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*  Neuroendocrine tumor
Currently there is no one staging system for all neuroendocrine neoplasms. Well differentiated lesions generally have their own ... For example, gastric NEC and mixed adenoneuroendocrine cancers are staged as a primary carcinoma of the stomach. TNM staging of ... G1 and G2 neuroendocrine neoplasms are called neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) - formerly called carcinoid tumours. G3 neoplasms ... Although there are many kinds of NETs, they are treated as a group of tissue because the cells of these neoplasms share common ...
*  Renal cell carcinoma
"Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis and staging of renal and perirenal neoplasms". Radiology. 154 (3): 709-15. doi: ... Staging can follow the TNM staging system, where the size and extent of the tumour (T), involvement of lymph nodes (N) and ... Also, it can use overall stage grouping into stage I-IV, with the 1997 revision of AJCC described below: At diagnosis, 30% of ... The most aggressive stage of renal cancer is believed to be the one in which the tumour is mixed, containing both clear and ...
*  Endoglin
TGF beta can act as a tumor suppressor in the premalignant stage of the benign neoplasm by inhibiting its growth and inducing ...
*  Analgesic nephropathy
Blohmé I, Johansson S (November 1981). "Renal pelvic neoplasms and atypical urothelium in patients with end-stage analgesic ... As the use of phenacetin declined, so too did the prevalence of analgesic nephropathy as a cause of end-stage kidney disease. ... Analgesic nephropathy was once a common cause of kidney injury and end-stage kidney disease in parts of Europe, Australia, and ... January 2000). "Distribution of primary renal diseases leading to end-stage renal failure in the United States, Europe, and ...
*  Endoscopic submucosal dissection
In Japan, ESD is now gaining acceptance as the standard endoscopic resection technique for stomach neoplasms in an early stage ... The resected size and shape can be controlled, en bloc resection is possible even in a large neoplasm, and neoplasms with ... So this technique can be applied to the resection of complex neoplasms such as large neoplasms, ulcerative non-lifting ... especially for large or ulcerative neoplasms. Recently, the ESD technique is applied to esophageal or colorectal neoplasms in ...
*  Neoplasm
"Early-stage formation of an epigenetic field defect in a mouse colitis model, and non-essential roles of T- and B-cells in DNA ... ICD-10 classifies neoplasms into four main groups: benign neoplasms, in situ neoplasms, malignant neoplasms, and neoplasms of ... The term 'neoplasm' is a synonym of "tumor". 'Neoplasia' denotes the process of the formation of neoplasms/tumors, the process ... p. Neoplasm. ISBN 0781733901. "II Neoplasms". World Health Organization. Retrieved 19 June 2014. Abrams, Gerald. "Neoplasia I ...
*  Eye neoplasm
Melanomas (choroidal, ciliary body and uveal) - In the early stages there may be no symptoms (the person does not know there is ... Eye neoplasms can affect all parts of the eye, and can be a benign tumor or a malignant tumor (cancer). Eye cancers can be ...
*  Microarray analysis techniques
Genevestigator is a public tool to perform contextual meta-analysis across contexts such as anatomical parts, stages of ... development, and response to diseases, chemicals, stresses, and neoplasms. Microarray databases Significance analysis of ...
*  Papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential
Pathologic grading and staging tumors are: graded by the degree of cellular atypia (G1->G3), and staged: - papilloma - ... As their name suggests, PUNLMPs are neoplasms, i.e. clonal cellular proliferations, that are thought to have a low probability ... In urologic pathology, PUNLMP, short for papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential, is an exophytic (outward ... Jones TD, Cheng L (June 2006). "Papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential: evolving terminology and concepts". J ...
*  Carcinoma
... s are usually staged with Roman numerals. In most classifications, Stage I and Stage II carcinomas are confirmed when ... Lobular and Medullary Neoplasms (8550-8559) Acinar cell neoplasms (8560-8580) Complex epithelial neoplasms The term carcinoma ... Adnexal and Skin appendage Neoplasms (8430-8439) Mucoepidermoid Neoplasms (8440-8490) Cystic, Mucinous and Serous Neoplasms ( ... For example, the colon and bladder cancer staging system relies on depth of invasion, staging of breast carcinoma is more ...
*  Virtual karyotype
18q LOH is an established biomarker associated with high risk of tumor recurrence in stage II colon cancer. Figure 7 shows a ... Renal epithelial neoplasms have characteristic cytogenetic aberrations that can aid in classification. See also Atlas of ... "Gain-of-function of mutated C-CBL tumour suppressor in myeloid neoplasms." Nature 13 Aug 2009; 460, 904-909. Gondek LP, Tiu R, ... Subtypes 2A and 2B: found in unfavorable widespread neuroblastoma, stages 3 and 4, with 11q loss and 17q gain without MYCN ...
*  Myometrium
Lack of contraction at this stage is termed uterine atony. After pregnancy the uterus returns to its nonpregnant size by a ... Benign neoplasms of the myometrium are very common, termed uterine leiomyomata or fibroids. Their malignant version, ...
*  Vulvar cancer
Stage 1A and 1B vulvar cancer Stage 2 vulvar cancer Stage 3 vulvar cancer Stage 4A vulvar cancer Stage 4B vulvar cancer Staging ... "Vulvar Cancer". Gynecologic Neoplasms. Armenian Health Network, Health.am. 2005. Retrieved 2007-11-08. International Federation ... Stages I and II describe the early stages of vulvar cancer that still appear to be confined to the site of origin. Stage III ... Stage IV indicates metastatic disease to inguinal nodes on both sides or distant metastases. Illustrations showing stages of ...
