*  Nasal administration
The nasal cavity is covered by a thin mucosa which is well vascularised. Therefore, a drug molecule can be transferred quickly ... Upper airway infections may increase the variability as may the extent of sensory irritation of the nasal mucosa, differences ... Nasal administration is primarily suitable for potent drugs since only a limited volume can be sprayed into the nasal cavity. ... Dihydroergotamine and the OTC nasal spray Sinol-M; are also currently administered by nasal administration because a fast ...
*  Rhinitis medicamentosa
Ala J Med Sci 1984 Apr; DA - 19840716(2): 205-8. Graf P: Adverse effects of benzalkonium chloride on the nasal mucosa: allergic ... Therefore, after cessation of prolonged use, there will be inadequate sympathetic vasoconstriction in the nasal mucosa, and ... Lacroix J (1989) Adrenergic and nonadrenergic mechanisms in sympathetic vascular control of the nasal mucosa. Acta Physiol ... Passali D, Salerni L, Passali G, Passali F, Bellussi L (2006) Nasal decongestants in the treatment of chronic nasal obstruction ...
*  Nasal polyp
Nasal mucosa, particularly in the region of middle meatus becomes swollen due to collection of extracellular fluid. This ... The most prominent symptoms of nasal polyps result blockage of the nasal passage. People with nasal polyps due to aspirin ... Play media Symptoms of polyps include nasal congestion, sinusitis, loss of smell, thick nasal discharge, facial pressure, nasal ... The first line of treatment for nasal polyps is topical steroids. Steroids decrease the inflammation of the sinus mucosa to ...
*  Rhinomanometry
... in challenge tests with allergen when nasal patency is measured before and after application of allergen onto the nasal mucosa ... Nasal obstruction leads to increased values of nasal resistance. Rhinomanometry may be used to measure only one nostril at a ... It can also be used to check impact of other treatments, like nasal steroid sprays, on objective nasal blockage. It is also ... Increased pressure during respiration is a result of increased resistance to airflow through nasal passages (nasal blockage), ...
*  Nasal septum deviation
Adhesions and synachiae between septal mucosa and lateral nasal wall. Saddle nose due to over-resection of the dorsal wall of ... Nasal septum deviation or deviated nasal septum (DNS) is a physical disorder of the nose, involving a displacement of the nasal ... The nasal septum is the bone and cartilage in the nose that separates the nasal cavity into the two nostrils. The cartilage is ... Dropped nasal tip due to resection of the caudal margin. Nasal septum perforation Robinson, Jennifer (December 11, 2016). "What ...
*  Nasal concha
The flow of blood to the nasal mucosa, in particular the venous plexus of the conchae is regulated by the pterygopalatine ... Right nasal airway passage Nasal conchae Nasal concha Anatomy of the Human Body Gray, Henry (1918) The Nasal Cavity. Turbinate ... Superior nasal concha, middle nasal concha and inferior nasal concha Empty nose syndrome - a condition caused by the surgical ... Generally, in animals, nasal turbinates (cochae) are convoluted structures of thin bone or cartilage located in the nasal ...
*  Anatomy of the human nose
The pertinent nasal lymphatic system arises from the superficial mucosa, and drains posteriorly to the retropharyngeal nodes ( ... Adult humans have nasal hairs in the anterior nasal passage. In the upper portion of the nose, the paired nasal bones attach to ... The surgical nose as six (6) aesthetic nasal segments the dorsal nasal segment the lateral nasal-wall segments the hemi-lobule ... the nasal vein vascularisation of the nose generally follows the arterial pattern of nasal vascularisation. The nasal veins are ...
*  Corticosteroid
For nasal mucosa, sinuses, bronchii, and lungs. This group includes: Flunisolide Fluticasone furoate Fluticasone propionate ... from anti-allergy nasal sprays (Nasonex, Flonase) to topical skin creams, to eye drops (Tobradex), to prednisone have been ... Allergic rhinitis Atopic dermatitis Hives Angioedema Anaphylaxis Food allergies Drug allergies Nasal polyps Hypersensitivity ...
*  Halostachine
The drug was also astringent on nasal mucosa. In man, an oral dose of 50 mg produced no effects on blood pressure. Later ...
*  Beta-defensin 2
2000). "[hBD-2 gene expression in nasal mucosa]". Laryngorhinootologie. 79 (7): 400-3. doi:10.1055/s-2000-4626. PMID 11005092. ... 1999). "Production of beta-defensin antimicrobial peptides by the oral mucosa and salivary glands". Infect. Immun. 67 (6): 2740 ... 2001). "Production of beta-defensin antimicrobial peptides by maxillary sinus mucosa". American journal of rhinology. 15 (3): ... "Staphylococcus epidermidis Esp inhibits Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation and nasal colonization"". Nature. 465 (7296): ...
*  OXGR1
Shirasaki H, Kanaizumi E, Himi T (2016). "Expression and localization of GPR99 in human nasal mucosa". Auris, Nasus, Larynx. ... and nasal mucosa, particularly the vascular smooth muscle in the latter tissue. In mice, Gpr99 mRNA is expressed in kidneys, ... of LTE4 but not LTD4 by asthmatic subjects caused the accumulation of eosinophils and basophils in their bronchial mucosa; d) ...
*  Oxymetazoline
Bende, M.; Löth, S. (2007). "Vascular effects of topical oxymetazoline on human nasal mucosa". The Journal of Laryngology & ... It can reduce nasal airway resistance (NAR) up to 35.7% and nasal mucosal blood flow up to 50%. Imidazolines are ... Some of these commercials showed men, women, and children using other brands of nasal sprays, and then standing upside down or ... Vasoconstriction of vessels results in relief of nasal congestion in two ways: first, it increases the diameter of the airway ...
