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*  Wolff-Chaikoff effect
Becker DV (1983). "Physiological basis for the use of potassium iodide as a thyroid blocking agent logistic issues in its ... "Escape phenomenon" is believed to occur because of decreased inorganic iodine concentration inside the thyroid follicle below a ... Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine: Nutritional, Biochemical, Pathological and Therapeutic Aspects. Academic Press. p. 304. ISBN ... The Wolff-Chaikoff effect lasts several days (around 10 days), after which it is followed by an "escape phenomenon," which is ...
*  Royal jelly
It has been shown that this phenomenon is mediated by an epigenetic modification of DNA known as CpG methylation. Silencing the ... Kucharski R, Maleszka, J, Foret, S, Maleszka, R, Nutritional Control of Reproductive Status in Honeybees via DNA Methylation. ... they are strongly differentiated across a wide range of characteristics including anatomical and physiological differences, ... Balch, Phyllis A.; Balch, James F. (2000). Prescription for Nutritional Healing, Third Edition. New York: Avery. ISBN 1-58333- ...
*  List of MeSH codes
... cell phenomena, and immunity G05 - genetic processes G06 - biochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutrition G07 - physiological ... nutritional and metabolic diseases C19 - endocrine system diseases C20 - immune system diseases C21 - disorders of ... chemical and pharmacologic phenomena G13 - genetic phenomena G14 - genetic structures H - Physical Sciences H01 - natural ... psychological phenomena and processes F03 - mental disorders F04 - behavioral disciplines and activities G - Biological ...
*  Effect of spaceflight on the human body
Factors such as nutritional requirements and physical environments which have so far not been examined will become important. ... The majority of current data comes from missions of short duration and so some of the long-term physiological effects of living ... Another effect is known as Cosmic ray visual phenomena ...[a] NASA survey of 300 male and female astronauts, about 23 percent ... To prevent some of these adverse physiological effects, the ISS is equipped with two treadmills (including the COLBERT), and ...
*  USANA Health Sciences
John Cloud, senior writer for Time Magazine, conducted an evaluation of nutritional supplements in which he took a regimen of ... as the belief he was more vigorous led to his making poorer dietary decisions-a phenomenon referred to as the "licensing effect ... experienced a placebo response where that act of taking the supplements made him feel more vigorous despite no physiological ... Commenting on the relatively high cost of Usana's supplements, Anthony Almada, Chief Scientist of the nutritional supplement ...
*  Battle Creek Sanitarium
These physiological mechanisms now seem fairly well understood, and underpin the contemporary use of hydrotherapy, with the ... Battle Creek utilised information as known at that time to provide nutritional requirements for health and well-being relative ... reflex reactions described by some as the 'rebound phenomenon' This department employed both solar and electric light, with the ... various measures of physiological integrity were utilised to obtain numerous vital coefficients, "especially in relation to the ...
*  Osteophagy
This parallels the phenomenon of osteophagy in birds, in which snail shells are ingested by egg-laying females to supplement ... Therefore, it would be expected that the increased physiological needs of juvenile and gravid female tortoises would also ... Langman, V. A. (1978-01-01). "Giraffe Pica Behavior and Pathology as Indicators of Nutritional Stress". The Journal of Wildlife ... This lack of protein during winter conditions can be attributed to the scarcity of animal proteins, a phenomenon that occurs in ...
*  List of Dewey Decimal classes
... nutritional value of food and beverages) 613.4 Cleanliness Care (hygiene and personal cleanliness, personal care) 613.5 Role of ... physiological systems in plants 576 Genetics and evolution 577 Ecology 578 Natural history of organisms & related subjects 579 ... phenomena 524 Not assigned or no longer used 525 Earth (Astronomical geography) 526 Mathematical geography 527 Celestial ... physiological drives 153 Conscious mental processes & intelligence 154 Subconscious & altered states & processes 155 ...
*  Complementation (genetics)
The phenomenon has long been known in animals and plants. Heterosis appears to be largely due to genetic complementation, that ... "Physiological studies of conditional lethal mutants of bacteriophage T4D". Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 28: 375-394. ... and allowed the investigator to determine whether any two nutritional mutants were defective in the same, or different genes. ...
*  Springtail
This is a complex factor embracing both nutritional and physiological requirements, together with behavioural trends, dispersal ... Researchers themselves may be subject to psychological phenomena. For example, a publication in 2004 claiming that springtails ... and no such phenomenon has ever been scientifically confirmed, though it has been documented that the scales or hairs from ... a phenomenon the measure of which has been called colonisation credit. Springtails are well known as pests of some agricultural ...
*  Psychiatric assessment
Although there are no physiological tests that confirm any mental illness, medical tests may be employed to exclude any co- ... observation for pallor and nutritional deficiencies, palpation for lymph nodes, palpation of the abdomen for organ enlargement ... and sees diagnosis as a socially constructed phenomenon. From a solution focused perspective, the assessment deliberately ...
*  Saliva testing
In more specific studies looking at the link between cortisol levels and psychological phenomena, it has been found that ... In situations where a subject undergoes induced anxiety, high cortisol levels correspond with experiencing more physiological ... and markers of nutritional status. According to Wong, scientists are now viewing saliva as "a valuable biofluid…with the ... "Physiological role for nitrate-reducing oral bacteria in blood pressure control". Free Radic Biol Med. 55: 93-100. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Horizontal gene transfer
HTT detection is a difficult task because it is an ongoing phenomenon that is constantly changing in frequency of occurrence ... Competence for transformation is typically induced by high cell density and/or nutritional limitation, conditions associated ... enter a special physiological state. Competence development in Bacillus subtilis requires expression of about 40 genes. The DNA ... The phenomenon appears to have had some significance for unicellular eukaryotes as well. As Bapteste et al. (2005) observe, " ...
