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*  Olfactory mucosa
The olfactory mucosa is located in the upper region of the nasal cavity and is made up of the olfactory epithelium and the ... CB1 receptors are present in the sustentacular cells of the olfactory mucosa, in the periglomerular cells of the olfactory bulb ... Cells in the olfactory mucosa have been shown to have a degree of plasticity, and hold potential for therapeutic applications. ... In vertebrates, the olfactory epithelium consists of a three basic cell types: bipolar olfactory receptor neurons; ...
*  Adult stem cell
Olfactory adult stem cells have been successfully harvested from the human olfactory mucosa cells, which are found in the ... June 2005). "Multipotent stem cells from adult olfactory mucosa". Developmental Dynamics. 233 (2): 496-515. doi:10.1002/dvdy. ... Olfactory stem cells hold the potential for therapeutic applications and, in contrast to neural stem cells, can be harvested ...
*  Nose
Behind the nose are the olfactory mucosa and the sinuses. Behind the nasal cavity, air next passes through the pharynx, shared ... The olfactory chamber is lined by olfactory epithelium on its upper surface and possesses a number of turbinates to increase ... The pouches are lined by olfactory epithelium, and commonly include a series of internal folds to increase the surface area. In ... These sacs contain a small amount of olfactory epithelium, which, in the case of caecilians, also lines a number of ...
*  Vomeronasal receptor
Rodriguez I, Greer CA, Mok MY, Mombaerts P (Sep 2000). "A putative pheromone receptor gene expressed in human olfactory mucosa ... All are G protein-coupled receptors but are only distantly related to the receptors of the main olfactory system, highlighting ... sequences are pseudogenes but an apparently functional receptor has been identified that is expressed in the human olfactory ...
*  VN1R1
The protein encoded by this gene is similar to pheromone receptors and is primarily localized to the olfactory mucosa. An ... "A putative pheromone receptor gene expressed in human olfactory mucosa". Nat Genet. 26 (1): 18-9. doi:10.1038/79124. PMID ...
*  Pheromone
There also have been pheromone receptor genes found in olfactory mucosa. Unfortunately, there have been no experiments that ... The associated olfactory bulb is present in the fetus, but regresses and vanishes in the adult brain. There have been some ... In 2006, it was shown that a second mouse receptor sub-class is found in the olfactory epithelium. Called the trace amine- ... All are G protein-coupled receptors but are only distantly related to the receptors of the main olfactory system, highlighting ...
*  Spinal cord injury research
"Transplantation of olfactory mucosa following spinal cord injury promotes recovery in rats". NeuroReport. 19 (13): 1249-52. doi ... Transplantation of tissues such as olfactory ensheathing cells from the olfactory bulbs has been shown to produce beneficial ... Trials have also begun to show success when olfactory ensheathing cells are transplanted into humans with severed spinal cords ... olfactory ensheathing cells, Schwann cells, activated macrophages, and induced pluripotent stem cells. When stem cells are ...
*  CYP2J2
Gu J, Su T, Chen Y, Zhang QY, Ding X (Jun 2000). "Expression of biotransformation enzymes in human fetal olfactory mucosa: ...
*  Retronasal smell
Moran, D. T.; Rowley, J. C.; Jafek, B. W.; Lovell, M. A. (1982-10-01). "The fine structure of the olfactory mucosa in man". ... the olfactory receptor cells in the olfactory epithelium, mitral cells, and olfactory pyramidal neurons. At the level of the ... The first stop in the olfactory system is the olfactory epithelium, or tissue resting on the roof of the nasal cavity which ... Each olfactory cell has a single type of receptor, but that receptor can be "broadly tuned" and odor molecules further interact ...
*  Slc22a21
... expressed in olfactory mucosa". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 323 (2): 429-436. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc. ...
*  Gamma-synuclein
2000). "The expression of alpha-, beta-, and gamma-synucleins in olfactory mucosa from patients with and without ... It is also detected in the brain, ovarian tumors, and in the olfactory epithelium. Gamma-synuclein is the least conserved of ...
*  Naegleriasis
N. fowleri invades the central nervous system via the nose, specifically through the olfactory mucosa of the nasal tissues. ... There, it migrates to the olfactory bulbs and subsequently other regions of the brain, where it feeds on the nerve tissue, ... It then migrates through the cribriform plate and into the olfactory bulbs of the forebrain, where it multiplies itself greatly ... The amoeba follows the olfactory nerve fibers through the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone into the skull. ...
*  Magnetoreception
... to the olfactory mucosa. Furthermore, sectioning the trigeminal nerve leads to an inability to detect a magnetic field, while ... When woodmice are removed from their home area and deprived of visual and olfactory cues, they orient themselves towards their ... sectioning of the olfactory nerve has no effect on the magnetic sense of homing pigeons. These results suggest that magnetite ...
