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*  Ludwik Gross
His encyclopedic textbook Oncogenic Viruses is still considered a leading source book for early work in the discovery of ... NIH Paper Collection of Ludwik Gross [1] Horsfall, F. L. (1962). "Oncogenic Viruses. Ludwik Gross. Pergamon, New York, 1961. Xi ... Gross murine leukemia virus is a retrovirus whose counterpart in humans is human T cell lymphotropic virus I (HTLV-I), while ... Thus, Gross identified two critical animal viruses that serve as models for viruses causing cancer in humans. ...
*  Human herpesvirus 6
Many human oncogenic viruses have been identified. For instance, HHV-8 is linked to Kaposi's sarcoma, the Epstein-Barr virus to ... HHV-6 has also been demonstrated to transactivate Epstein-Barr virus. Humans acquire the virus at an early age, some as early ... Electron microscopy revealed a novel virus that they named Human B-Lymphotrophic Virus (HBLV). Shortly after its discovery, ... Shiley, Kevin; Blumberg, Emily (2010). "Herpes Viruses in Transplant Recipients: HSV, VZV, Human Herpes Viruses, and EBV". ...
*  Procollagen glucosyltransferase
Bosmann HB, Eylar EH (1968). "Collagen-glucosyl transferase in fibriblasts transformed by oncogenic viruses". Nature. 218 (5141 ...
*  TLR9
Epstein-Barr virus, like other oncogenic viruses, decreases the expression of TLR9 in B cells, diminishing production of TNF ... Martínez-Campos C, Burguete-García AI, Madrid-Marina V (February 2017). "Role of TLR9 in Oncogenic Virus-Produced Cancer". ... However inhibition of TLR9 by oncogenic viruses is temporary, and patients with long-lasting HPV actually show higher levels of ... Hepatitis B virus down-regulates the expression of TLR9 in pDCs and B cells, destroying the production of IFNα and IL-6. ...
*  Alexander Voevodin
His research focused on the oncogenic viruses, mostly of non-human primates. In 1984 he defended D.Sc. dissertation "Immunology ... "Antigenic characterization of primate oncogenic viruses" at the Ivanovsky Virology Institute, Moscow. His mentor was Prof. ... of Primate Oncogenic Viruses" at the Herzen Oncology Institute, Moscow. While being Head of AIDS Control Center of Russian ... Voevodin, A; Gessain, A (1997). "Common origin of human T-lymphotropic virus type-I from Iran, Kuwait, Israel, and La Réunion ...
*  Blossom Damania
She is known for her work on oncogenic viruses that cause human cancer. Damania received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Mount ... The Damania lab works at the intersection of viruses, cancer biology, and immunity. Damania has published over one hundred ...
*  Marek Pienkowski
"Interactions of early mouse embryos with oncogenic viruses-Simian virus 40 and polyoma. I. Ultrastructural studies." Journal ... "Virus particles in early mouse embryos." Journal National Cancer Institute 51 (1973): 1041-1050. Print. Lewandowski, L.J., F.S ... "Analysis of a viral agent isolated from multiple sclerosis (MS) brain tissue: Characterization as a parainfluenza virus type I ... They were cultured." At Wistar, Pienkowski collaborated with Koprowski on research into cancer-causing viruses. Upon returning ...
*  Hartmut Beug
In the 1970s and 1980s, Beug identified new pairs of oncogenes in avian oncogenic viruses. He was later among the first ...
*  Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology
Wallace P. Rowe (de) (1976) For his fundamental contributions to our understanding of the biology of oncogenic viruses. Renato ... For his extension to animal viruses the precise quantitative methods that had been developed with bacterial viruses, thereby ... For his many seminal contributions to understanding the mechanisms by which herpes viruses replicate and cause disease. Susan ... revealing the integration of tumor viruses into host chromosomes. Charles Yanofsky (1972) For his outstanding contributions to ...
