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*  Sodium hyponitrite
... (trans) is conventionally prepared by reduction of sodium nitrite with sodium amalgam. 2 NaNO2 + 4 Na(Hg) + ... or electrolysis of sodium nitrite. A variety of hydrates Na 2N 2O 2(H 2O)x of the trans isomer have been reported, with x ... 2 H2O → Na2N2O2 + 4 NaOH + 4 Hg Sodium hyponitrite (trans) was prepared in 1927 by A. W. Scott by reacting alkyl nitrites, ... the analysis of mixtures with sodium nitrite and nitrate". J. Chem. Soc.: 338. doi:10.1039/jr9520000338. Neumann, R. C., Jr. ...
*  MDAI
Treatment of the indanone with amyl nitrite in methanol with HCl afforded the hydroxyimino ketone. This is reduced to the 2- ...
*  Cattle urine patches
Step 2 details the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate via nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. The most frequent genus of bacteria ... These bacteria will produce small quantities of nitrous oxide from produced nitrite in a side reaction. Nitrous oxide emissions ... Ammonia is oxidized into nitrite and nitrate via nitrifying bacteria. Nitrification is chemically-expressed in two distinct ... Denitrification involves the reduction of nitrites and nitrates produced during nitrification into nitrous oxide by ...
*  Nitroso
In cured meat: Meat processed by curing contains nitrite and has a pH of 5 approximately, where almost all nitrite is present ... Nitrite can enter two kinds of reaction, depending on the physico-chemical environment. Nitrosylation is adding a nitrosyl ion ... No nitrosamine is formed in stools, even after addition of a secondary amine or nitrite. Neutral pH favors NO− release from S- ... Honikel, K. O. (2008). "The use an control of nitrate and nitrite for the processing of meat products". Meat Science. 78: 68-76 ...
*  Alkyl nitrites
Another frequently encountered nitrite is amyl nitrite (3-methylbutyl nitrite). Alkyl nitrites were initially, and largely ... Organic nitrites are prepared from alcohols and sodium nitrite in sulfuric acid solution. They decompose slowly on standing, ... Likewise pyrrolidine is a substrate for ethyl nitrite. Alkyl nitrites are also used in the formation of oximes with the ... Amyl nitrite is used medically as an antidote to cyanide poisoning, The light alkyl nitrites cause the formation of ...
*  Nitrite
Nitrites have the general formula RONO, where R is an aryl or alkyl group. Amyl nitrite and other alkyl nitrites are used in ... The nitrite ion is an ambidentate ligand, and is known to bond to metal centers in at least five different ways. Nitrite is ... Alkali metal nitrites are thermally stable up to and beyond their melting point (441 °C for KNO2). Ammonium nitrite can be made ... Nitrite can be reduced to nitric oxide or ammonia by many species of bacteria. Under hypoxic conditions, nitrite may release ...
*  Sodium nitrite
... is responsible for the desirable red color (or shaded pink) of meat. Very little nitrite is needed to induce ... Furthermore, the type of bacteria also affects sodium nitrites effectiveness. It is generally agreed upon that sodium nitrite ... A principal concern about sodium nitrite is the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines in meats containing sodium nitrite when ... Sodium nitrite acts as an antioxidant in a mechanism similar to the one responsible for the coloring affect. Nitrite reacts ...
*  Ammonium nitrite
The mole ratio of ammonium nitrite to ammonia must be above 10%. NH4NO2 → N2 + 2 H2O Ammonium nitrite may explode at a ... or silver nitrite with ammonium chloride, or ammonium perchlorate with potassium nitrite. The precipitate is filtered off and ... Ammonium nitrite solution is stable at higher pH and lower temperature. If there is any decrease in pH lower than 7.0, it may ... Ammonium nitrite, NH4NO2, is the ammonia salt of nitrous acid. It is not used in pure isolated form, since it is highly ...
*  Silver nitrite
... is produced from the reaction between silver nitrate and an alkali nitrite, such as sodium nitrite. Silver ... Silver nitrite is an inorganic compound with the formula AgNO2. Silver nitrite has many applications. Notable examples include ... and a solution of silver nitrate will readily precipitate silver nitrite upon addition of sodium nitrite: AgNO3 (aq) + NaNO2 (s ... Nitroalkene synthesis with nitryl iodide generated in-situ from silver nitrite and elemental iodine. ...
