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*  Antennal lobe
In insects, the olfactory pathway starts at the antennae (though in some insects like Drosophila there are olfactory sensory ... In Drosophila, each olfactory sensory neuron generally expresses a single olfactory receptor gene, and the neurons expressing a ... The antennal lobe is the deutocerebral neuropil of insects which receives the input from the olfactory sensory neurons on the ... doi:10.1016/S1405-888X(14)70317-1. Leslie B. Vosshall, Allan M. Wong & Richard Axel (2000). "An olfactory sensory map in the ...
*  Olfaction
... also mediate inhibition and excitation of mitral cells through pathways from centrifugal fibers and the anterior olfactory ... In vertebrates, smells are sensed by olfactory sensory neurons in the olfactory epithelium. The olfactory epithelium is made up ... which in turn projects olfactory information to the olfactory cortex and other areas. The axons from the olfactory receptors ... Olfactory sensory neurons project axons to the brain within the olfactory nerve, (cranial nerve I). These nerve fibers, lacking ...
*  Olfactory trigone
... and is brought into view by throwing back the olfactory tract. It is part of the olfactory pathway. This article incorporates ... "Elemental imbalances in the olfactory pathway in Alzheimer's disease". J. Neurol. Sci. 130 (2): 139-45. doi:10.1016/0022-510X( ... The olfactory trigone is a small triangular area in front of the anterior perforated substance. Its apex, directed forward, ... occupies the posterior part of the olfactory sulcus, ...
*  Perlecan
"Dynamic expression patterns of ECM molecules in the developing mouse olfactory pathway". Dev. Dyn. 237 (7): 1837-50. doi: ... Olfactory neurite outgrowth in mouse development is guided at least in part by an ECM laid down by olfactory epithelial cells ( ... Another signaling pathway shown to augment pln transcription is the VEGF pathway. VEGF165 treatment of human brain ... When the endocytic pathway of HeLa cells is inhibited by overexpression of a mutant dynamin, Protein Kinase C is activated and ...
*  Nerve guidance conduit
"Human herpesvirus-6 entry into the central nervous system through the olfactory pathway". Proceedings of the National Academy ... The new olfactory receptor neurons must project their axons through the CNS to an olfactory bulb in order to be functional. ... Olfactory ensheathing cells, however, cross the CNS-PNS boundary, because they guide olfactory receptor neurons from the PNS to ... The mammalian primary olfactory system has retained the ability to continuously regenerate during adulthood. Olfactory receptor ...
*  Human herpesvirus 6
"Human herpesvirus-6 entry into the central nervous system through the olfactory pathway". Proceedings of the National Academy ... which also disseminates into the CNS through olfactory tissue. Researchers also hypothesized that olfactory ensheathing cells ( ... When various anatomical regions were assayed for their viral load, olfactory tissues were found to have the highest HHV-6 ... Multiple sclerosis - direct cell damage and altered cytokines HHV-6 has been shown to infect olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs ...
*  Monotropism
However, some have hyperactive olfactory pathways and are able to identify people by their smell. Dysfunctional neural circuits ...
*  Mushroom bodies
... while odors directly activate neurons in the olfactory pathway, causing calcium influx through voltage-gated calcium channels. ... "Dynamics of Learning-Related cAMP Signaling and stimulus Integration in the Drosophila Olfactory Pathway". Neuron. 64: 510-21. ... In Hymenoptera, olfactory input is layered in the calyx. In ants, several layers can be discriminated that correspond to ... Typically, olfactory learning assays consist of exposing flies to two odors separately; one is paired with electric shock ...
*  Electroantennography
It is commonly used in electrophysiology while studying the function of the olfactory pathway in insects. The technique was ... Further detailed examination of the odor response at the olfactory sensory level can be done by sensilla recording. National ...
*  Olfactory ensheathing glia
"Human herpesvirus-6 entry into the central nervous system through the olfactory pathway". Proceedings of the National Academy ... Olfactory axons invade the basal lamina of the glia limitans and the olfactory bulb to create the olfactory nerve and ... Olfactory ensheathing glia (OEG), also known as olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) or olfactory ensheathing glial cells, are a ... New olfactory receptor neurons must project their axons through the central nervous system to an olfactory bulb in order to be ...
*  Pallium (neuroanatomy)
The accessory olfactory pathway is maximally developed in some reptiles (e.g., snakes) and is lost in birds. The evolution of ... The olfactory bulb is a peculiar pallial outgrowth (maybe induced by the primary olfactory fibers afferent to it, coming from ... including rostrally the olfactory bulb and anterior olfactory areas). The general layout or body plan of the pallium is already ... The olfactory bulb is thus singularly formed by a minority of autochthonous pallial neurons and a majority of immigrated ...
*  Coconut crab
... evidence for a prominent central olfactory pathway?". Frontiers in Zoology. 7 (25): 25. doi:10.1186/1742-9994-7-25. PMC 2945339 ... Research has shown that the olfactory system in the coconut crab's brain is well-developed compared to other areas of the brain ... "Insect-like olfactory adaptations in the terrestrial giant robber crab" (PDF). Current Biology. 15 (2): 116-121. doi:10.1016/j. ...
*  Proboscis extension reflex
However, other causes such as internal differences in the actual olfactory pathway or the central nervous system must not be ... Successive Olfactory Reversal Learning in Honeybees. Learn. Mem. 9:122-129. Riveros and Gronenberg. 2009. Olfactory learning ... The same study also found that the right antenna has more olfactory receptors than the left antenna, a possible cause for this ... Recently, interesting findings in PER studies show laterality in olfactory learning in the two antennae i.e., one antenna is ...
