*Nasal administration

Nasal sprays are locally acting drugs such as decongestants for cold and allergy treatment, whose systemic effects are usually ... Nasal administration is primarily suitable for potent drugs since only a limited volume can be sprayed into the nasal cavity. ... Dihydroergotamine and the OTC nasal spray Sinol-M; are also currently administered by nasal administration because a fast ... Nasal administration is a route of administration in which drugs are insufflated through the nose. It can be a form of either ...

*Rhinitis medicamentosa

Passali D, Salerni L, Passali G, Passali F, Bellussi L (2006) Nasal decongestants in the treatment of chronic nasal obstruction ... For very severe cases, oral steroids or nasal surgery may be necessary. For RM caused by topical decongestants, there are ... Rhinitis medicamentosa (or RM) is a condition of rebound nasal congestion brought on by extended use of topical decongestants ( ... Graf P, Hallen H, Juto JE: Benzalkonium chloride in a decongestant nasal spray aggravates rhinitis medicamentosa in healthy ...

*Nasal polyp

Decongestants do not shrink the polyps, but can decrease swelling and provide some relief. Antibiotics are only recommended if ... The most prominent symptoms of nasal polyps result blockage of the nasal passage. People with nasal polyps due to aspirin ... Play media Symptoms of polyps include nasal congestion, sinusitis, loss of smell, thick nasal discharge, facial pressure, nasal ... Long-term, nasal polyps can cause destruction of the nasal bones and widening of the nose. As polyps grow larger, they ...

*Nasal septum deviation

... symptoms can simply be treated with medications such as decongestants, antihistamines, and nasal spray. Medication temporarily ... Nasal septum deviation or deviated nasal septum (DNS) is a physical disorder of the nose, involving a displacement of the nasal ... The nasal septum is the bone and cartilage in the nose that separates the nasal cavity into the two nostrils. The cartilage is ... Dropped nasal tip due to resection of the caudal margin. Nasal septum perforation Robinson, Jennifer (December 11, 2016). "What ...

*Equipment of a combat medic

Pseudoephedrine, a nasal decongestant. Guaifenesin, an expectorant. Loperamide (Imodium AD) an anti-diarrheal agent. Pepto ... Nasopharyngeal Airway (NPA)w/surgilube or "nasal trumpet." This flexible tube secures a nasal airway when the casualty does not ...

*Orbital blowout fracture

Nasal decongestants are commonly used. It is also common practice to administer prophylactic antibiotics when the fracture ...

*Common cold

Other decongestants such as pseudoephedrine appear effective in adults. Ipratropium nasal spray may reduce the symptoms of a ... The safety and effectiveness of nasal decongestant use in children is unclear. Due to lack of studies, it is not known whether ... "Nasal decongestants for the common cold". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1): CD001953. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001953.pub3. PMID ... In adults short term use of nasal decongestants may have a small benefit. Antihistamines may improve symptoms in the first day ...

*Stimulant

Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... It may be used as a nasal/sinus decongestant, as a stimulant, or as a wakefulness-promoting agent. The salts pseudoephedrine ... "Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler". B.F. Ascher & Co., Inc. Retrieved 19 December 2013. "Proposed Rules". Federal ... Pseudoephedrine is used to relieve nasal or sinus congestion caused by the common cold, sinusitis, hay fever and other ...

*Sexually induced sneezing

Nasal decongestants may prevent sexually-induced sneezing. The phenomenon was noted as early as 1897 in John Noland Mackenzie's ... Sneezing occurs independent of external nasal stimuli or allergens, and may occur at any point during a sexual experience. Both ...

*Dextroamphetamine

Table 2. Decongestants Causing Rhinitis Medicamentosa - Nasal decongestants: - Sympathomimetic: • Amphetamine "FDA Drug Safety ... drug-induced nasal congestion), reduced seizure threshold, and tics (a type of movement disorder). Dangerous physical side ...

*Amphetamine

Table 2. Decongestants Causing Rhinitis Medicamentosa - Nasal decongestants: - Sympathomimetic: • Amphetamine "FDA Drug Safety ... Topical nasal decongestants --(i) For products containing levmetamfetamine identified in 341.20(b)(1) when used in an inhalant ... Historically, it has been used to treat nasal congestion and depression. Amphetamine is also used as an athletic performance ... The class includes amphetamine itself, stimulants like methamphetamine, serotonergic empathogens like MDMA, and decongestants ...

*Oxymetazoline

... is generally available as a nasal spray. Oxymetazoline is available over-the-counter as a topical decongestant in ... Dougherty, Phillip H. (20 October 1986). "Advertising; Afrin Goes After Users Of Nasal Decongestants". The New York Times. The ... It can reduce nasal airway resistance (NAR) up to 35.7% and nasal mucosal blood flow up to 50%. Imidazolines are ... German Patent 1,117,588 "Drixoral Decongestant Nasal Spray". Bayer. Retrieved 2017-11-18. "Oxymetazoline: Drug Information ...