*  Ethyl nitrite
The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite. It may be prepared from ethanol. Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient ... However FDA has blocked over-the-counter sales of this same remedy, known in the USA as sweet nitrite or sweet spirit of nitre ... "ETHYL NITRITE - National Library of Medicine HSDB Database". toxnet.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-18. WebBook page for ethyl ...
*  Lithium nitrite
... and calcium nitrite are generally used in the construction industry as a means to protect reinforced concrete ... Lithium nitrite is exceptionally soluble in absolute alcohol. However, potassium nitrite is not very soluble. This makes ... This study concluded that a lithium nitrite dosage of 0.6 in the nitrite-chloride ion molar ratio is a successful dosage for ... Unlike calcium nitrite inhibitors, lithium nitrite is particularly valued for corrosion inhibition and resistance of ...
*  Isobutyl nitrite
... , C4H9NO2, is an alkyl nitrite, an ester of isobutanol and nitrous acid. Its chemical structure is (CH3)2CH-CH2 ... Isobutyl nitrite is one of the compounds used as poppers, an inhalant drug that induces a brief euphoria. It is also used as ... Isobutyl nitrite is a pungent colorless liquid. It acts as a vasodilator, and is used as an inhalant recreational drug, poppers ... Isobutyl nitrite is poisonous to people with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.[medical citation needed] Merck Index ...
*  Nitrite test
A nitrite test is a chemical test used to determine the presence of nitrite ion in solution. A common nitrite test can be ... A nitrite test is a standard component of a urinary test strip. A positive test for nitrites in the urine is called nitrituria ... The reason for nitrites' existence in the presence of a UTI is due to a bacterial conversion of endogenous nitrates to nitrites ... In addition, a nitrite test does not detect organisms unable to reduce nitrate to nitrite, such as enterococci, staphylococci ( ...
*  Amyl nitrite
NaNO2 Amyl nitrite, like other alkyl nitrites, reacts with carbanions to give oximes. Amyl nitrites are also useful as reagents ... Like other alkyl nitrites, amyl nitrite is bioactive in mammals, being a vasodilator, which is the basis of its use as a ... Amyl nitrite is employed medically to treat heart diseases as well as angina. Amyl nitrite is sometimes used as an antidote for ... Amyl nitrite, in common with other alkyl nitrites, is a potent vasodilator; it expands blood vessels, resulting in lowering of ...
*  Nitrite oxidoreductase
Reaction nitrite + acceptor ↽ − − ⇀ nitrate + reduced acceptor {\displaystyle {\ce {{nitrite}+acceptor<=>{nitrate}+reduced\ ... while nitrite oxidizers such as Nitrobacter and Nitrospira oxidize nitrite to nitrate. The enzyme is bound to the inner ... Nitrite oxidoreductase (NOR or NXR) is an enzyme involved in nitrification. It is the last step in the process of aerobic ... Spieck E, Muller S, Engel A, Mandelkow E, Patel H (1996). "Two-dimensional structure of membrane-bound nitrite oxidoreductase ...
*  Calcium nitrite
... is an inorganic compound with chemical formula Ca(NO2)2. In this compound, as in all nitrites, nitrogen is in a ... This product can substitute for sodium nitrite. Sodium nitrite is used as a heat transfer fluid in thermal energy storage units ... "Calcium nitrite". Retrieved 6 October 2012. balonis, magdalena; Fredrik P. Glasser (1 July 2011). "Calcium Nitrite Corrosion ... "Calcium Nitrite MSDS Sheet; Manufacturers". Retrieved 6 October 2012. "Calcium nitrite; a definition". Retrieved 6 October 2012 ...
*  Methyl nitrite
... can be prepared by the reaction of silver nitrite with iodomethane: Silver nitrite (AgNO2) exists in solution as ... Methyl nitrite is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH 3ONO. It is a gas, and is the simplest alkyl nitrite. At ... Lower alkyl nitrites may decompose and burst the container even when stored under refrigeration. Methyl nitrite is a toxic ... For example, sodium and potassium nitrite reacting with iodomethane would produce mostly nitromethane, with methyl nitrite as ...