*  Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus
The morphology is similar to myxovirus and oncogenic virus in that they have surface projections and an envelop. The viruses ... Once the virus infects the host, it multiplies in the cell lining of the small intestine resulting in the loss of absorptive ... The E2 protein forms a petal-shaped 20 nm long projection from the virus's surface. The E2 protein is thought to be involved in ... The rest of the protein is divided into two parts, a hydrophilic stretch that is inside the virus and a cysteine rich stretch ...
*  NAS Award in Molecular Biology
Daniel Nathans (1976) For his innovative use of molecular and cell biological tools to analyze the genome of an oncogenic virus ... For his genetic dissection of the mechanism of assembly of the bacterial virus particle and reconstruction of the virus in ... Norton D. Zinder (1966) For his discovery of RNA bacteriophages, a new class of bacteria-attacking viruses, which have provided ... David Baltimore (1974) For his distinguished leadership in virus research, and for his discoveries on the reproduction and ...
*  Renato Dulbecco
"From the molecular biology of oncogenic DNA viruses to cancer". Science. 192 (4238): 437-40. doi:10.1126/science.1257779. PMID ... Dulbecco and his group demonstrated that the infection of normal cells with certain types of viruses (oncoviruses) led to the ... 12 Sep 2012 Verma, I. M. (2012). "Renato Dulbecco (1914-2012) Molecular biologist who proved that virus-derived genes can ... Eckhart, W. (2012). "Renato Dulbecco: Viruses, genes, and cancer". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109: 4713- ...
*  Rous sarcoma virus
Subsequently after other oncogenic human viruses, such as Epstein-Barr virus, were discovered. Furthermore, oncogenes were ... Endocytosis is the process where the virus binds a receptor on the target cell membrane, and the virus is taken into or ... The virus buds or pushes on the plasma membrane, which allows it to leave the cell with a new outer membrane from the host cell ... Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) (/raʊs/) is a retrovirus and is the first oncovirus to have been described: it causes sarcoma in ...
*  Avian sarcoma leukosis virus
In 1961, Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), which is closely related to ASLV, was shown to contain RNA, and oncogenic viruses, such as ... Avian sarcoma leukosis virus is characterized by a wide range of tumors, the most common of which are lymphomas. Lymphoid ... Avian sarcoma leukosis virus (ASLV) is an endogenous retrovirus that infects and can lead to cancer in chickens; experimentally ... ASLV is a Group VI virus of the family Retroviridae. It is of the Alpharetrovirus genus, and has a C-type morphology. Hence, it ...
*  Vijay Kumar (molecular biologist)
"Evaluation of the oncogenic potential of signal transduction domains of the Hepatitis-B virus X protein in a transgenic ... cloning and expression of genes and on the role played by steroid hormone receptors as well as oncogenic viruses in producing ... He has done pioneering research on Hepatitis B virus and his studies widened the understanding of the trans-activating domain ... Grace Fatima, Ganeshan Mathan, Vijay Kumar (2012). "The HBx protein of hepatitis B virus regulates the expression, ...
*  Hélio Gelli Pereira
... on Virus Diseases Member of the WHO Animal Virus Characterization Board Member of the Ad-Hoc Committee on Non-Oncogenic Viruses ... of Viruses Chairman of the Vertebrate Virus Subcommittee of the International Commission for the Nomenclature of Viruses Vice- ... The team was studying the question, "How can we culture the common cold virus in the laboratory?", and he enjoyed much success ... In 1973, he left the Animal Virus Research Institute department at the National Institute for Medical Research in Mill Hill to ...
*  CD4+ T cells and antitumor immunity
... products of oncogenic viruses, oncofetal antigens (proteins normally expressed only during development of the fetus) ...
*  Infectious causes of cancer
... and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the most frequently encountered oncogenic DNA viruses. Worldwide, HPV causes the second largest ... as discussed below for oncogenic viruses and an oncogenic bacterium. In Western developed countries, human papillomavirus (HPV ... Viruses are one of the most important risks factor for cancer development in humans. Infection by some hepatitis viruses, ... World-wide, liver cancer mortality is more often due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) (33%), less often due to hepatitis C virus (HCV ...
