Obesity[edit]. Various hereditary forms of obesity have been traced to defects in hypothalamic signaling (such as the leptin ... "Journal of Obesity. 2011: 1-10. doi:10.1155/2011/528401. PMC 3178198 . PMID 21949903. Article id:528401.. ... "Journal of Obesity. 2011: 1-10. doi:10.1155/2011/528401. PMC 3178198 . PMID 21949903. Article id:528401.. ... Lawton, CL (1993). "Obesity: a disorder of appetite". Practical Diabetes International. 10 (1): 10-12. doi:10.1002/pdi. ...
Social stigma of obesity. References[edit]. *^ a b c d Birbrair A, Zhang T, Wang ZM, Messi ML, Enikolopov GN, Mintz A, Delbono ... January 1997). "Obese (ob) gene defects are rare in human obesity". Obesity Research. 5 (1): 30-35. doi:10.1002/j.1550- ... January 2003). "Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001". JAMA. 289 (1): 76-79. doi: ... The changes that occur in the hypothalamus to result in leptin resistance in obesity are currently the focus of obesity ...
Obesity Facts 2010; 3: 47-58. *^ Carr, Deborah; Friedman, Michael A. (2005-09-01). "Is Obesity Stigmatizing? Body Weight, ... Puhl, R.M.; Brownell, K.D. "Stigma, discrimination, and obesity". Eating Disorders and Obesity: A Comprehensive Handbook.. ... Puhl, Rebecca M.; Heuer, Chelsea A. (2009-05-01). "The Stigma of Obesity: A Review and Update". Obesity. 17 (5): 941-964. doi: ... Puhl, R.; Brownell, K. (2001). "Bias, discrimination, and obesity". Obesity Research. 9 (12): 788-805. doi:10.1038/oby.2001.108 ...
... and Obesity[edit]. Across cultures, television consumption has been associated to cause an overweight, ...
1 Driver of Diabetes and Obesity". Time. Retrieved 31 January 2016.. *^ Juliana Bunim (27 October 2015). "Obese Children's ... Obesity and metabolic disorders[edit]. Sugars became a health concern among the American public in the early 1970s with the ... "International Journal of Obesity. 39 (1): 176-182. doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.73. PMC 4285619 .. ... "Food without Thought: How U.S. Farm Policy Contributes to Obesity". Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy. November 2006. ...
Obesity[edit]. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I and their follow-on studies as part of a series indicate ... This implies, along with the United Nations report cited below, that obesity may correlate better with sugar consumption than ... including obesity and tooth decay.[47][48] It is also considered as causing endogenous glycation processes since it metabolises ... that the consumption of sucrose-containing drinks should be limited due to the growing number of people with obesity and ...
"Obesity Prevention Source. Retrieved 2016-03-30.. *^ a b Desrochers, D. M.; Holt, D. J. (2007). "Children's Exposure to ... "Childhood obesity: It's not the amount of TV, it's the number of junk food commercials". UCLA Newsroom. Retrieved 2016-04-01.. ... The effects of television on obesity[edit]. There a research conducted by Harvard 25 years ago how watching television is ... "Obesity Prevention , Healthy Schools , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-01.. ...
Childhood obesity[edit]. The protective effect of breastfeeding against obesity is consistent, though small, across many ... Arenz S, Rückerl R, Koletzko B, von Kries R (October 2004). "Breast-feeding and childhood obesity--a systematic review". ... Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, which is associated with some hormonal differences and obesity, may have greater ... International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders. 28 (10): 1247-56. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802758. PMID 15314625. ...
Obesity and diabetes[edit]. Human bodies are predisposed to maintain homeostasis,[13] especially when storing energy as fat. ... Power, Michael L.; Schulkin, Jay (2013-01-02). The Evolution of Obesity. JHU Press. ISBN 9781421409603. .. ... Obesity is one consequence of mismatched genes. Known as "metabolic syndrome", this condition is also associated with other ... Knight, Christine (2011). ""Most people are simply not designed to eat pasta": evolutionary explanations for obesity in the low ...
