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*  Inferior olivary nucleus
Medial Accessory Olivary Nucleus (MAO)- This nucleus is between the PO and the pyramids. It is visualized as a curved lamina. ... and the cerebellar hemispheres Dorsal Accessory Olivary Nucleus (DAO)- This nucleus also is a curved lamina. It is the smallest ... Primary Olivary Nucleus (PO)- This is the major laminar structure, and its distinct folds can be seen clearly. The PO receives ... The inferior olivary nucleus (ION) has a distinct laminar structure. These lamina house the cell bodies of the olivocerebellar ...
*  Olivary body
The medial accessory olivary nucleus (MAO) lies between the primary olivary nucleus and the pyramid, and forms a curved lamina ... They contain the olivary nuclei. The olivary body is located on the anterior surface of the medulla lateral to the pyramid, ... The inferior olive in itself is divided to 3 main nuclei: The primary olivary nucleus (PO) which consist of the major laminar ... and appears on transverse section as a curved lamina behind the primary olivary nucleus. Small additional inferior olivary ...
*  Medulla oblongata
They are caused by the largest nuclei of the olivary bodies, the inferior olivary nuclei. The posterior part of the medulla ... The inferior olivary nucleus, which relays to the cerebellum. The dorsal column nuclei, which contain the gracile and cuneate ... The dorsal nucleus of vagus nerve and the inferior salivatory nucleus, both of which form the general visceral efferent fibers ... They are caused by masses of gray matter known as the gracile nucleus and the cuneate nucleus. The soma (cell bodies) in these ...
*  Central tegmental tract
The descending axons will project to the inferior olivary nucleus. This latter pathway (the rubro-olivary tract) will be used ... The central tegmental tract includes ascending axonal fibers that arise from the rostral nucleus solitarius and terminate in ... It also contains descending axonal fibers from the parvocellular red nucleus. ... the ventral posteromedial nucleus (VPM) of thalamus. Information from the thalamus will go to cortical taste area, namely the ...
*  Superior olivary complex
The superior olivary nucleus plays a number of roles in hearing. The medial superior olive (MSO) is a specialized nucleus that ... The superior olivary complex is divided into three primary nuclei, the MSO, LSO, and the Medial nucleus of the trapezoid body, ... Inferior olivary nucleus Olivary body This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's ... The superior olivary complex (or SOC or superior olive) is a collection of brainstem nuclei that functions in multiple aspects ...
*  Anatomy of the cerebellum
Cortico-olivary fibers synapse bilaterally in the inferior olivary nucleus. The order is preserved in the olivocerebellar tract ... the nucleus ambiguus, the vagus motor nucleus, the spinal trigeminal nucleus, the solitary nucleus, and the vestibulocochlear ... Purkinje cells also receive input from the inferior olivary nucleus via climbing fibers. A good mnemonic for this interaction ... The four deep nuclei of the cerebellum are the dentate, emboliform, globose, and fastigii nuclei and they act as the main ...
*  Rhombic lip
... the inferior olivary nucleus, projects climbing fibers to innervate Purkinje cells. The other four nuclei (the external cuneate ... nucleus, the lateral reticular nucleus, the pontine nucleus, and the thalamic reticular nucleus) project mossy fibers to ... Mossy fibers, which are mostly found in the precerebellar nuclei, make contact with granule cells in the IGL. Granule neurons ... that the rhombic lip held the precerebellar precursors that would migrate ventrally to populate the pontine and olivary nuclei ...
*  Inferior cerebellar peduncle
This tract originates at contralateral inferior olivary nucleus and enters the cerebellum as a climbing fiber. ... This tract originates at the ipsilateral Clarke's nucleus (T1-L1) and travels upward to reach the inferior cerebellar peduncle ... through the inferior cerebellar peduncle include the dorsal spinocerebellar tract and axons from the inferior olivary nucleus, ... This tract originates at the ipsilateral accessory cuneate nucleus and travels through the inferior cerebellar peduncle to ...
*  Pretectal area
The five primary nuclei are: the olivary pretectal nucleus (ON), the nucleus of the optic tract (NOT), and the anterior (NPA), ... Many pretectal nuclei share targets of efferent projections. All pretectal nuclei, except for the ON, project to nuclei in the ... Gamlin, PD; Zhang, H; Clarke, RJ (1995). "Luminance neurons in the pretectal olivary nucleus mediate the pupillary light reflex ... The NPP and NPA both project to the pulvinar, the lateral posterior nucleus of the thalamus, and several precerebellar nuclei. ...
*  Low-threshold spikes
Evidence for low-threshold calcium current was first described in neurons of the inferior olivary nucleus (1981). This nucleus ... deep cerebellar nuclei, CA1-CA3 of the hippocampus, association cortex, paraventricular and preoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus ... The striatum, a nucleus in the basal ganglia, contains low-threshold spike interneurons. The basal ganglia serve many functions ... Much of the research done on LTS has examined cells of a cat's lateral geniculate nucleus. All thalamic relay cells experience ...
*  Spino-olivary tract
The spino-olivary tract is a non-specific indirect ascending pathway and is connected to olivary nuclei. The axons enter the ... The axons end by synapsing on third-order neurons in the inferior olivary nuclei in the medulla oblongata. The axons of the ... The olivary bodies known also as the olives, are located in the medulla oblongata in the brainstem. Other tracts that carry ... The spino-olivary tract (historically Helweg's tract) is located in the anterior funiculus of the spinal cord and provides ...
