*  Neural tube defect
Anencephaly (without brain) is a neural tube defect that occurs when the head end of the neural tube fails to close, usually ... A deficiency of folate itself does not cause neural tube defects. The association seen between reduced neural tube defects and ... Multiple other genes related to neural tube defects exist which are candidates for folate insensitive neural tube defects. ... Folic acid supplementation reduces the prevalence of neural tube defects by approximately 70% of neural tube defects indicating ...
*  Cardiac neural crest cells
Downregulation of the Wnt coreceptor Lrp6 leads to a reduction of CNCCs in the dorsal neural tube and in the pharyngeal arches ... Cardiac neural crest cells (CNCCs) are a type of neural crest cells that migrate to the circumpharyngeal ridge (an arc-shape ... In 2005, Tomita transplanted neural crest stem cells from mammal hearts to the neural crest of chick embryos. These CNCCs were ... region of the neural tube during development. They are derived from the ectoderm germ layer, but are sometimes called the ...
*  Neural tube
Overlying ectoderm closes Neural tube closes Neural crest cells migrate Four neural tube subdivisions each eventually develop ... Neural fold Neural plate Neurulation Neural tube defects Cdx protein family This article incorporates text in the public domain ... The centre of the tube is the neural canal. The neural tube develops in two ways: primary neurulation and secondary neurulation ... the dorsal most structure of the neural tube. BMP from the dorsal end of the neural tube seems to act in the same concentration ...
*  Basal plate (neural tube)
In the developing nervous system, the basal plate is the region of the neural tube ventral to the sulcus limitans. It extends ...
*  Sulcus limitans (neural tube)
... longitudinal groove separating the developing gray matter into a basal and alar plates along the length of the neural tube. The ...
*  Spina bifida
"Neural tube defects". JAMA. 259 (4): 558-62. doi:10.1001/jama.259.4.558. PMID 3275817. Cotton P (1993). "Finding neural tube ' ... a common screening tool used to detect neural tube defects in utero. This is because, unlike most of the other neural tube ... However, if something interferes and the tube fails to close properly, a neural tube defect will occur. Medications such as ... Studies show a woman having had one child with a neural tube defect such as spina bifida has about a 3% risk of having another ...
*  Nutrition and cognition
Neural tube defects can present in a number of ways as a result of the improper closure at various points of the neural tube. ... The process of neural tube transformation into structures that will eventually develop into the central nervous system is known ... A deficiency in folate levels of a pregnant woman could potentially result in neural tube disorder, a debilitating condition in ... Botto, Lorenzo D.; Moore, Cynthia A.; Khoury, Muin J.; Erickson, J. David (1999). "Neural-Tube Defects". New England Journal of ...
*  List of OMIM disorder codes
SPINK5 Neural tube defects; 182940; VANGL1 Neuroblastoma; 256700; NME1 Neurodegeneration due to cerebral folate transport ... AMN Melanoma and neural system tumor syndrome; 155755; CDKN2A Melanoma; 609048; CDK4 Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, 2; 155601; ...
*  Prenatal development
The neural tube closes. The ears begin to form as otic pits. Arm buds and a tail are visible. Lung bud, the first traits of the ... The embryo spends the next few days traveling down the Fallopian tube. It starts out as a single cell zygote and then divides ... Fertilization of the egg cell (ovum), usually takes place in one of the Fallopian tubes. Many sperm are released with the ... day 16 of fertilization.) A neural groove (future spinal cord) forms over the notochord with a brain bulge at one end. ...
*  Chordate
A dorsal neural tube. In fish and other vertebrates, this develops into the spinal cord, the main communications trunk of the ... These consist of a series of bony or cartilaginous cylindrical vertebrae, generally with neural arches that protect the spinal ... The extinct graptolites, colonial animals whose fossils look like tiny hacksaw blades, lived in tubes similar to those of ... a neural chord with a brain at the front end, and possibly eyes-although it also had short tentacles round its mouth. ...
*  CURE Children's Hospital of Uganda
The children's neurosurgical diseases treated at the hospital include: 1. Hydrocephalus 2. Neural tube defects 3. Spina bifida ...
*  Mitosis
Sauer, F. C. (1935). "Mitosis in the neural tube". Journal of Comparative Neurology. 62 (2): 377-405. doi:10.1002/cne.900620207 ... When a microtubule connects with the kinetochore, the motor activates, using energy from ATP to "crawl" up the tube toward the ...
*  Mitotic cell rounding
Sauer, F.C. (October 1935). "Mitosis in the neural tube". Journal of Comparative Neurology. 62 (2): 377-405. doi:10.1002/cne. ... of mitotic rounding in live tissue described cell rounding in the pseudostratified epithelium of the mammalian neural tube. ...
