*Soil-transmitted helminth

In the UK and Australia, however, the term threadworm can also refer to nematodes of the genus Enterobius, otherwise known as ... The geohelminths together present an enormous infection burden on humanity, amounting to 135,000 deaths every year, and ... Even though the disease is principally a soil-transmitted helminthiasis, the infection being mediated through contaminated soil ... Soil-transmitted helminths are typically from the following families of nematodes, namely:[citation needed] Roundworms (family ...

*Baylisascaris shroederi

6. Beasley, JC et al., (2013). "Baylisascaris procyonis Infections in White- Footed Mice: Predicting patterns of Infection from ... Baylisascaris shroederi, common name giant panda roundworm, is a roundworm (nematode), found ubiquitously in giant pandas of ... of deaths in wild giant pandas were caused by the parasite infection. In central China, B. shroederi infection rates in giant ... Concern for human infection is minimalized as there are very few giant pandas living today and most people do not encounter ...

*Soil-transmitted helminthiasis

The helminthic disease is so named because the infection is transmitted through ingestion of the nematode eggs in the soil, ... hookworm infection and whipworm infection. These three types of infection are therefore caused by the large roundworm A. ... Hookworm infection of STH is caused by N. americanus and A. duodenale. Mild infections produce diarrhoea and abdominal pain. ... cough and dyspnoea during early stage of infection. Hookworm infections insinuate a skin reaction (dermatitis), increased white ...

*Nematode infection

A nematode infection is a type of helminthiasis caused by organisms in the nematode phylum. An example is enterobiasis. Several ...

*Computational immunology

Examples include Plasmodium falciparum and nematode infection in ruminants. Much has been done in understanding immune ... to construct a multi-epitope based subunit vaccine by utilizing immunoinformatics approach to battle against dengue infection ...

*Ulcerative colitis

"Intestinal nematode infection ameliorates experimental colitis in mice". Infection and Immunity. 70 (11): 5931-7. doi:10.1128/ ... resulting in a decreased ability of the immune system to clear infections and reactivation of latent infections such as ... This initial infection resolves itself naturally, but somehow causes an imbalance in the colonic bacterial flora, leading to a ... Helminthic therapy is the use of intestinal parasitic nematodes to treat ulcerative colitis, and is based on the premises of ...

*Mayfly

Williams, J. K.; Townsend, C. R. Poulin, R. (2001). "Mermithid nematode infections and drift in the mayfly Deleatidium spp. ( ... Other nematodes turn adult male mayflies into quasi-females which haunt the edges of streams, enabling the parasites to break ... Mayfly nymphs may serve as hosts for parasites such as nematodes and trematodes. Some of these affect the nymphs' behaviour in ...

*Capillaria plica

Sréter T, Széll Z, Marucci G, Pozio E, Varga I (August 2003). "Extraintestinal nematode infections of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes ... By 33 days post-infection, third (L3) and fourth-stage larvae (L4) are found in the urinary bladder. Here they mature into ... Senior DF, Solomon GB, Goldschmidt MH, Joyce T, Bovee KC (May 1980). "Capillaria plica infection in dogs". J. Am. Vet. Med. ... Capillaria plica (dog bladder worm) is a parasitic nematode which is most often found in the urinary bladder, and occasionally ...

*Toxocara cati

Sabrosa, N. A.; de Souza, E. C. (1 December 2001). "Nematode infections of the eye: toxocariasis and diffuse unilateral ... In adult cats, the infection - which is called toxocariasis - is usually asymptomatic. However, massive infection in juvenile ... Contact with the soil, licking fur near feet, and eating a host animal (such as rodents) can also lead to infection of the ... The mother may not have any symptoms from the infection but the worm can be passed onto the infant. Most infected infants do ...

*Sabin Vaccine Institute

... vaccine against soil-transmitted nematode infections". Expert Review of Vaccines. 13 (3): 321-331. doi:10.1586/14760584.2014. ... Sabin is currently working on multiple vaccines for humans including vaccines for Hookworm infection (Na-GST-1, Na-APR-1), ... "Status of Vaccine Research and Development of Vaccines for Human Hookworm Infection" (PDF). World Health Organization. Archived ...

*Moment closure

The approximation has been used successfully to model the spread of the Africanized bee in the Americas and nematode infection ... Marion, G.; Renshaw, E.; Gibson, G. (1998). "Stochastic effects in a model of nematode infection in ruminants". Mathematical ...

*Serpin

"SerpinB2 is critical to Th2 immunity against enteric nematode infection". Journal of Immunology. 190 (11): 5779-87. doi:10.4049 ... The genome of the nematode worm C. elegans contains 9 serpins, all of which lack signal sequences and so are likely ... "SRP-2 is a cross-class inhibitor that participates in postembryonic development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans: initial ... "The neutrophil serine protease inhibitor serpinb1 preserves lung defense functions in Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection". The ...

*Piperazine

doi:10.1016/S1090-0233(05)80005-X. "Helminths: Intestinal nematode infection: Piperazine". WHO Model Prescribing Information: ...

*Ostertagia ostertagi

Epidemiological study of nematode infections in a grazing beef cow-calf herd in Mississippi. Vet Parasitol 64: 207-218. http:// ... The abomasal nematode O. ostertagi is a Clade V nematode of the order Strongylida, the family Trichostrongylidae and genus ... However, once an infection has occurred, the host's immune system attempts to limit the damage caused by the worm. Apart from ... The systematics of nematodes that cause ostertagiasis in domestic and wild ruminants in North America: an update and a key to ...

