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*  Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome
19 A chief risk factor for prediabetes is excess abdominal fat. Obesity increases one's risk for a variety of other medical ... The Latin American populations exhibit a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome, similar or even higher ... refers to a cluster of related risk factors for cardiovascular disease that includes abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension ... Obesity is also tied to the rise of type 2 diabetes among U.S. children. Until recently, diabetes in children was typically ...
*  Overweight
... commonly known as central obesity. There has been an acceptance in recent years that abdominal fat and weight around the ... Body image Canadian Obesity Network Fat acceptance movement Physical attractiveness "Obesity and overweight". World Health ... thus it includes pre-obesity defined as a BMI between 25 and 30 and obesity as defined by a BMI of 30 or more. Pre-obese and ... For Asians, overweight is a BMI between 23 and 29.9 and obesity for all groups is a BMI of 30 or more. BMI, however, does not ...
*  Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
Fluid may, therefore, accumulate in the skin of the legs in the form of edema (swelling), and in the abdominal cavity in the ... Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is defined as the combination of obesity (body mass index above 30 kg/m2), hypoxemia (falling ... Hence, people with obesity need to expend more energy to breathe effectively. These factors together lead to sleep-disordered ... Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is a form of sleep disordered breathing. Two subtypes are recognized, depending on the nature ...
*  Abdominal obesity
... , also known as central obesity, is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up ... Abdominal obesity is not confined only to the elderly and obese subjects. Abdominal obesity has been linked to Alzheimer's ... Increasing trends in waist circumference and abdominal obesity among US adults. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007;15 (1) 216- 224] ... Abdominal obesity and your health. (2006). Retrieved from http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/abdominal-obesity-and-your- ...
*  Waist-to-height ratio
Higher values of WHtR indicate higher risk of obesity-related cardiovascular diseases; it is correlated with abdominal obesity ... "Indices of abdominal obesity are better discriminators of cardiovascular risk factors than BMI: a meta-analysis'". Journal of ... Mørkedal, Bjørn; Romundstad, Pål R; Vatten, Lars J. (2011). "Informativeness of indices of blood pressure, obesity and serum ... The predictive value of different measures of obesity for incident cardiovascular events and mortality. The Journal of clinical ...
*  HIV-associated lipodystrophy
In addition, patients develop abdominal obesity. The exact mechanism of HIV-associated lipodystrophy is not fully elucidated. ...
*  Macular degeneration
Atherosclerosis: High cholesterol: Elevated cholesterol may increase the risk of AMD Obesity: Abdominal obesity is a risk ... 1 June 2011). "Abdominal obesity and age-related macular degeneration". Am J Epidemiol. 173 (11): 1246-55. doi:10.1093/aje/ ...
*  Comfort food
Self-medication and abdominal obesity". Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 19 (4): 275-80. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2004.11.004. PMID ... The provocation of specific hormonal responses leading selectively to increases in abdominal fat is seen as a form of self- ... "Chronic stress and obesity: A new view of 'comfort food'". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 100 (20): 11696-701 ... as a key contributor to the epidemic of obesity in the United States. ...
*  Orthopnea
It is also seen in cases of abdominal obesity or pulmonary disease. Orthopnea is the opposite of platypnea, shortness of breath ...
*  Waist
... indicates abdominal obesity. Excess abdominal fat is a risk factor for developing heart disease and other obesity related ... Abdominal obesity Alvinolagnia Belly dance Body modification Human body Midriff Navel Rib removal Waist-hip ratio Category: ... In case the waist is convex rather than concave, such as is the case in pregnancy and obesity, the waist may be measured at a ... "Obesity Education Initiative, Aim for a Healthy Weight". Lawrence de Koning; Merchant, AT; Pogue, J; Anand, SS (2007). "Waist ...
*  Trans fat
"Trans fat diet induces abdominal obesity and changes in insulin sensitivity in monkeys". Obesity (Silver Spring). 15 (7): 1675- ... Obesity: Research indicates that trans fat may increase weight gain and abdominal fat, despite a similar caloric intake. A 6- ... Although obesity is frequently linked to trans fat in the popular media, this is generally in the context of eating too many ... TFAs enhanced intra-abdominal deposition of fat, even in the absence of caloric excess, and were associated with insulin ...
*  A calorie is a calorie
"Trans Fat Diet Induces Abdominal Obesity and Changes in Insulin Sensitivity in Monkeys". Obesity. 15 (7): 1675-1684. doi: ... Von Noorden had two theories about what caused people to develop obesity. The first simply avowed Rubner's notion that "a ... Basal metabolic rate Dieting Empty calorie Management of obesity Metabolism Physical exercise Scientific control Sleep and ... "These results suggest that future policies and research efforts to prevent obesity should consider food structure and ...
*  Feminine beauty ideal
doi:10.1007/s11199-011-9938-z. Singh, D; Renn, P; Singh, A (2007). "Did the perils of abdominal obesity affect depiction of ...