*Alpha-adrenergic agonist

vasoconstriction and mydriasis; used as vasopressors, nasal decongestants and eye exams). Selected examples are: Methoxamine ...

*Sanamacha Chanu

... a stimulant commonly used as a nasal decongestant. She was banned for eight years for her second doping offence. List of ...

*Propylhexedrine

"Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler". Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler. B.F. Ascher & Company, inc. ... "Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler". Benzedrex Inhaler Nasal Decongestant Inhaler. B.F. Ascher & Company, inc. ... Propylhexedrine, sold under the brand names Benzedrex and Obesin among others, is a nasal decongestant, appetite suppressant, ... Propylhexedrine is used to treat acute nasal congestion related to common cold, allergies and hay fever. For nasal congestion, ...

*Ephedrine

... is still sold as an oral nasal decongestant in 8 mg pills, OTC. In 1997, the FDA proposed a regulation on ephedra ( ... limits and danger of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine as nasal decongestants". European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and ... It is of unclear benefit in nasal congestion. It can be taken by mouth or by injection into a muscle, vein, or just under the ... nasal instillations). ADRs associated with ephedrine therapy include: Cardiovascular: tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, angina ...

*Fenoxazoline

"Combined effects of a mechanical nasal dilator and a topical decongestant on nasal airflow resistance". Chest. 115 (6): 1514- ... Fenoxazoline (trade name Aturgyl in Brazil) is a nasal decongestant. Fenmetozole has the precise same formula, albeit instead ...

*Iproheptine

... (Metron, Susat) is a nasal decongestant marketed in Japan. Octodrine Swiss Pharmaceutical Society (2000). Index ...

*Topical decongestant

Topical decongestants are decongestants applied directly to the nasal cavity. Their effectiveness by themselves in the common ... Topical decongestants are vasoconstrictors, and work by constricting the blood vessels within the nasal cavity Ephedrine ... Naphazoline Oxymetazoline Phenylephrine Pseudoephedrine Tramazoline Xylometazoline Decongestant Nasal irrigation Nasal spray ... "Nasal decongestants in monotherapy for the common cold". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 10: CD009612. PMID ...

*Allergen

... nasal decongestants, allergy shots, and alternative medicine. In the case of nasal symptoms, antihistamines are normally the ... An example of nasal decongestants is pseudoephedrine and its side-effects include insomnia, restlessness, and difficulty ... There is also nasal endoscopy, wherein a tube is inserted through the nose with a small camera to view the passageways and ... Some other nasal sprays are available by prescription, including Azelastine and Ipratropium. Some of their side-effects include ...

*Metizoline

... (trade name Ellsyl) is a nasal decongestant against allergic and vasomotor rhinitis. Zumpft, C. W. (1975). "Double- ...

*Eucalyptus todtiana

The leaves as a nasal decongestant or as an antibacterial poultice by crushing the leaves. Leaves were also eaten to relieve ...

*Space medicine

Pretreatment for susceptible individuals can include oral and nasal decongestants, or oral and nasal steroids. Negative ... oral and nasal decongestants, or oral and nasal steroids, and appropriate pain medication if needed. Ultrasound is the main ... One would be predisposed by a pre-existing upper respiratory infection, nasal allergies, recurrent changing pressures, ...

*Sudafed

Several pharmacists have questioned the effectiveness of orally-administered phenylephrine as a nasal decongestant. At least ... "A placebo-controlled study of the nasal decongestant effect of phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine in the Vienna Challenge ... Day, J. H.; Briscoe, M. P.; Ratz, J. D.; Danzig, M.; Yao, R. (2009). "Efficacy of loratadine-montelukast on nasal congestion in ... Decongestants with other ingredients were completely converted to phenylephrine later in 2005. Original Sudafed is still ...

*David Bielkheden

Bielkheden initially tested positive for methylhexaneamine, a stimulant often used as a nasal decongestant. The fighter found ... Bielkheden called it a case of "accidental doping" and has pointed to a nasal spray he took a few weeks prior to the bout or ...

*Pharmaceutical industry

Amphetamine was developed by Smith, Kline and French as a nasal decongestant under the trade name Benzedrine Inhaler. ... By 1929 epinephrine had been formulated into an inhaler for use in the treatment of nasal congestion. While highly effective, ...

*Alternobaric vertigo

This might have occurred due to barotrauma of descent, and/or the effects of nasal decongestants. It is due to unequal increase ...