*  Spondylocostal dysostosis
Giacoia, G.P.; Say, B. (1991). "Spondylocostal dysplasia and neural tube defects". Journal of Medical Genetics. 28 (1): 51-3. ...
*  Hysterotomy
Sutton LN (February 2008). "Fetal surgery for neural tube defects". Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 22 (1): 175-88. doi: ...
*  Dark skin
... and neural tube development. Folate breaks down in high intense UVR. Dark-skinned women suffer the lowest level of neural tube ... Buccimazza, S. S.; C. D. Molteno, T. T. Dunnem, and D. L. Viljoen (1994). "Prevalence of neural tube defects in Cape Town, ... Low folate levels are correlated with neural tube defects, such as anencephaly and spina bifida. UV rays can strip away folate ... Minns, R.A. (1996). "Folic acid and neural tube defects". Spinal Cord. 34 (8): 460-465. doi:10.1038/sc.1996.79. PMID 8856852. ...
*  Fetal surgery
Prenatal repair of neural tube defects such as myelomeningocele (spina bifida cystica) is a growing option in the United States ... Sutton LN (February 2008). "Fetal surgery for neural tube defects". Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 22 (1): 175-88. doi: ... Sutton LN (February 2008). "Fetal surgery for neural tube defects". Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 22 (1): 175-88. doi: ...
*  HES7 gene
Spina bifida is a neural tube defect. It is characterized by a malformed spine when the neural tube does not properly close ... Mutations to HES7 can lead to abnormalities in formation of heart, vertebral and neural tube. Homozygous mutations in HES7 have ... Mutations can result in malformed spine, ribs, heart and neural tube. The following conditions can result from errors in ... Chiari malformation results from neural tube defects and affects the base of the skull and the cerebellum. With Chiari ...
*  SHROOM3
Juriloff DM, Harris MJ (2000). "Mouse models for neural tube closure defects". Hum. Mol. Genet. 9 (6): 993-1000. doi:10.1093/ ... is required for neural tube morphogenesis in mice". Cell. 99 (5): 485-97. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81537-8. PMID 10589677. ...
*  Fumonisin B1
Neural tube defect (NTD) are defects of the brain and spinal cord in the embryo resulting from failure of the neural tube to ... "Neural Tube Defects and the Texas-Mexico Border". Retrieved April 2011. Check date values in: ,access-date= (help) Cornell J, ... Check date values in: ,access-date= (help) Blom HJ, Shaw GM, den Heijer M, Finnel RH (2006). "Neural tube defects and folate: ... In 1990 and 1991 a sudden outbreak of neural tube defects occurred along the Texas-Mexico border. It is believed that this ...
*  Vitamin B12
Homocysteine and Neural Tube Defects: An Overview". Experimental Biology and Medicine. 226 (4): 243-270. ISSN 1535-3702. PMID ...
*  Strabismus (protein)
In humans, mutations in VANGL1 have been associated with neural tube defects including spina bifida, and with some forms of ... "Mutations in VANGL1 associated with neural-tube defects". N. Engl. J. Med. 356 (14): 1432-7. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa060651. PMID ...
*  Parental obesity
... including neural tube defects and spina bifida. The chances of having neural tube defects in the newborn of an obese woman has ... Poor glycemic control can lead to neural tube defects. The usual increase in insulin resistance seen in late pregnancy is ...
*  Health effects of tobacco
Wang, M; Wang, ZP; Gong, R; Zhao, ZT (January 2014). "Maternal smoking during pregnancy and neural tube defects in offspring: a ... It slightly increases the risk of neural tube defects. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and maternal smoking during ... where bronchial tubes branch, that tar from cigarette smoke is resistant to dissolving in lung fluid and that radioactive ...
*  TEAD2
Kaneko KJ, Kohn MJ, Liu C, DePamphilis ML (September 2007). "Transcription factor TEAD2 is involved in neural tube closure". ... Kaneko KJ, Kohn MJ, Liu C, DePamphilis ML (September 2007). "Transcription factor TEAD2 is involved in neural tube closure". ... Regulation of mouse neural development Neuron proliferation Regulation of proliferation Regulation of apoptosis TEAD1 can be ... "Molecular characterization of cDNA encoding a novel protein related to transcriptional enhancer factor-1 from neural precursor ...
*  Cordon-bleu protein-like 1
"Cordon-bleu is a conserved gene involved in neural tube formation". Developmental Biology. 262 (1): 16-31. doi:10.1016/S0012- ...
*  Nutrition and pregnancy
Deficiencies in folic acid may cause neural tube defects; women who had 0.4 mg of folic acid in their systems due to ... Folic acid supplementation is recommended prior to conception, to prevent development of spina bifida and other neural tube ... helps to prevent neural tube birth defects in the fetus. In addition, prenatal vitamins typically contain increased amounts of ...