*  Pathophysiology of obesity
There are different types of obesity depending on where fat cells are stored. Abdominal obesity, excess fat cell accumulation ... leads to overfeeding and may account for some genetic and acquired forms of obesity. Obesity has been associated with an ... In animal studies, obesity has been shown to cause a shift from M2 to M1 macrophages in adipose tissue, causing an increase in ... Obesity has also been shown to induce hypoxic conditions in adipose cells. Hypoxic conditions result from fat cells expanding, ...
*  Devendra Singh
... 1*, Peter Renn2 and Adrian Singh1 (2007-03-22). "Did the perils of abdominal obesity affect depiction of feminine ... obesity, eating disorders, motivation, and the psychology of sex. Singh, Devendra (1 August 1993). "Adaptive significance of ...
*  Gout
Metabolic syndrome, a combination of abdominal obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance, and abnormal lipid levels, occurs in ... This may be partly due to its association with insulin resistance and obesity, but some of the increased risk appears to be ...
*  Android fat distribution
Studies have also related central abdominal obesity (indicated via increased waist-hip ratio) with increases in peripheral ... Vispute, S. S.; Smith, J. D.; LeCheminant, J. D.; Hurley, K. S. (2011). "The effect of abdominal exercise on abdominal fat". ... This allows for hypertrophic obesity and hyperplastic obesity. Two different receptors, alpha and beta fat cell receptors, vary ... People with android obesity have higher hematocrit and red blood cell count and higher blood viscosity than people with gynoid ...
*  Malnutrition
Abdominal obesity or weight loss coupled with sarcopenia lead to immobility, skeletal disorders, insulin resistance, ... Overnutrition can result in obesity and being overweight. In some developing countries, overnutrition in the form of obesity is ... Not only does obesity occur in developed countries, problems are also occurring in developing countries in areas where income ... In some developing countries, overnutrition in the form of obesity is beginning to present within the same communities as ...
*  Metabolic syndrome
HPA-axis dysfunction may explain the reported risk indication of abdominal obesity to cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 ... abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ... Reaven did not include abdominal obesity, which has also been hypothesized as the underlying factor, as part of the condition. ... may be more appropriate than ethnic specific criteria of abdominal obesity for an anthropometric component of this syndrome ...
*  Alvinolagnia
Abdominal obesity Belly dance Midriff Navel Navel fetishism Navel in popular culture Waist Waist-hip ratio "CRM 397 : Sex ...
*  Classification of obesity
These measure a common form of obesity known as abdominal or central obesity, characterized by excess deposits of fat in the ... Women with abdominal obesity have a cardiovascular risk similar to that of men. In people with a BMI over 35, measurement of ... Any BMI ≥ 35 or 40 is severe obesity A BMI of ≥ 35 or 40-44.9 or 49.9 is morbid obesity A BMI of ≥ 45 or 50 is super obese As ... As with obesity in adults many different factors contribute to the rising rates of childhood obesity. Changing diet and ...
*  Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Studies have demonstrated that abdominal obesity and insulin-resistance in particular are thought to be key contributors to the ... However, both obesity and insulin resistance probably play a strong role in the disease process. The exact reasons and ... The rates of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is higher in Hispanics, which can be attributed to high rates of obesity and ... Because obesity is becoming an increasingly common problem worldwide, the prevalence of NAFLD has been increasing concurrently ...
*  Anoop Misra
His research interests included abdominal obesity and Syndrome X in Indians and is credited with development of dietary and ... He is the chairman of Fortis Centre for Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol (C-DOC) and heads, National Diabetes Obesity and ... Misra is known to have been involved in advanced researches in the fields of Diabetes and Obesity and is reported to have ... He has been a member of World Health Organization Expert Group of Childhood Obesity and Indian Council of Medical Research ...
*  Hormone replacement therapy (female-to-male)
Androgen therapy redistributes the fat toward abdominal obesity, which is associated with increased cardiovascular risk rather ...
*  Abdomen
Abdominal obesity is a condition where abdominal fat or visceral fat, has built up excessively between the abdominal organs. ... Abdominal fat Abdominal trauma Abdominal wall Abdomen. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Accessed: 22 Oct 2007 Abdomen ... The rectus abdominals' function is to bend one's back forward (flexion). The main work of the abdominal muscles is to bend the ... Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen and can involve damage to the abdominal organs. There is an associated risk of ...
*  Childbirth
The first stage begins with crampy abdominal or back pains that last around half a minute and occur every ten to thirty minutes ... Risk factors for fetal birth injury include fetal macrosomia (big baby), maternal obesity, the need for instrumental delivery, ... The erect posture causes the weight of the abdominal contents to thrust on the pelvic floor, a complex structure which must not ... Predisposing factors for girdle pain include maternal obesity. Infection remains a major cause of maternal mortality and ...
*  Obesity in India
Guidelines for diagnosis of obesity and abdominal obesity for India have been published in JAPI (2009) that a BMI over 23 kg/m2 ... "Consensus statement for diagnosis of obesity, abdominal obesity and the metabolic syndrome for Asian Indians and ... Due to genetic tendency of Indians towards abdominal obesity and its associated risk of related lifestyle diseases like ... Gulati, S; Misra, A (2017). "Abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes in Asian Indians: Dietary strategies including edible oils, ...