*Aneilema aequinoctiale

A behavioral adaptation for the control of strongyle nematode infections". International Journal of Primatology. Springer ... when the animals are most likely to be afflicted with the parasitic nematodes Oesophagostomum stephanostomum and other species ... "New Evidence for Leaf Swallowing and Oesophagostomum Infection in Bonobos (Pan paniscus)". International Journal of Primatology ...

*Antinematodal agent

An antinematodal agent is a type of anthelmintic designed to reduce nematode infection. Antinematodal agent at the US National ...

*Waterborne diseases

Typical examples include certain Nematoda, that is to say "roundworms". As an example of water-borne Nematode infections, one ... Trivially, many infections may be transmitted by microbes or parasites that accidentally, possibly as a result of exceptional ... "Infection with a Chlorophyllic Eukaryote after a Traumatic Freshwater Injury". The New England Journal of Medicine. March 5, ... Anyone swallowing a copepod that happens to be infected with Nematode larvae in the genus Dracunculus, becomes liable to ...

*Cooperia oncophora

... especially when co-infections with other nematodes such as O. ostertagi occur. Infections are usually treated with broad- ... Co-infections with other gastro-intestinal nematodes such as O. ostertagi and H. contortus are common. C. oncophora females are ... Cooperia oncophora is one of the most common intestinal parasitic nematodes in cattle in temperate regions. Infections with C. ... It is known that dietary rearrangement of lipid metabolism can give protection against nematode infections. Dietary poly ...

*Gulf Coast Native sheep

"Susceptibility of Suffolk and Gulf Coast Native suckling lambs to naturally acquired strongylate nematode infection". ... "Epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematode parasitism in Suffolk and Gulf Coast Native sheep with special emphasis on relative ... susceptibility to Haemonchus contortus infection". Veterinary parasitology. 74 (1): 55-74. doi:10.1016/s0304-4017(97)00094-0. ...

*Hookworm infection

Moraes LR, Cancio JA, Cairncross S (April 2004). "Impact of drainage and sewerage on intestinal nematode infections in poor ... Infection of the host is by the larvae, not the eggs. While A. duodenale can be ingested, the usual method of infection is ... Heavy infections can occur in both children and adults but are less common in adults. It is rarely fatal. Hookworm infection is ... Hookworm infection is an infection by a type of intestinal parasite in the roundworm group. Initially there may be itching and ...

*MasterPlex QT

M. R. Odiere, K. G. Koski, H. A. Weiler and M. E. Scott (2009). "Concurrent nematode infection and pregnancy induce ...

*Globodera tabacum

This species of nematodes was first discovered in Hazardville, Connecticut in the 1950s. Nematode infection of the tobacco root ... Unlike root-knot nematodes, the tobacco cyst nematode does not form feeding tubes enveloped in an endoplasmatic reticulum. Due ... Globodera tabacum, commonly known as a tobacco cyst nematode, is a plant parasitic nematode that mainly infests the tobacco ... The life cycle is typical of plant parasitic nematodes. This means that Globodera tabacum nematode has four juvenile stages, ...

*Parasite load

291 "Fighting while Parasitized: Can Nematode Infections Affect the Outcome of Staged Combat in Beetles?" PLoS ONE 10(4) [2] ... This research aims to discover if the parasite load during the acute stage of infection effects if the host will eventually ... found that parasite loads in the acute phase of infection correlates at the late chronic stage of the disease, with the ... This was due to stress within environment, as well as stress within the host (crab body) from parasite infection. Pulkkinen et ...

*Mermithergate

A mermithergate is an ant worker that has a changed appearance as a result of an Enoplia nematode infection. The word was ... Up to 5% of some populations of Cephalotes atratus suffer from an infection by the tetradonematid nematode Myrmeconema ... The nematodes pass through the bird's digestive system as eggs without harming it. The circle closes when C. atratus workers ... It is a combination of the nematode genus Mermis, for which Wheeler first described the phenomenon, and ergate, which means ant ...

*Dicrocoelium dendriticum

However, many of the symptoms of dicroceliosis are similar to those of other gastro-, intestinal-, and lung-nematode infections ... Most infections, especially in cows, are asymptomatic but the effect on the liver depends on the number of flukes and the ... However, in heavier infections, bile ducts and the biliary epithelium may become enlarged in addition to the generation of ... While infections with D. dendriticum are usually symptom free, some animals may show anemia, edema, emaciation, and liver ...

*Aelurostrongylus abstrusus

Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea) infections in cats inhabiting Ibiza, Spain". Veterinary Parasitology. 173 (3-4): 344-348. doi: ... Aelurostrongylus abstrusus is a species of nematode from the family Metastrongylidae. Intermediate hosts include: land snail ...

*Immunoglobulin E

2005). "Allergen-specific IgE and IgG4 are markers of resistance and susceptibility in a human intestinal nematode infection". ... Watanabe N, Bruschi F, Korenaga M (2005). "IgE: a question of protective immunity in Trichinella spiralis infection". Trends ... Winter WE, Hardt NS, Fuhrman S (2000). "Immunoglobulin E: importance in parasitic infections and hypersensitivity responses". ... and nematodes in humans. It is most likely beneficial in removal of hookworms from the lung. Although it is not yet well ...