*  Neuroplastic effects of pollution
Airborne metal particulates have been shown to directly access and affect the brain through olfactory pathways, which allows a ... 2000). "Direct olfactory transport of inhaled manganese (54MnCl2) to the rat brain: toxicokinetic investigations in a ...
*  Aromachology
... happiness and well-being brought about by odors stimulating the olfactory pathways in the brain and, in particular, the limbic ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A08)
... olfactory pathways MeSH A08.186.211.577.699.400 --- islands of calleja MeSH A08.186.211.577.699.573 --- olfactory bulb MeSH ... olfactory pathways MeSH A08.186.211.730.885.600.400 --- islands of calleja MeSH A08.186.211.730.885.600.573 --- olfactory bulb ... auditory pathways MeSH A08.612.220.640 --- olfactory pathways MeSH A08.612.220.725 --- spinocerebellar tracts MeSH A08.612. ... olfactory nerve MeSH A08.800.800.120.680 --- optic nerve MeSH A08.800.800.120.680.600 --- optic chiasm MeSH A08.800.800.120. ...
*  Aromachologist
When odors activate the olfactory pathways that lead to the limbic portion of the brain they trigger the release of ... Also, these olfactory substances are very different from perfume and should instead replicate the smell of natural outdoor air ... The olfactory bulb is that portion of the brain which processes smells information and its oscillations alter dynamically ... An aromachologist is a practitioner of aromachology, which is a term coined in 1982 by the Olfactory Research Fund, now known ...
*  Neuroinformatics
... using the olfactory pathway as a model system. BrainMaps.org is an interactive high-resolution digital brain atlas using a high ... GeneWays is a system for automatically extracting, analyzing, visualizing and integrating molecular pathway data from the ... The project involves: Databases: 3D reconstructed model neurons, synapses, synaptic pathways, microcircuit statistics, computer ... protein pathways), Data from organs and systems (visual cortex, perception, audition, sensory system, pain, taste, motor system ...
*  Eomesodermin
... neurons involved in the olfactory pathway) layer, with mitral cells instead being scattered about. On the behavioral side, ...
*  Esthesioneuroblastoma
Activation of sonic hedgehog signaling pathway in olfactory neuroblastoma. Oncology, 3-4, 231-243. Weiss, G. J., Liang, W. S., ... arising from olfactory sensory cells in the olfactory epithelium. The olfactory epithelium consists of olfactory sensory cells ... 240-248 Thompson, L. D. (2009). Olfactory neuroblastoma. Head and neck pathology, 3, 252-259. Thompson, L. D. (2009). Olfactory ... Thompson, L. D. (2009). Olfactory neuroblastoma. Head and neck pathology, 3, 252-259. Thompson, L. D. (2009). Olfactory ...
*  Malleolus (arthropod)
In most animals the central pathways of olfactory systems are associated with glomerular neuropil and lack topographic mapping ... Among arthropods, the insect and crustacean olfactory (antennal) pathways are typical examples. Two orders of chelicerate ... These comparisons between arthropod taxa suggest that olfactory projections are, to varying degrees, typically glomerular but ... projection from the malleoli shows less topographic order with fewer and larger glomeruli reminiscent of the insect olfactory ...
*  Guidepost cells
In this migrational pathway, olfactory neurons move from the nasal cavities to the mitral cells in the olfactory bulb. Then, ... anterior olfactory nucleus, olfactory tubercle, piriform cortexr, entorhinal cortex, and cortical nuclei of the amygdala. "Lot ... They act as intermediate targets for long and complex axonal growths by creating short and easy pathways, leading axon growth ... However, the Neurgulin1 signaling pathway needs to be activated, with the expression of ErbB4 receptors on the surface of TCAs ...
*  Dendrodendritic synapse
"Dendrodendritic synaptic pathway for inhibition in the olfactory bulb". Experimental Neurology. 14 (1): 44-56. doi:10.1016/0014 ... While studying the mammalian olfactory bulb, they found that there were active dendrites that couple and send signals to each ... Dendrodendritic synapses have been studied extensively in the olfactory bulb of rats where it is believed they help in the ... Dendrodendritic synapses have also been found to have similar effects on olfactory input from the glomeruli of the antennal ...
*  Wilfrid Rall
1966) Dendro-dendritic synaptic pathway for inhibition in the olfactory bulb. Exptl. Neurol. 14:44-56. The Theoretical ...
*  Sensory nervous system
Similarly to the olfactory cortex, the gustatory pathway operates through both peripheral and central mechanisms. Peripheral ... The central mechanisms include the convergence of olfactory nerve axons into glomeruli in the olfactory bulb, where the signal ... The peripheral mechanisms involve olfactory receptor neurons which transduce a chemical signal along the olfactory nerve, which ... all of which make up the primary olfactory cortex. In contrast to vision and hearing, the olfactory bulbs are not cross- ...
*  Arrestin
Gurevich EV, Gurevich VV (2006). "Arrestins: ubiquitous regulators of cellular signaling pathways". Genome Biology. 7 (9): 236 ... Later arr1 and arr2 were found to play an important role in olfactory neurons and renamed "sensory". Fungi have distant ... and redirects signaling to alternative G protein-independent pathways, such as β-arrestin signaling. In addition to GPCRs, ...
*  Kenyon cell
Owald, David; Waddell, Scott (2015-12-01). "Olfactory learning skews mushroom body output pathways to steer behavioral choice ... Mushroom bodies are essential for olfactory learning and memory. Odor information is represented by sparse combinations of ...