*  Seminoma
The analysis of tumor markers also helps in staging. The preferred treatment for most forms of stage 1 seminoma is active ... It is a malignant neoplasm and is one of the most treatable and curable cancers, with a survival rate above 95% if discovered ... Regardless of treatment strategy, stage 1 seminoma has nearly a 100% cure rate. Stage 2 seminoma is indicated by the presence ... Stage 3 seminoma is characterized by the presence of metastasis outside the retroperitoneum-the lungs in "good risk" cases or ...
*  Breast augmentation
The follow-up mammogram and MRI examinations found neither defects (necrosis) nor abnormalities (neoplasms). At six months post ... In a breast-reconstruction procedure, within a multi-stage reconstruction-mammoplasty, a tissue expander (a temporary breast- ... Silver H (1982). "Reduction of capsular contracture with two-stage augmentation mammaplasty and pulsed electromagnetic energy ( ... neoplasm) in the fat-augmented breasts. Moreover, given the sensitive, biologic nature of breast tissue, periodic MRI and 3-D ...
*  Grading (tumors)
Some pathology grading systems apply only to malignant neoplasms (cancer); others apply also to benign neoplasms. The ... TNM staging system (Other parameters) Tumor kinds that have their own grading system: Teratoma Gleason score Abrams, Gerald. " ... Grading in cancer is distinguished from staging, which is a measure of the extent to which the cancer has spread. Pathology ... The histologic tumor grade score along with the metastatic (whole-body-level cancer-spread) staging are used to evaluate each ...
*  Blood in stool
"Treatment of Colon Cancer, by Stage". www.cancer.org. Retrieved 2017-12-09. "Treatment Choices by Type and Stage of Stomach ... Bleeding that occurs due to a neoplasm (cancer growth) can be treated using colonoscopy and clipping, surgical intervention, or ... Similarly, gastric cancer is treated depending on the staging, although typically requires surgical and medical therapy. The ... other measures, depending on the form and stage of cancer. ...
*  Esophageal cancer
Staging is based on the TNM staging system, which classifies the amount of tumor invasion (T), involvement of lymph nodes (N), ... See: "C16 - Malignant neoplasm of the stomach". ICD-10 Version: 2015. World Health Organization. Archived from the original on ... Online edition, with updates to 2014 Berry, MF (May 2014). "Esophageal cancer: staging system and guidelines for staging and ... and T3 stages of esophageal cancer Stage T4 esophageal cancer Esophageal cancer with spread to lymph nodes Prevention includes ...
*  Pilocytic astrocytoma
The neoplasm will be clearly visible. If a tumor is found, it will be necessary for a neurosurgeon to perform a biopsy of it. ... pathologist for examination and staging. The biopsy may take place before surgical removal of the tumor or the sample may be ... The neoplasm may also be solid. Under the microscope, the tumor is seen to be composed of bipolar cells with long "hairlike" ... The neoplasms are associated with the formation of a single (or multiple) cyst(s), and can become very large. Pilocytic ...
*  Chronic myelogenous leukemia
The way CML presents depends on the stage of the disease at diagnosis as it has been known to skip stages in some cases. Most ... Vardiman JW, Harris NL, Brunning RD (Oct 2002). "The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of the myeloid neoplasms". ... Drug treatment often becomes less effective in the advanced stages. Blast crisis is the final phase in the evolution of CML, ... Sokal JE, Baccarani M, Russo D, Tura S (Jan 1988). "Staging and prognosis in chronic myelogenous leukemia". Seminars in ...
*  Neuronal lineage marker
NSE levels increase along the neuron development reaching higher level in later stages. It can be expressed in glial cells ... In pathological conditions was also reported that glial neoplasms and reactive glial cells expressed this marker. Calretinin is ... Neuronal Nuclei antigen (NeuN) or Fox-3 is a nuclear protein present in postmitotic stage when start to differentiate into ... Von Bohlen Und Halbach, O (2007). "Immunohistological markers for staging neurogenesis in adult hippocampus". Cell and Tissue ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Neoplasms
This category is for all types of benign tumors that affect the brain, meninges (coverings of the brain), spinal cord and nerves. Malignant brain tumors are found at Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Brain Tumors.
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Neoplasms: Acoustic Neuroma
A type of benign (noncancerous) brain tumor that grows in the middle ear. It is one of the most common types of benign brain tumors, and can cause hearing loss.
*  Gleason grading system
... poorly differentiated grade neoplasm, Grade 8-10 high-grade neoplasm. Gleason pattern 1 is the most well differentiated tumor ... The Gleason scores then become part of the TNM or Whitmore-Jewett Prostate cancer staging system to provide prognosis. The ... Neoplasms have no glandular differentiation (thus not resembling normal prostate tissue at all). It is composed of sheets ( ... So using the Gleason system, the most prevalent and second most prevalent pattern, if at least 5% of the neoplasm, are added ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Musculoskeletal: Soft Tissue Sarcoma: Angiosarcomas
Article by Belen Carsi, MD about this uncommon malignant neoplasm. Contains information about frequency, history, causes, ...
*  Cervical cancer
Stage 1A cervical cancer Stage 1B cervical cancer Stage 2A cervical cancer Stage 2B cervical cancer Stage 3B cervical cancer ... Myung SK, Ju W, Kim SC, Kim H (2011). "Vitamin or antioxidant intake (or serum level) and risk of cervical neoplasm: A meta- ... The FIGO stage does not incorporate lymph node involvement in contrast to the TNM staging for most other cancers. For cases ... Due to the possible risk of cancer spread to the lymph nodes in stage 1b cancers and some stage 1a cancers, the surgeon may ...