*  Cerebellum
It is not only receptive fields that define the microzone structure: The climbing fiber input from the inferior olivary nucleus ... Purkinje cells also receive input from the inferior olivary nucleus on the contralateral side of the brainstem via climbing ... The whole of the cerebellum receives modulatory input from the inferior olivary nucleus via the inferior cerebellar peduncle. ... The only cerebellum-like structure found in mammals is the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN), one of the two primary sensory nuclei ...
*  Sound localization
In vertebrates, inter-aural time differences are known to be calculated in the superior olivary nucleus of the brainstem. ... This echo cancellation occurs in the Dorsal Nucleus of the Lateral Lemniscus (DNLL).[citation needed] In order to determine the ... In the auditory midbrain nucleus, the inferior colliculus (IC), many ILD sensitive neurons have response functions that decline ...
*  Posterior lobe of cerebellum
The posterior lobe receives input mainly from the brainstem (i.e., reticular formation and inferior olivary nucleus) and ...
*  Sense of balance
Inferior olive nucleus (also known as the olivary nucleus) aids in complex motor tasks by encoding coordinating timing sensory ... Nucleus of Cajal are one of the named oculomotor nuclei, they are involved in eye movements and reflex gaze coordination. ... via pons and cerebellar dentate nucleus. It outputs to thalamus, motor cortex areas, and red nucleus). Flocculonodular lobe is ... Thalamic reticular nucleus distributes information to various other thalamic nuclei, regulating the flow of information. It is ...
*  Holmes tremor
... the inferior olivary nucleus (ION), and the dentate nucleus. This circuit controls voluntary precision movements. The ION is ... Two major neuronal networks, the corticostriatothalamocortical hap and the inferior olivary nucleus (ION) specifically target ... Another important circuit involving Holmes tremor is the Guillain-Mollaret Triangle, which includes the red nucleus, ...
*  Olivopontocerebellar atrophy
... and inferior olivary nucleus. OPCA is present in several neurodegenerative syndromes, including inherited and non-inherited ...
*  Default mode network
... inferior olivary nucleus and thalamus. In the 1990s, with the advent of positron emission tomography (PET) scans, researchers ...
*  Climbing fiber
... s are the name given to a series of neuronal projections from the inferior olivary nucleus located in the medulla ... The climbing fibers carry information from various sources such as the spinal cord, vestibular system, red nucleus, superior ... the pons and enter the cerebellum via the inferior cerebellar peduncle where they form synapses with the deep cerebellar nuclei ...
*  Palatal myoclonus
... which connects the red nucleus to the ipsilateral inferior olivary nucleus). Uniquely, the clicking noise does not subside when ...
*  Myoclonic triangle
The inferior olivary nucleus sends its afferents via climbing fibers in the inferior cerebellar peduncle to Purkinje cells of ... The circuit is thus composed: Fibers of the rubro-olivary tract project from the parvocellular red nucleus via the central ... The Purkinje cells send their afferents to the ipsilateral dentate nucleus. Dentatorubral tract fibers: the dentate nucleus ... The myoclonic triangle (also known by its eponym Triangle of Guillain-Mollaret or dentato-rubro-olivary pathway) is an ...
*  Multiple system atrophy
... inferior olivary nucleus, and cerebellum. Many people affected by multiple system atrophy experience dysfunction of the ... immunoreactivity in fibrillary components of neuronal and oligodendroglial cytoplasmic inclusions in the pontine nuclei in ...
*  Sublingual nucleus
The one near the dorsal aspect of the hilus of the inferior olivary nucleus is called the Sublingual nucleus (inferior central ... nucleus, nucleus of Roller.) This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918 ... In the substance of the formatio reticularis are two small nuclei of gray matter. ... NIF Search - Sublingual Nucleus via the Neuroscience Information Framework. ...
*  Grey matter
... emboliform nucleus, fastigial nucleus), brainstem (substantia nigra, red nucleus, olivary nuclei, cranial nerve nuclei). Grey ... nucleus accumbens; septal nuclei), cerebellar (deep cerebellar nuclei - dentate nucleus, globose nucleus, ...
*  Nucleus ambiguus
It is a region of histologically disparate cells located just dorsal (posterior) to the inferior olivary nucleus in the lateral ... The cranial nerve nuclei schematically represented; dorsal view. Motor nuclei in red; sensory in blue. Nuclei of origin of ... The nucleus ambiguus (literally "ambiguous nucleus") is a group of large motor neurons, situated deep in the medullary ... the parasympathetic outflow arising from the nucleus ambiguus and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve acts to decrease ...
*  Cranial nerve nucleus
Inferior olivary nucleus afferent fibres to cerebellum Lennart Heimer, The Human Brain, ISBN 0-387-94227-0 Nuclei of origin of ... Nuclei present in the Pons Cochlear nuclei (VIII) - sensory Dorsal cochlear nucleus Ventral cochlear nucleus Vestibular nuclei ... Nuclei present in the medulla Hypoglossal nucleus (XII) - motor Dorsal motor nucleus of vagus nerve (X) - visceromotor Nucleus ... Facial nucleus (VII) - motor Abducens nucleus (VI) - motor Trigeminal motor nucleus (V) - motor Main trigeminal nucleus (V) - ...