*  Cryptic bat rabies
Constantine, D. G., Emmons, R. W. & Woodie, J. D. (1972). Rabies virus in nasal mucosa of naturally infected bats. Science 175 ... of rabies virus between bats has been shown to be possible since rabies virus has been isolated from the nasal mucosa of bats ...
*  Reindeer
Temperature gradient along the nasal mucosa is under physiological control. Incoming cold air is warmed by body heat before ... Like moose, caribou have specialised noses featuring nasal turbinate bones that dramatically increase the surface area within ... Reindeer have specialised counter-current vascular heat exchange in their nasal passages. ... "Aspects of nasal heat exchange in resting reindeer", Journal of Physiology, 340: 445-454 "In the winter, the fleshy pads on ...
*  Coca
"A preliminary study of cocaine absorption from the nasal mucosa". Laryngoscope. 109 (1): 98-102. doi:10.1097/00005537-199901000 ... Absorption of coca from the leaf is less rapid than nasal application of purified forms of the alkaloid (almost all of the coca ... alkaloid is absorbed within 20 minutes of nasal application, while it takes 2-12 hours after ingestion of the raw leaf for ...
*  CA12
"Gene expression for carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes in human nasal mucosa". Chem. Senses. 28 (7): 621-629. doi:10.1093/chemse/ ... in normal mucosa of large intestine and in colorectal tumors". Dig. Dis. Sci. 46 (10): 2179-2186. doi:10.1023/A:1011910931210. ... Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor and tumor-associated carbonic anhydrases IX and XII in normal and neoplastic colorectal mucosa ...
*  CHRNA6
2003). "Nicotinic cholinergic receptor expression in the human nasal mucosa". Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. 112 (1): 77-84. PMID ...
*  SLPI
It is found in large quantities in bronchial, cervical, and nasal mucosa, saliva, and seminal fluids. SLPI inhibits human ... SLPI is also one of the dominantly present proteins in nasal epithelial lining fluid and other nasal secretions. Many diseases ... "Localisation of secretory leucocyte proteinase inhibitor mRNA in nasal mucosa". Acta Oto-Laryngologica. 114 (2): 199-202. doi: ... Increased levels of SLPI in nasal secretions and bronchoalveolar fluids may be denotive of inflammatory lung conditions or ...
*  Konrad Viktor Schneider
The eponym "Schneiderian membrane" is another name for the nasal mucosa. Liber de osse cribriformi, 1655. De catarrhis, 1660. ... In 1660-62 he published "De catarrhis", a multi-volume work in which he refuted the long-held belief that nasal mucus was a ...
*  CA14
2004). "Gene expression for carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes in human nasal mucosa". Chem. Senses. 28 (7): 621-9. doi:10.1093/ ...
*  Pterygopalatine ganglion
... and its axons project to the lacrimal glands and nasal mucosa. The flow of blood to the nasal mucosa, in particular the venous ... The pterygopalatine ganglion supplies the lacrimal gland, paranasal sinuses, glands of the mucosa of the nasal cavity and ... The nasal glands are innervated with secretomotor from the greater petrosal nerve. Likewise, the palatine glands are innervated ... The pterygopalatine ganglion (Meckel's ganglion, nasal ganglion or sphenopalatine ganglion) is a parasympathetic ganglion found ...
*  Chronic atrophic rhinitis
The ciliated columnar epithelium of the nasal mucosa is replaced by stratified squamous epithelium. Atrophy of mucosa, turbinal ... Medical measures include: Nasal irrigation using normal saline Nasal irrigation and removal of crusts using alkaline nasal ... 25% glucose in glycerine can be applied to the nasal mucosa to inhibit the growth of proteolytic organisms which produce foul ... Chronic atrophic rhinitis is a chronic inflammation of nose characterised by atrophy of nasal mucosa, including the glands, ...
*  Parachlamydia acanthamoebae
"Acanthamoeba from human nasal mucosa infected with an obligate intracellular parasite". European Journal of Protistology. 30 (1 ... Using a nasal swab from volunteers, they were able to isolate coccoid-shaped bacteria that were present among other naturally- ...
*  Propel mometasone furoate implant
"Endoscopic anatomy of the postganglionic pterygopalatine innervation of the posterolateral nasal mucosa". International Forum ... Propel uses sustained release technology to deliver mometasone furoate directly to the sinus mucosa. The device is inserted ... Patients reported symptom reductions were also collected to 6 months using the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 Questionnaire and ... 30M for nasal implants blow out". San Francisco Business Journal. Retrieved 6 December 2013. Liang, Jonathan; Lane, Andrew P. ( ...
*  Trichobilharzia regenti
Adult flukes mate in a nasal mucosa of anatid birds (e.g. Anas platyrhynchos and Cairina moschata) and produce eggs with ... adults laying eggs in the nasal mucosa (only in avian hosts). Although mice are accidental hosts, most of the studies dealing ... In avian hosts, T. regenti reaches the nasal tissue where it mates and lay eggs. The gross pathology at this site consists of ... Neither the presence of worms has been detected in a nasal cavity nor has their maturation been noticed in the nervous tissue. ...
*  Zinc deficiency
Zinc is also found in some cold lozenges, nasal sprays, and nasal gels. Severe zinc deficiency is rare, and is mainly seen in ... Numerous small bowel diseases which cause destruction or malfunction of the gut mucosa enterocytes and generalized ...
*  Sinus implant
"Endoscopic anatomy of the postganglionic pterygopalatine innervation of the posterolateral nasal mucosa". International Forum ... Bioresorbable stents Middle nasal concha Summers RB (February 1994). "A new concept in maxillary implant surgery: the osteotome ...