*  Butyl nitrite
... is an alkyl nitrite made from n-butanol. Butyl nitrite is used recreationally as poppers. Synonyms include 1- ... Butyl nitrite is highly flammable. Butyl nitrite is one of the compounds used as poppers, an inhalant drug that induces a brief ... It can be prepared by reacting nitrous acid (generated in situ by reacting a metal nitrite with a mineral acid) with n-butanol ... butyl nitrite and nitrous acid, butyl ester. ...
*  Cyclohexyl nitrite
It is an alkyl nitrite like amyl nitrite and butyl nitrite. It acts as an antianginal due to vasodilation. Like all alkyl ... The compound cyclohexyl nitrite is an organic nitrite compound, with formula C6H11ONO. It is the ester of cyclohexanol and ... nitrites cyclohexyl nitrite has relatively low boiling point at 42°C [ 107.6 F ] witch makes it to develop vapor really fast.[1 ... inhaling the cyclohexyl nitrite vapor could lead to headache and extremely high blood pressure.. ...
*  Nitrite dismutase
... (EC 1.7.6.1, Prolixin S, Nitrophorin 7) is an enzyme with systematic name nitrite:nitrite oxidoreductase. ... H2O Nitrite dismutase ontains ferriheme b. He, C.; Knipp, M. (2009). "Formation of nitric oxide from nitrite by the ferriheme b ... Nitrite dismutase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular Biology portal ... He, C.; Ogata, H.; Knipp, M. (2010). "Formation of the complex of nitrite with the ferriheme b β-barrel proteins nitrophorin 4 ...
*  Nitrite reductase
... refers to any of several classes of enzymes that catalyze the reduction of nitrite. There are two classes of ... Cytochrome c nitrite reductase (ccNIR) is a multiheme enzyme that converts nitrite to ammonia on each active site. The active ... In the resting state, the Cu is also binding a water molecule that is displaced by nitrite. As nitrite displaces water, Cu is ... The nitrite is immediately reduced to ammonia (probably via hydroxylamine) by the activity of nitrite reductase. The term ...
*  Potassium nitrite
Like other nitrite salts such as sodium nitrite, potassium nitrite is toxic if swallowed, and laboratory tests suggest that it ... Nitrite is present at trace levels in soil, natural waters, plant and animal tissues, and fertilizer. The pure form of nitrite ... Potassium nitrite can be obtained by the reduction of potassium nitrate. The production of potassium nitrite by absorption of ... Interest in a medical role for inorganic nitrite was first aroused because of the spectacular success of organic nitrites and ...
*  Nickel(II) nitrite
Nickel nitrite was the second transition element anhydrous nitrite discovered after silver nitrite. Nickel nitrite decomposes ... Nickel(II) nitrite is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ni(NO2)2. Anhydrous nickel nitrite was first discovered ... They could be described as nickel double nitrites. In water when nickel nitrite dissolves, different mixed nitro-aqua complexes ... Nickel nitrite can also form complexes with other ligands. In some of these the nitro groups are altered in their attachment to ...
*  Formate-nitrite transporter
The Formate-Nitrite Transporter (FNT) Family belongs to the Major Intrinsic Protein (MIP) Superfamily. FNT family members have ... NirC, from E. coli (TC# 1.A.16.3.1), a probable nitrite transporter. Nar1 (TC# 1.A.16.2.4) of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii ( ... "1.A.16 The Formate-Nitrite Transporter (FNT) Family". Transporter Classification Database. Saier Lab Bioinformatics Group / ... the nitrite uptake permeases (NirC, TC#s 1.A.16.2.5, 1.A.16.3.1, and 1.A.16.3.4) of bacteria comprise cluster III, and a yeast ...
*  Ferredoxin-nitrite reductase
In enzymology, a ferredoxin-nitrite reductase (EC 1.7.7.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction NH3 + 2 H2O + 6 ... Joy KW, Hageman RH (1966). "The purification and properties of nitrite reductase from higher plants, and its dependence on ... Ramirez JM, Del Campo FF, Paneque A, Losada M (1966). "Ferredoxin-nitrite reductase from spinach". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 118 ... whereas its 3 products are nitrite, reduced ferredoxin, and H+. This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, ...