*  Sexual cannibalism
The physiological impacts of cannibalism on male fitness include his inability to father any offspring if he is unable to mate ... It is a phenomenon characterized primarily by members of most arachnid orders, as well as several insect orders. The adaptive ... The decision of a female to cannibalize a male is not defined by the nutritional value or genetic advantage (courtship dances, ... The adaptive foraging hypothesis is a proposed pre-copulatory explanation in which females assess the nutritional value of a ...
*  Semelparity and iteroparity
In addition to physiological degradation, pacific salmon become more lethargic as mating goes on, which makes some individuals ... Cole, Lamont C. (June 1954). "The Population Consequences of Life History Phenomena". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 29 (2): ... Larva only feed in restricted periods of the year because of the nutritional state of their host plants (as a result, they are ... While the individuals in a 2001 study mostly died from vehicles or predation, researchers found evidence of physiological ...
*  Olfactory bulb
During certain physiological states such as hunger a food odor may seem more pleasant and rewarding due to the associations in ... The OFC contributes to this odor-reward association as well as it assesses the value of a reward, i.e. the nutritional value of ... a phenomenon generally known as convergent evolution. "The increase of brain size relative to body size-encephalization-is ... In this way odors reflect certain emotions or physiological states. Odors become associated with pleasant and unpleasant ...
*  Social immunity
Whilst the specific physiological mechanisms by which immunity is produced differ sharply between the individual and society, ... Cremer was the first to do this systematically, and partitioned immunological phenomena into three categories: border defence ( ... larvae raised on these carcasses are smaller and in a worse nutritional state-at adulthood these beetles were also smaller, ... effort in social immune responses - physiological and genomic studies have shown that social conditions can lead to a reduction ...
*  State-dependent memory
The phenomenon continued to be studied more than thirty years later. In 2004, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast and Ameneh Rezayof ... For these grasshoppers, their low nutritional state sparked cognitive connections to similar states of duress and primed the ... Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 57(1), 3-12. Devietti, T.L., Larson, R.C., (1971) ECS effects - evidence ... The paper suggests that this phenomenon allows for quick decisions to be made when an organism does not have the time or neural ...
*  Confabulation
If there is no known physiological cause, more general cognitive techniques may be used to treat confabulation. A case study ... FTT uses a set of five principles to explain false-memory phenomena. Principle 1 suggests that subjects store verbatim ... syndrome is a neurological disorder typically characterized by years of chronic alcohol abuse and a nutritional thiamine ...
*  John Yudkin
His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... His PhD thesis was on "adaptive enzymes" (subsequently termed "induced enzyme synthesis"). His account of the phenomenon ... following years the Department won an international reputation not only for the strength of its research in the physiological ... The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of ...
*  Puberty
Girls are especially sensitive to nutritional regulation because they must contribute all of the nutritional support to a ... Scientists believe the phenomenon could be linked to obesity or exposure to chemicals in the food chain, and is putting girls ... Mechanisms of these social effects are unknown, though a variety of physiological processes, including pheromones, have been ... The age at which puberty begins is affected by both genetic factors and by environmental factors such as nutritional state and ...
*  Menarche
Then, and to an extent now, menstruation was a private matter and a girl's menarche was not a community phenomenon. The Ulithi ... Menarche is the culmination of a series of physiological and anatomic processes of puberty: Attainment of a sufficient body ... The timing of menarche is influenced by female biology, as well as genetic and environmental factors, especially nutritional ... Nearly all of the research on these effects has concerned girls, partly because female puberty requires greater physiological ...
*  B vitamins
This same phenomenon can cause significant over-reporting of B12 content in other types of foods as well. A popular way of ... Stipanuk, M.H. (2006). Biochemical, physiological, molecular aspects of human nutrition (2nd ed.). St Louis: Saunders Elsevier ... ISBN 978-1-118-38383-4. Bender, David A. (11 September 2003). Nutritional Biochemistry of the Vitamins. Cambridge University ... nutritional yeast, brewer's yeast, and molasses. Although the yeast used to make beer results in beers being a source of B ...
*  Glutathione
Because direct supplementation of glutathione is not always successful, supply of the raw nutritional materials used to ... is one very specific example of this phenomenon. Additionally, compounds such as N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and alpha lipoic acid ( ... GSSG because its very low physiological concentration is difficult to measure accurately unless the procedure is carefully ...
*  Lactalbumin
The nutritional efficiency of these diets was normal and similar. The immune response of mice fed the L diets, was found to be ... This phenomenon can occur in the lymphocytes during the development of the immune response and in the muscular cells during ... Abnormally high ROS concentrations cause oxidative stress associated with tissue damage and dysregulation of physiological ... The nutritional efficiency of these diets was similar at both 12 and 28% amino acid levels. The immune responses of mice fed ...
*  Zinc deficiency
Deficiency of other nutrients such as tyrosine, tryptophan and thiamine could contribute to this phenomenon of "malnutrition- ... a sensitive physiological marker of zinc status in vivo (Gallus gallus)". Nutrients. 6 (3): 1164-1180. doi:10.3390/nu6031164. ... a time of rapid growth and development when nutritional needs are high. Low maternal zinc status has been associated with less ... night blindness and abnormal dark adaptation in humans with zinc deficiency have occurred in combination with other nutritional ...