*  Tumor antigen
... of Other Mutated Genes Overexpressed or Aberrantly Expressed Cellular Proteins Tumor Antigens Produced by Oncogenic Viruses ... Cells infected by these viruses contain latent viral DNA which is transcribed and the resulting protein produces an immune ... Other examples include tissue differentiation antigens, mutant protein antigens, oncogenic viral antigens, cancer-testis ...
*  Immune system
The antigens expressed by tumors have several sources; some are derived from oncogenic viruses like human papillomavirus, which ... Viruses were confirmed as human pathogens in 1901, with the discovery of the yellow fever virus by Walter Reed. Immunology made ... Stram Y, Kuzntzova L (Jun 2006). "Inhibition of viruses by RNA interference". Virus Genes. 32 (3): 299-306. doi:10.1007/s11262- ... Killer T cells are a sub-group of T cells that kill cells that are infected with viruses (and other pathogens), or are ...
*  HYAL2
Liu SL, Duh FM, Lerman MI, Miller AD (2003). "Role of virus receptor Hyal2 in oncogenic transformation of rodent fibroblasts by ... cell surface protein which does not display hyaluronidase activity but does serve as a receptor for the oncogenic virus ... the envelope protein of which mediates oncogenic transformation". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98 (8): 4443-8. doi:10.1073/ ...
*  Marjory Stephenson Prize
Invasion by Influenza Viruses 2008 Alan B. Rickinson, Studies with an Oncogenic Virus: How to Survive a Lifetime with EBV 2010 ... Cell Transformation by Viruses and the Role of Viruses in Cancer 1975 Ephraim Saul Anderson, Push Hard - or How to Promote ... The Concept of Virus 1959 G.S. Wilson, Faults and Fallacies in Microbiology 1961 Bert C.J.G. Knight, The Growth of Microbiology ... The Troubles of a Virus 1967 Sidney Reuben Elsden, Energy Relations and Fermentations, 1930-1967 1969 Jacques Monod, The ...
*  Risk factors for breast cancer
Several kinds of viruses with oncogenic potential are suspected to play a role or cause breast cancer. Among the three most ... more of these three viruses found that only seven of the studies convincingly demonstrated the presence of an oncogenic virus ... commonly studied are the human papilloma virus (HPV), mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV) and the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). A ... are prone to breast cancer which is caused by infection with the mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV or "Bittner virus" for its ...
*  MiR-155
... another virus expressing miR-155-like miRNA in chickens is the oncogenic MDV-1 whose non-oncogenic relative MDV-2 does not, ... In DNA viruses, miRNAs were experimentally verified, miRNAs in viruses are encoded by dsDNAs, examples of such viruses include ... "Oncogenic IRFs provide a survival advantage for Epstein-Barr virus- or human T-cell leukemia virus type 1-transformed cells ... "A functional MicroRNA-155 ortholog encoded by the oncogenic Marek's disease virus". Journal of Virology. 83 (1): 489-92. doi: ...
*  Human papillomavirus infection
"Rising incidence of oropharyngeal cancer and the role of oncogenic human papilloma virus". The Laryngoscope. 117 (12): 2115-28 ... an individual with plantar warts can spread the virus by walking barefoot. HPV is a small double-stranded circular DNA virus ... "Evidence of human papilloma virus infection but lack of Epstein-Barr virus in lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of uterine ... The virus is resistant to drying and heat, but killed at 100 °C (212 °F) and by ultraviolet radiation. There is currently no ...
*  Cervical cancer
When CIN3 lesions lead to cancer, most of them have the assistance of the HPV virus, but that is not always the case, which is ... A Review of the Cost-Effectiveness of Vaccination Against Oncogenic HPV Types". Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy. 16 (3): 217- ... HPV vaccines protect against between two and seven high-risk strains of this family of viruses and may prevent up to 90% of ... 1958). During the 1960s and 1970s it was suspected that infection with herpes simplex virus was the cause of the disease. In ...