between a solid body and a reduction-oxidation electrolyte." Gerischer, H.; Z ... Metallforschung, Stuttgart, 1959) "Oxidation-reduction processes in germanium electrodes."Beck, F.; Gerischer, H.; Z. ... Metallforsch., Stuttgart, 1960) "Kinetics of oxidation-reduction reactions on metals and semiconductors. ...
The term "redox" is a contraction of "reduction-oxidation". For cancer patients, the therapy is predicated on the idea that the ...