*  Olfactory glands
... , also known as Bowman's glands are situated in the olfactory mucosa, beneath the olfactory epithelium, in the ... "Aquaporin pathways and mucin secretion of olfactory glands might protect the olfactory mucosa.", Chemical Senses, 37 (1): 35-46 ... An olfactory gland consists of an acinus in the lamina propria and a secretory duct going out through the olfactory epithelium ... Olfactory glands secrete the gel-forming mucin MUC5AC(UniProtKB: P98088). Olfactory glands might secrete proteins such as ...
*  Olfactory toxicity in fish
Another study investigated morphological changes in olfactory mucosa of Tilapia mariae when exposed to low levels of the copper ... Olfactory toxicity due to metals cause a general depression of the olfactory system leading to decreased sense of smell, loss ... Olfactory information is received by sensory neurons, like the olfactory nerve, that are in a covered cavity separated from the ... Olfactory toxicity in fishes. Aquatic Toxicology 96 2-26. Tierney KB, Singh CR, Ross PS, Kennedy CJ. 2007. Relating olfactory ...
*  Cat
... s have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa, ... Sommerville, B. A. (1998). "Olfactory Awareness". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 57 (3-4): 269-286. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591( ...
*  Sir William Bowman, 1st Baronet
Apart from the Bowman's capsule, other anatomical structures named after him include: Bowman's glands - in the olfactory mucosa ...
*  History of poliomyelitis
... in the direction of the olfactory mucosa, immediately drawing it back into the pipette, and repeating the process 2 to 3 times ...
*  Olfactory bulb
... made up of the axons from approximately ten million olfactory receptor neurons in the olfactory mucosa, a region of the nasal ... Additionally, top down input to the olfactory bulb differentially affects olfactory outputs. The olfactory bulb sends olfactory ... Therefore, the olfactory bulb plays this role for the olfactory system. The accessory olfactory bulb (AOB), which resides on ... As a neural circuit, the olfactory bulb has one source of sensory input (axons from olfactory receptor neurons of the olfactory ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A04)
... laryngeal mucosa MeSH A04.760.600 --- nasal mucosa MeSH A04.760.600.640 --- olfactory mucosa MeSH A04.760.600.640.640 --- ... nasal mucosa MeSH A04.531.520.320 --- goblet cells MeSH A04.531.520.573 --- olfactory mucosa MeSH A04.531.520.573.580 --- ... laryngeal mucosa MeSH A04.329.597.320 --- goblet cells MeSH A04.329.604 --- laryngeal muscles MeSH A04.411.125 --- bronchi MeSH ... olfactory receptor neurons MeSH A04.531.591 --- nasal septum MeSH A04.531.591.940 --- vomeronasal organ MeSH A04.531.621 --- ...
*  Sensory cue
The process of smelling begins when chemical molecules enter the nose and reach the olfactory mucosa, a dime-sized region ... An olfactory cue is a chemical signal received by the olfactory system that represents an incoming signal received through the ... Each glomerulus collects information from a specific olfactory receptor neuron. The olfactory signal is then conducted to ... Olfactory memory is the recollection of a given smell. Research has found that odor memory is highly persistent and has a high ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Medicine: Medical Specialties: Rehabilitation Medicine: Clinics and Practices
Center for motor rehabilitation in spinal cord injuries, intense motor rehabilitation and human olfactory mucosa autografts ...
*  Respiratory system of the horse
The horse's olfactory receptors are located in the mucosa of the upper nasal cavity. Due to the length of the nasal cavity, ...
*  Olfactory nerve
The specialized olfactory receptor neurons of the olfactory nerve are located in the olfactory mucosa of the upper parts of the ... The olfactory nerve is sensory in nature and originates on the olfactory mucosa in the upper part of the nasal cavity. From the ... the olfactory information is transmitted into the brain via the olfactory tract. The fascicles of the olfactory nerve are not ... The olfactory nerves consist of a collection of many sensory nerve fibers that extend from the olfactory epithelium to the ...
*  Microcystin-LR
After nasal administration of microcystin-LR, the epithelium of nasal mucosa of both the olfactory and respiratory zones were ...
*  Acute inhalation injury
Irritant gases are those that, on inhalation, dissolve in the water of the respiratory tract mucosa and provoke an inflammatory ... Although ammonia has a pungent odor, it also causes olfactory fatigue or adaptation, reducing awareness of prolonged exposure. ... They damage the upper airway mucosa. Pulmonary edema rarely occurs because mustard rarely affects the lung parenchyma and ... Chlorine's odor provides early warning signs of exposure but causes olfactory fatigue or adaptations, reducing awareness of ...