... and obesity[edit]. Dietary fiber has many functions in diet, one of which may be to aid in energy intake control ... The role of dietary fiber in energy intake regulation and obesity development is related to its unique physical and chemical ... "Symposium: Dietary Composition and Obesity: Do We Need to Look beyond Dietary Fat?" ... a factor considered by experts as contributing to the obesity levels seen in many developed countries.[88] Recognizing the ...
This led to Howard becoming secretary to the newly formed Obesity Association (aka The Obesity Society of Great Britain and now ... World Obesity *^ John Marks, Alan Howard (1997). The Cambridge Diet, A manual for health professionals. Cambridge Export ... 86 to the formation of the International Association for the Study of Obesity which since 2014 is known simply as World Obesity ... Early work on obesity[edit]. While at the Department of Pathology and through working with another local company, Spillers Ltd ...
Anorexia and obesity[edit]. *Ghrelin levels in the plasma of obese individuals are lower than those in leaner individuals,[65] ... suggesting that ghrelin does not contribute to obesity, except in the cases of Prader-Willi syndrome-induced obesity, where ... Short sleep duration is associated with high levels of ghrelin and obesity. An inverse relationship between the hours of sleep ... Short sleep duration may also lead to obesity, through an increase of appetite via hormonal changes.[74] ...
Obesity - adult prevalence rate[edit]. 9.6% (2016). Children under the age of 5 years underweight[edit]. 12.3% (2015). Literacy ...
Obesity and metabolic syndrome[edit]. Main article: Diet and obesity § Sugar consumption ... increased the risk of obesity by adding to overall energy intake.[110] By itself, sugar is not a factor causing obesity and ... Excessive consumption of sugar has been implicated in the onset of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and ... Davis, Caroline (2010). "Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Associations with Overeating and Obesity". Current ...
Obesity[edit]. See also: Obesity in pets. Neutering and overfeeding have contributed to increased obesity in domestic cats, ... Obesity in cats has similar effects as in humans, and will increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes mellitus, etc., thereby ...
Link to obesity[edit]. Epidemiological studies have shown that increased endotoxin load, which can be a result of increased ... of endotoxin with obesity is that endotoxin induces an inflammation-mediated pathway accounting for the observed obesity and ... Other studies have shown that purified endotoxin from Escherichia coli can induce obesity and insulin-resistance when injected ... A more recent study has uncovered a potentially contributing role for Enterobacter cloacae B29 toward obesity and insulin ...
Anti-obesity medication. External links[edit]. *Anorectics at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings ( ... Used on a short-term basis clinically to treat obesity, some appetite suppressants are also available over-the-counter. Most ... 2012). "Anorexiants as Pharmacologic Agents in the Management of Obesity". Foye's Medicinal Chemistry. pp. 1451-6. ISBN 978-1- ... Amphetamine sulfate (also known as amfetamine) - USFDA-approved for the treatment of exogenous obesity under the brand name " ...
For example, obesity can represent wealth and abundance, and is a status symbol in famine-prone areas and some places hard-hit ... Obesity was a status symbol in Renaissance culture: "The Tuscan General Alessandro del Borro", attributed to Andrea Sacchi, ... Haslam DW, James WP (2005). "Obesity". Lancet. 366 (9492): 1197-209. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67483-1. PMID 16198769.. ...
"Obesity , Fat men linked to low fertility". Sydney Morning Herald. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2010.. ... Australian researchers have found evidence to suggest overweight obesity may cause subtle damage to sperm and prevent a healthy ... "Estrogen Deficiency, Obesity, and Skeletal Abnormalities in Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Receptor Knockout (FORKO) Female Mice ...
Keithley J, Swanson B (2005). "Glucomannan and obesity: a critical review". Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. 11 (6 ... Obesity. 18 (5): 995-999. doi:10.1038/oby.2009.308. PMC 2940117 . PMID 19798073. Hooge, Danny M. (2004). "Meta-analysis of ...
Obesity. modifiable. [8][12][13][14][15] Pregnancy and the post-partum period. [8][14][15] ...
Obesity, pregnancy, smoking, hiatal hernia, taking certain medicines[5]. Diagnostic method. Gastroscopy, upper GI series, ... Obesity: increasing body mass index is associated with more severe GERD.[26] In a large series of 2,000 patients with ... Risk factors include obesity, pregnancy, smoking, hiatal hernia, and taking certain medicines.[5] Medications involved may ... September 2007). "Objective documentation of the link between gastroesophageal reflux disease and obesity". American Journal of ...
Tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, certain rare genetic conditions[2]. Diagnostic method. Medical imaging, blood tests, tissue ... Specific types of food (as distinct from obesity) have not been clearly shown to increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.[2][40] ... Obesity; a BMI greater than 35 increases relative risk by about half.[11] ... obesity, diabetes, and certain rare genetic conditions.[2] About 25% of cases are linked to smoking,[3] and 5-10% are linked to ...
Schachter, S. (1968). Obesity and eating. Science. *^ Stroebele, N.; de Castro, J. M. (2004). "Television viewing is associated ... 2006). "Putative contributors to the secular increase in obesity: exploring the roads less traveled". International Journal of ... Bryant, E. J.; King, N. A.; Blundell, J. E. (2007). "Disinhibition: Its effects on appetite and weight regulation". Obesity ... Salmon, J.; Campbell, K. J.; Crawford, D. A. (2006). "Television viewing habits associated with obesity risk factors: a survey ...
Evidence does not support an effect on weight beyond a couple of months and it does not appear to affect obesity related ... Obesity Surgery. 25 (10): 1950-8. doi:10.1007/s11695-015-1797-1 Tierney, Emily P.; Kouba, David J.; Hanke, C. William (December ... Obesity. 19 (7): 1388. doi:10.1038/oby.2011.64. PMID 21475140. Hernandez, Teri L; Kittelson, John M; Law, Christopher K; Ketch ...
Obesity. Native Americans have a significant health problem with obesity, as they are 1.6 times more likely to be obese than a ... On a similar note, they have far greater rates of obesity, and were also less likely to engage in regular physical activity ... obesity, substance abuse, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), teenage pregnancy, liver disease, and hepatitis." The leading ... white American.;[42] Native Americans are as likely as black adults to be obese.[47] Obesity is known as a general causative ...
The key cost drivers are: obesity, defensive medicine, incentives that reward more care instead of better care, expensive ...
obesity , 0.85. , 1.00 , 0.85. , 0.90 , 0.80. , 1.00 WHR has been found to be a more efficient predictor of mortality in older ... The WHO states that abdominal obesity is defined as a waist-hip ratio above 0.90 for males and above 0.85 for females, or a ... WHR is used as a measurement of obesity, which in turn is a possible indicator of other more serious health conditions. ... Samaras, K; Campbell, LV (1997). "The non-genetic determinants of central adiposity". International Journal of Obesity and ...
"International Journal of Obesity. 35 (10): 1295-1300. doi:10.1038/ijo.2011.130. PMID 21750519.. ... "Obesity. 18 (2): 300-307. doi:10.1038/oby.2009.235. PMC 2859815. PMID 19661958.. ...
A diet high in trans fats can contribute to obesity, high blood pressure, and higher risk for heart disease[citation needed]. ... Obesity: Research indicates that trans fat may increase weight gain and abdominal fat, despite a similar caloric intake.[88] A ... Kavanagh K, Jones KL, Sawyer J, Kelley K, Carr JJ, Wagner JD, Rudel LL (July 2007). "Trans fat diet induces abdominal obesity ... Although obesity is frequently linked to trans fat in the popular media,[91] this is generally in the context of eating too ...